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Description: This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of play therapy as a method of intervention for children with a variety of emotional and behavioral problems. Specifically, the study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of play therapy in: (a) improving self-concepts of children with adjustment difficulties; (b) reducing internalizing behavior problems, such as withdrawal, somatic complaints, anxiety, and depression; (c) reducing externalizing behavioral problems such as aggression and delinquent behaviors; (d) reducing overall behavior problems, social problems, thought problems, and attention problems of children with adjustment difficulties; and (e) reducing parenting stress of parents of children who were experiencing adjustment difficulties.The experimental group consisted of 15 children who were experiencing a variety of adjustment difficulties and received play therapy once per week for 7 to 10 weeks. The control group consisted of 14 children who were experiencing a variety of adjustment difficulties and who were on a waiting list to receive intervention, and therefore, did not receive any treatment during the time of data collection. Experimental and control group children were administered the Joseph Pre-School and Primary Self-Concept Screening Test and parents of all participants completed the Child Behavior Checklist and the Parenting Stress Index at pretest and posttest data collection times. A gain scores analysis revealed that children in the experimental group demonstrated a significant improvement on internalizing behavior problems. Also, a reduction in externalizing behavior problems and parenting stress was observed. No improvement in self-concept was demonstrated. This study provides evidence that play therapy is a viable intervention for treating a variety of emotional and behavioral difficulties in young children, particularly children who are experiencing internalizing behavior problems.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Brandt, Marielle Aloyse
Description: The 1990s were characterized by severe turbulence in the global economy. Economic and financial crises occurred in Latin America, Middle and Eastern Europe and Asia. This analysis distinguishes between the two socioeconomic criteria "transitional" and "emerging" region. Transitional countries are former centrally planned socialist economies and emerging countries former agricultural-oriented classical developing economies with mostly a history of military or some other kind of autocratic dictatorship. The resources for the analysis are data sets regarding investment, exchange rate behavior, government finance, international liabilities of monetary authorities and inflation. The study reveals macroeconomic patterns associated with economic development in each socioeconomic region. It is shown that similar patterns are responsible for successful and non-successful performance in each region. A comparison of different regions shows many parallels between emerging economies, but only little similarity between transitional economies.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Marktanner, Marcus
Description: What Spins Away is a novel about a man named Caleb who, in the process, of searching for a brother who has been missing for ten years, discovers that his inability to commit to a job or his primary relationships is both the result of his history with that older missing brother, and his own misconceptions about the meaning of that history. On a formal level, the novel explores the ability of traditional narrative structures to carry postmodern themes. The theme, in this case, is the struggle for a stable identity when there is no stable community against which or in relationship to an identity might be defined.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Irwin, Keith
Description: The glyoxalase system mediates the conversion of methylglyoxal, a toxic ketoaldehyde, to D-lactic acid. The system is composed of two enzymes, glyoxalase I (Glo-I) and glyoxalase II (Glo-II), and exhibits an absolute requirement for a catalytic quantity of glutathione (GSH). Glo-I catalyzes the isomerization of a hemithioacetal, formed non-enzymatically from methylglyoxal and GSH, to the corresponding a -D-hydroxyacid thioester, s-D-lactoylglutathione (SLG). Glo-II catalyzes the irreversible breakdown of SLG to D-lactate and GSH. We have observed that ATP or GTP significantly inhibits the Glo-II activity of tissue homogenates from various sources. We have developed a rapid, one step chromatography procedure to purify Glo-II such that the purified enzyme remains "sensitive" to inhibition by ATP or GTP (Glo-II-s). Studies indicate that inhibition of Glo-II-s by nucleotides is restricted to ATP, GTP, ADP, and GDP, with ATP appearing most effective. Kinetics studies have shown that ATP acts as a partial non-competitive inhibitor of Glo-II-s activity, and further suggest that two kinetically distinguishable forms of the enzyme exist. The sensitivity of pure Glo-II-s to nucleotide inhibition is slowly lost on storage even at -80° C. This loss is accelerated at higher temperatures or in the presence of ATP. Kinetics studies on the resultant "insensitive" enzyme (Glo-II-i) show that a significant reduction of the affinity of the enzyme for the substrate, SLG, occurs and further suggest that only one form of the enzyme is kinetically distinguishable after "de-sensitization". Tryptophan fluorescence studies of the two enzyme preparations suggest that a subtle conformational change in the enzyme has occurred during de-sensitization. We have also observed that Glo-II-i is "resensitized" to nucleotide inhibition after incubation in the presence of a reagent that reduces disulfide bonds. The resensitized enzyme exhibits an increased KM value similar to that of the original Glo-II-s. Kinetics studies show that ATP or GTP again ...
Date: May 1999
Creator: Gillis, Glen S
Description: A questionnaire was used to study causal attribution to social roles as influenced by perceived deviance of the role, instructions to identify with the role, and participant gender. The perceived deviance or nondeviance of the roles was determined by a pilot study. The roles were varied randomly through 12 hypothetical events, and identification or nonidentification instructions randomly assigned. The participants were 194 male and female university students. Participants gave the cause of each event and rated the cause on five dimensions: internality, externality, stability, globality, and controllability. Causal attribution to deviant social roles was found to result in a significantly higher across-scales score and to be more internal, less external, and more global than attribution to nondeviant roles. Participant gender showed an interaction with deviance overall and on the dimensions of stability and globality due to significantly higher ratings by women participants than those by men. Identification instructions did not produce a significant effect.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Rohlman, James E.
Description: This dissertation is a cross-national, empirical study of human rights conditions in a dynamic international political economy. The scope of the examination covers 176 developed and developing countries from 1980 through 1993. Through evaluating the numerous theoretical aspects of human rights conceptualization, I draw upon Shue's framework and consider whether there are indeed "basic rights" and which rights should fit into this category. Further, I address the debate between those who claim that these rights are truly universal (applying to all nations and individuals) and those who argue that the validity of a moral right is relative to indigenous cultures. In a similar vein, I empirically investigate whether various human rights are interdependent and indivisible, as some scholars argue, or whether there are inherent trade-offs between various rights provisions. In going beyond the fixation on a single aspect of human rights, I broadly investigate subsistence rights, security rights and political and economic freedom. While these have previously been addressed separately, there are virtually no studies that consider them together and the subsequent linkages between them. Ultimately, a pooled time-series cross-section model is developed that moves beyond the traditional concentration on security rights (also know as integrity of the person rights) and focuses on the more controversial subsistence rights (also known as basic human needs). By addressing both subsistence and security rights, I consider whether certain aspects of the changing international political economy affect these two groups of rights in different ways. A further delineation is made between OECD and non-OECD countries. The primary international focus is on the effects of global integration and the end of the Cold War. Domestic explanations that are connected with globalization include economic freedom, income inequality and democratization. These variables are subjected to bivariate and multivariate hypothesis testing including bivariate correlations, analysis of variance, and ...
Date: May 1999
Creator: Milner, Wesley T.
Description: This thesis is a creative work that is segmented into three main phases in order to display the developing poetic growth and control in the work of Paul Andrew Thies. The first phase is titled "Skeletons and Rhinoceri." It was a phase where I focused on more classical forms of poetry, namely accentual and syllabical sonnets. This phase was greatly influenced by both Charles Baudelaire and William Butler Yeats. The second phase, titled "Clandestinies," was one in which I tried to develop a more dense form. Lord Byron and Pablo Neruda were the two main influences on my work at this time, largely in terms of imaginative exoticism and figurative energy. The third section of this thesis, titled "Graffiti in the Orchard," is an exploration of my current work as a poet. In this phase, Rainer Maria Rilke was the primary influence as I began to develop a more fluid and expressive style.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Thies, Paul Andrew
Description: Studies addressing racial/ethnic identity development have often overlooked the developmental cultural context. The impact of growing up with contradictory cultures has not been well explored. Immersion in multiple cultures may produce mixed patterns of strengths deficits. This study reviews the literature's currently inconsistent usage of the terms race, ethnicity, and culture; introduces the concept and theoretical framework of Cultural Homelessness; relates CH to multicultural integration; and develops two study-specific measures (included) to examine the construct validity of CH. The samples (N = 448, 67% women) racial, ethnic, and cultural mixture was coded back three generations using complex coding criteria. Empirical findings supported the CH-specific pattern of cognitive and social strengths with emotional difficulties: social adaptability and cross-cultural competence but also low self-esteem and shame regarding diff
Date: May 1999
Creator: Navarrete-Vivero, Veronica
Description: The problem concerned the financial indicators used to evaluate the financial condition of the six sister higher education institutions under the authority of the Board of Regents of Oklahoma Colleges. The purposes were to determine the financial ratios that best indicate financial condition; to calculate those financial ratios for the six designated Oklahoma higher education institutions; and to evaluate and compare the financial condition of the six institutions. This study attempted to further the use of financial ratio analysis as an objective addition to subjective studies that examine an institution's definition of its mission, objectives, and goals and its own assessment of the degree to which its resources allow it to attain those goals. The data were obtained from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System; the financial reports were audited by independent certified public accountants and presented to the Board of Regents of Oklahoma Colleges; and John Minter Associates, Inc., provided the national norms. The set of financial ratios identified provides a means to study a single higher education institution through trend analysis and in comparison to national norms. It also works well with a sample of homogeneous institutions with interinstitutional comparison. The techniques are intended to provide a general profile of an institutions financial health. Cause-and-effect ratio analysis has been proposed as another technique to aid administrators in determining changes in their financial statements and what may have caused them. The study identified a set of financial ratios that summarize the financial condition of a higher education institution. The ratios helped to analyze the financial solvency and viability of the six Oklahoma higher education institutions and focused on the ability of the institutions to meet current and future financial requirements. The importance of financial statement analysis should not be underestimated. The understandable format of financial ratios allows virtually any ...
Date: May 1999
Creator: Buddy, Nancy J.
The Effects of Task-Based Documentation Versus Online Help Menu Documentation on the Acceptance of Information Technology
Description: The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and describe task-based documentation; (2) to identify and describe any purported changes in users attitudes when IT migration was preceded by task-based documentation; (3) to suggest implications of task-based documentation on users attitude toward IT acceptance. Questionnaires were given to 150 university students. Of these, all 150 students participated in this study. The study determined the following: (1) if favorable pre-implementation attitudes toward a new e-mail system increase, as a result of training, if users expect it to be easy to learn and use; (2) if user acceptance of an e-mail program increase as expected perceived usefulness increase as delineated by task-based documentation; (3) if task-based documentation is more effective than standard help menus while learning a new application program; and (4) if training that requires active student participation increase the acceptance of a new e-mail system. The following conclusions were reached: (1) Positive pre-implementation attitudes toward a new e-mail system are not affected by training even if the users expect it to be easy to learn and use. (2) User acceptance of an e-mail program does not increase as perceived usefulness increase when aided by task-based documentation. (3) Task-based documentation is not more effective than standard help menus when learning a new application program. (4) Training that requires active student participation does not increase the acceptance of a new e-mail system.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Bell, Thomas
Description: The intent of this study was to determine what understanding and knowledge parents had of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP). The study examined whether the beliefs of parents who enrolled their children in a National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) accredited program had any impact on their expectations for a philosophy and curriculum that is centered around DAP. In addition, the study examined whether parents' understanding of DAP changed when their children transitioned from infant and toddler programs, to preschool. The study group consisted of parents with children in two privately owned NAEYC accredited centers in 1998 (N=131). Results from parent reports indicated a high level of parent knowledge regarding DAP.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Grebe, Julie M.
Description: This study described the mentoring relationship between doctoral nursing students and their committee chairs. Twenty-two public university doctoral programs responded to a request for names and addresses of their doctoral candidates. The Major Professor Mentoring Scale was used to measure the mentoring relationship. The survey also included demographic and open-ended questions regarding the student-committee chair relationship. Surveys were mailed to 269 doctoral students with an 86% return rate. A principal components analysis was performed to identify the structure underpinning the relationship. The typical doctoral student in this sample was found to be a 44 year old Caucasian female, married with children, working full or part time while pursuing a PhD degree. Students traveled an average of 85 miles each way to campus and nearly half had selected their program based on its location. The typical committee chair was a Caucasian, tenured, associate or full professor between 46 and 69 years of age. The majority of chairs were married and had funded research projects. The students in the study reported knowing their chairs for an average of five years. The study revealed that mentoring is occurring in the majority of relationships between doctoral nursing students and their committee chairs. Students identified many strengths and weaknesses in their relationships with their chairs although the relationship appears to be largely positive. The mentoring relationship is composed of four principal components, the largest of which is psychosocial support. Dissertation support, role modeling and scholarly collaboration comprise the other three components. The factor receiving the most positive rating was role modeling, suggesting that students see their chairs as intelligent and hard-working. Students also report positive feelings about both the psychosocial and dissertation support they have received from their chairs. Students reported more neutral feelings about scholarly collaboration suggesting that this is not a frequent occurrence ...
Date: May 1999
Creator: Kirkley, Debra Lynn
Description: Little empirical research has been done to examine the effects that working with traumatized individuals has had on their therapists. It is known that mental health professionals often do suffer ill effects, especially symptoms of secondary traumatic stress disorder. The present investigation tested predictors of secondary traumatic stress disorder in the therapists who provided services for the Oklahoma City bombing. Predictors were therapist social network involvement, years of counseling experience, and amount of self-reported empathy experienced from others. Indicators of secondary traumatic stress were the Frederick Reaction Index-A, the Compassion Fatigue Self-test for Helpers, and the SCL-90R. Hypotheses were tested using a series of hierarchical multiple regressions. Results demonstrated no significance for years of experience or social network, but perceived empathy accounted for 11% of the variance on the SCL-90 and the Compassion Fatigue Self-test for Psychotherapists with social network and years of experience controlled.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Landry, Lisa Pinkenburg
Description: The purpose of the study was to determine (a) types of marketing strategies, (b) perceived success of marketing strategies, (c) importance of marketing strategies, (d) amenities offered to consumers, and (e) negatives (problems) in marketing strategies by bed and breakfast owners/operators. A questionnaire to assess areas of concern covered in the research questions was developed. The questionnaire contained closed- and open-ended questions, with nominal, interval, and ratio levels of measurement. The sampling frame included the 1,140 bed and breakfast owners/operators listed in the Texas Hotel Occupancy Tax Accounts Report, first quarter, 1998, as interpreted for this study. A sample of 775 of this population was randomly chosen, using a random numbers table. A response rate of 36% was obtained.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Lee, So Yon
Description: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a measurement model for Internet information retrieval strategy performance evaluation whose theoretical basis is a modification of the classical measurement model embodied in the Cranfield studies and their progeny. Though not the first, the Cranfield studies were the most influential of the early evaluation experiments. The general problem with this model was and continues to be the subjectivity of the concept of relevance. In cyberspace, information scientists are using quantitative measurement models for evaluating information retrieval performance that are based on the Cranfield model. This research modified this model by incorporating enduser relevance judgment rather than using objective relevance judgments, and by adopting a fundamental unit of measure developed for the cyberspace of Internet information retrieval rather than using recall and precision-type measures. The proposed measure, the Content-bearing Click (CBC) Ratio, was developed as a quantitative measure reflecting the performance of an Internet IR strategy. Since the hypertext "click" is common to many Internet IR strategies, it was chosen as the fundamental unit of measure rather than the "document." The CBC Ratio is a ratio of hypertext click counts that can be viewed as a false drop measure that determines the average number of irrelevant content-bearing clicks that an enduser check before retrieving relevant information. After measurement data were collected, they were used to evaluate the reliability of several methods for aggregating relevance judgments. After reliability coefficients were calculated, measurement model was used to compare web catalog and web database performance in an experimental setting. Conclusions were the reached concerning the reliability of the proposed measurement model and its ability to measure Internet IR performance, as well as implications for clinical use of the Internet and for future research in Information Science.
Date: May 1999
Creator: MacCall, Steven Leonard
Women Receiving Genetic Counseling for Breast Cancer Risk: Cancer Worry, Psychological Distress, and Risk Recall Accuracy
Description: This follows an earlier study of the same data set, which, through its findings, presented new questions that are investigated in this study. Both studies used a prospective controlled design, wherein women receiving genetic counseling for breast cancer risk were randomized into two groups. Subjects receiving an audiotaped recording of their genetic consultation (tape group) were compared to subjects who also had a genetic consultation but did not receive an audiotaped recording of it (no-tape group). Participants were drawn from attendees at the genetic clinics of two London hospitals and included 115 women with a family history of breast cancer. Cancer worry and psychological distress were assessed before genetic consultation (baseline), and at one- and six-month follow-ups by post. Objective risk was estimated by the geneticist during the consultation, and subjective risk was assessed at one month follow-up. The goals of the current study were to investigate relationships between cancer worry, psychological distress, and recall of genetic risk for breast cancer in a sample of women receiving genetic counseling for breast cancer risk, and to investigate the role sociodemographic variables on cancer worry, psychological distress, or risk recall for these women. Results for this sample of women with a family history of breast cancer found that there were consistent relationships between cancer worry, psychological distress, objective risk, and subjective risk before and after genetic consultation. This suggests that women=s psychological responses are appropriate to their level of cancer risk. There were no differences found between the tape and no-tape groups for objective or subjective risk, or for nearness of recall accuracy or degree of under-/over-estimation. Provision of an audiotaped recording of the genetic consultation did not appear to enhance recall of risk information. The role of sociodemographic variables on the psychological and risk variables assessed in this study was very ...
Date: May 1999
Creator: Wade Walsh, Margo
Description: A Different Drummer is a chamber opera adaptation of Donald Davis's story "A Different Drummer" from his collection Listening for the Crack of Dawn, published by August House. The opera lasts about seventy minutes, and calls for a cast of three and an orchestra of sixteen players. It contains a prologue, epilogue and four scenes in a single act. The score is prefaced by a paper describing the musical strategies employed in setting the story as an opera. Three chapters describe the adaptation from short story to opera, the essential musical elements, and details of the application of the musical elements in each scene of the opera. The libretto is presented in the fourth chapter.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Friedman, Arnold Jacob
Description: The opera is scored for chamber orchestra consisting of one oboe, two Bb clarinets, two horns in F, one trumpet in C, one tenor trombone, two percussionists (playing snare drum, bass drum, tambourine, wood block, triangle, suspended cymbal, crash cymbal, agogo bells, cow bell, brake drum, metal whistle, whip, large gong, Glockenspiel, chimes, timpani in F (low) and C), eight or more violins in two parts, six or more violas in two parts, and eight or more cellos in two parts. The characters are Alejandro Jiminez, a dramatic tenor; the Manager of Burger Palace, a baritone; the Suits 1/Fast Food Workers, a choir (SATB) and the Suits 2/Customers, a second choir (SATB), each ideally consisting of eight vocalists for a total of sixteen; the Daydream Figures, which are mimed parts; the Man with Gun, which is a spoken part. The opera, in one act consisting of six scenes and an interlude, is based on a libretto by the composer. There is only one scene change: from an essentially empty stage to a fast food restaurant in Scene 4. The length of the work is approximately sixty to sixty-five minutes.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Salfen, Kevin McGregor
Description: The study examined current and future trends in computer use in elementary school settings. A survey instrument was developed and validated for distribution to a random sample of 200 technology coordinators in the public school districts in the state of Texas from whom 95 responses were received. The survey instrument was used to obtain information about five areas of computer use in elementary schools. These areas are: physical configurations, instructional uses, implementation issues, training and staff development, and Internet use. The study found that all public school districts that participated in the study have acquired computer hardware in their elementary schools. In addition, some other advanced computer technology components are starting to be found in elementary schools, such as teacher workstations, CD-ROM, interactive video, computer multimedia, LCD panels, and laser printers. Respondents reported that elementary school teachers in their districts have incorporated computers into their classrooms as an instructional tool and many changes have occurred in teachers teaching styles due to computers. However, there are some problems that hinder the effective use of computers. The major problem is lack of training. A high percentage of respondents, 81.3%, indicated that the majority of their elementary school teachers had completed less than 30 hours of technology related professional development. Another problem was lack of funding which prevents most school districts from acquiring computer hardware and software. Currently, elementary schools in 87% of districts that participated in the study are connected to the Internet and the plan is that by the year 2001 all elementary schools will be connected.
Date: August 1999
Creator: Al-Awidi, Hamed M.
Vicarious Traumatization, Secondary Traumatic Stress, and Burnout in Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Agency Staff and Volunteers
Description: Two constructs, vicarious trauma (VT) and secondary traumatic stress (STS), describe therapists reactions to clients traumatic material. VT (TSI Belief Scale [BSL]), emphasizes cognitive belief system changes resulting from cumulative exposure to survivors. STS, (Compassion Fatigue Self-test for Psychotherapists [CFST]) combines PTSD and burnout symptomatology explaining sudden adverse reactions to survivors. Burnout (BO; Maslach Burnout Inventory [MBI]), links emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and deficient personal accomplishment to inadequate institutional supports in interpersonally demanding work. This study investigated BSL and CFST validity, counselor trauma history, and client exposure-related VT, STS, and BO in 105 trauma counselors. Results demonstrate concurrent validity between BSL and CFST; other results dispute adequate validity. BO, and client exposure were related. Traumatized counselors scored higher than non-traumatized counselors on CFST, BSL, and SCL-90-R.
Date: August 1999
Creator: Baird, Stephanie
Description: Every day, children throughout the United States are given psychological evaluations for many different clinical and psycho-educational purposes. Very little research has attempted to investigate children's responses to the experience of having intellectual and achievement tests administered. The goal of the current research was to explore the effect a psycho-educational evaluation has on children in areas of self-concept and anxiety. Dependent variables consisted of pre- and post-test measures of anxiety and self-concept. A total of 75 children in the 4th 5th and 6th grades were recruited after referral for evaluation and possible placement in the Talented and Gifted Program or Special Education. This study employed Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), t-tests, multiple regression analysis, and correlational analysis. Findings included initial evidence that children endorsed decreased anxiety after psycho-educational assessments rather than increased anxiety, suggesting that fear of unknown situations may be more anxiety provoking than the actual situation itself, potentially beneficial findings for psychology and psychometric professionals who evaluate children daily. Students endorsement of academic self-concept significantly predicted anxiety after a psycho-educational evaluation, indicating that students who feel capable in academic areas may endorse less anxiety after an evaluation than students who do not feel academically capable. Finally, negative verbal interaction with parents significantly predicted lower general self-concept scores, providing evidence that the manner in which parents verbally relate to their children may have significant impact for the mental health of children.
Date: August 1999
Creator: Buenrostro, Martha
Work Function Study of Iridium Oxide and Molybdenum Using UPS and Simultaneous Fowler-Nordheim I-V Plots with Field Emission Energy Distributions
Description: The characterization of work functions and field emission stability for molybdenum and iridium oxide coatings was examined. Single emission tips and flat samples of molybdenum and iridium oxide were prepared for characterization. The flat samples were characterized using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction to determine elemental composition, chemical shift, and crystal structure. Flat coatings of iridium oxide were also scanned by Atomic Force Microscopy to examine topography. Work functions were characterized by Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy from the flat samples and by Field Emission Electron Distributions from the field emission tips. Field emission characterization was conducted in a custom build analytical chamber capable of measuring Field Emission Electron Distribution and Fowler-Nordheim I-V plots simultaneously to independently evaluate geometric and work function changes. Scanning Electron Microscope pictures were taken of the emission tips before and after field emission characterization to confirm geometric changes. Measurement of emission stability and work functions were the emphasis of this research. In addition, use of iridium oxide coatings to enhance emission stability was evaluated. Molybdenum and iridium oxide, IrO2, were characterized and found to have a work function of 4.6 eV and 4.2 eV by both characterization techniques, with the molybdenum value in agreement with previous research. The analytic chamber used in the field emission analysis demonstrated the ability to independently determine the value and changes in work function and emitter geometry by simultaneous measurement of the Field Emission Energy Distribution and Fowler-Nordheim I-V plots from single emitters. Iridium oxide coating was found to enhance the stability of molybdenum emission tips with a relatively low work function of 4.2 eV and inhibited the formation of high work function molybdenum oxides. However, the method of deposition of iridium and annealing in oxygen to form iridium oxide on molybdenum emitters left rather severe cracking in the protective oxide ...
Date: August 1999
Creator: Bernhard, John Michael
Description: Duplicating a time series study done by Kuhlthau and associates in 1989, this study examines the applicability of the Information Search Process (ISP) Model in the context of a virtual learning environment. This study confirms that students given an information seeking task in a virtual learning environment do exhibit the stages indicated by the ISP Model. The six-phase ISP Model is shown to be valid for describing the different stages of cognitive, affective, and physical tasks individuals progress through when facing a situation where they must search for information to complete an academic task in a virtual learning environment. The findings in this study further indicate there is no relationship between the amount of computer experience subjects possess and demonstrating the patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions described by the ISP Model. The study demonstrates the ISP Model to be independent of the original physical library environments where the model was developed. An attempt is made to represent the ISP model in a slightly different manner that provides more of the sense of motion and interaction among the components of thoughts, feelings, and action than is currently provided for in the model. The study suggests that the development of non-self-reporting data collection techniques would be useful in complementing and furthering research to enhance and refine the representation of the ISP Model. Additionally, expanding the research to include the examination of group interaction is called for to enhance the ISP Model and develop further applications that could potentially aid educational delivery in all types of learning environments.
Date: August 1999
Creator: Byron, Suzanne M.
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Algeria 1 1 American Samoa 1 1 Angola 2 2 Argentina 1 1 Australia 6 6 Bahrain 3 3 Bangladesh 1 1 Belize 1 1 Bolivia 1 1 Botswana 1 1 Brazil 2 2 Canada 11 11 Chile 4 4 China 13 13 Colombia 1 1 Cook Islands 1 1 Costa Rica 1 1 Czech Republic 1 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 1 Djibouti 1 1 Ecuador 1 1 Egypt 2 2 El Salvador 1 1 Fiji 1 1 France 4 4 Germany 8 8 Ghana 1 1 Greece 1 1 Guam 2 2 Guatemala 1 1 Honduras 1 1 Hong Kong 4 4 India 1 1 Indonesia 1 1 Iran 1 1 Iraq 2 2 Ireland 1 1 Israel 3 3 Italy 4 4 Japan 9 9 Jordan 6 6 Kenya 2 2 Kiribati 1 1 Kuwait 3 3 Latvia 1 1 Lebanon 2 2 Libya 1 1 Malawi 2 2 Malaysia 3 3 Marshall Islands 1 1 Mauritania 1 1 Mexico 10 10 Morocco 1 1 Mozambique 2 2 Namibia 1 1 Nauru 1 1 Netherlands Antilles 1 1 New Zealand 2 2 Nicaragua 2 2 Nigeria 6 6 Niue 1 1 North Korea 1 1 Northern Mariana Islands 1 1 Oman 1 1 Pakistan 2 2 Panama 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Peru 1 1 Philippines 3 3 Poland 1 1 Portugal 1 1 Qatar 2 2 Russia 3 3 Samoa 1 1 Saudi Arabia 7 7 Singapore 4 4 Solomon Islands 1 1 Somalia 1 1 South Africa 1 1 South Korea 8 8 Spain 2 2 Sudan 3 3 Syria 2 2 Taiwan 15 15 Tanzania 1 1 Thailand 12 12 Tonga 1 1 Trinidad and Tobago 1 1 Tunisia 1 1 Turkey 3 3 Uganda 1 1 United Arab Emirates 3 3 United Kingdom 4 4 United States 780 780 Uruguay 1 1 Venezuela 2 2 Vietnam 2 2 Yemen 2 2 Zambia 4 4 Zimbabwe 2 2
Filter: U.S. StatesThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the U.S. States listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
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Alabama 1 1 Alaska 1 1 Arizona 2 2 Arkansas 6 6 California 18 18 Colorado 4 4 Connecticut 12 12 Florida 4 4 Idaho 1 1 Illinois 4 4 Indiana 1 1 Iowa 1 1 Kansas 5 5 Kentucky 2 2 Louisiana 6 6 Maryland 2 2 Massachusetts 1 1 Michigan 3 3 Minnesota 2 2 Mississippi 6 6 Missouri 3 3 Montana 9 9 Nebraska 2 2 Nevada 1 1 New Jersey 2 2 New Mexico 9 9 New York 1 1 North Carolina 1 1 North Dakota 1 1 Ohio 5 5 Oklahoma 15 15 Oregon 2 2 Pennsylvania 3 3 South Carolina 1 1 South Dakota 1 1 Tennessee 2 2 Texas 509 509 Utah 2 2 Virginia 3 3 Washington 1 1 West Virginia 1 1 Wisconsin 1 1
Filter: CountiesThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Counties listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
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Baltimore County, MD 2 2 Bell County, TX 4 4 Bernalillo County, NM 1 1 Berrien County, MI 1 1 Bexar County, TX 7 7 Bowie County, TX 2 2 Brazoria County, TX 1 1 Bryan County, OK 2 2 Calhoun County, AL 1 1 Cherokee County, TX 1 1 Collin County, TX 6 6 Cook County, IL 3 3 Cooke County, TX 5 5 Dallas County, TX 157 157 Dane County, WI 1 1 Davidson County, TN 1 1 Delaware County, IN 1 1 Denton County, TX 115 115 Denver County, CO 1 1 Donley County, TX 1 1 Douglas County, NE 1 1 Ector County, TX 1 1 El Paso County, CO 1 1 El Paso County, TX 1 1 Ellis County, TX 2 2 Erie County, NY 1 1 Fairfield County, CT 1 1 Franklin County, OH 1 1 Gallatin County, MT 6 6 Grant County, NM 1 1 Grayson County, TX 6 6 Greene County, OH 1 1 Harris County, TX 5 5 Harrison County, MS 2 2 Harrison County, TX 1 1 Hennepin County, MN 1 1 Hill County, TX 1 1 Hinds County, MS 1 1 Hood County, TX 1 1 Howard County, TX 1 1 Hudson County, NJ 1 1 Hunt County, TX 1 1 Isanti County, MN 1 1 Johnston County, OK 1 1 Kaufman County, TX 1 1 Labette County, KS 1 1 Larimer County, CO 2 2 Leavenworth County, KS 1 1 Litchfield County, CT 1 1 Los Angeles County, CA 2 2 Macomb County, MI 1 1 Maricopa County, AZ 1 1 McLennan County, TX 2 2 Montgomery County, PA 1 1 Murray County, OK 1 1 Nome Census Area, AK 1 1 Nueces County, TX 1 1 Oklahoma County, OK 1 1 Orange County, CA 2 2 Palm Beach County, FL 1 1 Philadelphia County, PA 1 1 Pinal County, AZ 1 1 Randall County, TX 1 1 Red River County, TX 1 1 Rockwall County, TX 1 1 Sacramento County, CA 3 3 Salt Lake County, UT 1 1 San Augustine County, TX 1 1 San Diego County, CA 1 1 Santa Clara County, CA 2 2 Santa Cruz County, CA 1 1 Santa Fe County, NM 1 1 Sedgwick County, KS 1 1 Shawnee County, KS 1 1 Somervell County, TX 1 1 Spokane County, WA 1 1 St. Clair County, MI 1 1 Stanislaus County, CA 2 2 Tarrant County, TX 131 131 Taylor County, KY 1 1 Taylor County, TX 1 1 Tolland County, CT 1 1 Travis County, TX 2 2 Tulsa County, OK 2 2 Union County, NJ 1 1 Walker County, TX 1 1 Washington County, TX 2 2 Washtenaw County, MI 1 1 Wichita County, TX 2 2 Winston County, MS 1 1 Wise County, TX 1 1
Filter: YearsThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Years listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
Filter: MonthsThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Months listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
Filter: DaysThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Days listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
Filter: DepartmentThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Department listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
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... 407 407 Department of Psychology 338 338 College of Music 158 158 Department of Biological Sciences 146 146 Department of Counseling, Development, and Higher Education 111 111 Department of Teacher Education and Administration 102 102 Graduate Studies in English 90 90 Department of History 84 84 Department of Chemistry 77 77 Department of English 68 68 Department of Higher Education 63 63 College of Education 59 59 Department of Political Science 57 57 Department of Mathematics 52 52 Department of Technology and Cognition 52 52 Department of Physics 50 50 Department of Counseling, Development and Higher Education 44 44 Department of Management 40 40 Department of Sociology 36 36 Department of Business Computer Information Systems 34 34 Department of Accounting 31 31 Department of Biology 28 28 Department of Communication Studies 28 28 Department of Behavior Analysis 22 22 School of Library and Information Sciences 22 22 Department of Computer Sciences 20 20 Department of Marketing 20 20 Division of Music Education 20 20 Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion and Recreation 19 19 Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion, and Recreation 19 19 School of Visual Arts 18 18 Department of Sociology and Social Work 17 17 Department of Computer Science 16 16 Department of Radio, Television, and Film 12 12 School of Merchandising and Hospitality Management 12 12 Department of Counselor Education 10 10 Department of Radio, Television and Film 10 10 Libraries 10 10 School of Community Service 10 10 Department of Biochemistry 9 9 Division of Biochemistry 9 9 College of Business Administration 8 8 Department of Finance, Insurance, Real Estate and Law 8 8 Department of Art 7 7 Department of Economics 7 7 Department of Elementary, Early Childhood and Reading Education 7 7 Department of Occupational and Vocational Education 7 7 Center for Behavior Analysis 6 6 Department of Educational Administration 6 6 Department of Educational Administration and Supervision 6 6 Department of Engineering Technology 6 6 Program of Information Science 6 6 Department of Communication and Public Address 5 5 Department of Journalism 5 5 Department of Secondary Education 5 5 Program in Curriculum and Instruction 5 5 Program in Information Sciences 5 5 Department of Educational Foundations, Research, and Special Education 4 4 Department of Higher and Adult Education 4 4 Department of Philosophy and Religion Studies 4 4 Department of Radio-TV-Film 4 4 Institute of Applied Sciences 4 4 Interdisciplinary Studies 4 4 School of Library and Information Science 4 4 School of Music 4 4 [Department of] Teacher Education and Administration 4 4 Biological Sciences 3 3 College of Arts and Sciences 3 3 College of Business 3 3 Communication and Public Address 3 3 Department of Biomedical Sciences 3 3 Department of Dance and Drama 3 3 Department of Elementary, Early Childhood, and Reading Education 3 3 Department of Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, and Law 3 3 Department of Materials Science 3 3 Department of Music Education 3 3 Department of Public Administration 3 3 Department of Radio/Television/Film 3 3 Division of Communication and Public Address 3 3 English 3 3 Music 3 3 Chemistry 2 2 College of Merchandising and Hospitality Management 2 2 Counseling, Development and Higher Education 2 2 Department of Applied Technology and Cognition 2 2 Department of Curriculum and Instruction 2 2 Department of Education Administration 2 2 Department of Educational Foundations, Research and Special Education 2 2 Department of Elementary Education, Early Childhood Education and Reading Education 2 2 Department of Finance 2 2 Department of Graduate Studies in English 2 2 Department of Kinesiology 2 2 Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion & Recreation 2 2 Department of Philosophy and Religion 2 2 Department of Radio, Television, Film 2 2 Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences 2 2 Department of Theory/Musicology 2 2 Division of Communication Disorders 2 2 Division of Composition Studies 2 2 Division of Dance and Drama 2 2 Division of Hotel and Restaurant Management 2 2 [Toulouse School of Graduate Studies] 2 2 Applied Technology, Training and Development 1 1 Business Computer Information Systems 1 1 Center for Behavioral Analysis 1 1 Center for Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies 1 1 College of Library and Information Science 1 1 College of Muisc 1 1 Curriculum and Instruction Doctoral Program Area 1 1 Department of Pharmacology 1 1 Department of Administration and Supervision 1 1 Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology 1 1 Department of Applied Gerontology 1 1 Department of Applied Technology, Training and Development 1 1 Department of Art Education 1 1 Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 1 1 Department of Business Computer Information System 1 1 Department of Communication Disorders 1 1 Department of Counseling Development and Higher Education 1 1 Department of Counseling and Higher Education 1 1 Department of Elementary Education 1 1 Department of Elementary Education, Reading, and Early Childhood Education 1 1 Department of Elementary, Early Childhood Education, Reading Education 1 1 Department of Elementary, Early Childhood, and Reading [Education] 1 1 Department of Finance, Insurance Real Estate and Law 1 1 Department of Finance, Real Estate, Insurance, and Law 1 1 Department of Finance, lnsurance, Real Estate, and Law 1 1 Department of Foreign Languages 1 1 Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures 1 1 Department of Geography 1 1 Department of Health Promotion, Kinesiology, and Recreation 1 1 Department of Higher Education Administration 1 1 Department of Higher Education Adminstration 1 1 Department of Hotel Management 1 1 Department of Hotel and Restaurant Management 1 1 Department of Information Technology and Decision Science 1 1 Department of Instrumental Studies 1 1 Department of Interdisciplinary Studies 1 1 Department of Kinesiology Health Promotion and Recreation 1 1 Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion, & Recreation 1 1 Department of Kinesology, Health Promotion and Recreation 1 1 Department of Merchandising 1 1 Department of Music 1 1 Department of Philosophy 1 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy 1 1 Department of Physiology 1 1 Department of Political Sciences 1 1 Department of Radio-Television-Film 1 1 Department of Rehabilitation Studies 1 1 Department of Teacher Education 1 1 Department of Technology 1 1 Department of Technology & Cognition 1 1 Department of Vocational Technical Education 1 1 Department of Vocational-Technical Education 1 1 Deprtment of Political Science 1 1 Division of Art History and Art Education 1 1 Division of Curriculum and Instruction 1 1 Division of Merchandising 1 1 Division of Music History, Theory, and Ethnomusicology 1 1 Division of Public Administration 1 1 Division of Radio/TV/Film 1 1 Division of Radio/Television/Film 1 1 Doctor of Philosophy 1 1 English Department 1 1 Graduate Studies 1 1 Graduate Studies in Music 1 1 Institute of Applied Science 1 1 Interdisciplinary Department 1 1 Interdisciplinary Ph.D. Program in Information Science 1 1 Interdisciplinary Sciences 1 1 Kinesiology, Health Promotion and Recreation 1 1 Library and Information Science 1 1 Master's 1 1 Music History and Theory 1 1 Performance 1 1 Program of Curriculum and Instruction 1 1 Psychology Department 1 1 Radio, Television and Film 1 1 School of Human Resource Management 1 1 School of Information Sciences 1 1
Filter: DisciplineThis dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Discipline listed note their name and the number of records that will be limited down to if you choose that option. The list can be sorted by name or the count.
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... 407 407 English 158 158 Higher Education 140 140 Biology 112 112 Psychology 111 111 Clinical Psychology 91 91 History 82 82 Chemistry 72 72 Counseling Psychology 67 67 Curriculum and Instruction 62 62 Political Science 59 59 Sociology 53 53 Mathematics 51 51 Physics 50 50 Counseling and Student Services 43 43 Composition 40 40 Performance 37 37 Educational Administration 35 35 Music Education 35 35 Behavior Analysis 34 34 Music 33 33 Accounting 32 32 Computer Science 29 29 Business Computer Information Systems 27 27 Industrial/Organizational Psychology 25 25 Biochemistry 24 24 Information Science 23 23 Kinesiology 23 23 Biological Sciences 22 22 College Teaching 22 22 Health Psychology/Behavioral Medicine 22 22 Management 22 22 Communication Studies 21 21 Special Education 21 21 Musicology 20 20 Early Childhood Education 19 19 Marketing 19 19 Counselor Education 17 17 Environmental Science 17 17 Teacher Education and Administration 17 17 Art History 15 15 Applied Technology, Training and Development 14 14 Interdisciplinary Studies 14 14 Molecular Biology 14 14 Organization Theory and Policy 14 14 Technology and Cognition 13 13 Finance 12 12 Higher Education Administration 12 12 Management Science 11 11 Communication and Public Address 10 10 Health Promotion 10 10 Hotel and Restaurant Management 10 10 Radio, Television, and Film 10 10 Educational Research 9 9 Theory 9 9 Library Science 8 8 Radio, Television and Film 8 8 Economics 7 7 Experimental Psychology 7 7 Piano Performance 7 7 Secondary Education 7 7 Art Education 6 6 College and University Teaching 6 6 Counseling, Development and Higher Education 6 6 Counseling, Development, and Higher Education 6 6 Education Administration 6 6 Engineering Technology 6 6 Library and Information Sciences 6 6 Music Theory 6 6 Reading 6 6 Vocational-Technical Education 6 6 Computer Sciences 5 5 Drama 5 5 Education 5 5 Journalism 5 5 Radio/Television/Film 5 5 Applied Technology, Training, and Development 4 4 Biomedical Sciences 4 4 Elementary Education 4 4 Human Development and Family Studies 4 4 Kinesiology, Health Promotion and Recreation 4 4 Organizational Theory and Policy 4 4 Philosophy 4 4 Public Address and Communication 4 4 Public Administration 4 4 Reading Education 4 4 School Psychology 4 4 Analytical Chemistry 3 3 Applied Technology Training and Development 3 3 Communication 3 3 Educational Administration and Supervision 3 3 Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine 3 3 Higher and Adult Education 3 3 Kinesiology, Health Promotion, and Recreation 3 3 Materials Science 3 3 Personnel and Industrial Relations 3 3 Radio, TV, Film 3 3 Radio, Television, Film 3 3 Administrative Leadership 2 2 Adult / Continuing Education 2 2 Adult Education 2 2 Adult/Continuing Education 2 2 American Literature 2 2 Applied Economics 2 2 Art 2 2 Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology 2 2 Conducting 2 2 Enviromental Science 2 2 Environmental Sciences 2 2 French 2 2 Hospitality Management 2 2 Human Resource Management 2 2 Industrial-Technical Merchandising and Fabric Analytics 2 2 Library and Information Science 2 2 Microbiology 2 2 Occupational and Vocational Education 2 2 Production/Operations Management 2 2 Radio/TV/Film 2 2 Sculpture 2 2 Sociology and Social Work 2 2 Vocational Technical Education 2 2 [Psychology] 2 2 American History 1 1 Applied Gerontology 1 1 Applied Technology and Cognition 1 1 Applied Technology, Training, Development 1 1 Audiology 1 1 Biological Science 1 1 Biology / Physiology 1 1 Biology with specialization in Physiology 1 1 Biomedical Sciences/Pharmacology 1 1 Business Policy and Organization Theory 1 1 College/University Teaching 1 1 Communication Disorders 1 1 Communication Processes 1 1 Computer Sciences Systems 1 1 Computer science 1 1 Counseling Development and Higher Education 1 1 Counseling Education 1 1 Counselor and Student Services 1 1 Curriculum and instruction 1 1 Department of Behavior Analysis 1 1 Division of Hotel and Restaurant Management 1 1 Division of Merchandising 1 1 Division of Music History, Theory, and Ethnomusicology 1 1 Early Childhood 1 1 English Literature 1 1 English as a Second Language 1 1 Environmental Ethics 1 1 Exercise Physiology 1 1 Finance and Banking 1 1 Finance, Insurance, Real Estate and Law 1 1 Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, and Law 1 1 Finance, lnsurance, Real Estate, and Law 1 1 General Psychology 1 1 Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine 1 1 Higher Education/College Teaching 1 1 Hotel Management 1 1 Hotel, Restaurant Management 1 1 Industrial Organizational Psychology 1 1 Industrial Technical Merchandising 1 1 Industrial/ Organizational Psychology 1 1 Industrial/Organization Psychology 1 1 Information Sciences 1 1 Interdisciplinary Sciences 1 1 Interdisciplinary Studies, Land and Water Resource Management 1 1 Kinesiology Health Promotion and Recreation 1 1 Kinesiology, Health Promotion, & Recreation 1 1 Kinesology 1 1 Linguistics 1 1 Literature 1 1 Master of Arts 1 1 Math 1 1 Merchandising 1 1 Molecular 1 1 Music History 1 1 Organic Chemistry 1 1 Physical Education 1 1 Production Operations Management 1 1 Production and Operations Management 1 1 Quality and Productivity 1 1 Radio, TV, and Film 1 1 Radio-TV-Film 1 1 Radio-Television-Film 1 1 Radion, Television and Film 1 1 Reading [Education] 1 1 Recreation and Leisure Studies 1 1 Rehabilitation Counseling 1 1 School/Child Clinical Psychology 1 1 Speech Pathology 1 1 Speech and Hearing Sciences 1 1 Speech-Language Pathology 1 1 Teaching English as a Second Language 1 1 Technology & Cognition 1 1 Therapeutic Recreation 1 1 Trumpet Performance 1 1 United States History 1 1 Visual Art 1 1 Vocational and Technical Education 1 1 Wind Conducting 1 1 Woodwinds Performance 1 1 [Conducting] 1 1 [Higher Education] 1 1 [History] 1 1 [Information Science] 1 1 [Linguistics] 1 1 [Marketing] 1 1 [Physics] 1 1 biochemistry 1 1