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Unconventional height functions in simultaneous Diophantine approximation
This article discusses three examples of nonstandard height functions, computing their exponents of irrationality as well as giving more precise results.
Further Numerical Analyses on the Solubility of Sulfapyridine in Ethanol + Water Mixtures
This article aims to correlate the solubility of sulfapyridine and sulfadiazine in ethanol + water mixtures by means of the Jouyban-Acree model, and to evaluate the preferential solvation of sulfapyridine in these mixtures by using the inverse Kirkwood-Buff integrals.
Is Exposure to Macondo Oil Reflected in the Otolith Chemistry of Marsh-Resident Fish?
This article evaluates otolith microchemistry as a method for assessing oil exposure history.
ROS Are Good
This opinion article focuses on the possibility that ROS are beneficial to plants, supporting cellular proliferation, physiological function, and viability, and that maintaining a basal level of ROS in cells is essential for life.
Laser Ablated Carbon Nanodots for Light Emission
This article reports the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots-like nanostructures obtained through the laser ablation of a carbon solid target in liquid environment is reported.
Archaeology, Heritage, and Moral Terrains: Two Cases from the Mesa Verde Region
This article applies an environmental justice lens to two archaeological research narratives, one centering on chemical analysis of biomolecular artifact residues and the other on paleohydrology and Pueblo farming.
Using Paired Depth Interviews to Collect Qualitative Data
This article defines and describes paired depth interviews, discusses conceptualizations of paired depth interviews using Roulston's framework, delineates the strengths and limitations of paired depth interviews, and provides examples of paired depth interviews utilized in helping professions.
Role of exponential type random invexities for asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programming
This article introduces several notions of random exponential type asymptotic invexities to establish results to the context of a class of asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programing.
Relative Rate and Product Studies of the Reactions of Atomic Chlorine with Tetrafluoroethylene, 1,2-Dichloro-1,2-difluoroethylene, 1,1-Dichloro-2,2-difluoroethylene, and Hexafluoro-1,3-butadiene in the Presence of Oxygen
This article assesses rates of reactions in the context of atmospheric chemistry.
Cognitive impairment among World Trade Center responders: Long-term implications of re-experiencing the 9/11 terrorist attacks
This article examines the association between World Trade Center (WTC)-related post-traumatic stress disorder and cognitive impairment in WTC responders.
Book Review: The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature
Book Review of "The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature" written by David George Haskell.
The deepest X-ray view of high-redshift galaxies: constraints on low-rate black hole accretion
This article exploits the 7 Ms Chandra observations in the Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S), the deepest X-ray survey to date, coupled with CANDELS/GOODS-S data, to measure the total X-ray emission arising from 2076 galaxies at 3.5 ≤ z ≤ 6.5.
Glucose or Altered Ceramide Biosynthesis Mediate Oxygen Deprivation Sensitivity Through Novel Pathways Revealed by Transcriptome Analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans
This article discusses how RNA-sequencing analysis was performed to assess how a glucose-supplemented diet and/or a hyl-2 mutation altered the transcriptome.
Biomass burning drives atmospheric nutrient redistribution within forested peatlands in Borneo
This article quantifies the influence of fire on biogeochemical fluxes of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur in a 12 ha forested peatland in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Reactive oxygen species, abiotic stress and stress combination
This article reviews recent studies on the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in abiotic stress in plants, and propose that different abiotic stresses, such as drought, heat, salinity and high light, result in different ROS signatures that determine the specificity of the acclimation response and help tailor it to the exact stress the plant encounters.
Identification of Novel Genomic Islands in Liverpool Epidemic Strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Segmentation and Clustering
This article utilizes a recursive segmentation and cluster procedure presented as a genome-mining tool, GEMINI, to decipher genomic islands and understand their contributions to the evolution of virulence and antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Redefining Agricultural Residues as Bioenergy Feedstocks
This article presents a review of traits relevant to the development of dual purpose varieties is presented with particular emphasis on stover moisture and stay-green.
Abraham Model Linear Free Energy Relationships as a Means of Extending Solubility Studies to Include the Estimation of Solute Solubilities in Additional Organic Solvents
This article calculates Abraham model solute descriptors for 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline, 2-methyl-6-nitroaniline, and terephthaldialdehyde using experimental solubility data taken from papers published in The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics in 2016.
Flexible Holographic Fabrication of 3D Photonic Crystal Templates with Polarization Control through a 3D Printed Reflective Optical Element
This article systematically studies the holographic fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) structures using a single 3D printed reflective optical element (ROE), taking advantage of the ease of design and 3D printing of the ROE.
Phase Transition Enthalpy Measurements of Organic and Organometallic Compounds. Sublimation, Vaporization and Fusion Enthalpies From 1880 to 2015. Part 1. C1-C10
This article updates a compendium of phase change enthalpies published in 2010 to include the period 1880-2015.
ABA is required for the accumulation of APX1 and MBF1c during a combination of water deficit and heat stress
This article studies the response of mutants impaired in ABA signalling (abi1-1) and biosynthesis (aba1-1) to a combination of water deficit and heat stress.
Gelsolin-Cu/ZnSOD interaction alters intracellular reactive oxygen species levels to promote cancer cell invasion
This article shows that increased gelsolin enhances the invasive capacity of colon cancer cells, and this is mediated via gelsolin's effects in elevating intracellular superoxide levels.
Blood-Based Biomarkers: A blood screening test for Alzheimer's disease
This article describes the first-ever multiethnic referent sample that spans community-based and clinic-based populations for implementation of an Alzheimer's disease blood screen.
The Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: 7 Ms Source Catalogs
This article presents X-ray source catalogs for the ≈7 Ms exposure of the Chandra Deep Field-South (CF-S), which covers a total area of 484.2 arcmin².
The Evolution of Normal Galaxy X-Ray Emission Through Cosmic History: Constraints from the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South
This article presents measurements of the evolution of normal-galaxy X-ray emission from z ≈ 0-7 using local galaxies and galaxy samples in the ≈6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S) survey.
Accumulation of Flavonols over Hydroxycinnamic Acids Favors Oxidative Damage Protetion under Abiotic Stress
This article reports on the characterization of the different antioxidant mechanisms of tomato plants subjected to heat stress, salinity stress, or a combination of both stresses.
Applications of Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) and Orbitrap Based High Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics and Lipidomics
This review explores the latest developments in Fourier transform mass spectrometry and Orbitrap based metabolomics technology, its advantages and drawbacks for using in metabolomics and lipidomics studies, and development of novel approaches for processing high resolution mass spectrometry data.
Epigenetic Inheritance and Its Role in Evolutionary Biology: Re-Evaluation and New Perspectives
This essay poses an argument for epigenetics having a potentially profound role in our understanding of inheritance, natural selection and evolution, and deserving more attention.
Improved bore-sight calibration for airborne light detection and ranging using planar patches
This article proposes an improved method for bore-sight calibration based on the principles of symmetry of coordinate offsets and low correlations between bore-sight angles.
ANXA1 inhibits miRNA-196a in a negative feedback loop through NF-kB and c-Myc to reduce breast cancer proliferation
This article shows that miR196a was highly expressed in ER+MCF-7 breast cancer cells when compared to normal mammary gland cells, with expression levels negatively correlating to ANXA1.
Cardiovascular function, compliance, and connective tissue remodeling in the turtle, Trachemys scripta, following thermal acclimation
This article suggests that cold acclimation alters cardiac shunting patterns with an increased R-L shunt flow, achieved through reducing systemic resistance and increasing systemic blood flow.
Gelsolin-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt pathway is crucial for hepatocyte growth factor-induced cell scattering in gastric carcinoma
This article highlights gelsolin as an important pro-disseminative factor contributing to the aggressive phenotype of diffuse gastric cancer.
Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy of P₂N₃⁻: electron affinity and electronic structures of P₂N₃˙
This article reports a negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES) and ab initio study of the recently synthesized planar aromatic inorganic ion P₂N₃⁻, to investigate the electronic structures of P₂N₃⁻ and its neutral P₂N₃˙ radical.
Holographic Fabrication of Designed Functional Defect Lines in Photonic Crystal Lattice Using a Spatial Light Modulator
This article reports the holographic fabrication of designed defect lines in photonic crystal lattices through phase engineering using a spatial light modulator.
Electrodeposition of Cu-Ni Composite Coatings
This book chapter reviews the electrodeposition of Cu-Ni incorporated with nano- to microparticles to produce metal matrix composites.
Towards a Neuronal Gauge Theory
This article proposes that the brain (and other self-organised biological systems) can be characterised via the mathematical apparatus of a gauge theory.
Rapid identification of causative insertions underlying Medicago truncatula Tnt1 mutants defective in symbiotic nitrogen fixation from a forward genetic screen by whole genome sequencing
This article demonstrates that whole genome sequencing is an efficient approach for identification of causative genes underlying symbiotic nitrogen fixation defective phenotypes in Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion mutants obtained via forward genetic screens.
Remembering to Ask the Boss: Priming and the Dynamics of Priest Reliance on Bishop Cues
This article assesses the effects of randomly priming priests with varying considerations of their professional responsibilities and relevant constituencies (including parishioner expectations).
Post-hatching development of mitochondrial function, organ mass and metabolic rate in two ectotherms, the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)
This article investigates the metabolism, growth and muscle mitochondrial function in hatchlings of a turtle and a crocodilian, two ectotherms that never develop endothermy.
Genome Sequences of Streptomyces Phages Amela and Verse
This article describes Amela and Verse, two Streptomyces phages isolated by enrichment on Streptomyces venezuelae (ATCC 10712) from two different soil samples.
A toolbox of genes, proteins, metabolites and promoters for improving drought tolerance in soybean includes the metabolite coumestrol and stomatal development genes
This article identifies metabolites, proteins, and genes that are strongly up or down regulated during rapid water stress following remove from a hydroponics system.
Solution thermodynamics and preferential solvation of sulfamethazine in (methanol + water) mixtures
This article discusses the determination of the solubility of sulfamethazine (SMT) in {methanol (1) + water (2)} co-solvent mixtures at five different temperatures from 293.15 K to 313.15 K. The Jouyban-Acree model was used to correlate/predict the solubility values.
ABA Is Required for Plant Acclimation to a Combination of Salt and Heat Stress
This article highlights the important role abscisic acid plays in the acclimation of plants to a combination of two different abiotic stresses.
Are Smoking Cessation Treatments Associated with Suicidality Risk? An Overview
This article explores the relationship between smoking cessation interventions and suicidality and explore common treatments, their associated risks, and effectiveness in promoting smoking reduction and abstinence.
Minimization of Childhood Maltreatment Is Common and Consequential: Results from a Large, Multinational Sample Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
This article discusses a study to investigate 3 aspects of minimization, as defined by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire's (CTQ) Minimization-Denial (MD) scale: 1) its prevalence; 2) its latent structure; and finally 3) whether minimization moderates the CTQ's discriminative validity in terms of distinguishing between psychiatric patients and community volunteers.
Phenotypic developmental plasticity induced by preincubation egg storage in chicken embryos (Gallus gallus domesticus)
This article investigates how preincubation egg storage conditions (temperature, duration, hypoxia, and hypercapnia) affects viability, body mass, and physiological variables and functions in day 15 chicken embryos.
Leukocyte Subset Changes in Response to a 164-km Road Cycle Ride in a Hot Environment
This article determines the circulating leukocyte subset response to completing the 2013 Hotter'N Hell Hundred recreational 164-km road cycle event in a hot and humid environmental condition.
Transcriptome analysis of secondary cell wall development in Medicago truncatula
This article describes a transcriptome microarray assay and high through-put quantitative real time PCR analysis of Medicago truncatula.
Extreme Empiricism: John Howard, Poetry, and the Thermometrics of Reform
This article examines an outpouring of printed poems and biographical publications in the 1780s and 1790s that sought to shape the public image of the celebrated prison reformer John Howard
A New Way to Understand and Address Women's Health in the Context of Complex Systems: Self-organizing Criticality
This article examines how self-organizing criticality can assist in answering complex questions in health and health care systems.