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Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
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Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Description: Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo.
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Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Clemens, John J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
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Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986

Description: Interview with executive of Caltex Petroluem Corporation, Leigh D. Josephson, including his personal experiences related to employment with Standard Oil of California, his assignment to Bahrain and transfer to Caltex, the construction of Ras Tanura refinery in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the Bapco refinery in Bahrain. Josephson also talks about refinery operations in Bahrain during and after World War II, his various positions and responsibilities with Caltex and Bapco, work in Bahrain and the Philippines, his personal relationship with the Bahraini royal family, and the OPEC and Arab oil embargoes in 1967.
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Date: May 27, 1989
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Josephson, Leigh D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New Guinea -- China -- Philippines -- Siberia --Mediterranean -- Western Europe -- Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Action in New Guinea -- Drive to the Caucasas -- Vital distances in Europe, Africa, and Western Asia. Photographs: Combat photo taken through a submarine's periscope of a sinking Japanese destroyer -- U.S. aid to Russia -- Tommy goes over [method of crossing a river] -- Jap 'Belly tank' -- Stingers on the Flying Fortress.
Date: August 3, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, September 27, 1943 : week of September 16 to September 23, 211th week of the war, 93rd week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Sardinia and Corsica, Russia, Southwest pacific, Dodecanese Is., Gilbert Is., Yugoslavia. Maps show Russian front; European fronts; Jap-controlled territory in Southwest Pacific. Inset map shows battle line of Russian front on July 5th. Includes 7 photographs of war action. Back: Progress of the War : Report from the Chief of Staff to the Secretary of War : 1 July 1941 to 30 June 1943. Extensive text with 2 maps: Deployment of American troops; Time and space chart: air and water logistics.
Date: September 27, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 233rd week of the war, 115th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Central Pacific, Southwest Pacific, Air war, Burma, USSR. Maps show air attacks from London to various sites in Germany; New Ireland; south Pacific; Truk Is. Includes photographs: "Island forts", Marine corps set up radio telephone sets at Roi Island, Leathernecks set up machine guns immediately upon landing, All-Negro Ninety-Ninth Fighter Squadron at Anzio, German prisoners disembark from an LST to a prison camp, wounded female Jugoslav guerillas arrive in Malta, General Sir Harold Alexander chats with Yank rangers near Cisterno. Back: Text states "In Mein Kampf, Hitler stated that his plan was to destroy France first, then England, after which he would have the United States cornered without a fight!."
Date: February 28, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Morale Services Division. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 246th week of the war, 128th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Pacific, USSR, China, Southeast Asia, Western Europe. Maps: Central Italy showing current offensive areas and the battle line as of 11 May, 1944; Extent of Allied ground force operations. Includes photographs: 20,000 ft. column of smoke rising from Ploesti, Romania; Supply column heads north through Castelforte, Italy; American soldier walks through piles of rubble in the aftermath of heavy shelling; Amphibious "ducks" outside Anzio, laden with supplies for Fifth Army troops; Tanks emerge from the Assam Hills in northern India; Army nurse Lt. Jane Easton of Atlantic City, NJ and nurse Doru Chu of China tend to Corp. George Sammy of Gary, Ind. in China, Lt. La Retta Matthews of Lakeland, FL and Lt. Carolyn Taylor, Douglaston, L.I., N.Y. converse with a fabric shop owner in a Chinese city. Back: New Guinea. Map (continuation of map issued in Newsmap v. 2, no. 37).
Date: May 29, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 255th week of the war, 137th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts : Eastern front, France, Italy, Marianas, Southwest Pacific. Maps: northern Italy; Pacific Ocean; Guam, Rota, Tinian, Saipan. Photographs: flight deck of aircraft carrier, unloading of LST, German submarine pen, weapons left during Lt. Gen. Stilwell's retreat. Back: Map of Europe as viewed from the Soviet Union. Scale [ca. 1:7,000,000] 1 map : col. ; 77 x 116 cm.
Date: July 31, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 262nd week of the war, 144th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts : France, Eastern front, Philippines, Italy, China. Maps: Europe; Where American 3rd and 7th armies joined forces [France-Germany]; Central Asia: China attacks/Jap drives/B-29 target [markers on a map of China near Chungking]; [Advances in Italy and the Balkans]. Photographs: Sgt. Lewis F. Clancy talks over old times with Petit Victor in Oise, France; B-24 Liberators are hit and downed by Luftwaffe in Austria. Back: A chronological series of maps illustrate the conquest and liberation of France [1939-1944]. Includes photograph: French children salute and wave at soldiers in an armored tank.
Date: September 18, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 263rd week of the war, 145th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: France, Pacific, Italy, China-Burma, Eastern front. Maps: North Burma; France; Western Pacific; Warsaw. Insets: Palau Islands; Morotai. Back:"Mindanao, Philippine Islands." Two different oblique views of the island. The large image shows it as seen from the southwest.
Date: September 25, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 264th week of the war, 146th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: France, Eastern front, China, Pacific, Italy. Maps: Eastern Europe; France; China front; Gulf of Genoa. Back: "If each of us wastes a pound of war material..." Text and illustration show that it isn't just money, materials or manpower that are lost. But, waste can lose battles and cost lives.
Date: October 2, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 265th week of the war, 147th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Western front "Hellfire Corner", Eastern front, Balkans, Italy, Pacific, China. Maps: France, Palau Islands, Eastern front. Back: "Dots in the sky-- dynamite on the ground! [Operation Uppercut].
Date: October 9, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 267th week of the war, 149th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Pacific, Western front, Eastern front, Italy, China, the Philippines Maps: Germany, the Philippines, Italy. Back: Large map of the United States and adjoining portions of Canada and Mexico. Includes inset map of naval districts beyond the continental United States, population of the states, sixteenth census, 1940.
Date: October 23, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 268th week of the war, 150th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Philippine action, Chinese offensive, Western front drives, Soviet victory guns, Italian progress. Maps: Manila (Philippines); Pacific area; Philippine Islands; European front; Netherlands. Back: Your submarine, versatile warship. Cutaway cross section shows key features of a submarine. 3 photographs illustrate life aboard a submarine. Includes text from an Official Report of Admiral Ernest J. King, USN, Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet, and chief of Naval Operations, to the Secretary of the Navy.
Date: October 30, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 269th week of the war, 151st week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: U.S. Naval Victory, Pearl Harbor Battleships, Allied Drives, Northern Action Maps: Central Europe, the Philippines, includes inset map. Back: Text and illustration describe how a vicious rumor is deadly and advises people to spike all rumors and never repeat them.
Date: November 6, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 270th week of the war, 152nd week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Drive to Free Port, Russian Soil Cleared, B-29s Bomb Singapore, Leyte Action, Eleventh Army Group, Maps: [Eastern Europe], Road to Cologne [Germany], Philippines (Northern Half), Netherlands Battle Front. Back: Post-war plans: a series of four cartoons emphasize the importance of a soldier using money wisely if he wants to achieve post-war goals. Options listed are soldiers' deposits, personal transfer account, class E allotments of pay, war bonds, and national service life insurance.
Date: November 13, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 271st week of the war, 153rd week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Open Metz drive, Strong barriers ahead, Pressure on Budapest, Tirpitz goes down, Japs stiffen resistance, B-29s over targets, Evacuate U.S. air base. Maps: Western front, Budapest to Miskolc front, Third Army offensive, Leyte, Allied troops strike south in Burma. Back: Text highlights amphibian armies' combat strategies and victories. Includes 3 photographs plus images of the Ampib's shoulder patch and pocket patch.
Date: November 20, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 272nd week of the war, 154th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Open general offensive, Armies in action, Italian fighting bitter, Budapest under siege, U.S. planes hit Manila, Japs increase pressure, Ledo-Burma Road. Maps: Leyte progress, Italian front, Allied offensive, Budapest to Miskolc. Back: Text and 12 photographs highlight the "Mulberry" secret floating harbor used with the European invasion.
Date: November 27, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department