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Comparison of Levels of Social Participation of Retired with Non-Retired Persons by Selected Role Categories

Description: The relationship between work status (working and retired) and the degree of formal and informal social participation among elderly respondents sixty to sixty-nine years of age was studied and analyzed. A national probability sample of 735 elderly Americans provided the major data source. Elaboration model was used to further understand and explain the relationship between work status and the degree of formal and informal social participation. Ten control variables were introduced: work status of spouse, marital status, occupational status, family income, satisfaction with health, size of kinship network, race, gender, and size of community of residence. Indices of formal and informal social participation were constructed.
Date: May 1981
Creator: Khullar, Gurdeep S.

Demographic and Social Psychological Factors Affecting Migration in Eight United States Cities

Description: In this investigation, selected demographic and social psychological factors affecting migration within eight United States cities are examined. More specifically, the study examines migration in terms of previous neighborhood satisfaction, perceived initial attraction of present neighborhood, present neighborhood satisfaction, family life cycle, residence tenure, race, sex, income, and education. The data for this investigation are taken from the 1975 National Crime Survey Attitude Sub-Sample Files. Using length of residence to define migration status, 2,047 migrants and 1,928 non-migrants comprise the sample for this investigation. Zero-order and multiple correlation measures are utilized in the analysis of migration in terms of the previously mentioned variables.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Landua, Paul Dwight

An Ecological Investigation of the Relationship Between the Quality of Housing and Selected Structural Characteristics of 180 Cities in the United States

Description: This study is an investigation of the relationships between selected structural characteristics of the community and the quality of housing. It quantitatively examines the relationship between the following structural elements as independent variables and quality of housing as the dependent variable. The independent variables are city size, sex-age composition, socioeconomic status, racial-ethnic composition, age of the city, regional location, form of government, city type and occupancy status.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Darvish, Rokneddin

The Effects of Victimization on the Acceptance of Aggression and the Expectations of Assertive Traits in Children as Measured by the General Social Survey

Description: The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of determining the effects significant symbolic interactions such as victimization, have on the acceptance of aggression and the expectation of assertive traits in children. Information from the General Social Survey (years 1973, 1975, 1976, and 1978) is used to establish measures of victimization, acceptance of aggression, and expectations of assertive traits in children. The findings provide only slight support for a model which places emphasis on the importance of traumatic events in bringing about changes in attitudes. Factors such as age, occupational prestige, education, and military experience appear to be helpful in explaining the conditions under which attitude changes are most likely to occur as a function of victimization.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Kurtz, Howard A.

The Social Thought of Sigmund Freud

Description: Sociological interest in psychoanalytic thought, which began early in this century, has thus far emphasized the implications of Sigmund Freud's clinical discoveries. However, beginning in 1912, Freud produced a series of works which addressed social themes. These works included Totem and Taboo, Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, The Future of an Illusion, Civilization and its Discontents, and Moses and Monotheism, as well as a number of papers dealing with social themes. This study began with a review of the social and intellectual influences on Freud's life and thought. Then a content analysis of Freud's social writings, identified above, was undertaken, to assess the significance for contemporary social theory of Freud's social thought. Categories for analysis were constructed: Society: Social Origins, Social Control and Social Change; Social Groups; the Family; Religion. Freud's ideas concerning these social categories and social institutions were explicated and an assessment of Freud as a social theorist was undertaken.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Berliner, Arthur Kermit