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The Columbia Mental Maturity Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale For Children : a Comparative Study Utilizing Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Males

Description: The purpose of the present study is to compare the 1959 revision of the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale (CMMS) with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) for use as a psychometric instrument for determining the mental ability of mentally retarded male children.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Garnett, Richard E.

Cultural Differences in Pain Experience and Behavior among Mexican, Mexican American and Anglo American Headache Pain Sufferers

Description: Review of previous research on cultural differences in pain experience and/or pain behavior revealed that cultural affiliation affects pain perception and response. Unfortunately, the many inconsistent findings in the literature on cultural differences in pain experience and behavior have made interpretations and comparisons of results problematic. These inconsistent findings could be attributed to variations in acculturation level among cultural groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate cultural differences in pain experience (assessed by McGill Pain Questionnaire, the Box Scale, the Headache Pain Drawing, and the Headache Questionnaire) and pain behavior (measured by determining medication use and interference of daily functioning due to headaches) among Mexican (n = 43), Mexican American (n = 36), and Anglo American (n = 50) female chronic headache pain sufferers. The contribution of acculturation to differences in pain experience and behavior among cultural groups was measured by the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans. The three cultural groups of women significantly differed on pain experience and pain behavior. Specifically, Mexican women experienced their headache pain more intensely, severely, and emotionally than Mexican American and Anglo American women. Furthermore, Mexican women were more willing to verbally express their pain than the other two groups. As for pain behavior, Mexican women took more medication and reported more severe inhibition of daily activities due to headaches than Mexican American and Anglo American women. Ethnic identity, ethnic pride, and language preference were factors in the acculturation process which contributed the most to women's chronic pain experience and behavior. The greatest variability occurred within the Mexican American group of women who perceived themselves as being more Mexican in attitudes and/or behaviors, but more similar to Anglo American in their pain experience and pain behavior. Results are explained using biocultural multidimensional pain theory, social learning theory, and acculturation theory.
Date: December 1995
Creator: Sardas, Isabela

The Direction of Aggression and Group Conformity of Policemen, Narcotic-Addicts, and Seventh Day Adventists as Measured by the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study

Description: The present study was an attempt to measure the direction of aggression among three diverse groups, namely, policemen, narcotic-addicts and Seventh Day Adventists. The second aspect of this investigation was to determine the group conformity tendencies of the three basic groups. The Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study was used as the measuring instrument.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Gerlach, Herman

The Draw-A-Person Technique as a Measure of Sexual Conflict

Description: Since much of the existing research which points to the low validity of the Draw-a-Person technique has used differentiation of diagnostic categories as a criterion, this study will be restricted to a consideration of the Draw-a-Person technique as a means for discriminating between a group of individuals who manifest conflicts in the area of sexual adjustment and a control group which does not show these conflicts in any appreciable amount.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Caspary, Arthur Courtney

The Effect of an Expressed Level of Aspiration in Determining Performance on a Subsequent Task

Description: There have been few investigations employing the level of aspiration as a motivational independent variable. The problem of the present study was to investigate the effect of an expressed level of aspiration on a subsequent level of performance on a cancellation task and to relate this effect to socio-economic classifications.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Hafner, Bruce W.

The Effect of Trait Anxiety, Self-Esteem, and Autogenic Training on Measures of Electromyography, Skin Temperature, and State Anxiety

Description: Twelve trait anxious male, federal prisoners with high self-esteem and twelve trait anxious male, federal prisoners with low self-esteem participated in the study. Subjects were selected from among those volunteering to participate and who met the scoring criteria on the IPAT Anxiety Scale Questionnaire and on the Self-Esteem Scale from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory II. Each volunteer participated in one session of approximately 50 minutes in length. Each subject was asked to respond to a medical/psychological interview, after which he was asked to listen to and follow a series of instructions (autogenic training). Throughout the session electromyographic and skin temperature measurements were taken from each subject's dominant forearm and non-dominant middle finger, respectively. At the end of the session each volunteer was asked to complete the STAI-State Scale. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of self-esteem as a moderator of trait anxiety. In addition, the study was designed to assess the effectiveness of autogenic training with this population. Results indicate no significant difference between high and low self-esteem subjects on measurements of electromyography/ F (1, 22) = .63, p > .05 or peripheral skin temperature F (1, 22) = .20 p > .05. However, a significant difference was found between high and low self-esteem subjects on the STAI-State Scale, F (22) = 4.45 p < .05. High self-esteem subjects obtained significantly lower raw scores than low self-esteem subjects on the state anxiety measurement. A significant difference was also found for the block of trial factor (baseline/relaxation periods) for the electromyography F (6, 132) = 3.43, p < .01, and peripheral skin temperature F (6, 132) = 6.32, p < .001 measurements. Results present partial support for the role of self-esteem as a moderating variable in trait anxious subjects. Self-esteem is conceptualized as a form of ...
Date: August 1992
Creator: Milan, Maritza J., 1958-

The Effects of Concrete, Symbolic, and Verbal Reinforcement of the Discrimination Learning of Moderately and Severely Retarded Boys

Description: The present study is an attempt to determine which of several different types of reinforcers is most effective in discrimination learning using institutionalized mentally retarded boys of different intellectual levels as subjects. If one type of reinforcement works more effectively in conditioning one level of institutionalized mentally retarded subject, then that type of reinforcement could be used to greater advantage in controlling behavior than some other, less effective kind of reinforcer.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Johnson, James E.

The Effects of Music and Operant Conditioning on Gross Motor Activity of Profound Mental Retardates

Description: It has not yet been demonstrated that music can be used therapeutically with profoundly retarded children. One way these children might be helped to respond to music, and therapeutically benefit from it, would be to use operant conditioning in an effort to enhance gross motor activity and then progressively shape responses until more complex behavior patterns are formed. Once these children can respond motorically in the presence of musical stimuli, continuation of responding may be possible by pairing motor activity with musical stimuli. This experiment investigated the effects of operant conditioning and music on the motor activity of profoundly retarded children in an effort to determine the therapeutic usefulness of music with such children.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Addison, Max R.

The Effects of Musical Stimuli on the Gross Motor Activity of Profound Mental Retardates

Description: It was the purpose of this present study to investigate the effects of two types of music, tonic and sedative, on the gross motor activity of profound mental retardates. The primary objective was to determine if therapeutic benefits resulting from the application of music could be extended to profound retardates as has already been demonstrated with other levels of retardation.
Date: May 1969
Creator: Angelloz, Robert E.

Employer Attitude toward the Mentally Retarded - an Application of a Cognitive Theory of Attitude Structure

Description: It was the purpose of this study to investigate some of the factors related to employers' attitudes toward the hiring of a mentally retarded individual. More specifically, an attempt was made to answer the question, "Why do employers hold favorable or unfavorable attitudes toward the hiring of the retarded?"
Date: August 1966
Creator: Weinberger, Mary Ann

The Generality of Cognitive Complexity

Description: The purpose of the present investigation was to investigate the relationship of cognitive complexity, as measured by a quantitative index of human movement responses, and the number of different constructs in one psychological system.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Rosen, Eugene E.

Humor Appreciation as a Means of Predicting Creative Individuals

Description: The problem of this thesis is the question of whether appreciation of humor is characteristic of adult creatives. Also, can the humor factor be a significant factor in the prediction of creative individuals? As a consequence of the theory and experimental evidence associated with the relationship between humor and creativity, the following hypothesis is formulated for further study: there is a significantly positive relationship between humor appreciation and creative ability.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Fallis, Frank D.

Influence of Vocational Training on the Self-Concept of the Physically Handicapped

Description: This study was conducted in order to investigate the hypothesis that the vocational rehabilitation training situation is itself therapeutic. The training situation is of course attempting to complete the final phase of rehabilitation by actually helping the handicapped individual to go out into the world again as a productive human being.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Diamond, Harriet A.

Interpersonal Preception: the Accuracy of First Impressions and Attitude Change as a Function of Self-Image and Age Similarities

Description: It is the intent of this study to investigate an aspect of the accuracy of first impressions and the stability of attitudes formed on the basis of these impressions. The study of first impressions and their influence on behavior is one aspect of the general topic of person perception.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Townsend, Philip C.

The Interrelationships among Anxiety, Intelligence, and Academic Achievement in College Students

Description: It was the purpose of this study to investigate the nature of the relationships among anxiety, achievement, and intelligence. It was deduced that anxiety and intelligence work together mainly at the level of average intelligence. At this level, the addition of drive in the form of anxiety increases performance level, while a lack of drive or anxiety decreases that level. The influence of anxiety on academic achievement is insignificant at other levels due to the overriding effects of intelligence.
Date: May 1969
Creator: Combs, Don Carlos

An Investigation into Attitudes toward Death and Attempted Suicide

Description: It was the purpose of this investigation to add to the scientific knowledge of death and suicide and to present an exploratory investigation into the possibility of developing an attitudinal technique or scale of measuring responsiveness toward death, which has to do with how a person responds to his own death and the "death-instincts."
Date: January 1968
Creator: Cash, Larry M.

Personality and Decision Behavior

Description: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality and certain characteristics of decision-making behavior in a modified two-choice probability learning situation. More specifically, this study addresses itself to the following questions: (1) Can personality correlates of the decision-making process be demonstrated? (2) Are personality factors related to individual differences in maximizing tendency, risk-taking, and decisiveness? (3) If such relationships, exist, who do they fit into the framework of existing decision-making theory?
Date: August 1969
Creator: Scarborough, Jerry Paul

Psychometric Patterns of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale Subtests as an Indicator of Schizophrenic Syndromes

Description: The specific objectives of this investigation are as follows: 1. To determine which half -- verbal half or performance half -- of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test contributes most to total intelligence quotient for schizophrenics. 2. To determine whether any significant correlation exists between test scores and patterns of schizophrenics and normals. 3. To determine whether there exists any premature aging process in schizophrenics.
Date: August 1950
Creator: O'Dell, Perry L.