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The Effects of Bilingual Education on Reading Test Scores: Can Dual-immersion Support Literacy for All Students?

Description: Dual-immersion is a bilingual education method offered that places English as a first language (EFL) and English language learner (ELL) students in the same classroom to learn two languages at the same time. This study examines whether second language acquisition through dual-immersion supports literacy for both ELL and EFLS children over time. Students' scores on standardized tests (ITBS, TAKS, Logramos, Stanford 9, and Aprenda) were studied to assess the impact, if any, of dual-immersion instruction vs. regular/bilingual education on reading development. Scores from 2000 through 2004 were gathered and analyzed for students enrolled in a dual-immersion class which started in kindergarten in 2000. These scores were compared to scores of students enrolled in regular and bilingual education classrooms for the same amount of time at the same school to examine whether there was an effect for students in the dual-immersion class. It was found that no significant difference existed between the groups. All groups were performing at a passing level on the standardized tests. The dual-immersion class was performing as well as the regular education class on standardized tests in both English and Spanish.
Date: May 2005
Creator: Ridley, Natalie D.

Shoulder Muscle Electromyography During Diagonal and Straight Plane Patterns of Movement

Description: The purpose of this study was to further investigate the relationship between patterns of shoulder movement and muscular response. Thirteen females were tested against maximal manual resistance in twelve different patterns, eight straight plane, and four diagonal. Five of the six subjects who met established kinematic criteria were used for electromyographic (EMG) analysis of the anterior deltoid (AD), the middle deltoid, the posteroir deltoid (PD), and the pectoralis major. No significant differences were found between number of muscles solicited or duration of muscular effort during the different movements. Maximal EMG was significantly higher for the AD in abduction and in flexion than in the other patterns, and for the PD in diagonal flexion with abduction and in transverse abduction.
Date: August 1988
Creator: Nelson, Julia Kathryn

Review and Comparison of Curricula of Selected Fashion Merchandising Colleges

Description: The problem of this study is to review and compare the curricula of selected American, proprietary, fashion merchandising colleges and to examine what kinds of similarities and differences exist among their curricula. Using the schools' respective catalogues, the combined curricula was categorized into sixteen tables representing the different types of courses offered, with the study colleges listed in opposition to the courses; the courses were then checked off in opposition to the schools offering them. To demonstrate the similarities and differences in curricula, a short summary accompanies each table to point out trends, and a final chapter summarizes the findings. The conclusion discusses the remarkable similarity in the courses offered by the schools and recommends further parallel studies comparing other postsecondary schools' curricula.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Holden, Susan M.

The Relationship of Educational Achievement to the Role-Concept of Women

Description: The problem of this investigation was an analysis of selected variables that affected woman's role-concept. Specifically this research was concerned with how a woman's role-concept was influenced by education. This research concluded that the level of education influenced role-concept. Respondents with more than a high school education were very contemporary. Other variable such as marital status, age, parental views, ethnic group, and major seemed to have little effect on role-concept. All groups surveyed were more contemporary than traditional. Further research to determine if all women are becoming contemporary would be meaningful.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Mooneyham, Charlotte S.

A Survey of Parental Decision-Making Regarding Preschool Programs for Four-Year-Old Children

Description: The study was an investigation of parental decision-making regarding preschool programs for their children. Data indicated that parents investigated a preschool program beyond a conversation with the preschool director and that non-educational aspects of preschool programs were important considerations in the selection of a preschool program by parents. Parents educational preferences tended to coincide with the educational programs of the preschools they selected, although parents indicated favorable opinions of more educational variables than any of the preschools surveyed offered. Levels of education attained by mothers appeared to have little effect on educational preferences, and parents whose first child was attending preschool had educational preferences similar to those of parents whose older children had attended preschool.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Vargo, Melinda T.

A Comparative Study of the CHEM Study Method Versus the CBA Method

Description: The purpose of the study was to conduct documented research on two of the recently designed teaching methods of high school chemistry, the Chemical Education Material Study (CHEM Study) and the Chemical Bond Approach (CBA). An attempt was made to answer certain questions concerning differences in the two methods.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Chimeno, Joseph S.

A Comparison of the Self-Concepts of Negroes and Jews

Description: The purpose of this study was to compare self-concepts of Negroes and Jews. The historical background conditions influencing the development of the Jews and Negroes are beyond the scope of this work and are therefore mentioned only incidentally. Two aspects of these two groups are under consideration: (1) How well or poorly do Jews and Negroes function in contemporary American society? (2) What sort of family life is characteristic of Jews and Negroes? These two aspects are considered important in connection with self-concepts, for the first is at least in part a manifestation of the self-concept, and family life is considered important as the major factor in the development of the self-concept. The self-concept and its development are treated more fully in a later part of this paper.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Hammond, Marilyn Ann

The Development of a Projective Drawing Technique to Assess Id, Ego and Superego Interaction

Description: The problem of the present study was threefold: 1) to devise a projective drawing analysis technique which would assess the operationally defined psychoanalytic concepts of id, ego, and superego, 2) to devise a preliminary scoring technique, and 3) to investigate the relationship between the drawings and the original clinical scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Wall, Mark

Hyperphenylalaninemia and Mental Retardation : The Effects of a High Maternal Phenylalanine Blood Concentration on Mouse Offspring

Description: This study was concerned with setting up a similar situation wherein pregnant mice had an abnormally high phenylalanine metabolism. Through physical and intellectual assessment of their offspring, it would then be possible to determine what effects the abnormal metabolism had during pregnancy and whether or not a restricted diet need be resumed at that time.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Mozara, Stephen A.

A Comparison of the California Test of Mental Maturity and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children in Four Clinical Groups of School Children

Description: The primary problem of this study was to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children and the California Test of Mental Maturity S-F, 1962 Revision, in order to determine whether the two instruments were interchangeable with respect to intelligence quotients for a school-clinical population.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Nichols, Leslie A.

An Exploratory Study of a Self-Rating, Sentence Completion Method for Evaluating Marital Difficulties

Description: The purpose of this study is to explore a possible method of diagnosing marital difficulties. This is an exploratory investigation into the possibility of developing a particular method for marital diagnosis rather than a specific test for such a diagnosis. This method consists of a series of related sentence stems which the subject completes and then rates as to their degree of difficulty.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Walker, Martha Jane

Investigation of Certain Accident Data to Determine if It Follows a Poisson Distribution and the Extent to Which It Does

Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate the medical records of 900 maintenance personnel employed in an aircraft manufacturing plant, and determine if the accident rate followed a Poisson distribution as well as the extent to which it did. It was assumed that the closer the data conformed to the Poisson curve, the more likely it would be that the variance in accident rates was due to "pure chance factors." The investigation of data in this study was expected to reveal information concerning the relative importance of the various injury sources, the conditions, processes or activities that produce injuries, extent of recurrence of each kind of injury or accident in each type of activity or operation, repeaters, which could be utilized in preventing recurrence.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Clark, Carl D.

Perseverance in Children

Description: The purpose of this study was to measure perseverance time as related to the individual's need for achievement, past success or failure, the difficulty of a task, and the experimenter's instructions regarding its difficulty. The subjects used in this study were twenty-eight children, fifteen males and thirteen females, who ranged in age from eight years, six months to nineteen years and nine months, with the mean chronological age being twelve years and ten months.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Grable, Frances

Verbal Reinforcement of Self-Referent Affective Responses of Transitional Care Patients on a Modified Taffel Task

Description: The hypothesis of this study is: Transitional care patients reinforced for displaying a particular affective verbal habit (either positive or negative) opposite their original affective verbal habit (either negative or positive) will increase their tendency to display the reinforced affective verbal habit.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Lane, James R.

The Effects of Anxiety on the Short-term Memory Proficiency of College Students

Description: Based on the review of literature, it has been demonstrated that anxiety has some detrimental effects on the short-term memory functions of the college student. In order to improve the experimental methodology, the present study combined Type I and Type II studies of short-term memory as a function of anxiety. The two were combined so that the major criticisms in each study were controlled.
Date: June 1969
Creator: Payne, Terry D.