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A Comparison of Performance and Levels of Aspiration of High and Low Anxious Males and Females

Description: The present study was concerned with the relationship between level of aspiration and anxiety. Level of aspiration is a term used for goal setting behavior. In other words, if a person sets his goals high it is said that he has a high level of aspiration. Anxiety, for the purpose of the present study is assumed to possess drive properties. Theoretically, at least, a highly anxious person has a high drive level. This assumption may be warranted in terms of physiological unrest--causing an effort toward equilibrium or homeostasis; or it can be defended psychologically as the need to achieve or the need to prove one's abilities to himself. However, the present paper was not concerned directly with the current controversy of anxiety as a drive mechanism. Rather it was the general purpose of the study to determine whether or not highly anxious college students set their goals higher, in response to previous experimental success or failure experiences than low anxious students. To be more specific the purpose was to determine whether or not highly anxious subjects differ significantly from low anxious subjects with respect to responses on a level of aspiration task. The particular response measures or scores investigated on the level of aspiration task were those shown between performance on one trial and the stated hoped-for- score, expected score, and the minimal-acceptable-score on the succeeding trial.
Date: August 1964
Creator: Cotten, Larry L.

Motivational Differences between High and Low Normal Groups

Description: The need for a concise definition of the normal, healthy personality prompted a study of high normal and low normal students enrolled at North Texas State University. Such a definition would facilitate the activities of several areas of applied psychology--psychotherapy, quantification of objective means of rating the general health of an individual's personality, the development of criteria against which to measure the success of mental health clinic programs.
Date: August 1964
Creator: White, Patricia Carol

The Experimental Draw-a-Group Projective Technique for Measuring Interpersonal Responsiveness

Description: The purpose of this study is to present an exploratory investigation into the possibility of developing a projective technique for measuring interpersonal responsiveness. The projective technique explored here is a form of drawing analysis based on the drawing of a group made by each subject in a tested population.
Date: August 1965
Creator: Cookerly, John Richard

A Comparison of the Relative Ego Strengths of Two Prison Groups and a Non-Prison Group as Measured by the IES Test

Description: This study was concerned with the differences between two types of prisoners on a personality dimension and differences between these prison groups an a non-prison population. The impetus for this study stemmed from the development of a new test designed to scientifically measure the Freudian concept of the personality structures, the id, ego, and superego.
Date: January 1966
Creator: Stevenson, David Michael

A Study of the Personality Makeup of both Medically and Functionally Sterile Couples

Description: It is the purpose of this study to investigate three questions which, if answered, should bring about a better understanding of the factors contributing to functional or psychogenic sterility. The questions under investigation are: 1. Does there exist a measurable difference between the personality patterns of functionally sterile and medically sterile married women? 2. Does there exist a measurable difference between the personality patterns of functionally sterile and medically sterile married men? 3. Does there exist a measurable difference between the interaction of the personality patterns of functionally sterile couples and medically sterile couples?
Date: August 1966
Creator: Wilson, W. Elbert

Running Speed in the Long Path of a Single Choice Maze as a Function of Frustration in the Short Path

Description: The purpose of the present study was to further investigate the effects of frustration on the reward value of a goal object. Under the assumption that animals will learn to take the shortest path to a goal and that the reward value of an object will increase as effort increases, the following hypothesis was proposed: If rats are frustrated in the short path of a single choice maze (experimental group) then the experimental group's running time for the long path will be less than that of a control group not frustrated in the short path.
Date: May 1968
Creator: Harris, Dickie A.

The Relation between the Self-concept and Values of Parents with Their Children

Description: In accordance with theories of Carmichael (19), Lecky (41), and Rogers (55), which suggest that adolescence is a time of redefining conceptions about one's self in relation to values, groups, and institutions in one's environment, the following hypotheses were proposed to be investigated in this study: 1. The difference between mothers' and fathers' self-concept scores is nonsignificant. 2. Parents have higher self-concepts than their children. 3. Parents of children with high self-concepts will differ significantly from parents of children with low self-concepts with respect to their values.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Mackenzie, Donna Lee

Test Anxiety, Low Self-esteem, and Conformity

Description: The present study has a threefold purpose. First, it will attempt to investigate whether the presentation of the bogus group norm is effective to exert influence on an individual subject to modify his original response in the direction of the norm. Secondly, it will investigate relationships between the subject's level of test anxiety and his conformity behavior in the simple judgmental situation. Thirdly, it will further explore whether test anxiety, as measured by a questionnaire, and low self-esteem, as measured by feelings of personal inadequacy, are comparable constructs.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Lee, See Woo

A Comparison of Responses Between Unwed and Married Pregnant Women on the MMPI

Description: The purpose of this study will be to compare unwed mothers with married pregnant mothers on the Depression, Psychopathic Deviate and Hypomania scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. The major hypothesis is that the scores of the unwed mother will reflect more psychopathology which will be taken to indicate that the unwed mother's problems antedate their pregnancy. (The term, "psychopathology," as used herein is defined as any maladaptive behavior which is a result of inadequate personality development.)
Date: June 1970
Creator: Vaughan, Benny Robert

The Relationship between Incongruency, Dogmatism, and Social Desirability in College Students

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between the concepts of incongruency, dogmatism, and social desirability. It was assumed that high scores of social desirability would be related to low incongruity scores while high dogmatism scores would be related to high incongruity scores. The relationship between social desirability scores and dogmatism scores was also investigated.
Date: June 1970
Creator: Robertson, Floyd V.

Validity Studies on the "Draw-a-Group" Projective Technique for Measuring Interpersonal Responsiveness

Description: As with all psychodiagnostic tests, before the "Draw-a-Group" can be considered a valuable instrument to the clinician, some basis for validity must be set. Although some research has been done on the "Draw-a-Group," sufficient validity has yet to be established. It is the purpose of this research to attempt to further establish the validity of the "Draw-a-Group." A related purpose is to attempt to further clarify which factors are related to interpersonal responsiveness.
Date: June 1970
Creator: Lummus, Ona Sue