World War Two Collection - 154 Matching Results

Search Results

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William J. Bates, February 7, 2001

Description: Interview with Navy veteran William J. Bates. The interview includes Bates' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education, the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, flight training, leaving naval aviation and attending Midshipman's School, being assigned to APc-21, operations off the coast of New Guinea with the VII Amphibious Force, providing escort duty for LCTs during assaults along the coast of New Guinea, the sinking of APc-21 by Japanese planes off New Britain Island, recuperating in New Guinea, returning to the States and being assigned to ATR-22, transferring to fleet tug ARA-182 as commanding officer, having convoy duty in the South Pacific, riding out a typhoon, disposing of Navy equipment after the war, and returning to the States.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: February 7, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bates, William J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Description: Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Clemens, John J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000

Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: August 8, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Cole, Richard E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Japanese Attitudes Toward Prisoners of War: Feudal Resurgence in Kokutai No Hongi

Description: During World War II, the Japanese earned the reputation for cruelty toward their prisoners which surpassed the treatment accorded to POWs held by Germany and Italy. The conduct exhibited by the Japanese soldier was the result of a combination of ancient social and religious traditions made manifest by twentieth century documents. Through constant inculcation of ancient myths nurtured by a national religion, the Japanese believed that their holy mission was world domination. Believing themselves to be of divine origin, they treated all other races as inferior; therefore, the POWs suffered cruelties as sub-humans. The Japanese inflicted punishment and torture in the name of their emperor, believing that they did so through divine instruction. This study reveals how they arrived at this conviction.
Date: December 1990
Creator: Jones, Waller F. (Waller Finley)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986

Description: Interview with executive of Caltex Petroluem Corporation, Leigh D. Josephson, including his personal experiences related to employment with Standard Oil of California, his assignment to Bahrain and transfer to Caltex, the construction of Ras Tanura refinery in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the Bapco refinery in Bahrain. Josephson also talks about refinery operations in Bahrain during and after World War II, his various positions and responsibilities with Caltex and Bapco, work in Bahrain and the Philippines, his personal relationship with the Bahraini royal family, and the OPEC and Arab oil embargoes in 1967.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 27, 1989
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Josephson, Leigh D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : 4 years after Pearl Harbor

Description: Front: Text describes photographs: U.S. destroyer Shaw -- Third Fleet Unit -- Nazis march in Vienna -- 35th Infantry Division troops in Polch, Poland -- Joachim von Ribbentrop -- Signatures on the United Nations Security Charter -- Nipponese who helped capture the headquarters of Chinese 29th Army at Tungchow -- Pfc. Cecil Cunningham, of St. Louis, MO in Tokyo -- Navy Secretary Frank Knox draws the second number in the Third Selective Service drawing -- Five Michigan men leave a separation center at Fort Sheridan, Ill. after discharge. Back: Map shows eastern portion of the United States with population statistics by state and per person income payments in 1940 and 1944.
Date: December 10, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Demobilization

Description: Front: Text and illustrations highlight the three phases of the demobilization plan. Back: A message from General Eisenhower (from an address delivered at Ottawa, 10 January 1946).
Date: January 28, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : End of a myth

Description: Front: The text highlights the methods by which Japan adopted democractic principals after the war ended. Map: a typical Japanese village on Echigo Plain. Photographs: Images of Hirohito dressed in royal robes and Western style clothing Back: The 1946 calendar. Phrase: Soldiers' deposits pay 4% interest : see your personnel officer.
Date: January 14, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Moscow conference decisions

Description: Front: Text describes 5 Moscow conference decisions. Maps: Moscow conference decisions as reflected on the global map. Includes photograph of Ernest Bevin (Britain), V. M. Molotov (Russia) and James F. Byrnes (U.S.) Back: Reenlistment. List of reasons to reenlist. Charts of income and retirement income for enlisted classes.
Date: January 7, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : The atomic question

Description: Front: Text highlights some of the issues of using atomic energy and weapons. Includes information on the three-nation [U.S., Great Britain, Canada] declaration on atomic energy. Photographs: Smoke from an atomic bomb blast towers miles above Nagasaki; All but the base of a steel tower holding an atomic bomb was vaporized during test explosion in New Mexico; Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer; These men took part in the atomic bomb conferences at the White House : Prime Minister Attlee; President Truman; Prime Minister Mackenzie King; T. L. Rowan, Attlee's secretary; Dr. Vannevar Bush, U. S. expert; Maj. Gen. E. I. C. Jacob, British expert; Representative Charles A. Eaton of New Jersey; Senator Brian McMahon of Connecticut; Canadian Ambassador Lester B. Pearson; Secretary of State James F. Byrnes; Representative Sol Bloom of New York; Admiral William D. Leahy; the Japanese city of Hiroshima after it had been leveled by an atomic bomb. Back: Text and illustration give a progress report on demobilization of Army, Marines, and Navy as of 1 November 1945.
Date: November 26, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : the planned assault on Japan

Description: Front: Text is an excerpt from the Biennial Report of The Chief of Staff, United States Army, 1 July 1943 to 30 June 1945, to the secretary of war showing plans for the invasion of Japan. Map: Japan. Back: Map and figures show the world population in 1940 and projected to 1970. Also gives population and projections for selected areas.
Date: October 15, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : the Sun is down

Description: Front: The text highlights what happened in the first weeks of the occupation of Japan. Photographs: General MacArthur receives Emperor Hirohito at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo -- Japanese officer reads demobilization order to Japanese troops in Tokyo -- Shinto priests -- Gen. Yamashita, on war-criminal list, has been arraigned in Manila -- American officers inspect records of the Bank of Japan in Tokyo. Back: Illustration of material goods arrayed on the outline of the United States is accompanied by text showing the good things of American life.
Date: October 22, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Unity in China

Description: Front: Text highlights the new blueprint for a united democracy in China including Military Agreement, Coalition Government, and Civil Reform. Photographs: Prelude to unity: Gen. Marshall ... Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and Mme. Chiang -- New freedom for the common man -- "Cease fire" ordered in Chungking: Gen. Chou En-Lai and Gen. Chang Chun Back: Text and illustrations show how the world has grown very small in terms of travel time since the invention of the steamship, the locomotive, and the airplane.
Date: February 11, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, December 21, 1942 : week of December 11 to December 18

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Libya; Tunisia; New Guinea; Solomons; China; Russia; Aleutians Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: New Guinea; Mediterranean Sea; Russian front. Photographs: Supply dock; wrecked by recoil; Captured Italian flag; Hot on Rommel's heels; Yanks advance on Japs in New Guinea Back: Text describes the history and power of infantry. Includes 19 photographs and a map of Stalingrad and the Caucasus operations area.
Date: December 21, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, November 16, 1942 : week of November 6 to November 13

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: North Africa, Libya, Southern Europe, New Guinea, Solomons, Russia, Aleutians, Far East waters, Madagascar. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Smaller map (3 insets): Invasion of Africa. Photographs: Practice led to invasion -- Tanks land for beach operation -- German planes caught by long-range fighters -- Captured Nazi officers perch on hood of British jeep. Back: Why we fight! Also includes photographs.
Date: November 16, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, April 26, 1943 : week of April 16 to April 23 : 189th week of the war, 71st week of U.S. participation

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tunisia, Raid on Japan, Southwest Pacific, Italy, Air offensive, Russia, Aleutians. Large world map is keyed to text. Shows United Nations countries, Axis and Axis occupied areas, countries with Axis relations broken, and neutral countries. Inset maps show Italy, Sardinia, and northern Tunisia; Axis held areas in Tunisia; Nazi held areas around the Sea of Azov. Back: Fox Holes: Dig!..Or Die! Photographs and illustrations describing proper fox hole preparation and use.
Date: April 26, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New Guinea -- China -- Philippines -- Siberia --Mediterranean -- Western Europe -- Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Action in New Guinea -- Drive to the Caucasas -- Vital distances in Europe, Africa, and Western Asia. Photographs: Combat photo taken through a submarine's periscope of a sinking Japanese destroyer -- U.S. aid to Russia -- Tommy goes over [method of crossing a river] -- Jap 'Belly tank' -- Stingers on the Flying Fortress.
Date: August 3, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department