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A Study of the Influence of Sociological Variables on Personal, Family, and Community Relationships Curriculum Interests of High School Negro Girls in Medium Communities

Description: It is the purpose of this study to investigate the influence of age, siblings, family structure, religious beliefs, mother's occupation, father's occupation, homemaking courses taken, status of parents, number of rooms in home, and students' work hours after school on the Negro girl's interest in curriculum items on personal, family and community relationships.
Date: 1958
Creator: Hunt, Louvenia Bell

Influence of Television Commercials on Young Children

Description: To determine the influence of television commercials about toys and cereals on young children, forty-four children, ranging in age from four to seven years, were interviewed. The mothers of these children completed a questionnaire about their children's television viewing habits. The hypotheses examined the following areas: children's demands for advertised products, children's preferences and dislikes for commercials, the extent of parental yielding to children's requests, and parental discussion of television commercials. The data were analyzed by computing percentages, and it revealed several trends. The more television children watched, the more they demanded advertised products. Parents' discussion of television advertisements affected the extent of parental yielding and the extent of children's demand for advertised products. This study supports findings reported in the related literature that television commercials affect young children's behavior.
Date: May 1978
Creator: Lam, Pamela Y. Y.

University Student's Self-Perception of Selected Characteristics Related to Sex and to Ordinal Position

Description: Nineteen selected self-perception characteristics of university students were related to sex and to ordinal position. The 60 selected males and 120 selected females were enrolled during the summer of 1976 at North Texas State University in Denton County, Texas. A self-rating, group-administered instrument was originated for collecting information. Ordinal positions were only child, first-born with later siblings, intermediate, and last-born. The intermediates had the most positive self-perceptions. Of the males, intermediates were highest and only children lowest. Of the females, only children reported more positive self-perceptions. Females had more positive self-perceptions than males. Effects of ordinal positions tended to depend on the child's sex. Further study was recommended utilizing a larger, more varied population.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Skelton, Carol Ann Brennan

Time Use and Management Problems of the Elderly

Description: This study attempted to determine the amount of time spent on nonpaid daily activities by retired people and to identify management problems encountered while performing daily activities. Time use data were collected by daily records completed by the subjects. Variables examined were age, sex, health, education, level of income, and living arrangements. Age and sex were related to total time spent on household activities and family care. Those in the oldest age group spent the least amount of time on household activities and family care and men spent less time than women on these activities. Health, living arrangements, income, and transportation were identified as management problems. These problems were not incapacitating and most elderly were able to live independently at home.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Hewes, Ruth Thompson

Student and Employer Perceptions of Career Expectations and Goals in Retailing

Description: The purpose was to investigate career expectations and goals of junior and senior fashion merchandising majors at North Texas State University and to compare findings with expectations for trainees of retail employers with executive training programs in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. The findings indicated that most female students are planning their career goals in business for the next five years. Students are confused as to what employee benefits they might receive at the entry level. College recruitment is an important method of hiring executive trainees. Length of training programs vary from six months to three years. At the time of the study, trainees could expect a beginning salary of nine to ten thousand dollars.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Grace, Marilu

Some Factors Affecting the Selection of the Plate Lunch

Description: The purpose of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting the sale of the plate lunch in six of the one hundred twenty-nine Dallas Public School lunchrooms, two each of predominantly Mexican, white and Negro enrollment, when the time is extended to include the entire school year of one hundred eighty school days.
Date: August 1959
Creator: Key, Merlene Hunnicutt

Teenagers' Attitudes Toward Early Parenting

Description: The problem of this study was to determine the attitudes of teenagers toward early parenting. A fifty-two item questionnaire was given to 253 students enrolled in Homemaking I, Homemaking II, or Home and Family Living classes. Data are reported in five sections: teenagers' (1) attitudes about early parenting, (2) perceptions of child abuse and neglect, (3) beliefs about disciplining and punishment, (4) preparation for parenting skills, and (5) attitudes toward parenting education classes. Different results were obtained on measures of race, sex, and grade levels. Very few differences in attitudes were identified between ethnic groups and grade levels. Males and females differed in attitudes toward birth control and parenting tasks.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Reynolds-Hromadka, Johnny Sue.

A Descriptive Study of Sexual Child Abuse in Texas

Description: Validated reports of sexually abused children from 1975 through 1977 were examined. Considered were the victim's age, sex, ethnic group, type of abuse, living arrangement, and relationship to perpetrator. Basic sources of data were the Texas Department of Human Resources' CANRIS reports and the U.S. Bureau of the Census population estimates. Validated sexual abuse consistently ranked third in physical abuse type and more than doubled between 1975 and 1977. Victims' mean age decreased each year and most were eleven years or over. Most sexual child abuse victims in Texas were of the Anglo ethnic group, living in their own home, and victimized by a parent. More than 85 per cent were female. Further research was recommended.
Date: August 1979
Creator: Mitchell, Josephine G.

The Significance of Male Participation in Home Economics Programs in Public Schools

Description: This investigation is to determine the extent of male participation in home economics courses in public schools. Related questionnaires were completed by participants and results tabulated. It was determined that the student's own interest, and their perception of how homemaking will help later are influencing factors for enrollment in homemaking classes. Food preparation, getting along with others, grooming, clothing selection and construction and using new equipment properly are areas of interest to male students. The belief that homemaking is for girls, and the lack of interest in the content and activities of homemaking classes account for the low male participation. Community understanding, friendly attitudes of counselors, a well equipped department, and practical homemaking courses could attract more male participation.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Yovonie-Tijani, Rosaline S.

Career aspirations of high school home economics students in Palo Pinto County, Texas

Description: 181 adolescent home economics students in Palo Pinto County, Texas, were surveyed. The questions examined the following: grades and self concept of academic ability, self concept of academic ability and occupational aspirations, school size and occupational aspirations, sex and occupational aspirations, race and occupational aspirations, parents' occupational aspirations, parents' educational levels and occupational aspirations. The data suggested that career aspirations are positively related to self concept of ability, school grades, school size, race, parents' education, and fathers' occupations. Students' sex and their mothers' occupations were not shown to be related to career aspirations.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Singleton, Dawn A.

The Influence of Social Comprehension on the Adjustment of College Students

Description: The purpose of this investigation is to extend the study of the influence of social comprehension on the adjustment of college students by (1) determining the adjustment progress of students in the social fundamentals classes, and (2) comparing the adjustment progress of men and women in these home economics classes with the progress of men and women in other subject-matter fields.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Randolph, Vannie Lee

A Comparison of 4-H Youths' and Their Parents' Attitudes Concerning 4-H Competitive Events

Description: The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes of 4-H youths and their parents concerning 4-H competitiveness. The sample was composed of seventy-nine 4-H youths and their parents from three North Texas Counties. The instruments, which consisted of an "Opinionnaire for Parents" and an "Opinionnaire for 4-H'ers," were designed to obtain the 4-H'ers' and parents' attitudes about 4-H competition. The study revealed no significant difference in competitive attitudes between 4-H youths' and their parents' or between younger and older 4-H'ers. 4-H boys were found to have more competitive attitudes than 4-H girls. No significant relationship was found between parents' level of competitiveness and length of 4-H service.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Sanders, Renee C.

Child Development Knowledge of Adolescents

Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescent knowledge of physical, mental, social, and emotional development of babies and young children. The study was concerned with the effects of the following factors on adolescent knowledge of child development; geographic location, family size, ordinal position, and years of homemaking classes in school. Questionnaires were administered to 200 homemaking students in high schools in Parker and Tarrant counties. The only factor significant at the .05 level in affecting.adolescent knowledge was geographic location. Students from rural high schools obtained higher overall child development knowledge scores than students from urban high schools. Further research to compare the knowledge of students not enrolled in homemaking classes to the knowledge of students enrolled in homemaking classes is recommended.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Harrison, Cheryl

The Effect of Home Economics Child Development Education on Disciplinary Techniques Used by Parents of Kindergarten Children

Description: To determine if home economics child development education affected disciplinary techniques used by parents of kindergarten children, 298 parents of kindergarten children completed an eleven-part questionnaire. Comparisons were made of disciplinary techniques used, five categories of child development education, and five levels of education. Educational level appeared to affect parental disciplinary techniques more than child development education. As educational level increased, the use of punitive and reasoning techniques, the use of sources for learned disciplinary techniques, and parental reaction to stress concerning discipline all increased. It is suggested that parental expectations increased as educational level increased. Frustration with disciplining increased punitiveness and reaction to stress. Educational skills encouraged adoption of disciplinary sources.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Parker, Helen Jean

Leadership Styles: Present and Future Trends

Description: The last eighty years have seen some dramatic changes occurring in the business community, particularly in the area of management leadership. Most significant in this regard is the increased emphasis upon human relations in management. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects that this trend has had on methods of management currently practiced. This is done by means of a survey of supervisors and subordinates conducted in the Dallas metroplex area. The results of this survey suggest that a good supervisor is neither authoritarian nor permissive per se, but rather he is one who recognizes and responds to the variables which determine whether the human relations management approach or the more rigid scientific approach will best suit his particular leadership situation.
Date: December 1979
Creator: Rawlings, Patty

Prenatal Care and Infant Mortality Among Low-Income Adolescent Mothers in a Metropolitan Area

Description: This study attempted to determine variables significant in predicting use of and changes in use of prenatal care; infant mortality; and the relationship between prenatal care and infant birth weight. The data were collected from birth and death certificates at the Public Health Department in Dallas, Texas. Data were tested using analysis of variance, Scheffe' test, and Chi-square. A mother's age, race, income level, marital status, and parity were found to be significant factors in use of prenatal care, and use of care was found to have begun earlier in recent years. Likewise, birth weight was found to be related to the trimester prenatal care began. Conclusions concerning infant mortality could not be drawn due to insufficient data.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Laycock, Bonnie Kent

Clothing Preferences of a Select Group of Large-Sized Women Shopping in the Dallas, Metropolitan Area

Description: This study is an assessment of preferences and the perceived satisfaction of clothing for a group of large-sized women shopping in the Dallas metropolitan area. Demographic information was gathered from the respondents to compare the relationship between the clothing preferences and the demographic variables. The participants in this study were sixty large-sized women who shopped in two large-sized specialty stores in Dallas, Texas. The data were collected by use of a personal interview instrument developed by the researcher. This study concludes that large-sized women perceived the selection of large-sized clothing ranging from good to fair with variation in their satisfaction of style, price, fabric, and availability. Large-sized women prefer the following style features: the A-line skirt, the V-neckline, the A-line dress, the bishop sleeve, the solid fabric design, and the color green.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Hageman, Mary Ann

Attitudes Toward Shopping for Apparel and Apparel Shopping Behavior of a Selected Group of Working Women

Description: The purposes of this study were to investigate attitudes toward apparel shopping and apparel shopping behavior of a selected group of working women in the Dallas, Texas, area. The study also examined relationships of occupation, education, age and marital status to apparel shopping attitudes and behavior. The study concluded that working women enjoy shopping for apparel but do encounter certain frustrations. Working women shop for apparel every few weeks or more and most often purchase apparel in department stores. The majority use charge accounts and often purchase apparel at reduced prices. Chi square analysis revealed few significant relationships between attitudes toward apparel shopping and apparel shopping behavior and the demographic variables of occupation, education, age and marital status.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Kesten, Marsha M. (Marsha Mildred)

Factors Influencing the Selection of Apparel Worn to Work by Women in the Dallas-Forth Worth Metroplex

Description: This study investigated factors influencing the selection of apparel worn to work by women who attended fashion and wardrobe seminars in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Clothing selection factors were analyzed by computer according to age, marital status, work status and education. The majority most frequently wore suits and separates to work. Single participants preferred separates. Most wore sizes considered average. Respondents most frequently purchased apparel from department stores. Brand name and designer apparel were occasionally purchased. Though interested, few respondents had taken advantage of personal consultant services. It was recommended that retailers make wardrobe services known to the public.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Russell, Jean, 1958-

Knowledge Level of Sales Personnel Employed by a Ladies' Apparel Manufacturer in Dallas, Texas, and the Need for Training

Description: The purposes of this study were to measure and compare the knowledge level of sales personnel employed by a ladies' apparel manufacturer and to examine the need for a training program for sales managers, sales secretaries, and sales representatives. The data were gathered through a four-part questionnaire developed by the researcher. Sales personnel were rated as having low, medium, or high knowledge. The majority rated as having medium knowledge. No significant differences in knowledge level were evident relative to sales position or length of employment. Training needs tended to have little variance among respondents.
Date: August 1981
Creator: Smith, Lucy (Lucy Ann)

The Hypolipidemic Effect of Pectin and Oats

Description: Pectin and oats as two sources of dietary fiber have been suggested as having a hypolipidemic effect. Ten subjects included either twenty grams of pectin or eighty grams of rolled oats daily in their self-selected diet. A baseline for each subject was calculated from blood samples taken prior to supplementation. Fasting blood samples were also taken ten, twenty-one, and thirty-one days after beginning supplementation. All blood samples were analyzed for these values; serum cholesterol, serum trigyceride, hematocrit, hemoglobin, serum albumin, and total serum protein. No significant changes were seen in the cholesterol, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and total protein values. A significant decrease was seen in nine triglyceride values. Albumin levels showed a significant increase in all subjects. No significant differences due to the two treatments were seen.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Feilmann, Ann E. (Ann Elizabeth)