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Interfacial Electrochemistry of Copper and Spectro-Electrochemical Characterization of Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Description: The first part of this dissertation highlights the contents of the electrochemical characterization of Cu and its electroplating on Ru-based substrates. The growth of Ru native oxide does diminish the efficiency of Cu plating on Ru surface. However, the electrochemical formed irreversible Ru hydrate dioxide (RuOxHy) shows better coverage of Cu UPD. The conductive Ru oxides are directly plateable liner materials as potential diffusion barriers for the IC fabrication. The part II of this dissertation demonstrates the development of a new rapid corrosion screening methodology for effective characterization Cu bimetallic corrosion in CMP and post-CMP environments. The corrosion inhibitors and antioxidants were studied in this dissertation. In part III, a new SEC methodology was developed to study the ORR catalysts. This novel SEC cell can offer cheap, rapid optical screening results, which helps the efficient development of a better ORR catalyst. Also, the SEC method is capable for identifying the poisoning of electrocatalysts. Our data show that the RuOxHy processes several outstanding properties of ORR such as high tolerance of sulfation, high kinetic current limitation and low percentage of hydrogen peroxide.
Date: August 2011
Creator: Yu, Kyle Kai-Hung
Molecular Structure Analyses of Asymmetric Hydrocarbon Liquid Compounds in the Gas Phase Using Chirped-pulse Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy: Acyl Chlorides and Perfluorinated Acyl Chlorides
Description: Examinations of the effects of (a.) alkyl carbon chain length and (b.) perfluorination of acyl chlorides; propionyl chloride, butyryl chloride, valeroyl chloride, and perfluorinated acyl chlorides; perfluoropropionyl chloride and perfluorobutyryl chloride, are reported and compared using CP-FTMW spectroscopy. All of these molecules are already published in various journals except for valeroyl chloride. The chapters are organized by molecule alkyl chain length and include some background theory. Conformational stability, internal rotation, helicity, and ionic character of the C-Cl bond via the nuclear electric quadrupole coupling constant (χzz) are analyzed. Results show syn, syn-anti/syn-gauche, and syn-anti-anti/syn-gauche-anti stable conformations. Internal rotation was only seen in propionyl chloride. Helicity was not observed. (χzz) was observed to be inert to alkyl chain length, ~ 60 MHz and ~ 65 MHz for the nonfluorinated and fluorinated acyl chlorides. Partial fluorination and varying functional groups are recommended.
Date: August 2011
Creator: Powoski, Robert A.
Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study Of Bismuth Underpotential Deposition On Ruthenium And On Electrochemically Formed Ruthenium Oxide
Description: Kinetics and thermodynamics of bismuth (Bi) underpotential deposition (UPD) on ruthenium (Ru) and on electrochemically formed Ru oxide are studied using electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance technique. The Bi UPD and Bi bulk deposition are observed both on Ru and on electrochemically formed Ru oxide electrodes. The anodic peak potential of Bi UPD shifts slightly to positive potential as the scan rate increases. The peak current ratio (IAnode/ICathode) of Bi UPD and Bi bulk increases as the scan rate increases. Bi monolayer coverage calculated from mass (MLMass) and from charge (MLCharge) with scan rates dependent are compared both in Bi UPD region and in Bi bulk region. Stability and oxidation time effects are also investigated. Bi UPD on Ru and on electrochemically formed Ru oxide are quasi-reversible, scan rate independent, oxidation time dependent, and have higher plating efficiency on Ru. However, Bi bulk deposition on Ru and on electrochemically formed Ru oxide are quasi-reversible, scan rate dependent, oxidation time independent, and have higher plating efficiency on electrochemically formed Ru oxide. Both Bi UPD adatoms and Bi bulk are unstable in 0.5M H2SO4.
Date: December 2011
Creator: Lin, Po-Fu
Description: There is no available information in the literature on interaction between carboxyl hydrogen and ω-phenyl groups. Consequently, it was of interest to seek such interactions. Some form of interaction is evident from the study of the spectra of some phenylalkanoic acids and benzoyalkanoic acids.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Chanslor, Robert Janes
Description: Since only one example of an asymmetric synthesis which involved an intermediate containing an optically active ligand has been reported, two questions immediately arise: "Is this type of asymmetric synthesis an isolated example, or is it a stepping stone toward a generalized trend for Co (III) which may be extended to include levo rotatory, as well as dextro rotatory molecules?" In addition, asymmetric synthesis affords a new avenue for synthesizing resolved neutral complexes.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Pennington, David Eugene
Description: A number of N-substituted-3-hydroxy-3-phenylphthal-imidines and some of the isomeric amides have been prepared in order to study changes in the infrared spectra of these compounds due to structural changes in the molecule, particularly with reference to a hydroxyl band at 3.0µ and a carbonyl band at 5.75µ.
Date: June 1962
Creator: Reeves, Linda R.
Description: In the course of attempting to prepare 3,6-bis(hydroxy-methyl)-s-tetrazine via the reduction of 3,6-bis(carboxy)-s-tetrazine with lithium aluminum hydride, it became apparent that the tetrazine ring was cleaved.
Date: June 1963
Creator: Creagh, Linda T.
Description: A series of compounds were prepared by condensing 2,3-dimethyl-4,9-dioxo-1-(2-propyl)-naphth[2,3-d] imidazolium iodide with various aromatic aldehydes.
Date: June 1963
Creator: Hayes, David Wayne
Description: The present work is a part of a systematic investigation of the frequency shifts in infrared absorption produced by changing to the anions carbonyl containing acidic compounds.
Date: August 1962
Creator: Dyke, Maurice Arthur
Description: The object of this thesis is to establish the diffusion coefficient of Na ion in PbCl2-NaCl mixtures and to compare its relationship to the other species.
Date: August 1962
Creator: Yin, Shang-ming Helen
Description: This paper is a study of the exchange of bismuth tetra-iodide and bismuth ions in an ion-precipitate system.
Creator: Pitts, James William
Description: This thesis discusses hydantoins as anticonvulsants. VII. 5-Substituted-aryloxy derivatives of 5-phenylhydantoin.
Creator: Griffin, Margurite Oleva
Description: This thesis describes a series of pyridine-N-oxide derivatives of naphthoquinone that were prepared by the author. These compounds will be tested for medicinal activity by Parke-Davis and Company.
Creator: Talbott, Ted Delwyn
Description: This thesis describes a series of naphthoquinone reactions employing pyridine carboxylic acid derivatives (nicotinic acid derivatives). The products of these reactions will be tested by Parke, Davis and Company for their activity against the tubercle bacillus and other pathogenic microorganisms.
Creator: Padgett, William A.
Description: The experiment in this thesis involves a study of some 1-alkyl-1,2-dihydro-3-hydroxybenzo[g]quinoxaline-5,10-diones.
Date: August 1960
Creator: Brown, Jerry
Description: As long ago as 1881, it was realized that a functional group of atoms in a molecule would cause an absorption band to appear at a particular frequency in the infrared spectrum of the molecule. In more recent years, the concept of characteristic group frequencies has become firmly established and has resulted in the present widespread use of infrared spectroscopy. There appear to have been relatively few studies of infrared absorption of organic acids as compared with their salts.
Date: August 1960
Creator: Barnhart, Richard Lee
Description: The nature and scope of this problem is to determine from the irradiation of isopropyl alcohol with 2537 A, the behavior and mechanism of the reaction, since it is known that a reaction does occur.
Creator: Brady, William Thomas
Description: The compounds reported here were prepared for the purpose of determining the effects of active groups on the pyridine ring, and to determine the effects of substituted methyl groups on the nucleus. These compounds are to be tested for tuberculostatic activity.
Creator: Maglaughlin, Edward Phillip
Description: This investigation deals with the synthesis of 2-alkylpyridine and 2-alkylpyrazine derivatives of 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone. These compounds will be tested for physiological activity by Parke-Davis and Company.
Creator: El-Eris, Talib Mihsin
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