UNT Libraries - 3 Matching Results

Search Results

Effects of Aging on ACTH-Stimulated Steroidogenesis in Subcellular Fractions from Rat Adrenal Glands

Description: Young, middle-aged and old rat adrenal gland steroidogenesis was measured in isolated, superfused glands and in their subcellular fractions before and after adrenocorticotropic hormone treatment. In the latter experiment, five corticosteroids were extracted from six different subcellular fractions. Superfused glands initially produced relatively high glucocorticoid levels; thereafter, production decayed asymptotically. Steroidogenesis by young and middle-aged glands was maintained at least 1.5 to 2.5 hours before it decayed; old glands were 50% less active than younger ones and production decayed within one hour. High cholesterol and progesterone levels in certain old gland fractions were associated with correspondingly reduced 11-deoxycorticosterone and corticosterone. It is suggested that synthesis of these glucocorticoids from their accumulating precursors weakens with age.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Sawada, Tadao

Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent on Stream Primary Productivity in the Lower Sulphur River, Texas

Description: Responses of periphyton and phytoplankton productivity in the lower Sulphur River (Texas-Arkansas) to bleach-kraft mill effluent (BKME) were monitored using in situ ¹⁴C incubation. Carbon assimilation rates measured downstream of mill discharge were substantially reduced from upstream levels. Periphyton and phytoplankton chlorophyll a concentrations remained relatively unchanged by the presence of BKME. Periphyton ash-free dry weight increased near the mill outfall, but decreased further downstream. Calculated productivity efficiencies (productivity:biomass) varied with variations in ¹⁴C rates. A laboratory bioassay was designed to determine the effect of BKME light-attenuation on photosynthetic rates of upstream Sulphur River periphyton and Selenastrum capricornutum Prinz. Pooled results of bioassay runs indicated a 20 per cent BKME concentration effectively reduced control ¹⁴C-assimilation levels by 50 per cent. The downstream reduction observed for in situ productivity was 5 per cent lower than that predicted by the color bioassay.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Davis, Terrence Marvin

Chemically Active Odorants as Olfactory Probes

Description: The initial step in odor recognition by the nose is the binding of odorant molecules to receptor sites embedded in the dendritic membranes of olfactory receptor cells. Despite considerable interest and experimentation into the nature of these receptor sites, little is known of their specificity to different types of odorant molecules. This lack of knowledge partially stems from the fact that the nature of receptor proteins is most effectively studied when specific and irreversible inhibitors are available for use as chemical probes, yet no such agents have been discovered for use in the olfactory system. A series of alkylating agents and other chemically active odorants were tested to determine whether they might react with specific odorant receptors and modify olfactory responses. Electroolfactogram (EOG) recordings were obtained before, during, and after treatment of the olfactory mucosae of grass frogs (Rana pipiens) with a chemically active odorant.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Criswell, Darrell W. (Darrell Wayne)