"This study shows three things: (1) a precedent for the expenditure of public funds to teach electricity in our public high schools has already been established by the school system in the larger school systems of Texas, (2) the rural families living on electrified farms in the North Texas area want instruction of this type given to the boys and girls in their communities, and (3) both the rural people and the professional people of the North Texas area believe that instruction dealing with the use of electricity and electrical equipment had spread until by 1935 more than twenty-one million homes, about eighty percent of the total in America at that time, were electrified, only eleven American farms out of every 100 had central-station electricity. More than five million American farms lacked electric service. "--leaf 50.
The purpose of this study is to determine how early man fastened wood together in order that it might be utilized to a greater extent and to trace the improvements and additions which have been made in these original fasteners of wood in the ensuing years.
The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a comprehensive program for the elementary schools of Texas in which industrial arts is correlated with the other subjects in the elementary curriculum.
"The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which industrial arts is taught in the Negro high schools of Texas, the number of pupils enrolled in the schools, the types of programs offered the amount and kind of equipment provided for teaching industrial arts, and the qualifications of the teachers."--4.
The purpose of this study is to present in narrative form a discussion of the evolution of hand tools employed in woodwork. The purpose is to make this treatment as concise as possible, and at the same time to depict in some detail a comprehensive analysis of the topic under consideration.
"The study sought to answer the following questions: 1. What skills and understandings may be acquired in industrial arts courses as described in Principles and Standards for Accrediting Elementary and Secondary Schools that might be helpful to youth seeking employment in the Pampa area? 2. What is the current industrial arts program in the Pampa Independent School district? 3. What skills and understandings receive the greatest emphasis in the Pampa industrial arts program? 4. What skills and understandings associated with industrial arts do Gray County employers recommend as being helpful in the performance of jobs for which terminal students might be considered? 5. What are the employment opportunities in Gray County for Pampa Independent School District terminal students?" --p. 4
Home repairs and maintenance are a necessary responsibility of any person who maintains a home. This responsibility can usually be met in one of two ways: first, someone can be hired to do the maintenance, or the person can do it himself. However, home repairs are costly and at times prohibitive to the average person who maintains a home. Then, too, there have been times in the past, especially during the war years, when it was next to impossible to secure the services of trained mechanics for home maintenance. During such time, and out of such necessity, many people began to make their own repairs and other improvements and, as a result, a gradual "do-it-yourself" movement has invaded all sections of the country. With the changing of times, with money a little more plentiful and manpower back in civilian life, do people who maintain their homes continue to make their own home repairs?
Industrial Arts today is included in a majority of the large high school curricula, and most school administrators do not consider the school program well rounded unless such work is offered. However, the Industrial Arts teachers of Texas do not have the advantage of a supervisor in their field of work. Each school is an entity in itself. There is no concerted state-wide program, no link between widely diversified needs and situations, no one to advise the young teacher beginning his work, and no one to aid the more experienced teachers in different situations. The State Department of Education recommends a uniform course of study, but each teacher is free to use his own interpretation of what he should teach and what he should not teach. Educators, mindful of the beneficial results of supervision in other fields, have asked for a State Supervision of Industrial Arts, and provision has been made in the next school budget for such an official if the Legislature approves. 1 The purpose of this investigation is to determine, if possible, whether a supervisory program is needed or wanted by the Industrial Arts teachers of Texas.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain and analyze the following: What was Pestalozzi's philosophy concerning practical arts? What effect did his method of teaching have on the education of Europe during his time? How did his experiment at Neuhof influence education of his time? How did his experiment at Stanz influence education? How did his experiment at Burgdorf influence the method of education? How did his experiment at Yverdon influence education? What was his method of teaching elementary education? Why did educators come from other countries to study the methods of Pestalozzi? How did his object lessons change the methods of education? Why did he think that work should be correlated with school subjects? Why did he believe that sense impressions were the foundation for instruction?
The purpose of the study is to develop and propose a system of industrial arts accounting and bookkeeping for the secondary schools of Fort Worth, Texas, if it is found, through the study, that the instructors of industrial arts in Fort Worth, Texas, need and desire a systematic method of keeping financial records.
"This is a study of the facilities provided and needed for industrial arts at North Texas State College, Denton, Texas with standards and suggestions for use in planning and constructing additional and new facilities."--1-2.
This is a study and evaluation of certain practices in the financial administration of industrial arts programs operating in accredited four-year class "A" high schools in Texas. The study seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Are industrial arts teachers properly prepared to administer the financial transactions involved in an industrial arts program? 2. Is there a need for establishing standard practices and principles to be used in administering industrial arts finance? 3. Is there a danger of criticism of the industrial arts departments and the teachers, because of inefficiency in the administration of shop finance? 4. Are practices now in use basically sound? 5. Are adequate records being kept? 7. What steps should be taken to eliminate the objectional practices now in use and to initiate the more desirable ones?
The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of examining the work and leisure values in the industrial society and identifying objectives and methods which develop these two values in the student through industrial arts. Information was gathered from the written works of industrial arts, general education, sociology, and psychology. The study offers a survey of work and leisure values which have evolved in the twentieth century. Also, it presents a historical perspective of industrial arts objectives relating to work and leisure values as they are influenced by the vocational, social, and general education movements. Finally, the study presents specific strategies and tactics which develop work and leisure values through industrial arts.
The purpose of this study was to identify the essential furniture and equipment needed for instructional programs in industrial arts in grades seven and eight in Texas public schools. The study includes a brief history of federal and state legislation affecting industrial arts and vocational education. A checklist containing items of furniture and equipment applicable to each of the twelve approved areas of Introductory General Shop in grades seven and eight was sent to industrial arts teachers, supervisors of industrial arts in the pilot programs, and industrial arts teacher educators in Texas. Over 51 per cent of the respondents agreed that a majority of the items listed in the checklist were essential or desirable for instructional programs in industrial arts in grades seven and eight.
The purpose of this study was to determine topics being taught by power technology instructors in Texas and to develop a curriculum from these topics. This curriculum was meant to be a guide for a power technology course for the ninth grade. Questionnaires were distributed to power technology instructors in Texas. The topics from these questionnaires which instructors indicated they were teaching or they believed should be included in instructional content were made a part of the power technology curriculum. It was concluded most topics mentioned were in use or were indicated important to a comprehensive curriculum.
"The purpose of the study is twofold. First, to determine the effectiveness of the apprenticeship training program in selected building crafts in the Dallas metropolitan area during the period September 1959 to June 1967. In order to arrive at a point of determination concerning the effectiveness of the apprenticeship, it will be necessary to delve into the organization, administration, and implementation of the apprenticeship training program as operated by the Dallas Independent School District in cooperation with the craft trades and their respective labor unions. This will include a study of apprenticeship committees, curriculum, methods of selection of apprentices, and qualifications of instructors for apprenticeship training programs. Second, to determine any weaknesses in the training programs which may exist and to make recommendations for improvement of the program." -- p. 3
The problem was to determine the effectiveness of using polyethylene glycol 1000 in the treatment of green wood for the purpose of forming projects made of wood veneer and of simple design for use in junior high or high school woodworking classes. The purpose of this study was to seek answers to the following questions. 1. Is polyethylene glycol 1000 an effective stabilizing agent for green wood veneer that can be used in school woodworking classes? 2. Can green wood veneer treated with polyethylene glycol 1000 be bent to form simple woodwork projects? 3. Can green wood veneer treated with polyethylene glycol 1000 be successfully used in junior high and high school woodworking classes? 4. What length of treatment time is best for green wood veneer that is to be used to form simple bent wood projects? 5. Is one-fourth inch thickness suitable for green wood veneer that is to be treated with polyethylene glycol 1000 and used to form simple bent wood projects?
The purpose of this study was to ascertain which assignments from the course outline for The World of Construction should be deleted, retained, or combined with each other to form the curriculum for an eighteen-week construction technology curriculum. The study contains a brief descriptive account of the development of the Industrial Arts Curriculum Project. Questionnaires asking for the opinions of experienced teachers of The World of Construction were distributed in the Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas school districts. Respondents indicated that the majority did not agree upon which assignments should be deleted, shortened and combined, and that all of the assignments were considered to be important and essential.
The purpose of this study is to determine the public image of industrial arts education in Dallas, Texas. Information sought is obtained from interview schedules using random sampling techniques. The results of the study indicate that the public is not generally informed about industrial arts education. It is recommended that the public be informed as to the difference between industrial arts and vocational education. It is also recommended that more girls be introduced to industrial arts. It is further recommended that the world of construction and world of manufacturing be expanded.
The problem of this study was to determine the suitability of available industrial arts textbooks for classroom use in the subject area of power mechanics. Criteria used in determining the subject matter content and format suitability of the textbooks were selected from previous research and applied to the textbooks by five jurors. Only one of the eight textbooks evaluated for subject matter content was found suitable for use in courses in power mechanics, while all of the textbooks were found suitable when evaluated for format. In order to conduct a comprehensive industrial arts power mechanics program, teachers must rely on supplementary materials in classroom instruction because of the low levels of subject matter suitability of the textbooks.
The problem was to identify the technical competencies necessary for beginning industrial arts woodworking teachers in Texas public secondary schools. Twenty-seven clusters of competencies were listed on a questionnaire sent to ninety-one supervisors of industrial arts in eighty-six Texas school districts requesting that these supervisors evaluate each cluster as "Essential," "Desirable," or "Unnecessary." Sixty-six questionnaires were returned (72.53 percent). A weighted rating scale was used to determine an overall evaluation for each cluster, with the result that twenty-five of the clusters were judged to be "Essential" and the two remaining clusters were judged to be "Desirable." It was concluded that the clusters judged to be "Essential" should be part of the required curriculum and that more training in tool maintenance be given.
Industrial arts has been taught in varying degrees in the elementary schools of Texas for a number of years. In some cases, industrial arts activities have been integrated with other subject matter areas, and in some cases they have been taught as a separate subject. There have been several studies made concerning what the nature and extent of industrial arts activities should be at the elementary level. Research indicates, however, that there has been no study made to determine if industrial arts activities could be used to enrich the elementary curriculum in the Fort Worth Independent School District. The problem of this study is to determine if there is a need for industrial arts activities to enrich the elementary curriculum in the Fort Worth Independent School District, Fort Worth, Texas.
The problem of this study was to determine the type of metals used in the foundries in the high schools of Texas and the treatment of these metals. The data for this study were provided by thirty metalworking instructors of Texas high schools. Of the Texas high schools offering foundry as part of their metalworking curriculum, all included aluminum as a basic metal. In addition, the amount of metals used and their treatment varied from school to school.
This study surveyed teachers of industrial plastics and personnel of the plastics industry to evaluate an industrial-plastics curriculum guide. The respondents felt that there was no unnecessary material in the guide, that additional information should be added to several of the plastics processes in the curriculum guide, and that most of the subject areas in the guide should be studied for no less than an hour and no more than five hours.
This study of the feasibility of introducing certain economic concepts into secondary school industrial arts curricula reveals that most Americans understand economics poorly. The study divides economic concepts into seven major categories with which the responsible adult should be familiar. The study examines trends toward involving economics in contemporary industrial arts projects and presents selected such activities with an economic emphasis. The study concludes by distinguishing between suitable and unsuitable economic concepts for integration into industrial arts curricula.
The purposes of the study are as follows: 1. To delineate the functions of the different component parts of a loudspeaker so as to show its working relationship with the enclosure or baffle 2. To analyze the basic types of speaker enclosure designs and to define their application for use in woodworking shop projects. 3. To explore the skills and knowledge needed to build correctly a highly functional speaker system cabinet. 4. To present these construction techniques in such a way as they might be helpful to the prospective builder of a speaker system enclosure. 5. To provide a helpful guide for the design and construction of hi-fidelity cabinetry and to help the builder avoid needless and costly mistakes of acoustic and aesthetic design.
"This study was conducted to find the extent to which girls are involved in industrial arts classes and related activities in Texas public schools, the factors which limit their enrollment, and teachers' opinions concerning industrial arts experiences most beneficial for girls. Data were obtained from bulletins, books, magazines, related studies, and from information forms completed by 123 industrial arts teachers....Among the more important findings were: 1. Girls tend to enroll in certain areas of industrial arts with little or no participation in other areas. 2. A large majority of the respondents indicated they would be receptive to teaching industrial arts to girls. 3. The respondents indicated industrial arts would be of great value to girls. 4. The optimum number of industrial arts credits for girls is one or two. 5. Girls should be taught in mixed classes. 6. The realization of the states objectives of industrial arts is of equal value to boys and girls. 7. Many girls have negative feelings toward becoming involved in industrial arts. 8. Exchange units and unified arts programs are of value to girls and boys." --p. 2
This study was conducted to ascertain whether or not the opportunities for developing competencies in descriptive geometry needed by draftsmen in the Dallas -Fort Worth area are being provided in Texas junior colleges. Findings concerning the knowledge, skills, and equipment associated with descriptive geometry as it is presented in Texas junior colleges were compared with competencies in descriptive geometry that representatives of industry believe are important for successful draftsmen in companies in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. The purpose of the study is to compile information which will be of use to school officials and teachers in developing courses of study that will enable students to acquire the knowledge and skills needed for success in industry.
This study was made to determine the advantages of the use of epoxy resins in the industrial arts laboratory. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of using epoxy resins as a wood adhesive. Data was gathered from texts, periodicals, and unpublished data. Tests were conducted using epoxy samples acquired from three epoxy manufacturers on three different woods and joints. The study discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using epoxy resins as a wood adhesive and the material and equipment necessary for the use of epoxy resins. Strength tests were performed on the joints adhered with epoxy and on joints adhered with white glue. A hand operated high tensile strength machine was used to conduct the tests. Epoxy Resins were found, in most cases, to give a more durable bond than white glue. Further studies should be made using epoxy resins as adhesives for metal, glass, plastic, and other materials used in the industrial arts laboratory.
This study was concerned with salaries, wages, working conditions, and personal success of the master's degree teachers and non-teachers in industrial arts from North Texas State University. The data were obtained from an instrument sent to sixty-one master's degree teachers and twelve masters degree non-teachers. Related literature also provided information for completing the study.
The purpose of this study was to determine the required knowledge and skills of mobile home metalworkers in the Dallas-Fort Worth area as compared to the Industrial Arts metalworking curriculum presented in Texas Education Agency, Bulletin 615. Items of significance in Chapter IV appear in findings, conclusions, and recommendations. The "use of basic hand tools" and "safety concepts" were consistently emphasized and required by manufacturing firms. It was found that educational requirements were quite often "some high school" or less. It was found that Industrial Arts metalworking curriculum was closely related to required knowledge and skills of mobile home metalworkers. It was recommended that Industrial Arts course work be extended into lower levels of education.
The problem of this study is to determine a profile of the typical industrial arts major at North Texas State University, based on scores made on the American College Testing Program Battery, and to compare this profile with profiles of four other local subgroups. ACT scores representing nine categories of student information were analyzed from a total sampling of 286 North Texas State University students of the Industrial Arts Department, School of Business Administration, School of Education, and College of Arts and Sciences. Data were from tests administered during regular ACT testing sessions in 1966-67.
"The purpose of this study was to record a history of the Texas Industrial Arts Association from 1955 to 1971. Information was sought concerning the following problems: (1) What circumstances prompted the founding of the Texas Industrial Arts Association? (2) Who were those instrumental in founding the Texas Industrial Arts Association? (3) What were the purposes for which the Texas Industrial Arts Association was founded and (4) What have been the major contributions of the association?...the data used in this study were obtained from personal interviews, letters of correspondence, bulletins, brochures, minutes of the association meetings, unpublished manuscripts, theses, programs, and books." --p. 1
The primary purpose of this study was to identify the skills and knowledge required of employees in the plastics industry in the Dallas Metropolitan area. An instrument was utilized to obtain data in order to identify various skills and knowledge. This study was limited to fifteen instruments returned by fifteen participating firms in the Dallas Metropolitan area. A comparison was made of the industrial arts plastics course offerings in the Dallas Metropolitan area schools with the requirements of the plastic industry in order to ascertain the degree of importance the course offerings were to the plastics industry.
The problem involved in this study was twofold. The first was to ascertain what the employment requirements were for a person seeking employment in the field 6f electronics as a technician in the Dallas Metropolitan Area. The second was to determine what the job opportunities were for those individuals.
At the request of the Department of Industrial Arts, North Texas State College, Denton, Texas, this record of the beginning and of the changes made in the department has been compiled. Not only the changes that were made in late years, but the propaganda, the speeches, and the laws which brought about this department will be reviewed.
This is a study of the drafting curriculum in the Fort Worth public high schools, Fort Worth, Texas.The specific purposes or the study were as follows: 1. To review and compare the courses and content of the drafting curriculums listed in the bulletins of the TEA and the Fort Worth Public Schools. 2. To study drafting scheduling procedures in each of the Fort Worth public high schools. 3. To study the courses and contents of the drafting curriculums offered in each of the Fort Worth public high schools. 4. To determine if there are variations from school to school in curriculum content of the drafting courses in each of the Fort Worth public high schools. 5. To offer suggestions and recommendations for improving the program, if weaknesses were evident, when the program was evaluated by acceptable criteria (12, 13, and 14).
"The problem with which this study is concerned is that of determining whether the implementation of a teacher-training curriculum providing the courses required for state certification of vocational-technical teachers employed in the North Texas public school systems is feasible and desirable at North Texas State University."--1.
This study measures technical preparation and job demands among North Texas State University industrial arts graduates teaching in high schools. In addition to data from professional literature and the NTSU Bulletin, questionnaire mailings reveal that most graduates consider themselves qualified although recommending more semester hours of industrial arts for certification. They also affirm the practical value to the teacher of experience in industry. The study recommends narrowing the number of areas in industrial arts preparation and providing a more specialized teacher-training program with greater uniformity of semester hours.
The problem of this study was to determine to what extent industry was making use of closed circuit television as an implement of industrial security. The data for this study were provided by a group of thirty-two security chiefs of industry, and by another group of fifteen law enforcement officials in the Dallas and Fort Worth Metropolitan area. Of those industrial concerns making use of closed circuit television as an aid to security, a majority use the medium for surveillance of controlled access areas, with theft control and control of plant access following closely behind. For the most part, all surveyed thought that closed circuit television was very efficient.
This history is designed to study the Industrial Arts Department at North Texas State University, The study is broken down into the areas of enrollment trends, the faculty, the curriculum, and the physical facilities. This study found that the Industrial Arts Department's class card enrollment remained relatively stable from 1955 to 1975. There was little fluctuation in semester credit hours in the Industrial Arts Department from 1955 to 1975. This study also found that the curriculum of the department is designed mainly for undergraduate students, The number of female students is increasing in the department and the number of degrees awarded by the Industrial Arts Department is declining,
This study was conducted in order to determine what safety practices and procedures were employed in the industrial plastics laboratories in the secondary schools of the Fort Worth Independent School District. Data were obtained from literature in the field of safety education in industrial arts and from an information form mailed to the teachers of industrial plastics in the Fort Worth Independent School District. Hazardous conditions were found to exist in a majority of the laboratories due to a lack of sufficient floor space and work stations and the absence of proper guards on machines, proper storage facilities for flammable liquids, painted danger zones and nonskid surfaces on floors around machines.
The problem with which this investigation was concerned was that of determining the use of modern automotive tune-up equipment as used by the automotive garages in the Fort Worth area. The data for this study were provided by fifteen garages of the Fort Worth area. Of the Fort Worth garages using electronic equipment to perform a tune-up, few appear to have the adequate equipment and few appear to make more use of the equipment. In addition, a deficiency seems evident in the use of the electronic computer in performing tune-ups.
The problem of this study was to determine how much foundry equipment exists in the high schools of Texas and to determine to what extent it is being utilized. The data for this study were provided by thirty-seven metalworking instructors of Texas high schools. Of the Texas high schools offering metalworking as a part of the industrial arts curriculum, few appear to have adequate foundry facilities. In addition, a deficiency seems evident in the background and training in foundry of the metalworking instructors.
The objective of the study is to utilize the cross-sectional computation capabilities of a computer to calculate the revolutions per minute, to determine the volume of metal being removed by the machine cutter at any point in the programmed path, and to output the feed rate that the particular situation requires. The six chapters which present the information are as follows: Chapter I, introduction; Chapter II, analysis of factors affecting the computation of speed and feed rate parameters; Chapter III, organization of the input by the numerical control programmer; Chapter IV, modifications to the computer software; Chapter V, evaluation of the benefits of utilizing computed speed and feed rates; Chapter VI, summary, findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
The problem was to design and construct the necessary equipment to cut and fasten short stock end to end using finger-joints. The study was divided into five chapters: I contained the introduction to the problem; II was concerned with the design and construction of the equipment; III detailed the operation of the equipment; IV contained the presentation of the data; and V covered the summary and findings. The study concluded that the equipment could be constructed inexpensively, and would perform a useful service. Also, a student using waste wood salvaged through use of this equipment could expect a smaller bill for materials than if he purchased new wood.
This study was made to find the effects of noise on the human body, to measure sound levels that exist in school power laboratories, and to design and evaluate the effectiveness of two noise control devices. An accurately calibrated testing device was used to measure sound levels in an attempt to determine if excessive noise exists in school power laboratories and to find the extent to which such noise can be reduced by shielding or enclosing the engine test area. It was found that noise has undesirable physical and psychological effects on the human organism. Sixty-two and one-half per cent of the engines tested registered sound levels above 90 dBA; even so, simple, inexpensive noise control devices do control the noise levels generated in the school power laboratories.
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