UNT Libraries - 4 Matching Results

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Relationship of Estrous Cycle to Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Susceptibility in Female Mice

Description: In CBA/NJ mice, splenic natural killer (NK) cell activity varies with stages of estrous. Susceptibility of ICR mice to intravaginal inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) decreases with age. Susceptibility of female ICR and CBA/NJ mice to HSV-2 inoculated intravaginally and intraperitoneally was examined during the estrous cycle. In cycling ICR mice, greatest susceptibility to intravaginal inoculation was observed during diestrous and the least during metestrous. CBA/NJ mice were most susceptible to intravaginal inoculation of HSV-2 during diestrous. ICR mice were ovariectomized to mimic diestrous and found to be highly susceptible to intravaginal inoculation at all virus doses. No difference in susceptibility among phases of the estrous cycle was seen following intraperitoneal inoculation.
Date: August 1987
Creator: Teepe, Annette

Gold Compounds and Rheumatoid Arthritis Murine Studies of the Immune Response to Gold Sodium Thiomalate

Description: Balb/c normal mice were used to study the effects of gold sodium thiomalate (GST) on intact, nonadherent, and adherent mononuclear spleen cells. The three populations were tested for the following aspects: in vitro effects of GST on the mitogen-triggered DNA synthesis; intracellular levels of cyclic AMP; and chemotaxis ability. These studies showed that GST inhibited the proliferative responses of all three populations as the concentration of GST increased. Cyclic AMP levels in the nonadherent population increased as the GST concentration increased. GST had a biphasic effect on the adherent population. At concentrations of 5 and 10 jag/ml, GST suppressed the cyclic AMP levels, and at concentration of 50 pg/ml it enhanced the cyclic AMP levels. GST had no effect on the cyclic AMP levels in the intact mononuclear spleen cells. GST appeared to have an inhibitory effect on the chemotaxis ability of all three populations of spleen cells.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Sayahtaheri, Sousan

Effects of Gold Sodium Thiomalate on Murine Spleen Cells

Description: The effects of gold sodium thiomalate (GST) on murine spleen cells were investigated using in vitro mitogen blastogenesis techniques. Addition of GST to intact spleen cells resulted in a decreased blastogenic response to the T cell mitogen, concanavalin A (Con A). Thymidine uptake of spleen cells depleted of macrophages and cultured with Con A and GST demonstrated biphasic effects. At 2.5 pg Con A/ml, blastogenesis of macrophage depleted spleen cells was inhibited to a lesser degree than intact spleen cells; whereas, at 0.5 pg Con A/ml, the macrophage depleted spleen cells were inhibited to a greater degree than the intact spleen cells. Addition of GST at intervals ranging from 0 to 48 hours indicated that inhibition occurred within 36 hours following mitogen stimulation. These results suggest that GST inhibits early events of lymphocyte activation by direct interaction with lymphocytes.
Date: December 1986
Creator: Brownback, Paul (Paul Eldon)

Internal Radiolabeling of Mycobacterial Antigens and Use in Macrophage Processing Studies

Description: Mycobacter avium complex serovars 4 and 20 were cultured in the presence of [3H] fucose, [3H]-methionine, and [3H]-mannose to specifically radiolabel the oligosaccharide of the glycopeptidolipid (GPL) antigens. Distribution of radioactivity in lipid was determined by thin-layer chromatographic methods. Examination of acid hydrolysates from radiolabeled antigens revealed that [3H]-methionine incorporated into methylated sugars in polar and apolar GPL components, whereas [3H]-mannose incorporated exclusively into the oligosaccharide of polar GPL antigens. Least incorporation of radiolabel into antigens was observed with [3H]-fucose. Use of radiolabeled serovar 4 antigens in macrophage uptake studies revealed maximum uptake to be slightly above 250 gg/ 3.2 x 105 cells. Timed experiments demonstrated that GPL antigens were relatively inert to degradation by resident peritoneal macrophages.
Date: August 1988
Creator: Woodbury, Julie L. (Julie Lynn)