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A Study of the Literature Pertaining to the Areas of Health Education, Physical Education, and Recreation that is Available to Students and Faculty Members in the Class B, A, and AA Senior High Schools of Texas
The investigator made a study of the literature pertaining to the areas of health education, physical education and recreation that is available to students and to faculty members in the class B, A, and AA senior high school libraries of Texas during the school year 1949-1950.
An Analytical Study of the Physical Education Program for Junior and Senior High School Girls in Fort Worth, Texas with Recommendations for Future Cooperative Program Development in Physical Education in the Two School Levels
The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between the girls' physical education programs in the junior and senior high schools in the Fort Worth Public Schools and to determine to what extent these programs insure the complete development of the girl, physically, mentally and socially in the two school levels.
To Organize and Evaluate an Intramural Sports Program for Boys at Schreiner Institute
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intramural sports program at Schreiner Institute, Kerrville, Texas, for the school year, 1947-48, to determine its adequacy in meeting the aims and objectives of a reorganized program of intramural sports set up in the school at the beginning of the year, 1947-48. Attention was directed to the special need for the program, to its aims and objectives, to its plan of procedure, and to the outcomes at the end of the year.
A Study of the Existing Practices in the Administration and Conduct of the Interscholastic Track and Field Program in Selected Class B High Schools in Texas during 1948-1949
The investigator undertook a critical study of existing practices in the administration and conduct of the interscholastic track and field program in selected Class B high schools in Texas during the school year of 1948-1949, with recommendations for future development.
A Study of the Use of Motion Pictures and Film Strips in the Coaching of Athletics in a Selected Group of Texas High Schools
The purpose of this study was to make an investigation of the use of motion pictures and film strips in the coaching of athletics in a selected group of high schools in Texas. It was proposed, also, to formulate conclusions as to the practices utilized in connection with these visual aids in the coaching technique and to make recommendations for their use by coaches as outgrowths of the study.
A Study of the Leisure Time Activities of the Boys of Big Spring High School During the School Year 1948-1949 and the Summer of 1949 with Recommendations for the Future Development of the High School Physical Education and the City Recreation Program
The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine by grade groups how the boys of Big Spring High School spend their leisure time, (2) to gain information for use in broadening the instruction in physical education and recreation, (3) to have information for possible recommendations for the physical education department and city recreation program.
An Analytical Study of Characteristics of Sixth- and Seventh-Grade Boys who were Non-Participants in Playground Activities of the Trinity Heights Elementary School, Dallas, Texas, with Implications for the Modification of the Playground Program to Meet the Needs of Such Boys
The investigator undertook to make an analytical study of boys in the sixth and seventh grades in the Trinity Heights Elementary School of Dallas, Texas, who tend to be non-participants in playground activities and, on the basis of the study, to draw implications for the future guidance of such boys in group participation in such activities.
An Evaluative Study to Determine the Present Status of the Administration of Public Recreation in Denton, Texas, with a Proposed Plan for Future Development
The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent the public recreation of Denton under the present administrative setup is serving the needs of the citizenship of Denton. Various agencies affording recreation for their own members or sponsoring recreation activities affecting other inhabitants of Denton were surveyed to determine the present status of administration of public recreation in Denton. The results of the survey were compared with standards set up by the National Recreation Association for cities the size of Denton. From a comparison of the present status and the standards, an effort was made to formulate a basis of administration that would be sound and business-like, well co-ordinated, and consistent with good governmental practice.
An Evaluation of the Physical Education, Health, and Recreation Program of the Waco State Home
"The purpose of this study was to evaluate the program of physical education, health, and recreation of the Waco State School from 1933 to 1940...In view of these definite results, the conclusion is made that the Physical Education, Health, and Recreation Program of the Waco State Home has been successful in the following respects: 1. It has developed normal, happy children who have a chance to become useful, self-supporting children. 2. The Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Program of the Home has met and exceeded in many respects the educational standards for such activities. 3. The Waco State Home has performed a great educational service in remolding warped, underprivileged children."--leaf 2.
A Comparative Study of Fifty Undergraduate Men Majors in Physical Education and Fifty Undergraduate Men Majors in Other Fields at North Texas State College with Respect to Selected Personal Traits
"To determine the general characteristics of the undergraduate men majors in the field of physical education and men majors in other fields...if the undergraduate men majors in physical education could be distinguished from the men majors in other fields"--4.
A Study to Determine the Status of Six-Man Football in the Public High Schools Under the Texas Interscholastic League in 1941
"The purposes of the study were as follows: 1. To determine to what extent six-man football was meeting the needs of the small high school. 2. to determine trends in regard to the organization, administration, and conduct of the game in Texas. 3. To compile information that would serve those schools which are now playing six-man football, and those which are considering the adoption of the game."-- leaf 2.
The Operation of the T Formation in Football at North Texas State College
The author undertook to present the system of football used by North Texas from 1940 through 1950, the T formation, which he has used since 1941. The purpose of the study was to present the T formation as we use it, in the system of football we endeavor to coach. A further purpose was to organize the data in such a way that they would be available for use by the Physical Education Department of North Texas State College, and perhaps be helpful to men working in the field of football coaching.
The General Development of Safety Education with Special Reference to the Safety Program of the Public Schools of Dallas, Texas
"The purpose of this thesis is to show the general development of safety education in the home, the school, and the community with special reference to the safety program in the Public Schools of Dallas, Texas. In this study of the general development of safety education the writer has treated the problem in the following divisions: (1) History of the safety movement (2) Safety education (3) Public safety education (4) Safety program in Dallas (5) Home safety (6) School safety and (7) Safety program in the Dallas Public Schools. Special consideration was given to the safety program of the Public Schools of Dallas "-- leaf 1.
A Survey of the Activities of the High School Students and Adults in the Community Bounded by the School District of Springtown, Texas, to Determine the Economic, Physical, Religious, and Social Standards of the Community
"...This interest developed into a four-fold problem: (1) to discover and report the history of the Springtown Independent School District, (2) to show the growth of this school district (3) to discover and report the activities in which the adults and high school students of this community participate and those in which they would like to take part; and (4) to determine the religious, social, and economic standards of the community."
A Comparative Study of the 1939-40 Living Conditions of Dormitory and Non-Dormitory Men Attending North Texas State Teachers College, Denton, Texas
"The purpose of the study is two-fold: (1) to compare the 1939-40 living conditions that prevailed in the men's college dormitory with living conditions that existed in sixteen college-supervised residences for men; (2) to compare the living conditions that existed in 1939-40 in both the men's dormitory and the college-supervised residences for men with standards set up by authorities in the field of college student housing."--1.
A History of the North Texas State Teachers College Demonstration School
Covers the development of training schools, the history of the North Texas State Teachers College demonstration school, facilities and personnel, curriculum, and a comparison with other studies.
Methods and Procedures in Determining a Recreation Program for the City of Denton, Texas
The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent the existing Recreation Program of Denton, Texas provides for the leisure time needs of the citizens of Denton. After the existing program was surveyed, the results were compared with the standards set up by the National Recreation Association for a city the size of Denton. From a comparison of the present program and the standards, an effort was made to formulate a program that would meet the leisure time needs of the citizenship of Denton.
A Survey of the Growth and the Development of Extra-Curricular Activities in North Texas State Teachers College, 1919-1939
"This survey of extra-curricular activates in North Texas State Teachers College from 1919 to 1939 was made to determine when and how extra-curricular activates made their appearances and developed in this institution."--v.
The Growth and Development of the Park and Recreation Facilities and Program for the City of Dallas, Texas from 1876 to 1946
This study was made to show the growth and development of the recreation movement; the acquisition of property, and improvements; costs; facilities; activities; and participation from the beginning of the movement in the City of Dallas, Texas from 1876 to 1946.
A Survey of the Leisure Time Activities of the Senior High School Girls of Big Spring, Texas
"This study has two-fold purpose: (1) to determine how the senior high school girls of Big Spring, Texas spend their leisure time and the relation, if any, of certain home and community facilities and instruction as factors which govern the amount and type of leisure activities, (2) to determine whether the public schools are preparing the students for the wise use of leisure time. "-- leaf 3.
An Analytical Study of Basketball Goal Shooting in Fifteen Girls' Commercial Basketball Games of the Major City and Industrial Leagues of Fort Worth, Texas, during the Season of 1951-1952
The investigator became interested in the status of basketball goal shooting in modern girls' basketball as compared to that of boys' goal shooting. Types of shots, their frequency and accuracy, and the zones on the court from which they were taken, were all considered as components of the status of basketball goal shooting. It was on the basis of this interest that the present study was undertaken.
The Development and Growth of Sports Activities for Women in North Texas State Teachers College from 1908 to 1938
"The problem of this study is to determine the growth of sports activities for women in the North Texas State Teachers College, Denton, Texas from 1908 to 1938"--1.
An Analysis of the Hobbies of the Fifth Grade Boys of Twelve Elementary Schools of Dallas, Texas
"The purpose of this study was to determine the percent of boys who had hobbies; what influenced their choice of hobbies; what types of hobbies were selected; what were their recreational, educational, and vocational values; and what were their environmental influences...One hundred and ninety-eight questionnaires were filed out in the schools that were in the high economic districts, one hundred ninety-one in the medium districts, and one hundred ninety-seven in the low districts. This made a total of five hundred and sixty-five questionnaires used in the analysis... Comparisons and analyses of all the groups were made by means of numbers, percentages, and averages. "-- leaves 3,7
A Comparative Study of the Expansion of Recreation Facilities, Equipment, and Activities of the Dallas Park and Recreation Departments with the Increase in the Population of Dallas, Texas from 1940 to 1950
The investigator had the following purposes in mind: 1. To determine the expansion of the recreational facilities equipment, and activities of the Dallas Park and Recreation Departments from 1940 to 1950. 2. To determine the increase in population of Dallas, Texas from 1940 to 1950. 3. To determine the sections of Dallas where population has shown an increase from 1940 to 1950. 4. To determine the sections of Dallas where recreational activities have increased from 1940 to 1950. 5. To determine the sections of Dallas where the need for the expansion of facilities is indicated by the growth of the population and by the existing offerings of the Recreation department.
A Study of the Participation and Interests in Leisure Time Activities of the Women of Dallas, Texas
"It is the purpose of this investigation to discover and report how the women of Dallas, Texas, spend their time when not engaged in their daily occupation. ... it attempts to disclose the trend of interest of various groups according to age, salary, and occupation; the influence of previous training; the reasons for non-participation in the activities in which they desire to take part. It is a further purpose to formulate various plans which are to evaluate academically or non-academically the activities that should be included in the program for the modern girl in the secondary school."-- leaf 1.
A Comparison of the Physical Development, Motor Capacity, and Strength of Anglo-American and Spanish-American Boys in El Paso High School, El Paso, Texas
The problem of the present investigation may be briefly stated as follows: To make a comparison of the physical development, motor capacities, and strength of the Spanish-American and Anglo-American boys of the El Paso High School, El Paso, Texas.
A Study of the Organization and Administration of Private Summer Camps for Children in Kerr County, Texas, with Recommendations for Camp Management
The investigator undertook to make a study of the management of a selected number of private summer camps for children in Kerr County, Texas, because of the growing interest in camping and the need for an informed public regarding the possibilities of wholesome recreation for children in summer camps.
A Study of Trends in the Conduct of Interscholastic League Baseball in Conference A High Schools in Texas
The investigator had the following purposes in undertaking the present study: 1. To determine administrative practices for the conduct of Interscholastic League baseball programs. 2. To determine common practices in coaching baseball in Conference A high schools in Texas. 3. To determine the organization of baseball practice periods.
A Comparison of Selected Coachability Traits as Ranked by Male and Female Coaches
The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences and relationships in male and female coaches assessment of coachability traits. Subjects were twenty-five male and twenty-five female coaches, The testing included a paired comparison of ten coachability traits, Data were analyzed by a Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation and analysis of variance. The conclusion of this study was that the two groups of subjects are very similar in the selection of coachability traits.
A Comparison of the Objectives of Physical Education at North Texas State University
"The purpose of this study is to investigate the priority of objectives of physical education as determined by various groups of people involved in the physical education program at north Texas State University,"--[1].
A Study of the Effects of Classroom Instruction in the Areas of Folk Dance, Modern Dance, and Tap Dance Upon the Development of Rhythmic Ability of College Women
The following purposes were proposed for the development of this study: A. To determine whether or not rhythmic ability as measured by the Harvey Rhythm Test is developed through participation in a folk dance class. B. To determine whether or not rhythmic ability as measured by the Harvey Rhythm Test is developed through participation in a modern dance class. C. To determine whether or not rhythmic ability as measured by the Harvey Rhythm Test is developed through participation in a tap dance class. D. To compare results of the Harvey Rhythm Test at the completion of the experimental period and to indicate any differences in development of rhythmic ability in the organized classes of folk dance, modern dance, and tap dance.
An Analysis of Perceived Exertion of a Graded Isometric Muscle Contraction of the Forearm Flexors Under Conditions of Magnitude Production and Magnitude Estimation
This study analyzed an individual's ability to perceive levels of exertion of an isometric contraction. Two samples of college students were tested under magnitude production or magnitude estimation. A significant F was obtained for the magnitude production condition. An insignificant F was obtained for the magnitude estimation condition. This study concludes that subjects tested under magnitude production will perceive the 100 percent level with the least amount of error and that error will increase as the percentages descend from the 100 percent level. Subjects tested under magnitude estimation will be equally in error when perceiving percentages of a maximum contraction of the forearm flexors.
The Status of Head Baseball Coaches in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex in Regard to the Professional Preparation Standards for Coaches as Set Forth By the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation
The study conducted consisted of an interview with forty-eight varsity baseball coaches of the University Interscholastic League high schools within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Overall the coaches were found to be a highly qualified group of physical educators. Findings of the study included data on the playing experience, coaching experience, and educational backgrounds of the coaches. Physical education/ coaching areas investigated included: 1) medical-legal, 2) sociological and psychological, 3) kinesiological, 4) physiological, and 5) theory and techniques of coaching. Recommendations included continued professional involvement of coaches, further studies on professional preparation, a course in legal liability, and implementation of a "coaching endorsement".
The Construction of a Test to Measure Perceptual Ability in Tennis for College Women
"The purpose of this study are (1) to identify some of the factors involved in this perceptual ability, (2) to devise a test to measure these factors, and (3) to determine if this test has any predictive validity."--4.
An Investigation of the Relationship Between Health Education and Physical Education
The problem in this study was to examine the relationship between health education and physical education as areas of specialization as perceived by selected health and physical educators in five southwestern states. Data for the study were obtained by use of a questionnaire. Surveyed educators consisted of college and university department chairmen, secondary curriculum directors, and secondary instructors. The data were presented in such a manner to indicate opinions of the total group of respondents as well as those of each of the three categories. The findings of the study indicate that health education and physical education are related historically and are substantially related at the current time, and that specialization in teacher preparation and instruction in each area is desirable.
A Descriptive Study of the Professional Preparation and Teaching Experiences of Male Physical Education Graduates of North Texas State University for the College Sessions From 1965 Through 1973
The problem of this study was to obtain the professional opinion of male physical education graduates of North Texas State University with respect to appropriateness of their professional preparation in association with their teaching experiences. An opinionated questionnaire was developed and used to collect the data. Standard and Advanced First Aid and Safety Education, Teaching Physical Education in Secondary Schools and Foundations of Health were the required courses found to be most valuable to the participants in their teaching experiences. Basketball, track and field, football and volleyball were the activities most often used by the participants in their teaching activities.
The Effect of Hypoxic Training Upon the Speed of Sprint Freestyle in High School Competitive Swimming
This study investigated possible effects of hypoxic training upon speed of high school sprint freestyle. Thirty-eight subjects, grouped as their two schools, performed identical loads during the ten-week program. The Experimental group used hypoxic techniques for about one-half of each workout. Pretests and posttests conducted for the 50-yard and 100-yard distances yielded highly correlated mean scores, with marked differences between the two groups. Analysis of covariance was used, selecting the .05 level for rejection. The comparison of adjusted group means indicated neither group superior at 50 yards, while the 100-yard F-ratio was significant at the .0047 level favoring hypoxic training. It is recommended that hypoxic techniques be incorporated into existing programs, possibly benefitting other strokes.
The Effect of Rapid Weight Loss on the Efficiency of Wrestlers Under Simulated Competitive Conditions
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of rapid weight loss on wrestlers' efficiency incorporating competitive aspects of the sport into the research procedures. Six subjects were selected from the North Texas State University Wrestling Club. Eight cardiovascular and neuromuscular measurements were taken and recorded before treatment and following treatment. Astrand's bicycle ergometer test was utilized to obtain exhaustive, heart rates. Data were analyzed by a one-tailed t test at the .05 level. Conclusion of the investigation was that following 6.25 per cent rapid loss of body weight, over a period of one week, no loss of efficiency occurred among wrestlers under simulated competitive conditions.
The Effect of Four Different Conditions of Mental Practice on the Performance of Beginning and Intermediate Bowlers
This study investigated the effects of four different types of mental practice (free imagery, directed visual, directed reading, and directed audio) on the performance of 45 beginning and 40 intermediate college bowlers. The groups bowled six games with two sets of five minutes of mental practice prior to the first frame and the sixth frame of each game. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. No significant differences existed between treatment groups at either the beginning or intermediate levels. Conclusions were that no one technique of mental practice was more effective than another in increasing bowling performance.
Dynamic Balance and Rhythm Among Elementary Pupils
This study of the relationship between dynamic balance and rhythm tests the hypothesis that a positive relationship exists between these two factors. One hundred fifty-two fifth- and sixth-graders were given the Nelson Balance Test and an adaptation of Ashton's Practical Rhythm Test. The Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation was used in the analysis of the data. The reliability of the tests was very low. The relationship between dynamic balance and rhythm was . 08, an unreliable correlation from which no conclusions could be drawn. It was recommended that improved methods of measuring dynamic balance and rhythm be developed for elementary pupils.
The Effects of Mastery, Competitive and Cooperative Goals on Performance in Simple and Complex Sport Skills
The present study investigated the effects of different goal and feedback conditions on performance of a basketball field goal shooting task and a more complex one-on-one offensive basketball task. Subjects (N = 100) were matched, based on pre-test performance, into one of five conditions: competitive goal, cooperative goal, mastery goal, "do your best" with feedback, and "do your best" without feedback. Results indicated the competitive group was significantly better than the "do your best" without feedback group in one-on-one performance. No other between group differences were significant, although some consistent group trends were present. Subjects' goal orientations were not related to performance in specific goal conditions, with the exception of mastery oriented subjects in the mastery goal condition.
The Relationship Between Pace Characteristics of Distance Runs and Criterion Measures of Endurance
The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between treadmill time, maximal oxygen consumption and pace characteristics of the 1.5 and 3 mile runs and to compare the distances and pace characteristics as predictors of aerobic capacity. Subjects were 70 college aged males, ages 18 to 25, enrolled in jogging and conditioning classes at North Texas State University. Three tests were administered: the 1.5 mile run, the 3 mile run and the Bruce treadmill test. The data were analyzed using correlations and factor analysis. Conclusions of the investigation were (1) the 1.5 and 3 mile runs are valid measures of aerobic capacity, (2) the 3 mile run does not significantly increase the correlation between VO2max and endurance runs and (3) pacing characteristics are evident in the 1.5 and 3 mile runs.
The Interrelationships of Strength, Speed, Power and Anthropometric Measures in College Aged Women
The purpose of the investigation was to determine the interrelationships of strength, speed, power and anthropometric measures in women. Sixty females ranging in ages from 18 to 25 volunteered as subjects. Subjects were measured for strength on the bench press, leg extension and leg curl, power vertical jump, speed--a 40 yard dash, body weight (BW) and fat weight (FW) using a scale and skinfold tests. The correlations for strength and power (.35 to .53), strength and speed (-.37 to -.56) and speed and power (-.45) were significant (p < .01). Partial correlations with (BW) and (FW) held constant were also significant, but were not significantly greater than their zero-order correlations.
A Field Test of Garland's Cognitive Mediation Theory of Goal Setting
The present study examined Garland's cognitive mediation theory of goal setting in a three-minute basketball shooting task. The effects of different goal conditions were also investigated along with achievement motivation and self-motivation as mediating constructs of performance. Subjects (N=150) were males and females, assigned to one of five goal conditions: "do your best", easy, moderate, hard, and improbable. Results indicated no performance differences between the different goal conditions, with subjects in the "do your best" condition performing as well as subjects in the other goal conditions. Results also yielded partial support for Garland's cognitive mediation theory with task goals influencing performance through its influence on performance expectancy. Furthermore, a negative correlation between achievement motivation and performance was found for females in the improbable goal condition and a positive correlation was found between self-motivation and performance for females in the easy goal condition.
Perceptions of Graduate Courses and Competencies Associated with High School and Junior College Athletic Administration
Texas 5A high school and junior college athletic directors' perceptions concerning graduate courses and competencies relating to athletic director performance were investigated. Graduate courses needing emphasis for prospective directors, most and least beneficial graduate courses, perceptions of values of graduate courses, and selected skills necessary for performance of duties were ranked. Significant differences of perceptions of values of graduate courses between 5A high school and junior college athletic directors were found using chi square. Significant differences between graduate course areas and competency areas in Communications, Technical, Business and Public Relations were found utilizing a t-test. 5A athletic directors receive adequate preparation in Communications. Junior college athletic directors receive adequate preparation in Business and Public Relations.
Effect of a Six-Week Training Program on the Physical Condition of Primary Grade Girls
The purpose of the study was to examine changes in cardiovascular function and neuromuscular performance of primary grade girls after a six-week treatment program. The Kraus-Weber Tests and modified Harvard Step Test were administered to sixty-seven subjects before and after the treatment program, which consisted of exercises and running for the experimental group and sedentary games for the control group. None of the significant differences in recovery heart rate or the Kraus-Weber tests could be attributed to the treatment program. The length of training program was apparently not enough to detect change in fitness level of the subjects. A need exists for exercise tests that are more meaningful and more easily administered.
A Survey of Health Programs in Texas High Schools of 50 to 500 Enrollment
The purposes of this study are: (1) to provide a history of school health programs; (2) to secure from authorities in the field an idea of what constitutes a good school health program; (3) to examine present programs in Texas Public High Schools of 50 to 500 enrollment in order to determine the nature of activities being carried on; (4) to show how programs are organized, administered, and financed; and (5) to point out existing deficiencies and to offer recommendations for improving present programs based upon the most successful and outstanding patterns.
Methods Used to Classify Men Students Enrolled in the Physical Education Required Program at Selected Colleges and Universities in Texas
The purpose of this study is 1. to determine methods currently used by institutions surveyed by the study to classify men students enrolled in physical education required programs; 2. To evaluate methods in use by institutions surveyed by the study to classify men students enrolled in physical education required programs.
A History of the Dallas, Texas, Park and Recreational Department from 1950 to 1970
"The purposes of the study were to report attendance figures of the Deparment during the period of the study, to report the acquisition of new land and facilities during the period of the study, to survey the program change in relation to its leaders during the period of the study, to determine if the Dallas Park and Recreation Department met the standards set up by the National Recreation and Park Association, and to project what recreational facilities will be needed in the next decade...This study indicates that the Dallas Park and Recreation Department is below the standards of the National Recreation Park Association in most areas of concern. The one metropolitan zoo and the ten acres of land per 560 population were the only areas that met or exceeded the standards. The ownership of land is most important so that when monies become available recreation facilities, program and sfaff can be increased. "--leaves 1,50.
Effect of Trampoline Training and Tumbling on the Cardiovascular Efficiency of College Women
The purpose of the study was to determine if subjects would improve in cardiovascular efficiency following a six-week program of trampolining and/or tumbling. Literature concerning cardiovascular efficiency, training, trampoline, testing instruments, test selection and maximal oxygen intake were thoroughly reviewed. The Astrand test of maximal oxygen intake and the Cooper twelve-minute run test of aerobic capacity were found to best fit the needs of the present study.