UNT Libraries - 7 Matching Results

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Infrared-Microwave Double Resonance Probing of the Population-Depopulation of Rotational States in the NO₂ and the SO₂ Molecules

Description: A 10.6 ym C02 laser operating a power range S P 200 watts was used to pump some select vibrational transitions in the NO2 molecule while monitoring the rotational transitions (91/9—'100/10), (232f 22 ~~"*242,23> ' (402,38 "393,37) in the (0, 0, 0) vibrational level and the (8q,8—*"^1,7) rotational transition in the (0, 1, 0) vibrational level. These rotational transitions were monitored by microwave probing to determine how the population of states in the rotational manifolds were being altered by the laser. Coincidences between some components of the V3-V2 band of N02 and the C02 infrared laser lines in the 10 um region appeared to be responsible for the strong interaction between the continuous laser beams and the molecular states.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Khoobehi, Bahram

Investigation of the Interaction of CO Laser Radiation with n-InSb

Description: The Shubnikov-de Haas magneto-resistance oscillations and photoconductivity were experimentally studied in order to investigate the interaction of CO laser radiation with n-InSb at liquid helium temperatures. The roles of various absorption mechanisms on these effects were considered, particularly near the intrinsic band edge. From these measurements an effective electron temperature Tₑ was defined that increased or decreased under illumination, depending upon the strength of the applied electric field.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Hanes, Larry Kenneth

M-Shell X-Ray Production of Gold, Lead, Bismuth, Uranium for Incident Hydrogen, Helium and Fluorine Ions

Description: Incident ¹H⁺ and ⁴He⁺ ions at 0.3-2.6 MeV and ¹⁹F^q⁺ ions at 25, 27 and 35 MeV were used to study the M-shell x-ray production cross sections of Au, Pb, Bi and U. For the incident fluorine ions, projectile charge state dependence of the cross sections were extracted from measurements made with varying target thicknesses ( ~1 to ~300 μg/cm²). The efficiency of the Si(Li) detector was determined by measuring the K-shell x-ray production of various low Z elements and comparing these values to the prediction of the CPSS theory. The experimental results are compared to the prediction of first Born approximation for direct ionization to the continuum and to the OBK of Nikolaev for the electron capture to the K-, L-, M-...shells of the incident ion. Comparison is also made with the ECPSSR theory that accounts for the energy loss, Coulomb deflection, and relativistic effects in the perturbed stationary state theory.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Mehta, Rahul

Operator Gauge Transformations in Nonrelativistic Quantum Electrodynamics

Description: A system of nonrelativistic charged particles and radiation is canonically quantized in the Coulomb gauge and Maxwell's equations in quantum electrodynamics are derived. By requiring form invariance of the Schrodinger equation under a space and time dependent unitary transformation, operator gauge transformations on the quantized electromagnetic potentials and state vectors are introduced. These gauge transformed potentials have the same form as gauge transformations in non-Abelian gauge field theories. A gauge-invariant method for solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation in quantum electrodynamics is given. Maxwell's equations are written in a form which holds in all gauges and which has formal similarity to the equations of motion of non-Abelian gauge fields. A gauge-invariant derivation of conservation of energy in quantum electrodynamics is given. An operator gauge transformation is made to the multipolar gauge in which the potentials are expressed in terms of the electromagnetic fields. The multipolar Hamiltonian is shown to be the minimally coupled Hamiltonian with the electromagnetic potentials in the multipolar gauge. The model of a charged harmonic oscillator in a single-mode electromagnetic field is considered as an example. The gauge-invariant procedure for solving the time-dependent Schrodinger equation is used to obtain the gauge-invariant probabilities that the oscillator is in an energy eigenstate For comparison, the conventional approach is also used to solve the harmonic oscillator problem and is shown to give gauge-dependent amplitudes.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Gray, Raymond Dale

Photoconductivity Investigation of Two-Photon Magneto-Absorption, PACRH, and Deep Levels in n-InSb

Description: A high resolution photoconductivity investigation of two 13 -3 photon magneto-absorption (TPMA) in n-InSb (n - 9 x 10 cm ) has been performed. This is the first time that two-photon absorption in a semiconductor has been studied with cw lasers only. With a stable cw CC>2 laser and a highly sensitive sampling and magnetic field modulation technique, a minimum of 4 2 transitions in the TPMA photoconductivity spectra can be observed. Most of these transitions are a result of the usual spherical approximation TPMA selections rules (An =0, ±2; As = 0 for e ⊥ B and Δn = 0; Δs = 0 for e || B) . However, some transitions, in particular several near the TPMA band edge, are not explained by these rules. The TPMA spectra have been found to depend upon crystallographic orientation. This has not been previously observed. The temperature variation of the fundamental energy gap Eg between 2 and 100° K is also obtained from TPMA experiments.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Goodwin, Mike Watson

Picosecond Laser-Induced Transient Gratings and Anisotropic State-Filling in Germanium

Description: We present a comparative theoretical study of the transient grating coherent effects in resonant picosecond excitation-probe experiments. Signals in both the probe and conjugate directions are discussed. The effects of recombination, non-radiative scattering and spatial and orientational diffusion are included. The analysis is applied to both a molecular and to a semiconductor model. Signal contributions from concentration and orientational gratings are distinguished and their temporal natures discussed. The theory is used to explain our recent observations in germanium. Included are discussions of picosecond transient grating self-diffraction measurements that can be understood in terms of an orientational grating produced by anisotropic (in k-space) state-filling. Though there have been predictions and indirect experimental evidence for isotropic state-filling in germanium, this is the first direct experimental indication of anisotropic state-filling in a semiconductor.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Boggess, Thomas F. (Thomas Frederick)

Theoretical and Experimental Linewidth Parameters in the Rotational Spectrum of Nitrogen Dioxide

Description: Contributions to the second order collision efficiency function S ⁽²⁾ (b), used in semiclassical perturbation approaches to pressure broadening of microwave and infrared spectra, due to several leading terms, dipole and quadrupole components, in the expansion of the intermolecular interaction energy are derived by method of irreducible spherical tensor operators for molecules of arbitrary symmetry. Results are given explicitly in terms of dipole and quadrupole line strengths. General expressions for dipole moment line strength in the asymmetric rotor basis as well as quadrupole moment line strength for the special case of molecules with two independent quadrupole moment components are derived. Computer programs for calculating linewidth parameters in the rotational spectrum of ¹⁴NO₂ based on Anderson and Murphy and Boggs theories are presented.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Moazzen-Ahmadi, Mohamad Nasser