World War One Collection - 79 Matching Results

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Le Cardinal Mercier protège la Belgique.

Description: Illustration of Cardinal Mercier in a gold cape and mitre (headdress). He holds a staff in his left hand. A fallen man is slumped over at his feet and there is a crowd of people behind him, most of whom appear to be women. The Cardinal is depicted in color and the other people are depicted in black & white.
Date: 1916
Creator: Fouqueray, Charles, 1869-1956.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pour que la France soit victorieuse! : souscrivez au 4ème Emprunt de la Défense Nationale, Crédit Français, 52_54, rue de Châteaudun, Paris.

Description: Lithograph, of a black and white drawing of a cock and an eagle preparing to fight. The eagle wears a crown. The French cock appears to be standing over a miniature town. The imperial eagle is representative of the Central Powers and the Gallic cock is a symbol of France. The poster is bordered with a blue, white, and red stripe.
Date: 1918
Creator: Scott, Georges Bretin, 1873-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pour le triomphe, souscrivez à l'emprunt national : les souscriptions sont reçues à Paris et en province à la Banque Nationale de Crédit.

Description: French soldiers of World War I march on the ground through the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. From the clouds, a crowd of soldiers from past wars descend to join them. The figure of Bellona (the Roman goddess of war) of the "Marseillaise" sculpture on the arch appears to urge the soldiers on to battle.
Date: 1918
Creator: SEM
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

L'Emprunt de la Libération.

Description: A white-mustached man resembling Kaiser Wilhelm II, wearing a white helmet and cape, and holding a broken sword, kneels dejectedly with his head down. Above and behind him is held a large group of flags of the Allied states.
Date: unknown
Creator: Faivre, Abel, 1867-1945.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pour la France, versez votre or : l'or combat pour la victoire.

Description: A frightened German soldier holding a rifle in both hands is forced down onto one knee by the weight of a giant French coin which has landed on his arm. On the coin is a bas-relief of a rooster which appears to be escaping the surface of the coin to attack the soldier. Imprinted on the coin is the text: "LIBERTE - EGALITE - FRATERNITE" and "1915".
Date: 1915
Creator: Faivre, Abel, 1867-1945.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

To Berlin: S O S.

Description: Illustration of a man running with a very large parcel on his back. The parcel is labeled: "RUSH, US". The man's hat has fallen off behind him and he carries artillery shells. A shadow behind the parcel appears to be an artillery gun.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Red Cross]

Description: Color poster of a Red Cross nurse coming to the assistance of a woman and directing her to a Red Cross building. The nurse wears a blue cape and a long blue headdress resembling a nun's habit and veil. The assisted woman is carrying a large cloth bundle and appears to be a refugee in distress.
Date: 1918
Creator: Cappiello, Leonetto, 1875-1942.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Establishing the American Way of Death: World War I and the Foundation of the United States’ Policy Toward the Repatriation and Burial of Its Battlefield Dead

Description: This thesis examines the policies and procedures created during and after the First World War that provided the foundation for how the United States commemorated its war dead for the next century. Many of the techniques used in modern times date back to the Great War. However, one hundred years earlier, America possessed very few methods or even ideas about how to locate, identify, repatriate, and honor its military personnel that died during foreign conflicts. These ideas were not conceived in the halls of government buildings. On the contrary, concerned citizens originated many of the concepts later codified by the American government. This paper draws extensively upon archival documents, newspapers, and published primary sources to trace the history of America’s burial and repatriation policies, the Army Graves Registration Services, and how American dead came to permanently rest in military cemeteries on the continent of Europe. The unprecedented dilemma of over 80,000 American soldiers buried in France and surrounding countries at the conclusion of the First World War in 1918 propelled the United States to solve many social, political, and military problems that arose over the final disposition of those remains. The solutions to those problems became the foundation for how America would repatriate, honor, and mourn its military dead for the next century. Some of these battles persist even today as the nation tries to grapple with the proper way to commemorate the nation’s participation in the First World War on the eve of the conflict’s centennial.
Date: August 2015
Creator: Hatzinger, Kyle J.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Portuguese Expeditionary Corps in World War I: From Inception to Destruction, 1914-1918

Description: The Portuguese Expeditionary Force fought in the trenches of northern France from April 1917 to April 1918. on 9 April 1918 the sledgehammer blow of Operation Georgette fell upon the exhausted Portuguese troops. British accounts of the Portuguese Corps’ participation in combat on the Western Front are terse. Many are dismissive. in fact, Portuguese units experienced heavy combat and successfully held their ground against all attacks. Regarding Georgette, the standard British narrative holds that most of the Portuguese soldiers threw their weapons aside and ran. the account is incontrovertibly false. Most of the Portuguese combat troops held their ground against the German assault. This thesis details the history of the Portuguese Expeditionary Force.
Date: May 2012
Creator: Pyles, Jesse
Partner: UNT Libraries

1778-1783. America owes France the most unalterable gratitude : 1917- -- . French Comrade your children shall be as our children.

Description: Black and white drawing of a soldier saluting the grave of another soldier. A weeping boy and a girl kneeling in prayer are at his sides. In the sky to the upper right there is a faint drawing of a row of soldiers standing guard and a commander on horseback.
Date: 1918
Creator: Jonas, Lucien, 1880-1947.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

3e Emprunt de la Défense Nationale : souscrivez : pour la France qui combat! Pour celle qui chaque jour grandit.

Description: A bearded man in a blue coat and helmet holds a young child in his arms. In front of him, a mother is seated and breastfeeding an infant. The man and child are illustrated in color, while the image of the mother and infant is a black pencil drawing.
Date: 1917
Creator: Leroux, Jules Marie Auguste, 1871-1954.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Et maintenant tressons des couronnes pour ceux que nous attendons et aussi pour ceux qui ne reviendront plus.

Description: Drawing of two women, one dressed in the traditional shawl and bonnet of the Lorraine region of France, and the other dressed in Alsatian traditional dress and black headdress ("coiffe alsacienne"). They are holding red flowers and flower rings. A cathedral can be seen in the distant background. (Alsace-Lorraine was a part of France ceded to the German Empire in 1871. It was reverted to France at the end of the First World War.)
Date: unknown
Creator: Abel-Truchet, Louis, 1857-1918.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sure! We'll finish the job : Victory Liberty Loan.

Description: A smiling man wearing a hat and overalls stands. He wears an indigo shirt, sleeves rolled up and showing the cuff of a red undershirt. On his overalls are pinned four buttons depicting patriotic symbols of the United States.
Date: 1918
Creator: Beneker, Gerrit A. (Gerrit Albertus), 1882-1934.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food will win the war : you came here seeking freedom, you must now help to preserve it : wheat is needed for the Allies, waste nothing.

Description: Color poster of people standing on a boat or shoreline near the sea. They appear to be European immigrants. In the foreground, a man appears to be pleading with a woman holding a basket of food. In the background can be seen part of a large ship, the Statue of Liberty, and a rainbow stretching across the New York skyline. A man waves his cap in that direction.
Date: 1918
Creator: Chambers, Charles Edward, ca. 1883-1941.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comptoir National D'escompte de Paris : Emprunt National 1918 : pour hâter la Victoire, et pour nous revoir bientôt, souscrivez!

Description: Color poster of two women smiling. The woman on the left is wearing a large black Alsatian headdress ("coiffe alsacienne"). She is raising one arm in the air as if to salute and has her other arm around the shoulder of the other woman. The woman on the right is holding flowers. She wears a white bonnet and a shawl, typical of the region of Lorraine. Both women wear blue-white-and-red rosettes on their headwear. A bird flies at the lower left side of the picture. (Alsace-Lorraine was a part of France ceded to the German Empire in 1871. It was reverted to France at the end of the First World War.)
Date: 1918
Creator: Leroux, Jules Marie Auguste, 1871-1954.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An die deutschen frauen!

Description: Instructions to the women of Germany, urging them to provide assistance and support in the war effort. Text is in a medieval-style font.
Date: August 6, 1914
Creator: Auguste Viktoria, Empress, consort of William II, German Emperor, 1858-1921.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[World War One Small Box Gas Mask]

Description: World War One-era "small box respirator" gas mask, consisting of a canvas or cloth face piece, with inset glass or resin eye lenses, and straps that wrap around the back of the head. The front of the mask has a valve located behind a cloth-covered tube that goes over the mouth and attaches to a small yellow metal box containing activated charcoal (made of peach pits or the pits from other stone fruits). The wearer would have breathed only through the mouth, inhaling air scrubbed clean by the charcoal in the box, and had their nose squeezed shut by a clip inside the mask.
Date: [1914..1918]
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[World War One Doughboy Helmet]

Description: Doughboy helmet owned by Alvin Mansfield Owsley during World War One, made of steel with an anjustable leather chin strap. Officially known as the M1917 Helmet, it was also known colloquially as the dishpan hat, tin pan hat, washbasin, battle bowler, and Kelly helmet.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Su gli argini del Piave, dove maestosa si erge la Storica e millenario Venezia, l'orgoglio Unno trova certo tomba per l'eroismo delle legioni alleati : On this side of the Piave, where the beautiful and ancient City of Venice stands, the haughty Huns will surely meet death from the hands of the Heroic and Allied Legions.

Description: Color poster depicts a battle scene with the British, American, French and Italian forces on one side of the river and the enemy on the other side. In the background there is a view of the buildings of Venice. A female figure wearing a crown and draped in a red skirt hovers over the scene holding an Italian flag and a sword. A large yellow star shines behind her and over the city. At her feet are the words, "Da qui non si passa" ("They shall not pass"). At the upper left hand corner are small portraits of "Generale Diaz" (Armando Vittorio Diaz of Italy), "Presidente Poincare" [sic] (Raymond Poincaré, President of France), "Vict. Emm. III." (Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy), "Re Giorgio" (King George V of England), and "Pres. W. Wilson" (Woodrow Wilson, President of U.S.A.). Beneath Wilson's portrait flies a bird bearing a banner, "Per la libertà dei popoli" ("For freedom of the peoples").
Date: 1918
Creator: Petronzio, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Item 2: World War I (4)

Description: This is the 2nd of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The footage begins with American troops marching through rainy streets in France, then taking wagons on French roads and gearing up for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The footage then shows American guns firing the first shots of the 47-day Meuse-Argonne battle, an artillery observer being launched into the air in a balloon with an early radio, then being shot down by planes and parachuting to safety while anti-aircraft guns shoot at the plane with the balloon bursting into flames afterward. The battle scenes include early night-time battle footage, artillery fire, a Renault FT-17 Tank, and various troop movement. As the troops move into the Argonne Forest the footage shows various small conflicts, the assessment of a wounded soldier, dead lying in the fields, and villages in ruins. The footage also features Generals Foch and Pershing giving an update, troops in downtime, prisoners marching, Pershing pinning medals on American troops, troops playing with a lion cub, milking a goat, dressing as women and dancing, and gambling entertainment.
Date: 1927
Creator: US Army Signal Corp
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Item 5: World War I (3)

Description: This film is the 3rd of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The footage opens with radio operators working in the trenches, various scenes of battle planning, artillery firing, wounded soldiers being removed from a battlefield and the dead left behind. The film then moves to the American forces move toward Soissons, crossing the Marne, and taking Chateau Thierry. The American troops are seen eating, washing, getting haircuts, and welcoming more troops and supplies from ships from the United States. Footage shows the city of supplies at Gievres, an industrial cooking demonstration, and General Pershing writing commands. The film then moves into the opening of the Saint-Mihiel Offensive of 12 Sep 1918 with many artillery scenes, Renault tanks, soldiers cutting barbed wire at dawn, and troops running out of bunkers to fight. An airplane dogfight is captured on film from this battle, ending with the German pilot being shot down and taken prisoner. Troops are then shown digging in Howitzers, crossing enemy lines, surveying the German dead, helping wounded American troops off the field, resting, then going back the next day. In the German fortifications they find a dog used for sending messages. Troops are seen eating, feeding villagers, and marching German prisoners through the streets. The footage then moves to show the American and Australian troops marching through the Hindenburg line together. The footage ends showing the St. Quentin Canal Tunnel, and King Albert and Queen Elisabeth of Belgium watch the American troops marching.
Date: 1927
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections