UNT Libraries - 210 Matching Results

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Executive Control of Craving: An Examination of College Students

Description: Previous research has shown that alcohol abuse may cause a deficit in frontal lobe functioning, specifically, areas of the frontal lobe that are related to executive function. Additionally, problems with executive function have been related to increased difficulty in managing cravings to addictive substances. The current study explored the relationship between alcohol use and performance on measures of executive functioning in a sample of 121 traditional college students. Students were given 5 measures of executive function designed to explore mental set shifting, updating, inhibition, sustained attention, and planning. These measures were used to examine the relationship between executive function and craving as measured by the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale. Levels of alcohol use were also examined using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test in relation to executive function performance and family history of alcohol abuse.
Date: May 2011
Creator: Yates, Robert Dean, III

Some Discriminative Functions of an Incidental Stimulus Adventitiously Associated with Reinforcement

Description: The present study was a systematic replication of a study by Morse and Skinner (1957). An attempt was also made to study some of the parameters involved in the sensory control of operant behavior. Morse and Skinner found that a stimulus present when a response is being reinforced may acquire discriminative control over the response even though its presence at reinforcement is adventitious.
Date: May 1972
Creator: Cuellar, Israel

Modification of Transsexualism: A Behavior Modification Program for Conditioning Masculine Behaviors in an Effeminate Boy

Description: Operant conditioning techniques were used to condition male-typical behaviors in an eight-year-old effeminate boy who had been described as transsexual. A probe of toys and activities was administered, which showed a trend toward his choosing feminine toys and activities. The two phases consisted of positive reinforcement of behavior associated with masculinity.
Date: May 1972
Creator: Ferrell, Clifford Charles

Countercontrol as a Factor in Teaching Vocal Imitation to an Autistic Child and it Relationship to Motivational Parameters

Description: Operant conditioning techniques were used to establish imitation in the manner outlined by Baer. Countercontrol was assessed in motor and vocal imitation across four motivational levels. Three levels of food deprivation, i.e., three hour, fourteen hour, and twenty-one hour, plus a final response contingent shock level, composed the parameters.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Hughes, Lois V.

Correlates of Parent-Child Relations as Perceived by the Child, Type of Humor Appreciations, and Neuroticism

Description: Appreciation of humor is generally accepted as being a unique aspect of human personality. Yet, despite its prominence in everyday situations, it remains a relatively unexplored area of scientific investigation. The present study has a twofold purpose: (1) an examination of the relationship of "sense of humor" to neurosis in a relatively normal population and, (2) an exploratory investigation of the type of parent-child relationship which fosters a particular mode of response to humor. As a result of the methods used to explore these areas, a third area for study was available to the investigator. That was the examination of the type of parent-child relationship perceived by the subject and the subsequent development or absence of neurosis.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Lloyd, Sidney W.

Staff Opinion Differences between Geriatric and Non-Geriatric Treatment Wards at a State Mental Hospital

Description: The primary purposes of the present study were (1) to see in which way, if any, the measured attitudes of psychiatric aides employed on geriatric wards differed from those of aides employed on non-geriatric wards at the same hospital; and (2) to explore the relationships between measured attitudes and other variables such as age, education, amount of experience as an aide, amount of experience on either geriatric or non-geriatric wards, and the number of patients per aide on each ward.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Curtis, Gerald R.

The Relative Effectiveness of Parental Positive Reinforcement and Punishment in Reducing Oppositional Behavior in Children and in Increasing the Frequency of Parent-Child Interaction

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effectiveness of the reinforcement and punishment techniques in the natural environment, and the effect of their use upon the social interaction between parent and child. It was hypothesized that punishment would be more effective than reward in controlling oppositional behavior, but that reinforcement would be more effective in increasing child-initiated interaction with the parents.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Detrich, Ronnie

The Utilization of Leisure Time among Women in Psychotherapeutic Treatment

Description: The present study was designed to investigate the utilization of leisure time among women in psychotherapeutic treatment. Three quantitative aspects and one qualitative aspect of the utilization of leisure time were chosen for investigation. Those aspects were the number of activities in which the women participated during the past twelve months, the categories of leisure interest of the chosen activities (arts and crafts; dance; drama; games, sports, and athletics; hobbies; music; outdoor recreation; reading, writing, and speaking; social recreation; special events; and voluntary services), the total time spent in leisure activities, and the level of enjoyment per hour of participation in leisure activities.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Houts, Jo Ann

Modification of Disruptive Talking, Employing the Opportunity to Work as a Reinforcing Stimulus

Description: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of "work" as a reinforcing stimulus in a behavior modification program designed to eliminate disruptive talking. A response-cost procedure was established whereby the reinforcement was made contingent upon the behavior of eight students with learning disabilities.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Kinney, Ray W.

Physiological and Verbal Responses to Erotic Visual Stimuli in a Female Population

Description: In recent years, there has been a growing acceptance of sexual behavior as a legitimate area of research. An impetus for research utilizing erotic visual stimuli was supplied by the Presidential appointment of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (1963). Research into the effects of erotic visual stimuli has typically employed male subjects (Neiger, 1966). The paucity of adequate research has not been a deterrent to the formulation of strong opinions regarding the nature of female sexuality. The present research has focused on female responses to visual representations of the nude male figure.
Date: December 1972
Creator: Hamrick, Narecia D.

An Investigation of the Relationship between Intelligence, Self-Concept and Social Competency among the Mentally Retarded

Description: The purpose of this study is to add to the body of knowledge concerning intelligence, self-concept, and social competency as related to the habilitation of retardates by investigating the following problem: what is the relationship between intelligence, self-concept, and social competency among the mentally retarded?
Date: December 1972
Creator: Terrill, Nolan Allan

A Preference for Simplicity or Complexity as a Function of Personality

Description: This study is designed to determine if people have a particular stimulus or perceptual preference which is congruent with their personality. Seventy-six male and female college students completed three personality tests, consisting of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the Revised Art Scale of the Welsh Figure Preference Test, and the Gough Adjective Check List. A preference for simplicity or complexity in designs for four different personality dimensions was examined. The personality dimension of introversion and extroversion was looked at in particular.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Norman, Susan

Treatment of Overweight by Avoidance Conditioning

Description: This study investigated the effectiveness of aversion therapy to help subjects achieve and maintain a weight loss. The aversion therapy made use of an avoidance conditioning procedure. Slides of fattening foods were paired with the possibility of receiving an electric shock in an attempt to induce anxiety. Slides of non-fattening foods were paired with shock avoidance and consequent anxiety relief.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Petty, Gary L.

The XYZ Test as a Measure of Attitudinal Change Resulting from a Management Training and Development Program

Description: A study was done to test the effectiveness of a managerial training and development program. Seventy-three first-line and middle managers of a medium size oil company were the subjects of this experiment. The two experimental groups took part in three training seminars which were designed to increase their skills in motivation and supervision.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Rainone, Michael D.

An Analysis of a Procedure Employing the Mowrer Imitation Paradigm in Relationship to the Generalized Imitation Procedure for Establishing Vocal Imitation

Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of an ancillary procedure, the Mowrer imitation paradigm, in conjunction with an ongoing generalized imitation program. It was hypothesized that the ancillary program would accelerate the acquisition of vocal imitation relative to a situation In which the generalized imitation procedure was employed alone.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Perlman, Wesler H.

The Relationship between Some Aspects of Religion and Purpose-in-Life Test Scores

Description: This study was an effort to objectify and test empirically Tillich's theory. Its purpose was to investigate certain traditional aspects of religion to see whether their presence was associated with purposefulness in life. The variables used in this study were measures of participation in a faith, belief in an afterlife, belief in God, past and current doubts, religious experiences, commitment implied in the consideration of a church related vocation, and of purpose in life. Tillich would say that participation in a faith, a belief in God, and a commitment of some kind are essential elements of one's ultimate concern. The belief in an after life is a common way of avoiding the anxiety of death, which is an element of the anxiety of meaninglessness of today. Doubt concerning the Ultimate undermines ones meaning or purpose in life.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Yarbrough, Richard Paul

Interrelationships Between Children's Perceptions of Parents, Teacher Ratings, and Human Figure Drawings

Description: This study investigated the relationship between children's perception of parents as loving or rejecting and the general emotional adjustment of these children. Emotional adjustment was reflected by behavior within a regular classroom as observed by the teacher and by performance on a projective personality test.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Coakley, Barry S.

Retrospective Perceptions of Early Parent-Child Relations and Occupational Orientation

Description: The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between early perceptions of parent-child relations, as measured by the Roe and Siegelman Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire (PCR), and the occupational orientation of the child, as measured by the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB).
Date: December 1971
Creator: Smith, Richard E.

Early Recognition of Minimal Brain Injury through Use of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests

Description: This study explored the usefulness of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests (MRT) as a screening device for minimal brain injury. It was hypothesized that brain injured (BI) children would score significantly lower on Test Six of the MRT than non-brain injured (NBI) children. Test Six is a visual-motor perceptual task.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Spurgin, Raymon David