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Breast Cancer Stem-Like Cells Are Inhibited by Diosgenin, a Steroidal Saponin, by the Attenuation of the Wnt β-Catenin Signaling via the Wnt Antagonist Secreted Frizzled Related Protein-4
This article describes findings that demonstrate the affect of diosgenin (DG) on inhibiting the resilient breast cancer stem cells (CSCs) which could provide a benchmark for the development of DG-based therapies in breast cancer treatment.
Social Reward Questionaire--Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits
This article describes a study in which the adult Social Reward Questionnaire is adapted for use with adolescents.
Novel transcriptome assembly and comparative toxicity pathway analysis in mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) embryos and larvae exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil
This article establishes the de novo transcriptomic database from the embryos and larvae of mahi-mahi exposed to water accommodated fractions (HEWAFs) of two Deepwater Horizon oil types (weathered and source oil) in an effort to advance understanding of the molecular aspects involved during specific toxicity responses.
Representing Global Reactive Potential Energy Surfaces Using Gaussian Processes
This article presents a detailed study on constructing potential energy surfaces using a machine learning method, namely, Gaussian process regression.
Adsorption and molecular siting of CO₂, water, and other gases in the superhydrophobic, flexible pores of FMOF-1 from experiment and simulation
This article discusses the use of neutron diffraction and molecular simulations to investigate the framework expansion behaviour and the accessibility of the small pockets to N₂, O₂, and CO₂.
Phase Transition Enthalpy Measurements of Organic and Organometallic Compounds and Ionic Liquids. Sublimation, Vaporization and Fusion Enthalpies From 1880 to 2015. Part 2. C11-C192.
This article updates the second part of a compendium of phase change enthalpies published in 2010 to include the period 1880-2015.
Redox non-innoence permits catalytic nitrene carbonylation by (dadi)Ti=NAd (Ad = adamantyl)
This article describes (dadi)Ti(X/L) species that manifest redox non-innocence (RNI), including a rare instance in which carbon monoxide does not affect redox activity at the metal, and does not bind, thus permitting its use as a substrate in catalysis.
Non-invasive Measures of Core Temperature versus Ingestible Thermistor during Exercise in the Heat
This article discusses a study to cross-validate temporal, two tympanic devices, and oral devices compared to an ingestible thermistor during exercise in a hot, humid environment.
Pharmaceuticals Solubility is Still Nowadays Widely Studied Everywhere
This editorial discusses the importance of equilibrium solubility in pharmaceutical areas.
Computational Identification of Amino-Acid Mutations that Further Improve the Activity of a Chalcone-Flavonone Isomerase from Glycine max
This article discusses a computational approach that combines multiple sequence alignment, positive selection detection, and molecular docking to identify and design beneficial amino-acid mutations that further improve the intramolecular-cyclization activity of a chalcone-flavonone isomerase from Glycine max (GmCHI).
Radio-frequency actuated polymer-based phononic meta-materials for control of ultrasonic waves
This article describes the achievement of radio-frequency control of a n ultrasonic phononic crystal by encapsulating it in a composite of high k-10% KF-doped BaTiO₃ dielectric nanoparticles with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIP Am)-based hydrogel.
ALKBH7 Variant Related to Prostate Cancer Exhibits Altered Substrate Binding
This article reports a targeted search for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and functional impact characterization of human ALKBH family dioxygenases related to prostate cancer.
Phylogenetic analysis of eukaryotic NEET proteins uncovers a link between a key gene duplication event and the evolution of vertebrates
This article describes the use of three members of the human NEET protein family (CISD1, mitoNEET; CISD2, NAF-1 or Miner 1; and CISD3, Miner2) as guides to conduct a phylogenetic analysis of eukaryotic NEET proteins and their evolution.
A new, faint population of X-ray transients
This article reports on the detection of a remarkable new fast high-energy transient found in the Chandra Deep Field-South, robustly associated with a faint host in the CANDELS survey.
Metabolic rate and hypoxia tolerance are affected by group interactions and sex in the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster): new data and a literature survey
This article characterizes the effects of fly density and sex on both mass-specific routine oxygen consumption and hypoxia tolerance.
The Mechanisms and Biomedical Applications of an NIR BODIPY-Based Switchable Fluorescent Probe
This article investigates the switching mechanism of a recently reported near-infrared environment-sensitive fluorophore, ADP(CA)₂.
Spatial and Temporal Mapping of Key Lipid Species in Brassica napus Seeds
This article describes the use of matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) to study the spatial distribution of two major lipid species, triacylglycerols and phosphatidylcholines.
Commentary on "Effect of β-alanine and the solvent composition on the solubility of solvate of calcium D-pantothenate containing four molecules of methanol and one molecule of water (D-PC·4MeOH·1H₂O)"
This article points out problems associated with two of the mathematical treatments used by authors Han et al. (2017) for the solubility behavior of calcium D-panthenate solvate as the mole fraction concentration β-alanine approaches zero.
Graphene Magnetic Tunnel Junction Spin Filters and Methods of Making
Patent relating to methods of forming a few molecule thick graphene layer on a ferromagnetic layer, at temperatures and conditions consistent with integration with silicon-based complementary metal oxide semiconductors (Si CMOS).
Lophozonia tree cavities used for nesting by Slender-billed Parakeets (Enicognathus leptorhynchus) in the central valley of southern Chile: a potentially vanishing keystone resource
This article describes and quantifies characteristics of southern beech (Lophoonia obliqua) trees and their associated cavities used for nesting by Slender-billed Parakeets in the central valley of southern Chile.
A Dual-Modality System for Both Multi-Color Ultrasound-Switchable Fluorescence and Ultrasound Imaging
This article discusses the development of a dual-modality imaging system by combining recently developed ultrasound-switchable fluorescence (USF) imaging technology with the conventional ultrasound (US) B-mode imaging.
ALMA Observations Show Major Mergers Among the Host Galaxies of Fast-growing, High-redshift, Supermassive Black Holes
This article presents new ALMA band-7 data for a sample of six luminous quasars at z ≃ 4.8, powered by fast-growing supermassive black holes (SMBHs) with rather uniform properties.
Commentary on "Thermodynamic equilibrium of hydroxyacetic acid in pure and binary solvent systems"
This article discusses published mathematical representations by Huant et al. (2017) for describing how the measured mole fraction solubility varies with solvent composition in the binary (ethanol + ethyl acetate) and binary (acetone + ethanol) solvent systems.
Bold-Independent Computational Entropy Assesses Functional Donut-Like Structures in Brain fMRI Images
This article introduces a novel technique of fMRI images analysis, called computational proximity method, i.e., nucleus clustering in Voronoï tessellations.
Centering Information Literacy (as) Skills and Civic Engagement in the Basic Communication Course: An Integrated Course Library Collaboration
This article describes a course-library partnership to integrate information literacy instruction with a basic communication course.
Wnt signaling in triple-negative breast cancer
This review summarizes the involvement of dysregulated Wnt signaling in the progression of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and TNBC stem cells, as well as the emerging therapies that are currently under investigation.
A chemical genetic screen uncovers a small molecule enhancer of the N-acylethanolamine degrading enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase, in Arabidopsis
This article demonstrates the feasibility of using an unbiased chemical genetic approach to identify new pharmacological tools for manipulating FAAH- and NAE-mediated physiological processes in plants.
Commentary on "Solubility and solution thermodynamics of cetilistat in water and (acetone, isopropyl alcohol, acetonitrile) binary solvent mixtures"
This article reanalyzes experimental solubility data reported in the recent paper "Solubility and solution thermodynamics of cetilistat in water and (acetone, isopropyl alcohol, acetonitrile) binary solvent mixtures" in the Journal of Molecular Liquids.
Solubility and preferential solvation of some n-alkyl-parabens in methanol + water mixtures at 298.15 K
This article describes methyl, ethyl and propyl parabens equilibrium solubility as determined in (methanol + water) binary mixtures at 298.15 K.
Engineering the production of conjugated fatty acids in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves
This article discusses whether the fatty acid composition of leaf oil could be engineered to accumulate unusual fatty acids.
Porositization Process of Carbon or Carbonaceous Materials
Patent relating to porositized carbon processed from carbon or carbonaceous materials.
Study of traits and recalcitrance reduction of field-grown COMT down-regulated switchgrass
This article discusses the fundamental features of why biomass is recalcitrant to conversion without pretreatment.
Christian Fundamentalists or Atheists: Who do Progressive Christians Like or Hate More?
This article examines the propensity of theological, political, and/or denominational progressive Christians to have affinity or disaffinity towards Christian fundamentalists and atheists.
ELL Teachers' attitudes of Google Earth for inquiry-based instruction on ELL students' language development in a rural New England state
This article contains an investigation of factors predicting the intentions of English Language Learner (ELL) teachers to use Google Earth for language development instruction.
IamWe: Digital Storytelling, Personal Journeys, and Praxis
This chapter discusses the practice of digital storytelling as it relates to personal growth among high school youth who were part of the IamWe program.
Second-harmonic generation in a sphere
This article describes the optimal conditions for nonlinear generation in a sphere.
DSM Nosology Changes in Neuropsychological Diagnoses through the Years: A Look at ADHD and Mild Neurocognitive Disorder
This article discusses the evolution of modern neuropsychology as a field and the concomitant changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Suppression of coherent scattering by coherent population trapping on molecular vibrational levels
This article investigates the role of rotational levels.
A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration
This article shows that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons.
Enthalpies of solution and enthalpies of solvation of organic solutes in ethylene glycol at 298.15 K: prediction and analysis of intermolecular interaction contributions
This article studies thermochemistry of solvation of inert gases and organic solutes in ethylene glycol was thoroughly studied using solution calorimetry technique.
Symmetries, Information and Monster Groups before and after the Big Bang
This article discusses how the energetic loss caused by projection from higher to lower dimensions and by the Monster group’s non-abelian features is correlated with the present-day asymmetry in the thermodynamic arrow.
Single Reflective Optical Element for Interference Lithography
Patent relating to optical elements for use in interference lithography.
Molecularly imprinted polymer based extended-gate field-effect transistor chemosensors for phenylalanine enantioselective sensing
This article discusses the design and synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers, guided by DFT calculations.
Identification and Network-Enabled Characterization of Auxin Response Factor Genes in Medicago truncatula
This article discusses a comprehensive analysis of the Medicago truncatula genome and transcriptome that entailed search for novel Auxin Response Factor genes and the co-expression networks.
Comment on "Measurement and correlation of the solubility of p-coumaric acid in nine pure and water + ethanol mixed sovlents at temperatures from 293.15 to 333.15 K"
This article provides comments on the article "Measurement and correlation of the solubility of p-coumaric acid in nine pure and water + ethanol mixed solvents at temperatures from 293.15 to 333.15 K" published in the Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data in 2016.
Mouse fat storage-inducing transmembrance protein 2 (FIT2) promotes lipid droplet accumulation in plants
This article discusses the test of the function of FIT2 in plant cells by ectopically expressing mouse (Mus musculus) FIT2 in Nicotiana tabacum suspension-cultured cells, Nicotiana benthamiana leaves and Arabidopsis thaliana plants.
Gray Wolf Exposure to Emerging Vector-Borne Diseases in Wisconsin with Comparison to Domestic Dogs and Humans
This article contains the evaluation of temporal and geographic patterns of exposure to these four vector-borne diseases in Wisconsin as the Gray Wolf population expanded between 1985 and 2011.
Electrochemical Formation of Cerium Oxide/Layered Silicate Nanocomposite Films
This article presents electrochemical deposition of a ceramic with nanoclay addition, cerium oxide/layered silicate films.
Malonylation of Glucosylated N-Lauroylethanolamine: A New Pathway That Determines N-Acylethanolamine Metabolic Fate in Plants
This article focuses on the gene At5g39050, which encodes a phenolic glucoside malonyltransferase 1 (PMAT1), to better understand the biological significance of N-lauroylethanolamine (NAE 12:0)-induced gene expression changes.
Bringing User-Centered Design to the Field of Language Archives
This article describes findings from a workshop that initiated a dialogue between the fields of user-centered design (UCD) and language archives.