It is the purpose of this study to determine whether the use of sound films alone, shown to homemakers in adult homemaking classes, is effective in improving attitudes relative to family and social relationships, civic responsibility, and the use of leisure time.
The purpose of the present study is to determine the effect of three "non-rinse" washing compounds upon the tensile strength of cotton percale, in order to have some basis for recommendation as to use when teaching laundering to homemaking students and homemakers.
This study attempts to compare the thinking abilities of homemaking girls with the thinking abilities of girls not taking homemaking. By emphasizing the problem-solving method in the teaching of an experimental unit, it proposes to determine whether homemaking students show greater gains in thinking ability at the end of the school year than non-homemaking students. The investigator proposes to find out if the student taught by techniques of problem-solving forms thinking habits superior to habits formed by those students who have not been taught by this method as extensively as homemaking students.
The purpose of this study is to determine the individual and accumulative effect of yellow and white corn meal, cowpeas (black-eyes), fortified oleomargarine, salt pork, molasses, peanuts, cabbage, irradiated evaporated milk, tomatoes, and sweet potatoes upon the nutritional value of the resulting diets.
The present study is a part of a long-time cooperative study of the Home Economics Department of the North Texas State Teachers College, begun in 1940. The purpose is to compare the dark adaptations of second and third-grade children made in 1940 with those made of the same children in 1941 and in 1942. Also included in this study is the comparison of a group of freshmen college men made in 1940 with a group of twenty-five men made in 1942. An attempt is also made to determine whether an individual has higher dark adaptation on sunshiny days than on cloudy days.
Since sweet potatoes, which also furnish vitamin A, are a common food in the popular diets of Texas and are so generally grown over the state, the purpose of this study is (1) to ascertain the amount of vitamin C in eight of the varieties most commonly grown and (2) to determine the effect of the three most popular methods of cooking (boiling, baking, and candying) on the vitamin C content of these varieties of sweet potatoes.
"The purpose of the present study is to observe how the consumers select ready-to-wear dresses in a small oil town, which had a population of 3,336 in June, 1940...A brief summary of the entire study follows. (1) Of the 215 customers, 60 percent were sales customers and 60 percent stated the price they wished to pay. (2) The 135 dresses purchased were about equally distributed among $7.95, $10.95,$16.95 and $29.95 values. (3) The color desired was specified by 83 percent of the customers. Navy and tan were the two leading colors. (4) While 97 percent of the women designated the size they needed, only 83 percent purchased the size requested. Size 16 was bought by more women than any other size. (5) Customers had little knowledge regarding trade names and materials. Of the dresses sold, 64 percent were rayon. (6) About 90 percent of the women designated in some manner the type of dress they desired. Almost 50 percent of the purchasers selected tailored garments. (7) Slightly less than half of the customers check on the quality of workmanship or the material in the dress. Only 15 percent of the women asked for a guarantee of any type. (8) Ten percent of the women objected to the alteration of the garments which they contemplated buying and did not make a purchase because of this."--Leaves 35-36.
Using the data collected in the CYS (5), it is the purpose of the present study to show the relationships of certain background variables to the clothing interests of high school girls in metropolitan groups. Specifically, it proposes to answer the question, does the student's age, the number of siblings, the father's education, or the father's occupation influence these interests?
"The purpose of this study was to make a housing survey in the rural areas of Howard County to determine the needs of the farm families in order that a more adequate program for the improvement of housing conditions could be planned by the county home demonstration council with the help of the county home demonstration agent." -- leaf 10.
"It is the purpose of this present study to investigate further the aptitude areas into which Home Economics courses may be classified, and to determine whether a relationship exists between these areas and the areas of the Differential Aptitude Test."--1.
The purpose of this study is to show how much of the thiamin content of the noon and evening meals is contributed by meats and meat dishes which appear on the cafeteria menu, as well as the thiamin contribution of the breakfast meal to the total daily intake.
The present study was made without benefit of poster, films, bulletin board, or other teaching aids. It was undertaken to determine the nutritive values of the menus served, the foods selected by the plate lunches, and the amount of food wasted in two elementary, two junior high, and two senior high school lunch cafeterias in the City of Dallas during a six month period of time.
The problem of this study is to show the calcium, phosphorus, and protein content of nursery school lunches. Many studies have been made of the calcium and protein requirements of preschool children. Fewer studies have been made of the phosphorus requirements of normal preschool children.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a unit on child development, planned cooperatively by the teacher and pupils, is effective in changing the attitudes of junior high school girls toward younger children.
The purpose of the study was to explore specific buying practices of teenage girls and to determine the influence of age and employment on shopping patterns. The buying practices investigated included use of credit, apparel purchase price, purchasing of reduced merchandise, brand name preferences, utilization of store personnel and stores patronized. The data were collected by questionnaires administered to 205 high school girls in grades 9 through 12 enrolled in the two public high schools in Carrollton, Texas. Chi square tests of independence were computed along with descriptive statistics. Buying patterns of Carrollton teenagers were found to be similar to girls in other areas of the United States. A positive correlation was found between shopping patterns and student age and employment.
This study investigated the clothing preferences of large-size women who shopped in selected large-size specialty stores in North Dallas. Questions were asked regarding the respondents' age, employment, income, dress size and degree of fashion-consciousness. Also investigated were preferences regarding apparel and shopping sources. A questionnaire was used to obtain the desired information. Based on the data obtained, it was found that large-size women have certain preferences concerning the clothing they purchase and the sources they shop.
The purpose of this research was to determine if evening meal patterns and meal management decisions are related to the marital and employment status of mothers. Two hundred eighty-two usable questionnaires were completed by mothers who attended elementary school parent-teacher meetings in a suburban city in North Texas. The questionnaire gathered data about family demographics, family evening meal patterns, and factors affecting meal management decisions. Little difference was found between meal patterns of employed and nonemployed mothers in single and two-parent households. Factors found to affect meal pattern decisions were values, traditions, time, energy, nutrition, and family influence. A traditional family evening meal was important to the families studied.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether maternal employment contributed to the general inadequacy of the adolescent's evening meal, and to examine the attitudes of adolescents regarding the mother's role in evening meal preparation. A questionnaire was administered to 1180 high school students in a suburban area of Dallas-Ft.Worth in May, 1987. The hypotheses were tested using Chi square, Pearson product moment correlation, and Anova. Results indicated that maternal employment affects adolescent evening meals in the number of meals offered per week, fully prepared by mother, and eaten away from home. The amount of adolescent participation in meal preparation was higher for the employed group. Attitudes are different between the sexes and those with employed and unemployed mothers.
The teaching of understandings and techniques concerning the care of children is certainly an important part of the homemaking teacher's job, but research by Bettelheim has pointed out that the underlying attitudes of parents often influence how well they put their knowledge into practice.
This study investigated the relationship of certain independent variables and young married couples' attitudes toward children. Church leaders in Plano, Texas, administered the Hereford Parent Attitude Survey to couples from their churches. Ninety-seven subjects comprised the main sample group. The data were analyzed using t-tests and f-tests. Women had more positive attitudes toward children than men. Parents had more positive attitudes than childless subjects. Childless subjects who plan to have children had more positive attitudes toward children than subjects who did not plan to have children or who were not sure. Income level was related to confidence in parenting. Age and sex of children and education level were not related to attitudes toward children. Based on these findings, recommendations were made for future research and education.
This study was conducted to investigate the importance of dress in the implementation of hiring, promotion, and termination practices among female retail executives in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. Appropriate interview and on-the-job dress for department and specialty store executives was studied. A questionnaire was used to obtain information from retail executives. Based on the data obtained, it was found that appropriate business dress was indeed important for female retail executives. Skirt suits or skirt and vest ensembles were considered most acceptable by the executives surveyed, both for interview and on-the-job situations.
The purpose of the present study is to determine whether or not the metropolitan Negro girl's concerns and attitudes are factors in her interest in curriculum items of money management. The concerns and attitudes include authoritarian discipline, family tensions, resentment to family life style, financial troubles, family problems, self inadequacy, personal adjustment, and resentment to dependency.
It is the purpose of this study to investigate the influence of age, siblings, family structure, religious beliefs, mother's occupation, father's occupation, homemaking courses taken, status of parents, number of rooms in home, and students' work hours after school on the Negro girl's interest in curriculum items on personal, family and community relationships.
To determine the influence of television commercials about toys and cereals on young children, forty-four children, ranging in age from four to seven years, were interviewed. The mothers of these children completed a questionnaire about their children's television viewing habits. The hypotheses examined the following areas: children's demands for advertised products, children's preferences and dislikes for commercials, the extent of parental yielding to children's requests, and parental discussion of television commercials. The data were analyzed by computing percentages, and it revealed several trends. The more television children watched, the more they demanded advertised products. Parents' discussion of television advertisements affected the extent of parental yielding and the extent of children's demand for advertised products. This study supports findings reported in the related literature that television commercials affect young children's behavior.
Nineteen selected self-perception characteristics of university students were related to sex and to ordinal position. The 60 selected males and 120 selected females were enrolled during the summer of 1976 at North Texas State University in Denton County, Texas. A self-rating, group-administered instrument was originated for collecting information. Ordinal positions were only child, first-born with later siblings, intermediate, and last-born. The intermediates had the most positive self-perceptions. Of the males, intermediates were highest and only children lowest. Of the females, only children reported more positive self-perceptions. Females had more positive self-perceptions than males. Effects of ordinal positions tended to depend on the child's sex. Further study was recommended utilizing a larger, more varied population.
This study attempted to determine the amount of time spent on nonpaid daily activities by retired people and to identify management problems encountered while performing daily activities. Time use data were collected by daily records completed by the subjects. Variables examined were age, sex, health, education, level of income, and living arrangements. Age and sex were related to total time spent on household activities and family care. Those in the oldest age group spent the least amount of time on household activities and family care and men spent less time than women on these activities. Health, living arrangements, income, and transportation were identified as management problems. These problems were not incapacitating and most elderly were able to live independently at home.
The purpose was to investigate career expectations and goals of junior and senior fashion merchandising majors at North Texas State University and to compare findings with expectations for trainees of retail employers with executive training programs in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. The findings indicated that most female students are planning their career goals in business for the next five years. Students are confused as to what employee benefits they might receive at the entry level. College recruitment is an important method of hiring executive trainees. Length of training programs vary from six months to three years. At the time of the study, trainees could expect a beginning salary of nine to ten thousand dollars.
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the factors affecting the sale of the plate lunch in six of the one hundred twenty-nine Dallas Public School lunchrooms, two each of predominantly Mexican, white and Negro enrollment, when the time is extended to include the entire school year of one hundred eighty school days.
The problem of this study was to determine the attitudes of teenagers toward early parenting. A fifty-two item questionnaire was given to 253 students enrolled in Homemaking I, Homemaking II, or Home and Family Living classes. Data are reported in five sections: teenagers' (1) attitudes about early parenting, (2) perceptions of child abuse and neglect, (3) beliefs about disciplining and punishment, (4) preparation for parenting skills, and (5) attitudes toward parenting education classes. Different results were obtained on measures of race, sex, and grade levels. Very few differences in attitudes were identified between ethnic groups and grade levels. Males and females differed in attitudes toward birth control and parenting tasks.
Validated reports of sexually abused children from 1975 through 1977 were examined. Considered were the victim's age, sex, ethnic group, type of abuse, living arrangement, and relationship to perpetrator. Basic sources of data were the Texas Department of Human Resources' CANRIS reports and the U.S. Bureau of the Census population estimates. Validated sexual abuse consistently ranked third in physical abuse type and more than doubled between 1975 and 1977. Victims' mean age decreased each year and most were eleven years or over. Most sexual child abuse victims in Texas were of the Anglo ethnic group, living in their own home, and victimized by a parent. More than 85 per cent were female. Further research was recommended.
This investigation is to determine the extent of male participation in home economics courses in public schools. Related questionnaires were completed by participants and results tabulated. It was determined that the student's own interest, and their perception of how homemaking will help later are influencing factors for enrollment in homemaking classes. Food preparation, getting along with others, grooming, clothing selection and construction and using new equipment properly are areas of interest to male students. The belief that homemaking is for girls, and the lack of interest in the content and activities of homemaking classes account for the low male participation. Community understanding, friendly attitudes of counselors, a well equipped department, and practical homemaking courses could attract more male participation.
181 adolescent home economics students in Palo Pinto County, Texas, were surveyed. The questions examined the following: grades and self concept of academic ability, self concept of academic ability and occupational aspirations, school size and occupational aspirations, sex and occupational aspirations, race and occupational aspirations, parents' occupational aspirations, parents' educational levels and occupational aspirations. The data suggested that career aspirations are positively related to self concept of ability, school grades, school size, race, parents' education, and fathers' occupations. Students' sex and their mothers' occupations were not shown to be related to career aspirations.
The purpose of this investigation is to extend the study of the influence of social comprehension on the adjustment of college students by (1) determining the adjustment progress of students in the social fundamentals classes, and (2) comparing the adjustment progress of men and women in these home economics classes with the progress of men and women in other subject-matter fields.
The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes of 4-H youths and their parents concerning 4-H competitiveness. The sample was composed of seventy-nine 4-H youths and their parents from three North Texas Counties. The instruments, which consisted of an "Opinionnaire for Parents" and an "Opinionnaire for 4-H'ers," were designed to obtain the 4-H'ers' and parents' attitudes about 4-H competition. The study revealed no significant difference in competitive attitudes between 4-H youths' and their parents' or between younger and older 4-H'ers. 4-H boys were found to have more competitive attitudes than 4-H girls. No significant relationship was found between parents' level of competitiveness and length of 4-H service.
The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescent knowledge of physical, mental, social, and emotional development of babies and young children. The study was concerned with the effects of the following factors on adolescent knowledge of child development; geographic location, family size, ordinal position, and years of homemaking classes in school. Questionnaires were administered to 200 homemaking students in high schools in Parker and Tarrant counties. The only factor significant at the .05 level in affecting.adolescent knowledge was geographic location. Students from rural high schools obtained higher overall child development knowledge scores than students from urban high schools. Further research to compare the knowledge of students not enrolled in homemaking classes to the knowledge of students enrolled in homemaking classes is recommended.
To determine if home economics child development education affected disciplinary techniques used by parents of kindergarten children, 298 parents of kindergarten children completed an eleven-part questionnaire. Comparisons were made of disciplinary techniques used, five categories of child development education, and five levels of education. Educational level appeared to affect parental disciplinary techniques more than child development education. As educational level increased, the use of punitive and reasoning techniques, the use of sources for learned disciplinary techniques, and parental reaction to stress concerning discipline all increased. It is suggested that parental expectations increased as educational level increased. Frustration with disciplining increased punitiveness and reaction to stress. Educational skills encouraged adoption of disciplinary sources.
The last eighty years have seen some dramatic changes occurring in the business community, particularly in the area of management leadership. Most significant in this regard is the increased emphasis upon human relations in management. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects that this trend has had on methods of management currently practiced. This is done by means of a survey of supervisors and subordinates conducted in the Dallas metroplex area. The results of this survey suggest that a good supervisor is neither authoritarian nor permissive per se, but rather he is one who recognizes and responds to the variables which determine whether the human relations management approach or the more rigid scientific approach will best suit his particular leadership situation.
This study attempted to determine variables significant in predicting use of and changes in use of prenatal care; infant mortality; and the relationship between prenatal care and infant birth weight. The data were collected from birth and death certificates at the Public Health Department in Dallas, Texas. Data were tested using analysis of variance, Scheffe' test, and Chi-square. A mother's age, race, income level, marital status, and parity were found to be significant factors in use of prenatal care, and use of care was found to have begun earlier in recent years. Likewise, birth weight was found to be related to the trimester prenatal care began. Conclusions concerning infant mortality could not be drawn due to insufficient data.
This study is an assessment of preferences and the perceived satisfaction of clothing for a group of large-sized women shopping in the Dallas metropolitan area. Demographic information was gathered from the respondents to compare the relationship between the clothing preferences and the demographic variables. The participants in this study were sixty large-sized women who shopped in two large-sized specialty stores in Dallas, Texas. The data were collected by use of a personal interview instrument developed by the researcher. This study concludes that large-sized women perceived the selection of large-sized clothing ranging from good to fair with variation in their satisfaction of style, price, fabric, and availability. Large-sized women prefer the following style features: the A-line skirt, the V-neckline, the A-line dress, the bishop sleeve, the solid fabric design, and the color green.
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