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Ultra-fast alterations in mRNA levels uncover multiple players in light stress acclimation in plants
This article contains RNA sequencing analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana plants subjected to light stress in order to identify and characterize rapid changes in the steady-state level of different transcripts in response to light stress.
Magnetic Control of a Charge-Neutralized Ion Beam
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings presents a scheme for controlling charge-neutralized beams using a distortion of a magnetic guide field via the presence of two current carrying wires.
Evaluating player task engagement and arousal using electroencephalography
This paper from the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics and the Affiliated Conference, AHFE 2015 conference proceedings coordinate task engagement data with arousal-valence data for application to expressive transformations to video game play in real time by tuning different performance parameters in an Engagement-Arousal rule system.
Particle Transport along Magnetic Null Lines as Sputter or Antihydrogen Source
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings investigates particle transport along null magnetic lines using classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations, described as a traveling wave and through diffusion equations.
Glucose or Altered Ceramide Biosynthesis Mediate Oxygen Deprivation Sensitivity Through Novel Pathways Revealed by Transcriptome Analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans
This article discusses how RNA-sequencing analysis was performed to assess how a glucose-supplemented diet and/or a hyl-2 mutation altered the transcriptome.
Multireference Character for 4d Transition Metal-Containing Molecules
This article proposes new criteria, namely T₁ ≥ 0.045, D₁ ≥ 0.120, and %TAE ≥ 10%, as a gauge for 4d transition metal-containing molecules to predic the possible need to employ multireference (MR) wave function-based methods to describe energetic and spectroscopic properties.
Radial Expansion of a Low Energy Positron Beam Passing Through a Cold Electron Plasma within a Uniform Magnetic Field
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings studies the radial expansion of a low energy positron beam passing through a cold electron plasma within a uniform magnetic field using a classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulation.
Extreme Empiricism: John Howard, Poetry, and the Thermometrics of Reform
This article examines an outpouring of printed poems and biographical publications in the 1780s and 1790s that sought to shape the public image of the celebrated prison reformer John Howard
Pseudopotential-Based Correlation Consistent Composite Approach (rp-ccCA) for First- and Second-Row Transition Metal Thermochemistry
This article uses the relativistic-pseudopotential correlation consistent approach (rp-ccCA) to determine the enthalpy of formation of 24 first row (3d) transition metal compounds.
Viperatoxin-II: A novel viper venom protein as an effective bactericidal agent
This article discusses purification and characterization of proteins from Indian Russell's viper snake venom.
A New Way to Understand and Address Women's Health in the Context of Complex Systems: Self-organizing Criticality
This article examines how self-organizing criticality can assist in answering complex questions in health and health care systems.
Carbon-Hydrogen Bond Activation, C-N Bond Coupling, and Cycloaddition Reactivity of a Three-Coordinate Nickel Complex Featuring a Terminal Imido Ligand
In this study, we describe reaction chemistry of the first nickel(II) complexes having a terminally bound imido ligand, (dtbpe)Ni=NR (R = 2,6-ⁱPr₂C₆H₃, 2,3,6-Me₃C₆H₂ (Mes), and Ad) with various small unsaturated molecules.
Flocculation-Related Gene Identification by Whole-Genome Sequencing of Thauera aminoaromatica MZ1T Floc-Defective Mutants
This article discusses the identification of genes responsible for bacterial flocculation using a whole-genome phenotypic-sequencing technique.
Ion Beam Analysis of Microcrystalline Quartz Artifacts from the Reed Mound Site, Delaware County, Oklahoma
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings evaluates the potential of particle induced X-ray emission spectrometry as a tool for future Ozarks chert provenance studies based on its ability to facilitate discrimination of Ozarks chert materials from different geological formations and identification of discrete groups of artifacts from the same geological formation.
Laser Ablated Carbon Nanodots for Light Emission
This article reports the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots-like nanostructures obtained through the laser ablation of a carbon solid target in liquid environment is reported.
Reformulation of DFT + U as a Pseudohybrid Hubbard Density Funcitonal for Accelerated Materials Discovery
This article introduces ACBN0, a pseudohybrid Hubbard density functional that yields an improved prediction of the band structure of insulators such as transition-metal oxides, with only a negligible increase in computational cost.
The Multifaceted Role of Curcumin in Cancer Prevention and Treatment
This review focuses on the diverse molecular targets modulated by curcumin that contribute to its efficacy against various human cancers.
Identification and Network-Enabled Characterization of Auxin Response Factor Genes in Medicago truncatula
This article discusses a comprehensive analysis of the Medicago truncatula genome and transcriptome that entailed search for novel Auxin Response Factor genes and the co-expression networks.
The assumption of a reliable instrument and other pitfalls to avoid when considering the reliability of data
This article helps researchers avoid common pitfalls associated with reliability including incorrectly assuming that measurement error always attenuates observed score correlations, different sources of measurement error originate from the same source, and reliability is a function of instrumentation.
Synthesis and Characterization of Dimethylbis(2-pyridyl)borate Nickel(II) Complexes: Unimolecular Square-Planar to Square-Planar Rotation around Nickel(II)
This article reports the synthesis, characterization, and solution dynamics of the novel nickel(II) complexes (dimethylbis(2-pyridyl)borate)(triphenylphosphine)nickel(II) chloride (4) and (dimethylbis(2-pyridyl)borate)nickel(II) acetylacetonate (6).
Artificially Structured Boundary as a Charged Particle Beam Deflector Shield
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings studies the possibility of using a planar artificially structured boundary as a charged particle beam deflector shield via classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulation.
Multiple Aperture-Based Antihydrogen Parallel Plate Gravity Experiment
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings describes an experiment that could be carried out at the CERN Antiproton Decelerator facility to determine the direction of acceleration of antihydrogen in the earth's gravitational field.
Is Exposure to Macondo Oil Reflected in the Otolith Chemistry of Marsh-Resident Fish?
This article evaluates otolith microchemistry as a method for assessing oil exposure history.
Epigenetics as a source of variation in comparative animal physiology - or - Lamarck is lookin' pretty good these days
This article discusses the ecological and and evolutionary significance of such epigenetic inheritance in a comparative physiological context, and provides a number of caveats and warnings regarding the interpretation of transgenerational phenotype modification as a true epigenetic phenomenon.
Dynamics of epigenetic phenomena: intergenerational and intragenerational phenotype 'washout'
This review contains a discussion of epigenetic dynamics in comparative biology with a focus on a more organismal level perspective, befitting of comparative physiology, that considers complex phenotypic changes.
Buruli Ulcer Disease and Its Association with Land Cover in Southwestern Ghana
This article presents the first analysis of Buruli ulcer at the village level in southwestern Ghana, where prevalence rates are among the highest globally, and explores fine and medium-scale associations with land cover by comparing patterns both within Buruli ulcer clusters and surrounding landscapes.
Interspecific Differences in Metabolic Rate and Metabolic Temperature Sensitivity Create Distinct Thermal Ecological Niches in Lizards (Plestiodon)
This article examines three congeneric lizards from the southeastern United States (Plestiodon fasciatus, P. inexpectatus, and P. laticeps) and hypothesizes that interspecific differences in metabolic temperature sensitivity locally segregates them across their total range.
Parental hypoxic exposure confers offspring hypoxia resistance in zebrafish (Danio rerio)
This article examines how chronic hypoxic exposure on adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) affects the phenotype of their offspring.
Interplay between Bladder Microbiota and Urinary Antimicrobial Peptides: Mechanisms for Human Urinary Tract Infection Risk and Symptom Severity
This article explores the interrelationship between the urinary microbiota and host antimicrobial peptides as mechanisms for urinary tract infection risk.
Towards a Neuronal Gauge Theory
This article proposes that the brain (and other self-organised biological systems) can be characterised via the mathematical apparatus of a gauge theory.
Using Paired Depth Interviews to Collect Qualitative Data
This article defines and describes paired depth interviews, discusses conceptualizations of paired depth interviews using Roulston's framework, delineates the strengths and limitations of paired depth interviews, and provides examples of paired depth interviews utilized in helping professions.
Epigenetics and transgenerational transfer: a physiological perspective
This review discusses how the concepts of epigenetics and maternal effects both overlap with, and are distinct from each other, analyzes examples of existing animal physiological studies based on these concepts, and offers a construct by which to integrate these concepts into the design of future investigations in animal physiology.
Inverted Social Reward: Associations between Psychopathic Traits and Self-Report and Experimental Measures of Social Reward
This article describes two studies of individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits. Study 1 explores what aspects of social reward are associated with psychopathic traits, and Study 2 administers these measures to a new group of participants along with two experimental tasks investigating monetary and social reward value.
Egg yolk environment differentially influences physiological and morphological development of broiler and layer chicken embryos
This article investigates the effect of breed-specific yolk composition on embryonic broiler and layer chicken phenotypes, using an ex ovo, xenobiotic technique that allows the transfer of broiler and layer chicken embryos from their natural yolks to novel yolk environments.
William James, Gustav Fechner, and Early Psychophysics
This article examines aspects of William James's thought such as his "transmission theory" of consciousness, his ideas on the "knowing of things together," and "the compounding of consciousness," which suggest his working toward a naturalistic understanding of consciousness.
Leukocyte Subset Changes in Response to a 164-km Road Cycle Ride in a Hot Environment
This article determines the circulating leukocyte subset response to completing the 2013 Hotter'N Hell Hundred recreational 164-km road cycle event in a hot and humid environmental condition.
Biomass burning drives atmospheric nutrient redistribution within forested peatlands in Borneo
This article quantifies the influence of fire on biogeochemical fluxes of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur in a 12 ha forested peatland in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
trans-Dichloridotetrapyrazine-ruthenium(II) dichloromethane disolvate
In the title compound, [RuCl₂(C₄H₄N₂)₄]·2CH₂Cl₂, the Ruᴵᴵ atom occupies a position of 222 symmetry and the C atom of the solvent molecule occupies a site with twofold symmetry.
Chlorido(4,4',4''-tri-tert-butyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine)platinum(II) chloride toluene monosolvate
In the title compound, [PtCl(C₂₇H₃₅N₃)]Cl·C₇H₈, the Ptᴵᴵ atom is coordinated in a pseudo-square-planar fashion by the N atoms of a 4,4',4''-tri-tert-butyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine ligand and a Cl atom.
Chlorido(4,4',4''-tri-tert-butyl-2,2':6',2''-terpyridine)platinum(II) tetrafluorido-borate
In the title compound, [PtCl(C₂₇H₃₅N₃)]Cl·C₇H₈, the Ptᴵᴵ atom is coordinated in a pseudo-square-planar coordination, which is typical of Pt-terpyridine complexes.
Parallel expression evolution of oxidative stress-related genes in fiber from wild and domesticated diploid and polyploid cotton (Gossypium)
This article studies the evolution of oxidative stress related genes in a single plant cell by conducting comparative expression profiling analyses of the elongated seed trichomes of cotton, using a phylogenetic approach.
State-selective charge transfer cross sections for light ion impact of atomic hydrogen
This article compares results of approaches applicable in a lower impact energy regime by benchmarking them using key experimental data in order to make knowledge of these cross sections available across the range parameters needed by fusion plasma diagnostics.
Cognitive impairment among World Trade Center responders: Long-term implications of re-experiencing the 9/11 terrorist attacks
This article examines the association between World Trade Center (WTC)-related post-traumatic stress disorder and cognitive impairment in WTC responders.
Electrostatic enhancement of light emitted by semiconductor quantum well
This article proposes an electrostatic mechanism for enhancement of light radiated from semiconductor emitter which is comparable in effect to plasmonic mechanism.
Newton flow of the Riemann zeta function: separatrices control the appearance of zeros
This article applies the continuous Newton method to the Riemann zeta function and discusses the emerging patterns emphasizing especially the structuring of the non-trivial zeros by the separatrices.
Complexity matching in neural networks
This article adopts the complexity matching principle that the maximal efficiency of communication between two complex networks is realized when both of them are at criticality, and uses this principle to establish the value of the neuronal interaction strength at which criticality occurs.
What makes species unique? The contribution of proteins with obscure features
This article performs a comparative analysis of the predicted proteomes derived from 10 different sequenced genomes, including budding and fission yeast, worm, fly, mosquito, Arabidopsis, rice, mouse, rat, and human.
Modelling spatial concordance between Rocky Mountain spotted fever disease incidence and habitat probability of its vector Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)
This article reports on the development and comparison of two maps of Texas related to Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Weak Emission-Line Quasars in the Context of a Modified Baldwin Effect
This article tests whether the modified Baldwin effect remains strong across the wides possible of ranges of redshift and luminosity.
Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy confirms the prediction that D₃ₕ carbon trioxide (CO₃) has a singlet ground state
This article reports the NIPE spectrum of CO₃ and assign the peaks in it with the help of DFT and ab initio calculations.