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Adsorption and molecular siting of CO₂, water, and other gases in the superhydrophobic, flexible pores of FMOF-1 from experiment and simulation
This article discusses the use of neutron diffraction and molecular simulations to investigate the framework expansion behaviour and the accessibility of the small pockets to N₂, O₂, and CO₂.
Arabidopsis thaliana--Myzus persicae interaction: shaping the understanding of plant defense against phloem-feeding aphids
This review article summarizes recent studies that have exploited the compatible interaction between Arabidopsis and the green peach aphid (GPA) to understand the molecular and physiological mechanisms utilized by plants to control aphid infestation, as well as genes and mechanisms that contribute to susceptibility.
ALMA Observations Show Major Mergers Among the Host Galaxies of Fast-growing, High-redshift, Supermassive Black Holes
This article presents new ALMA band-7 data for a sample of six luminous quasars at z ≃ 4.8, powered by fast-growing supermassive black holes (SMBHs) with rather uniform properties.
Electrodeposition of Cu-Ni Composite Coatings
This book chapter reviews the electrodeposition of Cu-Ni incorporated with nano- to microparticles to produce metal matrix composites.
Metabolic engineering of raffinose-family oligosaccharides in the phloem reveals alterations in carbon partitioning and enhances resistance to green peach aphid
This article discusses the use of metabolic engineering to generate raffinose-family oligosaccharides (RFOs) at the inception of the translocation stream of Arabidopsis thaliana, which loads from the apoplasm and transports predominantly sucrose, and the fate of the sugars through the plant determined.
Using a Partial Sum Method and GPS Tracking Data to Identify Area Restricted Search by Artisanal Fishers at Moored Fish Aggregating Devices in the Commonwealth of Dominica
This article reports on research to identify area-restricted search foraging behavior at fish aggregating device (FAD) patches.
Book Review: The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature
Book Review of "The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature" written by David George Haskell.
Book Review: Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology
Book Review of "Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology" written by Scott G. Ortman.
Erratum to: More Comprehensive Forensic Genetic Marker Analyses for Accurate Human Remains Identification Using Massively Parallel DNA Sequencing
This article provides erratum for the article "More Comprehensive Forensic Genetic Marker Analyses for Accurate Human Remains Identification Using Massively Parallel DNA Sequencing," which incorrectly deleted an author from the author list.
The genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
This article reports the draft F. vesca genome, which was sequenced to x39 coverage using second-generation technology, assembled de novo and then anchored to the genetic linkage map into seven pseudochromosomes.
Novel aromatase inhibitors selection using induced fit docking and extra precision methods: Potential clinical use in ER-alpha-positive breast cancer
This article aims to identify new molecules which could block or suppress the activity of aromatase enzyme by molecular docking studies using Schrödinger-Maestro v9.3.
Gelsolin-Cu/ZnSOD interaction alters intracellular reactive oxygen species levels to promote cancer cell invasion
This article shows that increased gelsolin enhances the invasive capacity of colon cancer cells, and this is mediated via gelsolin's effects in elevating intracellular superoxide levels.
ANXA1 inhibits miRNA-196a in a negative feedback loop through NF-kB and c-Myc to reduce breast cancer proliferation
This article shows that miR196a was highly expressed in ER+MCF-7 breast cancer cells when compared to normal mammary gland cells, with expression levels negatively correlating to ANXA1.
Genetically engineered probiotic for the treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU); assessment of a novel treatment in vitro and in the PAHᵉⁿᵘ² mouse model of PKU
This article describes the testing of a phenylalanine lyase gene from Anabaena variabilis (AvPAL) codon-optimized and cloned into a shuttle vector for expression in Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23C (pHENOMMenal).
Long-Term X-Ray Variability of Typical Active Galactic Nuclei in the Distant Universe
This article discusses the long-term (≈15 years, observed frame) X-ray variability analyses of the 68 brightest radio-quiet active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South survey.
A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration
This article shows that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons.
A new, faint population of X-ray transients
This article reports on the detection of a remarkable new fast high-energy transient found in the Chandra Deep Field-South, robustly associated with a faint host in the CANDELS survey.
Book Review:Quantitative Paleozoology
Book Review of "Quantitative Paleozoology" written by R. Lee Lyman.
Redox non-innoence permits catalytic nitrene carbonylation by (dadi)Ti=NAd (Ad = adamantyl)
This article describes (dadi)Ti(X/L) species that manifest redox non-innocence (RNI), including a rare instance in which carbon monoxide does not affect redox activity at the metal, and does not bind, thus permitting its use as a substrate in catalysis.
Book Review: The Pursuit of Ecotopia: Lessons from Indigenous and Traditional Societies for the Human Ecology of Our Modern World
Book Review of "The Pursuit of Ecotopia: Lessons from Indigenous and Traditional Societies for the Human Ecology of Our Modern World" written by Eugene N. Anderson.
Minimization of Childhood Maltreatment Is Common and Consequential: Results from a Large, Multinational Sample Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
This article discusses a study to investigate 3 aspects of minimization, as defined by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire's (CTQ) Minimization-Denial (MD) scale: 1) its prevalence; 2) its latent structure; and finally 3) whether minimization moderates the CTQ's discriminative validity in terms of distinguishing between psychiatric patients and community volunteers.
Long-distance communication and signal amplication in systemic acquired resistance
This review article summarizes the involvement and interaction between long-distance systemic acquired resistance (SAR) signals and details the recently discovered role of lysine catabolite pipecolic acid (Pip) in defense amplification and priming that allows plants to acquire immunity at the systemic level.
The prognostic value of the stem-like group in colorectal cancer using a panel of immunohistochemistry markers
This article examines the immunohistochemical expression profile of 18 markers, each representing a putative role in cancer development, in 493 primary colorectal carcinomas using tissue microarrays.
Arsenic exposure, AS3MT polymorphism, and neuropsychological functioning among rural dwelling adults and elders: a cross-sectional study
This article aims to examine the link between low-level arsenic exposure and cognitive functioning, and the potential role of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP A35991G, rs10748835) of the AS3MT gene in modifying this link.
Gelsolin-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt pathway is crucial for hepatocyte growth factor-induced cell scattering in gastric carcinoma
This article highlights gelsolin as an important pro-disseminative factor contributing to the aggressive phenotype of diffuse gastric cancer.
Brassinosteroid Mediated Cell Wall Remodeling in Grasses under Abiotic Stress
This article focuses on recent advances in brassinosteroid-regulated cell wall biosynthesis and remodeling in response to stresses, comparing the authors' understanding of the mechanisms in grass species with those in the more studied dicots.
Developmental plasticity of mitochondrial function in American alligators, Alligator mississippiensis
This article investigates the effects of chronic developmental hypoxia on cardiac mitochondrial function in embryonic and juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).
Extremality and dynamically defined measures, part I: Diophantine properties of quasi-decaying measures
This article presents a new method of proving the Diophantine extremality of various dynamically defined measures, vastly expanding the class of measures known to be extremal.
Social Reward Questionaire--Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits
This article describes a study in which the adult Social Reward Questionnaire is adapted for use with adolescents.
Tobacco drought stress responses reveal new targets for Solanaceae crop improvement
This article proposes components of a core metabolic response to drought stress in plants and shows that some major responses to drought stress at the metabolome and transcriptome levels are family specific.
Evolutionary implications of the distribution and variation of the skeletal muscles of the anuran lymphatic system
This article defines character states and describes variation of these putative lymphatic skeletal muscles: the M. cutaneus pectoris, M. cutaneus dorsi, M. piriformis, M. sphincter ani cloacalis, and the complex of the M. gracilis minor/M. abdominal crenator.
The Evolution of Normal Galaxy X-Ray Emission Through Cosmic History: Constraints from the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South
This article presents measurements of the evolution of normal-galaxy X-ray emission from z ≈ 0-7 using local galaxies and galaxy samples in the ≈6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S) survey.
Novel transcriptome assembly and comparative toxicity pathway analysis in mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) embryos and larvae exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil
This article establishes the de novo transcriptomic database from the embryos and larvae of mahi-mahi exposed to water accommodated fractions (HEWAFs) of two Deepwater Horizon oil types (weathered and source oil) in an effort to advance understanding of the molecular aspects involved during specific toxicity responses.
A comparison of least squares regression and geographically weighted regression modeling of West Nile virus risk based on environmental parameters
This article discusses the effectiveness of utilizing local spatial variations in environmental data to uncover the statistical relationships between West Nile Virus (WNV) risk and environmental factors.
The Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: 7 Ms Source Catalogs
This article presents X-ray source catalogs for the ≈7 Ms exposure of the Chandra Deep Field-South (CF-S), which covers a total area of 484.2 arcmin².
Pharmaceuticals Solubility is Still Nowadays Widely Studied Everywhere
This editorial discusses the importance of equilibrium solubility in pharmaceutical areas.
MALDI-MS Imaging of Urushiols in Poison Ivy Stem
This article reports on the first analysis of urushiols in poison ivy stems by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI).
Synthesis of Phenoxyacyl-Ethanolamides and Their Effects on Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Activity
This article discusses the synthesis of two sets of phenoxyacyl-ethanolamides from natural products, 3-n-pentadecylphenolethanolamide and cardanolethanolamide, with structural similarity to N-Acylethanolamines and characterizes their effects on the hydroltic activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase.
Relative Rate and Product Studies of the Reactions of Atomic Chlorine with Tetrafluoroethylene, 1,2-Dichloro-1,2-difluoroethylene, 1,1-Dichloro-2,2-difluoroethylene, and Hexafluoro-1,3-butadiene in the Presence of Oxygen
This article assesses rates of reactions in the context of atmospheric chemistry.
The Mechanisms and Biomedical Applications of an NIR BODIPY-Based Switchable Fluorescent Probe
This article investigates the switching mechanism of a recently reported near-infrared environment-sensitive fluorophore, ADP(CA)₂.
Breast Cancer Stem-Like Cells Are Inhibited by Diosgenin, a Steroidal Saponin, by the Attenuation of the Wnt β-Catenin Signaling via the Wnt Antagonist Secreted Frizzled Related Protein-4
This article describes findings that demonstrate the affect of diosgenin (DG) on inhibiting the resilient breast cancer stem cells (CSCs) which could provide a benchmark for the development of DG-based therapies in breast cancer treatment.
Malonylation of Glucosylated N-Lauroylethanolamine: A New Pathway That Determines N-Acylethanolamine Metabolic Fate in Plants
This article focuses on the gene At5g39050, which encodes a phenolic glucoside malonyltransferase 1 (PMAT1), to better understand the biological significance of N-lauroylethanolamine (NAE 12:0)-induced gene expression changes.
Interactions between mitoNEET and NAF-1 in cells
This article uses yeast two-hybrid to demonstrate through vivo bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC), direct coupling analysis (DCA), RNA-sequencing, ROS and iron imaging, and single and double shRNA lines with suppressed mNT, NAF-1 and mNT/NAF-1 expression, that mNT and NAF-1 directly interact in mammalian cells and could function in the same cellular pathway.
Importance of the Hydrogen Isocyanide Isomer in Modeling Hydrogen Cyanide Oxidation in Combustion
This article re-examines the chemistry of hydrogen isocyanide (HNC) and its role in combustion nitrogen chemistry.
Ethnobiology 5: Interdisciplinarity in an Era of Rapid Environmental Change
This article argues that ethnobiology is preadapted to be a scholarly umbrella for a number of disciplines that concern human-environment interactions, suggesting that two goals of Ethnobiology 5 are to bridge traditional academic boundaries in order to broaden the community of ethnobiologists, and to capitalize on and communicate the relevance of ethnobiological scholarship for solving problems related to contemporary environmental and cultural crises.
Dry season limnological conditions and basin geology exhibit complex relationships with δ¹³C and δ¹⁵N of carbon sources in four Neotropical floodplains
This article assesses the potential for basin geology and local limnological conditions to predict stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values of six carbon sources at multiple locations in four Neotropical floodplain ecosystems (Paranaá , Pantanal, Araguaia, and Amazon).
We need better understanding about functional diversity and vulnerability of tropical freshwater fishes
This commentary extends a discussion initiated by Toussaint et al. (Sci Rep 6:22125, 2016) concerning the relationship between global patterns of freshwater fish functional diversity (FD) and its vulnerability to human impacts.
Wnt signaling in triple-negative breast cancer
This review summarizes the involvement of dysregulated Wnt signaling in the progression of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and TNBC stem cells, as well as the emerging therapies that are currently under investigation.
Virtual Reality for Research in Social Neuroscience
This article discusses the potential of virtual reality for enhancing ecological validity while maintaining experimental control in social neuroscience research.
Comment on "Measurement and correlation of the solubility of p-coumaric acid in nine pure and water + ethanol mixed sovlents at temperatures from 293.15 to 333.15 K"
This article provides comments on the article "Measurement and correlation of the solubility of p-coumaric acid in nine pure and water + ethanol mixed solvents at temperatures from 293.15 to 333.15 K" published in the Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data in 2016.