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A Study of Housing Conditions of Selected Rural Families in Howard County, Texas

Description: "The purpose of this study was to make a housing survey in the rural areas of Howard County to determine the needs of the farm families in order that a more adequate program for the improvement of housing conditions could be planned by the county home demonstration council with the help of the county home demonstration agent." -- leaf 10.
Date: January 1950
Creator: Christie, Margaret L.

Selection of Ready-to-Wear Dresses by Women in Denver City, Texas

Description: "The purpose of the present study is to observe how the consumers select ready-to-wear dresses in a small oil town, which had a population of 3,336 in June, 1940...A brief summary of the entire study follows. (1) Of the 215 customers, 60 percent were sales customers and 60 percent stated the price they wished to pay. (2) The 135 dresses purchased were about equally distributed among $7.95, $10.95,$16.95 and $29.95 values. (3) The color desired was specified by 83 percent of the customers. Navy and tan were the two leading colors. (4) While 97 percent of the women designated the size they needed, only 83 percent purchased the size requested. Size 16 was bought by more women than any other size. (5) Customers had little knowledge regarding trade names and materials. Of the dresses sold, 64 percent were rayon. (6) About 90 percent of the women designated in some manner the type of dress they desired. Almost 50 percent of the purchasers selected tailored garments. (7) Slightly less than half of the customers check on the quality of workmanship or the material in the dress. Only 15 percent of the women asked for a guarantee of any type. (8) Ten percent of the women objected to the alteration of the garments which they contemplated buying and did not make a purchase because of this."--Leaves 35-36.
Date: August 1940
Creator: Smith, Texie Addington

Relationships Between Attitudes Toward Children, Knowledge of Child Development Content, and Designated Variables

Description: The teaching of understandings and techniques concerning the care of children is certainly an important part of the homemaking teacher's job, but research by Bettelheim has pointed out that the underlying attitudes of parents often influence how well they put their knowledge into practice.
Date: August 1961
Creator: Pritchett, Karen Rohne

Clothing Preferences of Large-Size Women Who Shop in Large-Size Specialty Stores in the North Dallas Area

Description: This study investigated the clothing preferences of large-size women who shopped in selected large-size specialty stores in North Dallas. Questions were asked regarding the respondents' age, employment, income, dress size and degree of fashion-consciousness. Also investigated were preferences regarding apparel and shopping sources. A questionnaire was used to obtain the desired information. Based on the data obtained, it was found that large-size women have certain preferences concerning the clothing they purchase and the sources they shop.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Meriwether, Judith

A Descriptive Study of Sexual Child Abuse in Texas

Description: Validated reports of sexually abused children from 1975 through 1977 were examined. Considered were the victim's age, sex, ethnic group, type of abuse, living arrangement, and relationship to perpetrator. Basic sources of data were the Texas Department of Human Resources' CANRIS reports and the U.S. Bureau of the Census population estimates. Validated sexual abuse consistently ranked third in physical abuse type and more than doubled between 1975 and 1977. Victims' mean age decreased each year and most were eleven years or over. Most sexual child abuse victims in Texas were of the Anglo ethnic group, living in their own home, and victimized by a parent. More than 85 per cent were female. Further research was recommended.
Date: August 1979
Creator: Mitchell, Josephine G.

The Hypolipidemic Effect of Pectin and Oats

Description: Pectin and oats as two sources of dietary fiber have been suggested as having a hypolipidemic effect. Ten subjects included either twenty grams of pectin or eighty grams of rolled oats daily in their self-selected diet. A baseline for each subject was calculated from blood samples taken prior to supplementation. Fasting blood samples were also taken ten, twenty-one, and thirty-one days after beginning supplementation. All blood samples were analyzed for these values; serum cholesterol, serum trigyceride, hematocrit, hemoglobin, serum albumin, and total serum protein. No significant changes were seen in the cholesterol, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and total protein values. A significant decrease was seen in nine triglyceride values. Albumin levels showed a significant increase in all subjects. No significant differences due to the two treatments were seen.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Feilmann, Ann E. (Ann Elizabeth)

Child Development Knowledge of Adolescents

Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate adolescent knowledge of physical, mental, social, and emotional development of babies and young children. The study was concerned with the effects of the following factors on adolescent knowledge of child development; geographic location, family size, ordinal position, and years of homemaking classes in school. Questionnaires were administered to 200 homemaking students in high schools in Parker and Tarrant counties. The only factor significant at the .05 level in affecting.adolescent knowledge was geographic location. Students from rural high schools obtained higher overall child development knowledge scores than students from urban high schools. Further research to compare the knowledge of students not enrolled in homemaking classes to the knowledge of students enrolled in homemaking classes is recommended.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Harrison, Cheryl

Employee Attitudes Toward Shoplifting

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of retail sales personnel toward shoplifting as well as toward procedures and devices designed to minimize shoplifting. The study also sought to examine employees' recall of training in regard to shoplifting and its prevention. It was concluded that most of the employees are aware of the high cost of shoplifting to retail stores. The majority of the employees do not define shoplifting in terms of the value of the merchandise taken. Uniformed guards, locked display cases and electronic article surveillance devices were ranked high in terms of effectiveness as shoplifting prevention devices. The majority of employees reported they had received training to prevent shoplifting but also indicated they desired more training in certain areas.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Railsback, Crystal

The Effect of Home Economics Child Development Education on Disciplinary Techniques Used by Parents of Kindergarten Children

Description: To determine if home economics child development education affected disciplinary techniques used by parents of kindergarten children, 298 parents of kindergarten children completed an eleven-part questionnaire. Comparisons were made of disciplinary techniques used, five categories of child development education, and five levels of education. Educational level appeared to affect parental disciplinary techniques more than child development education. As educational level increased, the use of punitive and reasoning techniques, the use of sources for learned disciplinary techniques, and parental reaction to stress concerning discipline all increased. It is suggested that parental expectations increased as educational level increased. Frustration with disciplining increased punitiveness and reaction to stress. Educational skills encouraged adoption of disciplinary sources.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Parker, Helen Jean

Attitudes Toward Shopping for Apparel and Apparel Shopping Behavior of a Selected Group of Working Women

Description: The purposes of this study were to investigate attitudes toward apparel shopping and apparel shopping behavior of a selected group of working women in the Dallas, Texas, area. The study also examined relationships of occupation, education, age and marital status to apparel shopping attitudes and behavior. The study concluded that working women enjoy shopping for apparel but do encounter certain frustrations. Working women shop for apparel every few weeks or more and most often purchase apparel in department stores. The majority use charge accounts and often purchase apparel at reduced prices. Chi square analysis revealed few significant relationships between attitudes toward apparel shopping and apparel shopping behavior and the demographic variables of occupation, education, age and marital status.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Kesten, Marsha M. (Marsha Mildred)

Student and Employer Perceptions of Career Expectations and Goals in Retailing

Description: The purpose was to investigate career expectations and goals of junior and senior fashion merchandising majors at North Texas State University and to compare findings with expectations for trainees of retail employers with executive training programs in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. The findings indicated that most female students are planning their career goals in business for the next five years. Students are confused as to what employee benefits they might receive at the entry level. College recruitment is an important method of hiring executive trainees. Length of training programs vary from six months to three years. At the time of the study, trainees could expect a beginning salary of nine to ten thousand dollars.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Grace, Marilu

The Significance of Male Participation in Home Economics Programs in Public Schools

Description: This investigation is to determine the extent of male participation in home economics courses in public schools. Related questionnaires were completed by participants and results tabulated. It was determined that the student's own interest, and their perception of how homemaking will help later are influencing factors for enrollment in homemaking classes. Food preparation, getting along with others, grooming, clothing selection and construction and using new equipment properly are areas of interest to male students. The belief that homemaking is for girls, and the lack of interest in the content and activities of homemaking classes account for the low male participation. Community understanding, friendly attitudes of counselors, a well equipped department, and practical homemaking courses could attract more male participation.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Yovonie-Tijani, Rosaline S.

Career aspirations of high school home economics students in Palo Pinto County, Texas

Description: 181 adolescent home economics students in Palo Pinto County, Texas, were surveyed. The questions examined the following: grades and self concept of academic ability, self concept of academic ability and occupational aspirations, school size and occupational aspirations, sex and occupational aspirations, race and occupational aspirations, parents' occupational aspirations, parents' educational levels and occupational aspirations. The data suggested that career aspirations are positively related to self concept of ability, school grades, school size, race, parents' education, and fathers' occupations. Students' sex and their mothers' occupations were not shown to be related to career aspirations.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Singleton, Dawn A.

Influence of Television Commercials on Young Children

Description: To determine the influence of television commercials about toys and cereals on young children, forty-four children, ranging in age from four to seven years, were interviewed. The mothers of these children completed a questionnaire about their children's television viewing habits. The hypotheses examined the following areas: children's demands for advertised products, children's preferences and dislikes for commercials, the extent of parental yielding to children's requests, and parental discussion of television commercials. The data were analyzed by computing percentages, and it revealed several trends. The more television children watched, the more they demanded advertised products. Parents' discussion of television advertisements affected the extent of parental yielding and the extent of children's demand for advertised products. This study supports findings reported in the related literature that television commercials affect young children's behavior.
Date: May 1978
Creator: Lam, Pamela Y. Y.

Prenatal Care and Infant Mortality Among Low-Income Adolescent Mothers in a Metropolitan Area

Description: This study attempted to determine variables significant in predicting use of and changes in use of prenatal care; infant mortality; and the relationship between prenatal care and infant birth weight. The data were collected from birth and death certificates at the Public Health Department in Dallas, Texas. Data were tested using analysis of variance, Scheffe' test, and Chi-square. A mother's age, race, income level, marital status, and parity were found to be significant factors in use of prenatal care, and use of care was found to have begun earlier in recent years. Likewise, birth weight was found to be related to the trimester prenatal care began. Conclusions concerning infant mortality could not be drawn due to insufficient data.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Laycock, Bonnie Kent

University Student's Self-Perception of Selected Characteristics Related to Sex and to Ordinal Position

Description: Nineteen selected self-perception characteristics of university students were related to sex and to ordinal position. The 60 selected males and 120 selected females were enrolled during the summer of 1976 at North Texas State University in Denton County, Texas. A self-rating, group-administered instrument was originated for collecting information. Ordinal positions were only child, first-born with later siblings, intermediate, and last-born. The intermediates had the most positive self-perceptions. Of the males, intermediates were highest and only children lowest. Of the females, only children reported more positive self-perceptions. Females had more positive self-perceptions than males. Effects of ordinal positions tended to depend on the child's sex. Further study was recommended utilizing a larger, more varied population.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Skelton, Carol Ann Brennan

Teenage Girls' Attitudes Toward Fashion Advertising

Description: The purpose of the study was to investigate teenage girls' attitudes toward fashion advertising and media. The study also sought to determine the influence of class enrollment and employment on attitudes toward fashion advertising. The data were collected by questionnaires administered to 121 high school girls enrolled in child development and fashion design major study classes. Descriptive statistics were computed along with a t-test for the difference between means for independent samples. Teenagers were found to possess many positive attitudes toward fashion advertising and to view print advertising less negatively than broadcast advertising. A highly significant difference was found between attitudes toward fashion advertising and class enrollment. In addition, a significant difference was found between attitudes toward fashion advertising and employment.
Date: August 1982
Creator: Ruiz, Joyce

Young Married Couples' Attitudes Toward Children

Description: This study investigated the relationship of certain independent variables and young married couples' attitudes toward children. Church leaders in Plano, Texas, administered the Hereford Parent Attitude Survey to couples from their churches. Ninety-seven subjects comprised the main sample group. The data were analyzed using t-tests and f-tests. Women had more positive attitudes toward children than men. Parents had more positive attitudes than childless subjects. Childless subjects who plan to have children had more positive attitudes toward children than subjects who did not plan to have children or who were not sure. Income level was related to confidence in parenting. Age and sex of children and education level were not related to attitudes toward children. Based on these findings, recommendations were made for future research and education.
Date: August 1979
Creator: Southerland, Gayle

The Effects of a High School Teaching Unit on Adolescent Self-Esteem

Description: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a teaching unit for improving self-esteem in high school students. To measure the level of self-esteem, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was chosen. The data were compiled from twenty-one high school students in a rural Texas high school. The female level of self-esteem was significantly lower than the male self-esteem level prior to studying the class unit. There were no significant differences in levels of self-esteem on the pretest and post test, although there was a slight improvement in the female level.
Date: December 1982
Creator: Tatum, Carol Baskin

A Comparison of 4-H Youths' and Their Parents' Attitudes Concerning 4-H Competitive Events

Description: The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes of 4-H youths and their parents concerning 4-H competitiveness. The sample was composed of seventy-nine 4-H youths and their parents from three North Texas Counties. The instruments, which consisted of an "Opinionnaire for Parents" and an "Opinionnaire for 4-H'ers," were designed to obtain the 4-H'ers' and parents' attitudes about 4-H competition. The study revealed no significant difference in competitive attitudes between 4-H youths' and their parents' or between younger and older 4-H'ers. 4-H boys were found to have more competitive attitudes than 4-H girls. No significant relationship was found between parents' level of competitiveness and length of 4-H service.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Sanders, Renee C.

Teenagers' Attitudes Toward Early Parenting

Description: The problem of this study was to determine the attitudes of teenagers toward early parenting. A fifty-two item questionnaire was given to 253 students enrolled in Homemaking I, Homemaking II, or Home and Family Living classes. Data are reported in five sections: teenagers' (1) attitudes about early parenting, (2) perceptions of child abuse and neglect, (3) beliefs about disciplining and punishment, (4) preparation for parenting skills, and (5) attitudes toward parenting education classes. Different results were obtained on measures of race, sex, and grade levels. Very few differences in attitudes were identified between ethnic groups and grade levels. Males and females differed in attitudes toward birth control and parenting tasks.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Reynolds-Hromadka, Johnny Sue.

A Study of Stress Among Sixteen and Seventeen Year Old Adolescents

Description: To determine major areas of stress for adolescents, ninety-six sixteen and seventeen year olds were given a questionnaire which listed thirty-two situations which the subjects ranked in degrees of stress. The hypotheses examined the degree of family related and social related stress, the relationship of stress to age and sex, and the correlation between grade average and degree of stress. The first three hypotheses were tested by the t-test for mean differences. The fourth hypothesis used a Spearman rank order correlation coefficient. There was a difference in social stress and family stress, but no significant difference in stress of males and females or sixteen and seventeen year olds, and no significant correlation between grades and stress.
Date: August 1980
Creator: Merlick, Judith Sinclair