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The United States National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate for 2008: National Activities with Respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan

Description: Long-term, high-accuracy, stable environmental observations are essential to define the state of the global integrated Earth system, its history and its future variability and change. Observations for climate include: (1) operational weather observations, when appropriate care has been exercised to establish high accuracy; (2) limited-duration observations collected as part of research investigations to elucidate chemical, dynamical, biological, or radiative processes that contribute to maintaining climate patterns or to their variability; (3) high accuracy, high precision observations to document decadal-to-centennial changes; and (4) observations of climate proxies, collected to extend the instrumental climate record to remote regions and back in time to provide information on climate change at millennial and longer time scales. This report was requested by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in order to serve as input to see how progress has been made with respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan developed in 2004 In accordance with the UNFCCC guidelines, the sections of the report delineate specific U.S. climate monitoring activities in several distinct yet integrated areas as follows: (1) common issues; (2) non-satellite atmospheric observations; (3) non-satellite oceanic observations; (4) non-satellite terrestrial observations; (5) satellite global atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial observations; and (6) data and information management related to systematic observations. The various federal agencies involved in observing the environment provide the required long-term observations. Space-based systems provide unique global measurements of solar output, the Earth's radiation budget; vegetation type and primary production; land surface conditions; ocean and terrestrial biomass primary productivity; tropospheric and stratospheric ozone; tropospheric and stratospheric water vapor; tropospheric aerosols; greenhouse gas distributions; sea level; ocean surface conditions and winds; weather; and tropical precipitation, among others.
Date: September 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program's (CCSP) Observations Working Group
Item Type: Book

Unleashing renewable energy power in developing countries: Proposal for a global renewable energy policy fund

Description: The document argues that renewable energy policies have not been implemented in the developing world due to financial costs, and also that the Clean Developing Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol has been ineffective. The document proposes the use of Feed-In Tariff policies, and the use of a renewable energy policy fund.
Date: November 2009
Creator: World Future Council
Item Type: Text

The Unresolved Land Reform Debate: Beyond State-Led or Market-Led Models

Description: In response to the problem of inequalities in the distribution of land, this Policy Research Brief points toward a land reform model that could both satisfy legitimate and urgent demands for social justice and develop an agrarian system that is economically viable. It draws primarily on a UNDP-ISS supported set of country studies and analytical papers.
Date: November 2006
Creator: Saturnino M. Borras Jr. & Terry McKinley
Item Type: Text

Updating Carbon Density and Opportunity Cost Parameters in Deforesting Regions in the GCOMAP Model

Description: This paper explores the economics of carbon density and carbon pricing in forestry and in deforested areas. According to a footnote, this paper was commissioned by the [United Kingdom] Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (the Eliasch Review).
Date: unknown
Creator: Sathaye, Jayant; Chan, Peter; Blum, Helcio; Dale, Larry & Makundi, Willy
Item Type: Text

Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions

Description: This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP), Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions. This is part of a series of 21 SAPs produced by the CCSP aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP focuses on the use of climate observations, data, forecasts, and other projections in decision support.
Date: August 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
Item Type: Book

Using Executive Authority to Achieve Greener Buildings: A Guide for Policymakers to Enhance Sustainability and Efficiency in Multifamily Housing and Commercial Buildings

Description: This guide helps policy makers understand existing laws regulating the enhancement of energy efficiency in multifamily housing and commercial buildings. The guide includes information on tax credits, financing, building standards.
Date: unknown
Creator: Carbonell, Tomas; Fidler, Shelley & Smith, Douglas
Item Type: Text

Valuation Techniques and Metrics for Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Options: Methodological Perspectives For the National Climate Assessment

Description: The National Climate Assessment (NCA) Report Series summarizes regional, sectoral, and process-related workshops and discussions being held as part of the third NCA process. This workshop focused on techniques for quantitatively valuing climate impacts and adaptation in the context of the upcoming NCA. The workshop was held in Arlington, VA on January 12-13, 2011. Volume 8 of the NCA Report Series summarizes the discussions and outcomes of this workshop.
Date: January 2011
Creator: Sussman, Frances; Clarke, Leon; Grambsch, Anne; Vallario, Robert; Langner, Linda; O’Brien, Sheila et al.
Item Type: Text

Valuing the climate change impacts of tropical deforestation

Description: According to a footnote, this paper was commissioned by the [United Kingdom] Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (otherwise known as the Eliasch Review). This paper discusses research valuing the impacts of tropical deforestation, and the effects of deforestation on global greenhouse gas emissions.
Date: unknown
Creator: Hope, Chris
Item Type: Text

Vermont 25x'25 Initiative: Preliminary Findings and Goals

Description: This first biennial report of the Climate Neutral Working Group (CNWG) is being issued as required by Executive Order #14-03, signed by Governor James Douglas in September 2003. It is intended to give a brief introduction to the environmental, economic, and social risks that climate change poses to Vermont. It aims to provide a clear summary of the ongoing energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory of Vermont State Government operations. In addition, the report includes potential emission reduction strategies, energy consumption case studies, and other relevant work conducted by the CNWG since the signing of the Executive Order regarding Climate Change.
Date: January 2008
Creator: Vermont Department of Agriculture
Item Type: Text

Vermont Comprehensive Energy Plan 2009 And Update to the 2005 Twenty-Year Electric Plan

Description: This is a Public Review Draft of the State of Vermont’s third Comprehensive Energy Plan (CEP). It is being presented at a time in which combined concerns for energy and the environment are at the center of both state and federal policy attention. As we are completing this Public Review Draft of the Comprehensive Energy Plan, crude oil prices continue to set new peaks and are cresting above $130/barrel. The challenges presented to Vermont consumers who rely heavily on petroleum for transportation, heating, and process energy have never been more acute.
Date: May 2008
Creator: Vermont Department of Public Service
Item Type: Text

Vision 2050: An Integrated National Transportation System

Description: This document calls for major improvements to the United States transportation infrastructure. The vision includes improvements in energy independence, environmental compatibility, safety, cost, and performance.
Date: February 2001
Creator: United States. Federal Transportation Advisory Group.
Item Type: Text

VMT-Related Policies and Incentives

Description: This map shows states with policies to curb the climb of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by encouraging carpooling, alternative transportation, and compact land development.
Date: 2010
Item Type: Text

Waste Disposal Act

Description: This law was passed by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to improve environmental sanitation and public health through the regulation of waste disposal.
Date: June 2, 2004
Creator: China (Republic : 1949- )
Item Type: Text

WCRP IPY activities

Description: On 1 March 2007, the International Polar Year 2007/2008, one of the most ambitious coordinated international science programmes was launched. Many of the IPY leaders and participants are members of WCRP projects and groups. Climate issues are at the forefront of the majority of IPY studies. This chart is a visualization of International Polar Year activities at the World Climate Research Program.
Date: March 11, 2008
Creator: World Climate Research Program
Item Type: Poster

Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate : Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This brochure corresponds with the Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate Synthesis and Assessment Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. It highlights observed changes and likely projections in North American weather, and how changes in North American weather are likely to have an adverse economic effect.
Date: 2008
Creator: Climate Change Science Program (U.S.)
Item Type: Text

Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands

Description: This document is part of the Synthesis and Assessment Products described in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) Strategic Plan. Changes in extreme weather and climate events have significant impacts and are among the most serious challenges to society in coping with a changing climate. This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP 3.3) focuses on weather and climate extremes in a changing climate. Many extremes and their associated impacts are now changing. For example, in recent decades most of North America has been experiencing more unusually hot days and nights, fewer unusually cold days and nights, and fewer frost days. Heavy downpours have become more frequent and intense. Droughts are becoming more severe in some regions, though there are no clear trends for North America as a whole. The power and frequency of Atlantic hurricanes have increased substantially in recent decades, though North American mainland land-falling hurricanes do not appear to have increased over the past century. Outside the tropics, storm tracks are shifting northward and the strongest storms are becoming even stronger. It is well established through formal attribution studies that the global warming of the past 50 years is due primarily to human-induced increases in heat-trapping gases. Such studies have only recently been used to determine the causes of some changes in extremes at the scale of a continent. Certain aspects of observed increases in temperature extremes have been linked to human influences. The increase in heavy precipitation events is associated with an increase in water vapor, and the latter has been attributed to human-induced warming. No formal attribution studies for changes in drought severity in North America have been attempted. There is evidence suggesting a human contribution to recent changes in hurricane activity as well as in storms outside the tropics, though a confident assessment will require ...
Date: June 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research.
Item Type: Book

Weather and Highways: Report of a Policy Forum

Description: This report of a policy forum on "Weather and Highways" presents recommendations that, if implemented, could offer considerable benefits to the safety of the nation's traveling public and the national economy by supporting the effective application of weather information services to the operation of our road systems. The AMS Atmospheric Policy Program developed this forum to address the issues connected with effective use of road weather information. The participants included nearly 100 public, private, and academic representatives of weather information providers; transportation managers and users; and policy makers knowledgeable about the nation's highway system.
Date: 2004
Creator: Atmospheric Policy Program American Meteorological Society
Item Type: Text

What Can Be Learned From Champions of Ozone Layer Protection for Urban and Regional Carbon Management in Japan?

Description: The document contains the opening addresses of the conveners and presentation slides of the presenters in the Tokyo Office of the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) event. The conference was organized around the idea of introducing two important groups to each other to stimulate new ideas to break through barriers for carbon management, a major environmental and social challenge in the 21st Century.
Date: April 1, 2006
Creator: Canan, Penelope & Crawford, Shaney
Item Type: Text

Who Needs what to Implement the Kyoto Protocol?: An Assessment of Capacity Building Needs in 33 Developing Countries

Description: For African countries, it is imperative to increase capacity for implementing both the Climate Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, in view of the continent’s vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change, including the threat to food security and sustainable development. The country surveys, which are framed around the list of perceived capacity building needs annexed to Decision 10/CP.5, provided insight into the capacity building needs of the project-countries. Hence, the aspects examined during the assessment exercise reflect some of the concerns of African countries; and the stakeholders’ responses can be taken as indications of the capacity building needs of the African countries assessed.
Date: October 2001
Creator: UNITAR with the Consortium for North-South Dialogue on Climate Change
Item Type: Text