UNT Libraries - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

An Evaluation of the Effects of Effort on Resistance to Change

Description: Behavioral momentum theory (BMT) has become a prominent method of studying the effects of reinforcement on operant behavior. BMT represents a departure from the Skinnerian tradition in that it identifies the strength of responding with its resistance to change. Like in many other operant research paradigms, however, responses are considered to be momentary phenomena and so little attention has been paid to non-rate dimensions of responding. The current study takes up the question of whether or not the degree of effort defining a discriminated operant class has any meaningful effect on its resistance to change. Using a force transducer, rats responded on a two-component multiple VI 60-s VI 60-s schedule where each component was correlated with a different force requirement. Resistance to change was tested through prefeeding and extinction. Proportional declines in response rate were equal across components during all disruption tests. Differentiated response classes remained intact throughout. The negative result suggests several future research directions.
Date: December 2016
Creator: Foss, Erica K

An Evaluation of the Effects of Two Different Role Play Formats on the Outcomes of a Parent Training Curriculum

Description: The current study was designed to replicate and extend previous research on the effectiveness of behavioral parent training. Specifically, the effectiveness of the Behavior Management and Parenting Services (BMAPS) curriculum in teaching parents to exhibit a set of parenting skills and respond accurately to a multiple choice examination about positive parenting techniques was evaluated. In addition, the curriculum was revised so that the relative effectiveness and acceptability of two role play formats could be assessed. The outcomes of the study showed an improvement in the participants' ability to identify correct answers on a multiple choice examination and apply the parenting skills taught in class within a role play format; results pertaining to the efficacy of each role play format were less conclusive.
Date: December 2009
Creator: Carlson Litscher, Barbara J.

An Evaluation of the Efforts of Denton Apparel Stores in Securing Student Trade

Description: "The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which Denton apparel stores have succeeded in securing student trade, and from the findings, draw some conclusions concerning improvement of relations with students which would maximize the amount of student trade obtained by these stores... according to the findings, the Denton apparel stores as a whole do not seem to be achieving their maximum potential in securing student trade...It seems that most of the stores could substantially increase the amount of trade secured by expanding their advertising and sales promotion plans, by handling line of merchandise which are most appealing to the students, and by adjusting their price lines to the ranges in which students normally buy. "-- leaves 1,63.
Date: August 1953
Creator: McGee, Mack Edwin

An Evaluation of the Elementary School Program of Carlsbad, New Mexico

Description: The purpose of this study was to make an evaluation of the elementary school program of Carlsbad, New Mexico, so that as clear and accurate a picture as possible might be obtained of present practices, to compare these practices with acceptable educational information and philosophy of the present time, and to make recommendations for improving the school program. The results of the study should be beneficial to administrators and teachers alike in the improvement of the schools.
Date: 1951
Creator: Vaughn, Donald A.

An Evaluation of the Esthetic Judgment of Students in Austin College

Description: For the average person many opportunities for esthetic enjoyment of useful objects exist if the relationship between beauty and utility is understood. Furniture and other articles of daily use have acquired new and radical changes of design, based on function, which are altering esthetic concepts. This new approach to design is gradually being accepted by manufacturers and producers. Do purchasers appreciate and accept these structural and functional bases of contemporary design? If they do not, wherein does their deficiency lie, and how may it be corrected? This is the problem that the writer has attempted to investigate through this study.
Date: 1950
Creator: Miller, Helen

Evaluation of the Formal Versus the Informal Method of Teaching Arithmetic

Description: The problem in this investigation has a three-fold purpose: namely, (1) to determine the results of delaying formal arithmetic until the fourth grade; (2) to ascertain the results reflected in the reading abilities of children when the time ordinarily spent on drill and organized instruction in arithmetic is given to reading, the diverted time being spent in reading arithmetic stories, playing games, and in using other arithmetical processes in connection with school activities; (3) to compare the results of a behavior journal kept for each child in the experimental group and in the control group.
Date: 1942
Creator: Garrett, Atlee Margaret

An Evaluation of the Gilmer-Aikin Law as to Its Soundness Financially and Administratively

Description: The problem of this study is to determine the soundness of the Gilmer-Aikin Law financially and administratively. No attempt will be made to apply the principles of the law to any particular area or school district, but the law will be considered as a whole as it will apply to the schools of Texas in general.
Date: 1950
Creator: Whitaker, Ernest B.

An Evaluation of the Graham School System

Description: The purpose of the study is to compare the Graham School System with other school systems in the same area; to evaluate the Graham School System with accepted standards, on the phases of school activities studied; and to make constructive recommendations and suggestions for needed improvements as shown by the data collected.
Date: 1943
Creator: Hefner, Hubert A.

An Evaluation of the Guidance Program for Freshman Students at North Texas State College

Description: The purposes of this study are: (1) to discover the most prominent needs of the freshmen students at North Texas State College, (2) to find the extent to which the guidance program aids college freshmen in developing into normal and socially adjusted individuals, and (3) to evaluate the present guidance program at North Texas State College.
Date: June 1951
Creator: Waterman, William Hill

An Evaluation of the Health and Safety Education of Montague County, Texas, Schools

Description: Health is a primary objective of modern education. It was named as the first of the seven cardinal principles of education. Over a period of years the health and safety of the school children have gradually become more firmly fixed as a part of the school program. Modern schools, when adequately staffed and administered, provide experiences in healthful daily living, an opportunity to become acquainted with good health services, a chance to learn something about the care of ones own body, the maintenance of health, and the prevention of disease. Thus the schools have come to contribute to community health through their planned programs of health service and through cooperation with other health and safety agencies.
Date: August 1950
Creator: Wilson, Robert Cecil

An Evaluation of the Henrietta High School, Henrietta, Texas

Description: This study is an evaluation of the Henrietta High School of Henrietta, Texas. Its purpose is to measure this school by comparing it to the two hundred try-out schools which were used by the Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards in setting up their criteria for determining the characteristics of a good secondary school.
Date: 1941
Creator: Pope, Rogers R.

An Evaluation of the Home Room Versus Departmental Method of Teaching Second Grade

Description: The problem under consideration is to determine the difference between home-room and departmental methods of teaching second grades, as measured by educational achievement. The study attempts to answer the question, Which one of the foregoing mentioned methods will produce the greatest gain in achievement when applied at second-grade level?
Date: 1949
Creator: Lindsey, Charles A.

Evaluation of the Influence of Non-Conventional Sources of Emissions on Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations in North Texas

Description: Emissions of air pollutants from non-conventional sources have been on the rise in the North Texas area over the past decade. These include primary pollutants such as volatile organic compound (VOC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) which also act as precursors in the formation of ozone. Most of these have been attributed to a significant increase in oil and gas production activities since 2000 within the Barnett Shale region adjacent to the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex region. In this study, air quality concentrations measured at the Denton Airport and Dallas Hinton monitoring sites operated by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) were evaluated. VOC concentration data from canister-based sampling along with continuous measurement of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), ozone (O3), particulate matter (PM2.5), and meteorological conditions at these two sites spanning from 2000 through 2014 were employed in this study. The Dallas site is located within the urban core of one of the fastest growing cities in the United States, while the Denton site is an exurban site with rural characteristics to it. The Denton Airport site was influenced by natural gas pads surrounding it while there are very few natural gas production facilities within close proximity to the Dallas Hinton site. As of 2013, there were 1362 gas pads within a 10 mile radius to the Denton Airport site but there were only 2 within a 10 mile radius to Dallas Hinton site. The Dallas site displayed higher concentrations of NOx and much lower concentrations of VOC than the Denton site. Extremely high levels of VOC measured at the Denton site corresponded with the increase in oil and gas production activities in close proximity to the monitoring site. Ethane and propane are two major contributors to the measured VOC concentration, suggesting the influence of fugitive emissions of natural gas. ...
Date: August 2015
Creator: Lim, Guo Quan

An Evaluation of the Influence of Parent Interest on Child Achievement

Description: A number of investigations of pupil progress in school have definitely shown that the percentage of failure in the first grade is much higher than in the other grades. In the light of these investigations, it is safe to assume that there must be a number of contributing factors to this failure in grade progress. The nature of these factors and what the school can do, if anything, to mitigate their influence on pupil progress in the first grade constitute a challenge to educational research. The present study undertakes an investigation along these lines. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to investigate the need for a pre-school program; (2) to study the reported values of such a program; and (3) to survey a certain number of schools to determine the extent and nature of preschool programs if any.
Date: August 1950
Creator: Clayton, Jewell