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Loss of function of folylpolyglutamate synthetase 1 reduces lignin content and improves cell wall digestibility in Arabidopsis
This article observes genetic and biochemical support for the importance of folylpolyglutamates in the lignocellulosic pathway and reinforces previous observations that targeting a single FPGS isoform for down-regulation leads to reduced lignin in plants.
Rediscovery of the Elements: The Rare Earths - The Confusing Years
This article gives a timeline of research conducted on the rare earths, 17 elements found in the f-block and Group III chemical family of the Periodic Table. It covers discoveries made after the success of Swedish chemist, Carl Gustaf Mosander. The article describes the categorization of the rare earths that took place after Mosander's time, as well as separation techniques that developed.
Understanding Water-Stress Responses in Soybean Using Hydroponics System - A Systems Biology Perspective
This article discusses using a system of reduced complexity like hydroponics to identify the potential candidates for water-stress tolerance by plants.
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill as a Case Study for Interdisciplinary Cooperation within Developmental Biology, Environmental Sciences and Physiology
This article makes the argument for interdisciplinary teams that bring together scientists with different specialties as an efficient way--and perhaps the only way--to unravel highly complex biological effects of marine oil spills.
Virtual Reality for Enhanced Ecological Validity and Experimental Control in the Clinical, Affective and Social Neurosciences
This article highlights the potential of virtual reality environments for enhanced ecological validity in the clinical, affective, and social neurosciences.
Comparative cell-specific transcriptomics reveals differentiation of C₄ photosynthesis pathways in switchgrass and other C₄ lineages
This article provides an mesophyll and bundle sheath cell type-specific transcriptome data set from the monocot NAD-malic enzyme subtype switchgrass (Panicum virgatum).
Ion exchanger in the brain: Quantitative analysis of perineuronally fixed anionic binding sites suggests diffusion barriers with ion sorting properties
This article proposes that fixed charge-densities in the brain are involved in regulating ion mobility, the volume fraction of extracellular space and the viscosity of matrix components.
Salt sensitivity of the morphometry of Artemia franciscana during development: a demonstration of 3D critical windows
This article uses a 3D conceptual farmework of 'critical windows' to examine whether the morphometry of Artemia franciscana is altered by salinity exposure during certain key periods of development.
Activation of apoptosis in NAF-1-deficient human epithelial breast cancer cells
This article shows that small hairpin RNA-mediated suppresion of NAF-1 results in the activation of apoptosis in epithelial breast cancer cells and xenograft tumors.
Crystal structure of (3E,5E)-3,5-bis[4-(diethylazaniumyl)benzylidene]-1-methyl-4-oxopiperidin-1-ium trichloride dihydrate: a potential biophotonic material
This article describes the crystal structure of the title compound, and examines application as an agent for locating cancer cells with two-photon excited fluorescence as as a potential agent for a photodynamic treatment of cancer. This article includes supporting information with computing details of the study.
Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy confirms the prediction that D₃ₕ carbon trioxide (CO₃) has a singlet ground state
This article reports the NIPE spectrum of CO₃ and assign the peaks in it with the help of DFT and ab initio calculations.
Comments Concerning "A Possible Simplification of the Goss-Modified Abraham Solvation Equation"
This article provides comments concerning "A possible simplification of the Goss-modified Abraham solvation equation," published in Chemosphere in 2013.
Comparing interval estimates for small sample ordinal CFA models
This article compares Bayesian, Robust maximum likelihood, and asymptotically generalized least squares interval estimates of factor correlations in ordinal confirmatory factor analysis models for small sample data.
Evaluating player task engagement and arousal using electroencephalography
This paper from the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics and the Affiliated Conference, AHFE 2015 conference proceedings coordinate task engagement data with arousal-valence data for application to expressive transformations to video game play in real time by tuning different performance parameters in an Engagement-Arousal rule system.
Using Water-Solvent Systems To Estimate In Vivo Blood-Tissue Partition Coefficients
This article discusses water-solvent systems for estimating in vivo blood-tissue partition coefficients.
Multireference Character for 4d Transition Metal-Containing Molecules
This article proposes new criteria, namely T₁ ≥ 0.045, D₁ ≥ 0.120, and %TAE ≥ 10%, as a gauge for 4d transition metal-containing molecules to predic the possible need to employ multireference (MR) wave function-based methods to describe energetic and spectroscopic properties.
Viperatoxin-II: A novel viper venom protein as an effective bactericidal agent
This article discusses purification and characterization of proteins from Indian Russell's viper snake venom.
Electrostatic enhancement of light emitted by semiconductor quantum well
This article proposes an electrostatic mechanism for enhancement of light radiated from semiconductor emitter which is comparable in effect to plasmonic mechanism.
Cancer-Related NEET Proteins Transfer 2Fe-2S Clusters to Anamorsin, a Protein Required for Cytosolic Iron-Sulfur Cluster Biogenesis
This article reports the first physiological 2Fe-2S cluster acceptor for both NEET proteins as human Anamorsin (also known as cytokine induced apoptosis inhibitor-1; CIAPIN-1).
Complete Genome Sequence of a Cyanotroph, Pseudomonas fluorescens NCIMB 11764, Employing Single-Molecule Real-Time Technology
This article reports the application of single-molecule real-time sequencing for determining the entire genome structure of the cyanotroph Pseudomonas fluorescens NCIMB 11764.
Ultra-fast alterations in mRNA levels uncover multiple players in light stress acclimation in plants
This article contains RNA sequencing analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana plants subjected to light stress in order to identify and characterize rapid changes in the steady-state level of different transcripts in response to light stress.
Rediscovery of the Elements: The Rare Earths - The Beginnings
This article explores the rare earths, the chemically similar elements that occupy the f-block of the Periodic Table and the Group III chemical family. The articles shows the locations that certain rare earths were originally found. It also gives details on where the elements can be found currently, as well as major production areas. The cover of the Fall 2015 Hexagon journal (Vol. 106, Issue 3) features the Mountain Pass rare earth ore body in Southern California, which is mentioned in the article on pages 40-45 of the journal. A description of the photo on the cover of the journal can be found on page 38.
Computational inference of the structure and regulation of the lignin pathway in Panicum virgatum
This article uses a systems biological modeling approach to address the challenge of in vivo measurements to elucidate the structure and regulation of the lignin pathway through a computational characterization of alternate candidate topologies.
Lipidomic Analysis of Endocannabinoid Signaling: Targeted Metabolite Identification and Quantification
This article reviews several methodologies to quantify endocannabinoids in various biological systems.
Triply Differential Measurements for Positron Impact Ionization of Argon
This article reports triply differential cross sections for positron impact ionization of argon.
Tissue biodistribution of intravenously administrated titanium dioxide nanoparticles revealed blood-brain barrier clearance and brain inflammation in rat
This article reports time-related responses from single-dose intravenous administration of 1 mg/kg Ti₂ NPs to rats, with particular emphasis on titanium quantification in the brain.
Abraham Model Correlations for Estimating Solute Transfer of Neutral Molecules into Anhydrous Acetic Acid from Water and from the Gas Phase
Article on Abraham model correlations for estimating solute transfer of neutral molecules into anhydrous acetic acid from water and from the gas phase.
Draft Genome Sequence of a Bacillus Bacterium from the Atacama Desert Wetlands Metagenome
This article reports the draft genome sequence of a Bacillus bacterium isolated from the microflora of Nostoc colonies grown at the Andean wetlands in northern Chile.
Role of a chalcone isomerase-like protein in flavonoid biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana
This article identifies two chil mutants with a seed colour similar to that of wild-type Arabidopsis, but in sharp contrast to the characteristic transparent testa seed phenotype associated with other known flavonoid pathway genes.
Effect of halogen substitution on the enthalpies of solvation and hydrogen bonding of organic solutes in chlorobenzene and 1,2-dichlorobenzene derived using multi-parameter correlations
Article on the effect of halogen substitution on the enthalpies of solvation and hydrogen bonding of organic solutes in chlorobenzene and 1,2-dichlorobenzene derived using multi-parameter correlations.
Abraham Model Correlations for Solute Transfer into 2-Ethoxyethanol from Water and from the Gas Phase
Article on Abraham model correlations for solute transfer into 2-ethoxyethanol from water and from the gas phase.
Solubility of Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane in Water + Methanol + 1-Propanol Mixtures at Various Temperatures
Article on the solubility of tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane in water + methanol + 1-propanol mixtures at various temperatures.
Localization of polyhydroxybutyrate in sugarcane using Fourier-transform infrared microspectroscopy and multivariate imaging
This article demonstrates the power of infrared microspectroscopy to rapidly image plan sections to provide a snapshot of the chemical composition of the cell.
20 Mule Team
This photograph from the front cover of an issue of the Hexagon Journal displays the mock 20 mule team that stands outside of the Rio Tinto Borax Museum in Boron, California. The mule team depicts the original mode used to transport the chemical compound, borax, out of Death Valley between 1883 and 1888. A description of the photograph is shown on page 23 of the journal.
Rediscovery of the Elements: Sir Humphry Davy and the Alkalis
Article provides information on the history of alkalis, particularly discoveries associated with potassium and sodium. The article also gives information on Humphry Davy, the first person to prepare alkalis in elemental form.
Buruli Ulcer Disease and Its Association with Land Cover in Southwestern Ghana
This article presents the first analysis of Buruli ulcer at the village level in southwestern Ghana, where prevalence rates are among the highest globally, and explores fine and medium-scale associations with land cover by comparing patterns both within Buruli ulcer clusters and surrounding landscapes.
Artificially Structured Boundary as a Charged Particle Beam Deflector Shield
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings studies the possibility of using a planar artificially structured boundary as a charged particle beam deflector shield via classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulation.
Ion Beam Analysis of Microcrystalline Quartz Artifacts from the Reed Mound Site, Delaware County, Oklahoma
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings evaluates the potential of particle induced X-ray emission spectrometry as a tool for future Ozarks chert provenance studies based on its ability to facilitate discrimination of Ozarks chert materials from different geological formations and identification of discrete groups of artifacts from the same geological formation.
Magnetic Control of a Charge-Neutralized Ion Beam
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings presents a scheme for controlling charge-neutralized beams using a distortion of a magnetic guide field via the presence of two current carrying wires.
Particle Transport along Magnetic Null Lines as Sputter or Antihydrogen Source
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings investigates particle transport along null magnetic lines using classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations, described as a traveling wave and through diffusion equations.
Radial Expansion of a Low Energy Positron Beam Passing Through a Cold Electron Plasma within a Uniform Magnetic Field
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings studies the radial expansion of a low energy positron beam passing through a cold electron plasma within a uniform magnetic field using a classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulation.
A Comprehensive Analysis of Groundwater Quality in the Barnett Shale Region
This article presents an analysis of 550 groundwater samples collected from private and public supply water wells drawing from aquifers overlying the Barnett shale formation of Texas.
From neural and social cooperation to the global emergence of cognition
This article elaborates on a discussion of the emergence of intelligence via criticality as a consequence of locality breakdown, by using criticality for the foundation of a novel generation of game theory making the local interaction between players yield long-range effects.
Commentary: Feedback stabilizes propagation of synchronous spiking in cortical neural networks
This article provides a commentary on the article "Feedback stabilizes propagation of synchronous spiking in cortical neural networks" by Moldakarimov, S., Bazhenov, M., and Sejnowski, T.J.
Multiple Aperture-Based Antihydrogen Parallel Plate Gravity Experiment
This paper from the 23rd Conference on Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry conference proceedings describes an experiment that could be carried out at the CERN Antiproton Decelerator facility to determine the direction of acceleration of antihydrogen in the earth's gravitational field.
Abraham Model Correlations for Describing Solute Transfer into 2-Butoxyethanol from Both Water and the Gas Phase at 298 K
Article on Abraham model correlations for describing solute transfer into 2-butoxyethanol from both water and the gas phase at 298 K.
Weak Emission-Line Quasars in the Context of a Modified Baldwin Effect
This article tests whether the modified Baldwin effect remains strong across the wides possible of ranges of redshift and luminosity.
Pseudopotential-Based Correlation Consistent Composite Approach (rp-ccCA) for First- and Second-Row Transition Metal Thermochemistry
This article uses the relativistic-pseudopotential correlation consistent approach (rp-ccCA) to determine the enthalpy of formation of 24 first row (3d) transition metal compounds.
Predicting Hourly Ozone Pollution in Dallas-Fort Worth Area Using Spatio-Temporal Clustering
Presentation for the 2015 GeoComputation Annual Conference. This presentation discusses predicting hourly ozone pollution in the Dallas-Fort Worth area using spatio-temporal clustering.
Transgenic approaches to altering carbon and nitrogen partitioning in whole plants: assessing the potential to improve crop yields and nutritional quality
This article summarizes the key transport steps involved in organic carbon and nitrogen compound partitioning, and discusses various transgenic approaches for directly manipulating key carbon and nitrogen transporters involved.