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Monte Carlo Calculations of Reflected Intensities for Real Spherical Atmospheres

Description: To calculate the emergent radiation field, a realistic atmospheric model and algorithm must be developed. The radiation field may be characterized by the emergent intensities of scattered light. This is possible only if the algorithm determines these intensities as dependent upon atmospheric and angular parameters.
Date: January 1969
Creator: Montgomery, John A.

Size Effect in the Electrical Conductivity of Bismuth

Description: If a physical dimension of a metallic specimen is comparable with, or smaller than, the mean free path of the conduction electrons, then the observed electrical conductivity will be less than that of a conventional bulk sample. This phenomenon is called a size effect, and is the result of electron scattering from the specimen surfaces. In the present investigation, measurements were made on electropolished monocrystalline specimens ranging from matchbox geometry to thick-film geometry in order to obtain further information on the size effect in bismuth at liquid helium temperatures.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Vaughn, Bobby J.

Nuclear Reactions on the Palladium Isotopes

Description: The problem of interest in this investigation was to determine the cross sections of five nuclear reactions which occur when irradiating natural palladium with neutrons which have energy values of 15.1, 15.9, and 16.3 MeV. The cross sections were measured relative to a copper monitor which was "sandwitched" in with the palladium target.
Date: December 1970
Creator: White, Ronald Lee

A Study of the Celestial Gamma-ray Flux

Description: This thesis is a study of the celestial gamma-ray flux. It reviews several of the proposed mechanisms for producing high energy gamma rays and describes several of the attempts to detect their presence. Also included is a short historical review of the spark chamber, along with a qualitative description of its operation.
Date: June 1967
Creator: Keath, Edwin P. (Edwin Paul),1938-

The Dielectric Constant of Galvinoxyl

Description: The molecules in many substances are know to undergo at characteristic temperatures a change in their rotational freedom in the solid state, signifying either a change in structure of the material of the onset of limited rotation of the molecule about some symmetry axis. The purpose of this research was to determine from dielectric constant measurements over the 100°K-420°K temperature range whether or not the organic free radical galvinoxyl and its diamagnetic parent molecule, dihydroxydiphenylmethane, undergo any such transitions.
Date: May 1968
Creator: Mizell, Michael E.

Microwave Cavity Method for Measuring Plasma Properties

Description: This discussion is concerned primarily with communications blackout during spacecraft entry into a planetary atmosphere. The gas in the shock layer, between shock wave and vehicle surface, ionizes from the intense heating which takes place in the bow shock wave and a viscous region of high gas enthalpy. This ionization may persist throughout the subsequent flow over the vehicle and into the wake, thus completely engulfing the vehicle and its communications elements. The problem will be to simulate a plasma model that will be of interest for hypervelocity reentry vehicles and to provide meaningful expressions for the various plasma parameters of interest (electron density, electron temperature, collision frequency, etc.) in terms of the microwave measurables (amplitude, phase shifts, frequency shifts, polarization, etc.)
Date: August 1969
Creator: Freeman, Ronald H.

Size Dependence in the Electrical Conductivity of Bismuth

Description: In the present investigation, measurements were made at liquid-helium temperatures on single-crystal bismuth samples which had a stair-step geometry in order to study several thicknesses during one helium run. These samples were also thinned to extend the thickness range of the steps to a thinner region. In addition J.E. Parrott's theory is extended to include a diagonal anisotropic relaxation-time tensor and the effect of holes on the size effect. A discussion of the theory of Parrott, and the extension of Parrott's theory in connection with the experimental results is presented.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Granstaff, Shelie M.

Application of the Wigner Formalism to a Slightly Relativistic Quantum Plasma

Description: A slightly relativistic fermion gas is described by the dynamical theory obtained from the Wigner distribution function. The problem is approached in a self-consistent manner including the two-body Darwin Hamiltonian. The goal is to find the departures from equilibrium and dispersion relations for wave propagation in the gas.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Harper, John H.

Gurevich Magnetomorphic Oscillations in Single Crystals of Aluminum at Helium Temperatures

Description: The Sondheimer theory was tested by looking for oscillatory phenomena in a group of single crystals representing a range in dimensions from matchbox geometry to thin-film geometry. The single crystals were identical with respect to impurity content, strain, orientation, surface condition, and probe placement.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Mollenkopf, Howard Charles

Energy Losses of Protons Projected through a Plasma Due to Collisions with Electrons of the Plasma for a Variety of Non-Maxwellian Electron Velocity Distributions

Description: The purpose of this thesis is to study energy losses suffered by protons in traversing a plasma through collision with the electrons of the plasma. For these electrons a variety of non-Maxwellian velocity distributions are assumed.
Date: August 1961
Creator: Kregel, Mark Douglas