UNT Libraries - 21 Matching Results

Search Results

Biological Inhibitors

Description: Four isosteric series of plant growth-regulating compounds were prepared. Using an Avena sativa coleptile assay system, derivatives in series I and IV inhibited segment elongation to a greater degree than did comparable derivatives in series II and III.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Sargent, Dale Roger

Bonding Studies in Group IV Substituted n,n-dimethylanilines

Description: The purpose of the present work is to study the effects of the trimethylsilyl and trimethylgermyl substituents on the N,N-dimethylamino ring system. Both ground and excited state interactions were studied and their magnitudes determined. The experimental data were then used in conjunction with molecular orbital calculations to differentiate among, and determine the importance of, d-p bonding, hyperconjugation or polarization of the trimethylsilyl group on the ground and excited state bonding.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Drews, Michael James

Halogenated 2-Oxetanones

Description: The purpose of this investigation is threefold: (1) to examine in detail the cycloaddition of halogenated ketenes and carbonyl compounds, (2) to study the decarboxylation of the resulting halogenated 2-oxetanones,and (3) to investigate the effect of halogens in the halogenated 2-oxetanones on the nucleophilic addition reaction.
Date: May 1973
Creator: Patel, Arvind D.

High Temperature Enthalpies of the Lead Halides: Enthalpies and Entropies of Fusion

Description: The objectives of this investigation were: 1. To establish calorimetrically the transition temperature for the orthorhombic to cubic transition exhibited by PbF₂ and to determine the enthalpy of this transition. 2. To determine if the solid-solid phase transitions claimed in the literature for PbCl₂, PbF₂, PbBr₂, and PbI₂ were of thermodynamic importance, and if so, to determine the enthalpies of transition. 3. To determine if the discontinuous thermal expansions reported by Hsu for the lead halides were of thermodynamic importance. 4. To obtain reliable heat content data for the lead halides in both the solid and liquid states.
Date: June 1970
Creator: Linsey, Clarence W.

Infrared Studies of Group VIB metal Carbonyl Derivatives

Description: With three different proposals for the bonding in metal carbonyls, it was decided to look into the situation more thoroughly in order to see what other evidence was available to support or refute any of these ideas. It became obvious that a definite contradiction existed between the kinetic evidence of various metal carbonyls, and the concept of MC bond strengths as predicted by Cotton's theory.
Date: August 1971
Creator: Brown, Richard Arthur

Ketene Carbodiimide Cycloadditions

Description: It was proposed to study the cycloaddition of ketenes and carbodiimides in some detail. The first objective was to investigate the general applicability of the reaction as a tool for the synthetic organic chemist in the preparation of a new class of substituted β-lactams; i.e., imino-β-lactams. It was proposed for this part of the research problem to look for the intermediate, either directly or indirectly, by trapping experiments. It was further proposed to study substituent effects in the ketene and carbodiimide and also Investigate the effect of solvent polarity on the reaction rate. From these data, it was hoped that the mechanism of the cycloaddition reaction could be elucidated.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Dorsey, Edwin Darrell

Ketene Reactions: I. The Addition of Acid Chlorides to Dimethylketene ; II. The Cycloaddition of Ketenes to Carbonyl Compounds

Description: Part I describes the addition of several acid chlorides to dimethylketene. The resulting 3-ketoacid chlorides were isolated and characterized. Part II describes the cycloaddition of several aldoketenes to chloral. The ketenes were generated in situ by dehydrohalogenation and dehalogenation of appropriately substituted acyl halides.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Smith, Larry

Kinetic Studies and Vibrational Spectra of Disubstituted Metal Carbonyls

Description: The oxidative elimination reactions of (5-X-phen)Mo(C0)₄ (X = H, CH₃, Cl, NO₂; phen = o-phenanthroline) and (3,4,7,8-(CH₃)₄-phen)Mo(CO)₄ with mercuric chloride in acetone have been investigated. In these reactions, a carbon monoxide group is replaced by two univalent ligands, accompanied by the corresponding increase in coordination number and formal oxidation state of the central metal atom, to give products of the type, (X-phen)Mo(CO)₃(Cl)HgCl. With the exception of (3,4,7,8-(CH₃)₄-phen), the substituted o-phenanthrolines were selected so as to minimize steric differences from one substrate to another while obtaining the widest range of pKₐ of the ligand.
Date: May 1972
Creator: Jernigan, Robert Thorne

Rearrangement of Alkylhaloketene-Cyclopentadiene Adducts in Basic Solution--A New Synthesis of 2-Alkyltropones

Description: This research is concerned with determining whether the previously reported synthesis of tropolone by the solvolysis of the dichloroketene-cyclopentadiene adduct in sodium acetate and acetic acid could be used to prepare 2-alkyltropones from the adducts of alkylhaloketenes and cyclopentadiene. The information obtained from these rearrangements could be useful in determining the mechanism of the ring expansion of halogenated ketene-cyclopentadiene adducts to tropone derivatives.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Hieble, Jacob Paul, 1948-

The Recombination Rate Coefficient of Molecular Helium Ions in a Pulsed Afterglow at 1.86 Torr

Description: The recombination rate coefficient for molecular helium ions has been measured in a pulsed afterglow at 1.86 Torr as a function of electron temperature and electron density without making a priori assumptions about the functional dependence. The concentrations of the molecular ions and electrons were measured and the source terms for the molecular ions were included in the rate equation.
Date: August 1972
Creator: Hicks, Helen Segrave

Syntheses of Antimetabolites

Description: In these studies several different types of antimetabolites were synthesized, and their biological effects were examined in various assay systems. More extensive investigations were done in microbial systems in which many of the compounds proved to be inhibitory to growth, and attempts were made to determine the mode of biochemical action by adding supplements of the appropriate natural metabolite.
Date: January 1970
Creator: Clifton, George Gil

Synthesis and Study of Metabolic Antagonists

Description: The central nature of nicotinamide in metabolic processes as a part of the NAD and NADP coenzyme systems prompted the synthesis of a series of N-nicotinyl- and N-isonicotinyl-N'- (substituted)ureas as potential metabolite antagonists of the vitamin. The compounds which were synthesized may be represented by the following general structure, where R = hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, n-hexyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl and a-naphthyl. The observed toxicity of the N-nicotinyl-N'-(substituted)urea analogs may be attributed to the formation of a non-functional N-nicotinyl-N'-(substituted)urea-NAD analog through an exchange reaction catalyzed by NAD-ases in the cell. Support for this view was obtained by an in vitro enzymic synthesis of Nnicotinyl- N'-ethylurea-NAD analog employing N-nicotinyl-7- 1 4CN'- ethylurea. The labeled derivative was characterized through spectral, chromatographic, and chemical reaction studies.
Date: August 1973
Creator: Masingale, Robert Edesta