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An Analysis of the Utilization of the Sick Leave Program by Teachers in a Large City School System and a Test of the Program's Adequacy
This study was designed to determine the utilization of the sick leave program of a large city school system by teachers according to sex, age, experience, tenure, training, residence, and teaching assignment, and to determine if current sick leave allowances were adequate.
An Analysis of Trends in Teaching Literature in the Upper Elementary Grades as Recommended in the Elementary English Review, 1941-1950
The purpose of the investigation is to examine relevant material on current trends of teaching literature to the adolescent, as revealed in reported practices of classroom teachers throughout the United States. A compilation of these procedures appears to present a picture of what is being done in the field of literature on the upper-elementary-grade level in various sections of the country.
An Analytical and Descriptive Technique for Rating Student Teachers
The problem of this study was to develop an analytical and descriptive technique for rating the performances of student teachers. In order to arrive at a solution to this problem, the following sub-problems were to be solved; namely, 1. To develop and validate a set of criteria for describing and rating the performances of student teachers; 2. To develop and validate a descriptive rating scale utilizing those criteria; 3. To develop a technique for using this descriptive rating scale; 4. To establish reliability of the instrument and to demonstrate the ability of the instrument to perform its intended functions.
Anxieties of White and Negro Elementary and Secondary Student Teachers in Biracial Participation
The purposes of this study were to determine the extent to which anxieties are created among student teachers by assigning Negro or white student teachers to cooperating teachers of the opposite race, and to analyze the implications of the anxiety on white and Negro student teachers for teacher education institutions interested in the optimum adjustment of student teachers.
Anxiety and Its Relation to Self-variables in College Students
The purpose of this study was to investigate the theoretical concepts involving the relation of self-variables to anxiety.
Anxiety and Sociopathy in Three Diagnostic Groups : A Test of Mowrer's Hypothesis
The primary problem considered was to what degree anxiety and sociopathy are found in groups that, by external criteria, differ in level of adjustment.
Anxiety in Elementary School Children as a Function of Intelligence, Self-Concept and Ordinal Birth Position
It shall be the purpose of this study to continue this delineation of the dynamics of anxiety. An attempt shall be made to study the nature of anxiety, especially in elementary school children, as it relates to three other factors: namely, intelligence, self-concept and ordinal birth position.
Anxiety in Jailees as Indicated by the Rorschach Test
This study concerns an evaluation of anxiety levels in jailees awaiting trial in a county jail. Detecting anxiety which had been overtly controlled, and apparently hidden called for the use of a projective technique. Such an instrument would have the additional advantage of minimizing the effect of the observer upon the observed.
Anxiety Levels of Creative, Performing Musicians
The term creativity will be used in this paper to denote the unique imposition of the personality upon, in this case, the instrument selected and the work performed. The result of the creativity, the performance, is in the indefinable but, to a competent judge, readily recognizable area of true artistry, and represents, at best, a spontaneity resulting from interaction with unconscious processes after the conscious mastery of the technical problems of the particular instrument. For the purposes of this study, May's definition of anxiety is as good and workable as any: "Anxiety is the apprehension cued off by a threat to some value which the individual holds essential to his existence as a personality. In the case of the musician, the threatened value is his desire (and necessity, in terms of his self concept) to pursue music as a career. When his career is threatened or depreciated, the result is anxiety, which manifests itself in various forms of irrational behavior, physical symptoms, and inadequate adjustments to everyday situations.
An Application of Readability Techniques to Prediction of Difficulty Level of Shorthand Dictation Materials
It was the purpose of this study to determine whether one or a combination of adult readability formulas, when applied to shorthand dictation material, could predict difficulty, as well as to develop a shorthand formula for this specific purpose. In addition, the questions of comparative reliability and practicability were tested with respect to the two kinds of formulas as applied to the shorthand material.
Applying Democratic Principles to Social Studies Practices
The problem is to determine how a philosophy of democracy can be translated into democratic action in teaching social studies in the senior high school.
The Appropriateness of Teaching Certain Religious Concepts to Children Between the Ages of Six and Twelve
The problem for this study is to determine the appropriateness of presenting the concepts contained in the "Objectives of Christian Teaching and Training" to children ages six through twelve. The appropriateness of presenting these concepts will be based upon a comparison of research figures with the "Objectives of Christian Teaching and Training."
Assessment of the North Texas State University Campus Environment Through Perceptions of Institutional Characterisitcs Held by Selected Subgroups of the Student Body
The purposes of this study were to describe the North Texas State University campus environment as perceived by the students, to compare perceptions of certain of the campus environmental characteristics with those of other colleges and universities throughout the nation, and to compare selected subgroups within the student body with respect to their perceptions of campus environmental characteristics.
Attitude Change as a Function of Parent Group Participation
The purpose of this study is to provide a measurement of selected parental attitudes and an evaluation of the effectiveness of Parent Groups as instruments for promoting attitude changes in a positive direction.
Attitudes, Perceptions, and Personal Problems of Three Groups of High School Students
The problem of the study was to compare three groups of high school seniors--college preparatory, vocational preparatory, and general diploma students--in scholastic achievement, attitudes, and types of personal problems.
Authoritarianism and Intellectual Abilities at the College Level
This thesis investigates approaches to the problem from a learning-sociological point of view, because it gives a more complete concept of the authoritarian personality. Within the framework of this theory, it was generally found that the authoritarian personality is rigid; is concrete in its thinking; does not handle abstractions or material dealing with human relations easily; prefers instead to deal with well organized and well ordered material.
Basis for Evaluating University Extension Programs
The primary problem of this study was to establish a plan for evaluating university extension programs through a review of the literature and standards for accreditation.
Behavior Patterns in Sourthern Caucasian and Southern Negro Male Schizophrenics
This study analyzed case history data in an attempt to ascertain specific behavior patterns of Southern Caucasian and Southern Negro male schizophrenics as related to influencing subcultural environments.
Behavioral Outcomes of Client-Centered Play Therapy
This study was concerned with determining the effectiveness of play therapy as measured by behavioral changes in interpersonal relationships, mature behavior patterns, and more adequate use of intellectual capacities. Client-centered play therapy appears to have grown out of the concept that it is the relationship between the therapist and the child that brings about change and growth. Rather than diagnostic or as preliminary to therapy, the relationship itself is seen as therapy. Problems are seen not in terms of their historical past, but rather as they exist in the immediate present and in terms of the child's own means of expression. The relationship offers to the child the opportunity to experience growth under the most favorable conditions. Like its adult counterpart, client-centered counseling, client-centered play therapy is based upon the hypotheses that the individual has within himself the capacity for growth and self-direction, and that these growth impulses are released within the therapeutic relationship established between the therapist and the child. This study was conducted to investigate changes in behavior which occur as a result of play therapy and to determine that such changes do not occur in the absence of play therapy. It was a direct outgrowth of an ongoing program developed at the Pupil Appraisal Center of North Texas.
The Bender-Gestalt Test: A Factor Analytic Study of Each Design as it Relates to Various Individual Personality Traits
Is it possible that the Bender-Gestalt (B-G) protocol of an individual is complex of many different, discrete, perceptual tests? Is it possible to find the relationships among the scoring factors for the B-G and by factor analysis find some systematic order among the individual designs useful in predicting specific behavioral propensities? If a consistent relationship can be shown to exist between scorable deviations on the B-G designs and certain personality variables among individuals, then perhaps a start can be made toward predictive validity of the B-G.
A Bulletin for Beginning Teachers
The purpose of this study is to determine pertinent contents for a bulletin for beginning teachers in the public schools of Port Arthur, Texas. An effort is made to evaluate the findings and to make specific recommendations regarding the contents of such a bulletin.
A Case Study of Parental Involvement in the Initial Plan "A" Public School Districts in Texas
The problem of this investigation is a case study of parental involvement in the initial Plan A public school districts in Texas. The components of parental involvement isolated for the study are parent education, parent participation, and parent counseling. The major sources of data are questionnaires distributed to parents, teachers, and administrators in the initial Plan A public school districts. Secondary sources of data include interviews with the three categories of respondents to the questionnaires, communication and correspondence with the Regional Education Service Centers, and correspondence and reports from the Texas Education Agency concerning parental involvement. The purposes of the case study of parental involvement are (1) to analyze the various approaches to provide parent education services in the selected Plan A programs, (2) to analyze the various types of parent participation in the initial Plan A programs, (3) to analyze the existing and projected needs for parent counseling in Plan A, (4) to summarize findings into recommendations for effective parental involvement strategies in future implementations of Plan A in Texas, and (5) to suggest modifications or to raise questions for further investigation.
A Case Study of Selected Plan A Special Education Inservice Programs in Texas
This investigation is concerned with determining the extent of inservice education provided for special education personnel by the five pilot programs of Plan A. The two methods of determining this involvement are a case study of the pilot programs' inservice education and its relationship to resource agencies such as the Texas Education Agency and Regional Education Service Centers. The purposes of this study include the following: (1) determining the principles underlying the philosophy formulated by school district personnel in regard to the nature and purpose of inservice training for Plan A, (2) identifying the nature, scope, and assessment of a three-year period of inservice education for the pilot Plan A programs, (3) identifying the successful components of and the problems encountered during the three-year period of inservice education, and (4) describing recommendations for future inservice education. Only the five pilot districts are described in the case studies of Plan A programs. Data is reported in the following sequence for each of the pilot districts: background information; philosophy and goals; pre-, in-, and post-service activities for 1970-1971, 1971-1972, and proposals for inservice education for 1972-1973. Also reported is information concerning the role of the Texas Education Agency and the Regional Education Service Centers in relationship to Plan A implementation and inservice education.
Certain Physical Traits as Factors in Social Acceptance
The purpose of this study is fourfold: (1) to determine the relationship between sociometric status and specific physique types; (2) to determine the relationship between personal appearance and sociometric status; (3) to determine the relationship between sociometric status and physical defects; (4) to determine the relationship between sociometric status and chronic absenteeism.
Change in Group Responsibility in the Second Grade as a Result of Concerted Effort
The problem under consideration is to determine the changes in group responsibility in a second grade as a result of concerted effort. The concerted efforts made in this experiment were telling, reading, and dramatizing stories, poems, and songs of responsibility; discussing of stories, poems, songs, and filmstrips of responsibility; the assigning of definite classroom responsibility; and the assigning of definite study responsibility. This study attempts to answer the question, how much change, positive or negative, will occur in group responsibility as a result of the above-mentioned efforts?
Changes in Attitudes, Personality, and Effectiveness of Counselor Trainees in Counseling Practicums
The purpose of this study was to compare three different approaches to the counselor practicum—-or campus practicum, an off-campus practicum, and a role-playing practicum—-with regard to the changes in attitudes, personality, and effectiveness of counseling behavior of counselor trainees produced by each type of practicum.
Changes in Personality Traits Following an Intensive In-Service Para-Professional Counseling-Aide Program
The primary purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of an intensive, in-service training program for modifying selected personality traits among para-professional counselor aides restricted to working with emotionally disturbed youth in a residential treatment center. Additionally, an attempt was made to identify the areas in which personality traits were modified, both between experimental and control groups and between males and females.
Changes in Self Concept Associated with Exposure to Theories of Personality
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of classroom lectures regarding personality theory on the incongruencies of one's self concept. Relying heavily upon the individual's drive toward integration, health, and self-actualization as summarized in the preceding section, as it is contended that, while some information will be rejected because of one's tendency to maintain and preserve established consistencies within himself, the individual's inherent motivation toward personal growth will result in the assimilation of many of these basic psychological beliefs into his own personality structure.
Characteristics of a Negro College Environment and its Relationship to Student Value Systems
The present study was undertaken to determine the relationships between characteristics of a Negro college environment and the value systems of its student body. The study also investigated relationships between a Negro college and non-Negro colleges based upon characteristics of the college environment and value systems of the college population.
Characteristics of Groups Taught Under Two Social Climates
The problem of this study is to determine the effects of two different social climates, as created by different teaching methods, upon the characteristics of college class groups. The social climates utilized in the present investigation were: (a) a democratic social climate, and (b) an autocratic social climate. The actual meaning of the adjectives used to label these social climates is necessarily somewhat different from the meanings attributed to them in political or economic discussions.
Characteristics of High School Girls which May Lead to Early Marriage
The problem of this study was to isolate some of the characteristics of tenth-grade girls which may lead to early marriage. The characteristics studied were: sibling rank, influence of a broken home, parents* education and occupations, mental ability, aptitude, scholastic achievement, study habits and attitudes, and personal problems identified by the subjects. A further problem of the study was the effectiveness of each of the characteristics in predicting the marriage of high school girls.
Classroom Environmental Control in Smith County
The purpose of this study is to attempt to show the development, growth, and some of the outstanding accomplishments with methods used in developing the environmental control in Smith County school rooms since October, 1946.
Cognition, Attitude, and the Level of Commitment of Supportive Professional Special Education Personnel Regarding Plan "A" Special Education in Texas
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships that exist between cognition, attitude and level of commitment to Plan A based on the respondent's first, second or third year of involvement in Plan A special education.
The Columbia Mental Maturity Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale For Children : a Comparative Study Utilizing Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Males
The purpose of the present study is to compare the 1959 revision of the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale (CMMS) with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) for use as a psychometric instrument for determining the mental ability of mentally retarded male children.
Common Emotional and Social Difficulties of Six-Year-Old Children
The purpose of this study is to provide a ready reference that may be the basis for helping teachers develop a detailed program to meet some common social and emotional difficulties of six-year-old children. An analysis of the findings and opinions of clinical psychology and educational authorities pertinent to this problem should yield conclusions and recommendations which may be objective enough to lead to a better understanding of the six-year-old child.
Communications Programs in the Public Junior Colleges of the United States
The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining the status of communications programs for the terminal technical-vocational student in the public junior colleges of the United States.
A Comparative Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Intellectually Superior Female Students who Persisted and Those who did not Persist in an Advanced Placement Program
This study was undertaken to make a comparative analysis of selected nonintellective characteristics of intellectually superior female students who persisted and those who did not persist in an Advanced Placement Program offering sequentially planned course offerings in mathematics and science. A second dimension of the study was an investigation of selected nonintellective traits to determine if the students' scores are elevated in the same direction as those of superior female adults who have been studied on essentially the same dimensions.
A Comparative Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Intellectually Superior Male Students who Persist and Those who do not Persist in an Advanced Placement Program
This study made a comparative analysis of certain selected characteristics of a group of academically able male youth who persisted and those who did not persist in a five-year academic sequence in mathematics and science. Two major questions were dealt with in this study: 1. Can the persisting youth as a group be distinguished from those youth who did not persist in this academic sequence on the basis of their functioning in certain nonintellective areas? 2. Are the performances of the persisting youth on certain dimensions elevated in the same directions as are the performances of mature creatives who have been intensively studied on the same dimensions?
A Comparative Analysis of the Development of High School Library Standards and Certain Associated Factors
The purpose of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the development of high school library standards since 1918 by taking into consideration the factors of rapid growth of high school enrollments, modifications of the basic philosophy of education, and the development of secondary school libraries.
A Comparative Analysis of the Educational Theories of Charles Dickens and John Holt
The purpose of this study is to determine. whether Charles Dickens's educational theories in England during the nineteenth century are conclusively juxtaposed to John Holt's educational theories in America during the twentieth century. Chapter One introduces the proposition and states the general nature of the discussion in -subsequent chapters. Chapter Two presents a history of economic conditions in nineteenth-century England and shows how its evolution influenced Dickens's educational theories. Chapter Three discusses the economic conditions in twentieth-century America, the moral crisis- and its affect on youth, and Holt's theories of how children fail and how they learn. Chapter Four synthesizes Dickens's and Holt's -theories and establishes that their philosophies and aims in the field of education are closely juxtaposed.
A Comparative Analysis of the Results of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon Seventh Grade Students
This study was concerned with making a comparative analysis of reading skills development resulting from two different approaches to reading instruction at the seventh-grade level. The two approaches were: (a) instruction emphasizing specifically the reading skills, Approach A, and (b) instruction using the regular classroom activities approach, Approach B.
The Comparative Effectiveness of Conventional and Programed Instructional Procedures in Teaching Fundamentals of Music
The purpose of this study was to investigate the comparative effectiveness of three out-of-class procedures designed to augment a conventional classroom instructional method in a course in the fundamentals of music for elementary education students. The procedures examined were (a) conventional out-of-class study assignments; (b) out-of-class individual use of a programed textbook; and (c) out-of- class individual use of a teaching machine program. This study was concerned with measures of achievement in fundamentals of music as taught to elementary education students at North Texas State University, Denton, Texas, during the 1963-1964 school year. The measures of achievement in music were limited to the pre-test of fundamentals of music and to the post test, interim test, and retention test of fundamentals of music.
Comparative Effects of Two Methods of Teaching Concepts of American Law to High School Students
The problem of this study was to compare two approaches to teaching concepts of American law and government as to their relative effects on achievement, attitude, and critical thinking performance of high school students.
Comparative Effects of Two Physical Conditioning Programs and Evaluation of Instruments for Measuring Physical Fitness
The problem of this study was to determine the effects of (1) a conditioning program designed to develop cardiovascular-respiratory efficiency and (2) a conditioning program designed to develop strength and agility on the improvement of parameters of physical fitness as measured "by the AAHPER Youth Fitness Test, basal heart rate, and physical work capacity determined by a progressive work test on the bicycle ergometer.
A Comparative Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Group Guidance and Individual Counseling with Freshmen
The primary objective was to investigate the effectiveness of short-term group guidance and short-term individual counseling with freshman college students. The design utilizes the method and procedure of comparing similar groups of students who received group guidance, students who received individual counseling, and students who received no counseling or guidance. A comparison of the ratio between self-ratings and objectively evaluated test scores before and after the study served as the basis for determining the effectiveness of the experimental variables.
Comparative Results of the Six Major Forms of Marriage Counseling
This study compares results of the six major forms of marriage counseling: individual interview, individual group, concurrent interview, concurrent group, conjoint interview, and conjoint group. Data are from five different approaches in research methodology. The first, termed the Pilot Study, reviewed the outcome records of 773 former marriage counseling clients. The second, termed the Experimental Study, assigned 63 couples on a random basis, although balanced for severity, to the three most popular forms of marriage counseling: concurrent interview, conjoint interview, or conjoint group. It included a pre- to post-counseling test comparison involving the MMPI, CPI, Polyfactor Test for Marital Difficulties, and the Marital Adjustment Inventory. The third approach, the Quasi-Experimental Study, compared test results from two groups of couples with serious marital problems: the first group comprised seven couples who had been in three forms of counseling, while the second group included twenty-one couples who had been in only one form. The fourth approach, the Survey Study, used a questionnaire to measure reactions of 200 subjects who had just completed various forms of marriage counseling sessions. The fifth approach, the Poll Study, involved a mail survey of 209 former marriage counseling clients who had been terminated from varying forms of marriage counseling for from one to three years.
A Comparative Study and Model of the Certification Requirements for Vocational Office Education Teacher-Coordinators in the United States
The purposes of the study were (1) to describe the historical rationale for teacher certification, (2) to survey and report the present requirement of the states for certification as a vocational office education teacher-coordinator, (3) to survey leading business and office education educators for recommendations for vocational office education teacher-coordinator certification requirements, (4) to examine, survey, and report the characteristics and qualifications of employed vocational office education teacher-coordinators, and (5) to develop a model of criteria representing ideal standards for initial and continuing certification requirements for vocational office education teacher-coordinators.
A Comparative Study between the Achievement Test Results and Teacher Ratings Assigned Boys and Those Received by Girls of the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Grades in the Stonewall Jackson School, Denton, Texas
It is the purpose of the writer to discover if there is any significant difference between the teacher ratings of boys and girls with equated intelligence quotients. And if such differences are found to exist, an attempt will be made to determine to what extent they prevail.
A Comparative Study of Anxiety between Science and Art Majors
The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of anxiety in college freshmen and seniors from the Departments of Science and Art at North Texas State College by using the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale. It is hoped that the findings uncovered by this study will be of help to others interested in investigating and exploring this area.
A Comparative Study of Elementary and Junior High School Music Programs in the State of Texas in 1949-1950
The purpose of this study is to present a comparison between recommendations made by authorities in the field of music education regarding the music curriculum in the elementary and junior high schools and the music curricula currently in existence, based on the tabulated results of a questionnaire sent to various school systems in Texas.