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Commentary on "Measurement and Correlation of the Solubility of Telmisartan (Form A) in Nine Different Solvents from 277.85 to 338.35 K"
This article presents the correct computation methodology for determining solute descriptors from experimental solubility data.
We need better understanding about functional diversity and vulnerability of tropical freshwater fishes
This commentary extends a discussion initiated by Toussaint et al. (Sci Rep 6:22125, 2016) concerning the relationship between global patterns of freshwater fish functional diversity (FD) and its vulnerability to human impacts.
High-Resolution Ultrasound-Switchable Fluorescence Imaging in Centimeter-Deep Tissue Phantoms with High Signal-To-Noise Ratio and High Sensitivity via Novel Contrast Agents
This article discusses the achievement of high spatial resolution (~ 900 μm) in 3-centimeter-deep tissue phantoms with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high sensitivity (3.4 picomoles of fluorophore in a volume of 68 nanoliters can be detected).
Generalized parameter-free duality models in discrete minmax fractional programming based on second-order optimality conditions
This article discusses the construction of six generalized second-order parameter-free duality models, and proves several weak, strong, and strict converse duality theorems for a discrete minmax fractional programming problem using two partitioning schemes and various types of generalized second-order (ℱ, β, ɸ, 𝜌, θ, 𝑚)-univexity assumptions.
Being an Informed Consumer of Health Information and Assessment of Electronic Health Literacy in a National Sample of Internet Users: Validity and Reliability of the e-HLS Instrument
This article examines psychometric properties of a new electronic health literacy measure in a national sample of Internet users with specific attention to older users.
Long-Term X-Ray Variability of Typical Active Galactic Nuclei in the Distant Universe
This article discusses the long-term (≈15 years, observed frame) X-ray variability analyses of the 68 brightest radio-quiet active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South survey.
Effects of light on the resistivity of chemical vapor deposited graphene films
This article reports that the resistance of a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown graphene film transferred onto an SiO₂ substrate increases to higher saturation values upon exposure to light of decreasing wavelength from the visible to ultraviolet.
Interspecific Differences in Metabolic Rate and Metabolic Temperature Sensitivity Create Distinct Thermal Ecological Niches in Lizards (Plestiodon)
This article examines three congeneric lizards from the southeastern United States (Plestiodon fasciatus, P. inexpectatus, and P. laticeps) and hypothesizes that interspecific differences in metabolic temperature sensitivity locally segregates them across their total range.
A novel statistical method for rare-variant association studies in general pedigrees
In this paper, the authors discuss a novel statistical method for rare-variant association studies in general pedigrees for quantitative traits. This method uses a retrospective view that treats the traits as fixed and the genotypes as random, which accounts for complex and undefined ascertainment of families.
Testing rare variants for hypertension using family-based tests with different weighting schemes
This paper proposes 4 weighting schemes for the family-based rare variants test (FBAT-v) to test for the effects of both rare and common variants across the genome.
More comprehensive forensic genetic marker analyses for accurate human remains identification using massively parallel DNA sequencing
This paper uses massively parallel sequencing (MPS) to characterize 140-year-old human skeletal remains discovered at a historical site in Deadwood, South Dakota, United States.
Novel aromatase inhibitors selection using induced fit docking and extra precision methods: Potential clinical use in ER-alpha-positive breast cancer
This article aims to identify new molecules which could block or suppress the activity of aromatase enzyme by molecular docking studies using Schrödinger-Maestro v9.3.
Developmental plasticity of mitochondrial function in American alligators, Alligator mississippiensis
This article investigates the effects of chronic developmental hypoxia on cardiac mitochondrial function in embryonic and juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).
Importance of the Hydrogen Isocyanide Isomer in Modeling Hydrogen Cyanide Oxidation in Combustion
This article re-examines the chemistry of hydrogen isocyanide (HNC) and its role in combustion nitrogen chemistry.
Unconventional height functions in simultaneous Diophantine approximation
This article discusses three examples of nonstandard height functions, computing their exponents of irrationality as well as giving more precise results.
Who is Food Insecure? Implications for Targeted Recruitment and Outreach, National health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2010
This article characterizes differences in health among people receiving different types of food assistance and summarizes strategies for targeted recruitment and outreach of various food insecure populations.
Further Numerical Analyses on the Solubility of Sulfapyridine in Ethanol + Water Mixtures
This article aims to correlate the solubility of sulfapyridine and sulfadiazine in ethanol + water mixtures by means of the Jouyban-Acree model, and to evaluate the preferential solvation of sulfapyridine in these mixtures by using the inverse Kirkwood-Buff integrals.
Is Exposure to Macondo Oil Reflected in the Otolith Chemistry of Marsh-Resident Fish?
This article evaluates otolith microchemistry as a method for assessing oil exposure history.
ROS Are Good
This opinion article focuses on the possibility that ROS are beneficial to plants, supporting cellular proliferation, physiological function, and viability, and that maintaining a basal level of ROS in cells is essential for life.
Field-grown transgenic switchgras (Panicum virgatum L.) with altered lignin does not affect soil chemistry, microbiology, and carbon storage potential
This article describes a study to evaluate effects of two independent lines of caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) downregulated switchgrass plants on soils in terms of chemistry, microbiolgy, and carbon cycling when grown in the field.
Laser Ablated Carbon Nanodots for Light Emission
This article reports the synthesis of fluorescent carbon dots-like nanostructures obtained through the laser ablation of a carbon solid target in liquid environment is reported.
Archaeology, Heritage, and Moral Terrains: Two Cases from the Mesa Verde Region
This article applies an environmental justice lens to two archaeological research narratives, one centering on chemical analysis of biomolecular artifact residues and the other on paleohydrology and Pueblo farming.
Using Paired Depth Interviews to Collect Qualitative Data
This article defines and describes paired depth interviews, discusses conceptualizations of paired depth interviews using Roulston's framework, delineates the strengths and limitations of paired depth interviews, and provides examples of paired depth interviews utilized in helping professions.
Role of exponential type random invexities for asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programming
This article introduces several notions of random exponential type asymptotic invexities to establish results to the context of a class of asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programing.
Relative Rate and Product Studies of the Reactions of Atomic Chlorine with Tetrafluoroethylene, 1,2-Dichloro-1,2-difluoroethylene, 1,1-Dichloro-2,2-difluoroethylene, and Hexafluoro-1,3-butadiene in the Presence of Oxygen
This article assesses rates of reactions in the context of atmospheric chemistry.
Cognitive impairment among World Trade Center responders: Long-term implications of re-experiencing the 9/11 terrorist attacks
This article examines the association between World Trade Center (WTC)-related post-traumatic stress disorder and cognitive impairment in WTC responders.
Book Review: The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature
Book Review of "The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature" written by David George Haskell.
Almost Holomorphic Poincaré Series Corresponding to Products of Harmonic Siegel–Maass Forms
This article investigates Poincaré series, particularly the study of Siegel–Poincaré series of degree 2 attached to products of terms of Fourier series of harmonic Siegel–Maass forms and holomorphic Siegel modular forms
The deepest X-ray view of high-redshift galaxies: constraints on low-rate black hole accretion
This article exploits the 7 Ms Chandra observations in the Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S), the deepest X-ray survey to date, coupled with CANDELS/GOODS-S data, to measure the total X-ray emission arising from 2076 galaxies at 3.5 ≤ z ≤ 6.5.
Glucose or Altered Ceramide Biosynthesis Mediate Oxygen Deprivation Sensitivity Through Novel Pathways Revealed by Transcriptome Analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans
This article discusses how RNA-sequencing analysis was performed to assess how a glucose-supplemented diet and/or a hyl-2 mutation altered the transcriptome.
Biomass burning drives atmospheric nutrient redistribution within forested peatlands in Borneo
This article quantifies the influence of fire on biogeochemical fluxes of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur in a 12 ha forested peatland in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Reactive oxygen species, abiotic stress and stress combination
This article reviews recent studies on the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in abiotic stress in plants, and propose that different abiotic stresses, such as drought, heat, salinity and high light, result in different ROS signatures that determine the specificity of the acclimation response and help tailor it to the exact stress the plant encounters.
Identification of Novel Genomic Islands in Liverpool Epidemic Strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Segmentation and Clustering
This article utilizes a recursive segmentation and cluster procedure presented as a genome-mining tool, GEMINI, to decipher genomic islands and understand their contributions to the evolution of virulence and antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Redefining Agricultural Residues as Bioenergy Feedstocks
This article presents a review of traits relevant to the development of dual purpose varieties is presented with particular emphasis on stover moisture and stay-green.
Ergodicity breaking and localization
This article studies the joint action of the non-Poisson renewal events (NPR) yielding Continuous-time random walk (CTRW) with index α < 1 and two different generators of Hurst coefficient H ≠ 0.5, one generating fractional Brownian motion (FBM) and another scaled Brownian motion (SBM).
Abraham Model Linear Free Energy Relationships as a Means of Extending Solubility Studies to Include the Estimation of Solute Solubilities in Additional Organic Solvents
This article calculates Abraham model solute descriptors for 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline, 2-methyl-6-nitroaniline, and terephthaldialdehyde using experimental solubility data taken from papers published in The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics in 2016.
Flexible Holographic Fabrication of 3D Photonic Crystal Templates with Polarization Control through a 3D Printed Reflective Optical Element
This article systematically studies the holographic fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) structures using a single 3D printed reflective optical element (ROE), taking advantage of the ease of design and 3D printing of the ROE.
Phase Transition Enthalpy Measurements of Organic and Organometallic Compounds. Sublimation, Vaporization and Fusion Enthalpies From 1880 to 2015. Part 1. C1-C10
This article updates a compendium of phase change enthalpies published in 2010 to include the period 1880-2015.
Method and Apparatus For Improving Computer Cache Performance and for Protecting Memory Systems Against Some Side Channel Attacks
Patent relating to a method and apparatus both for improving execution performance and for protecting memory system against some side channel attacks.
ABA is required for the accumulation of APX1 and MBF1c during a combination of water deficit and heat stress
This article studies the response of mutants impaired in ABA signalling (abi1-1) and biosynthesis (aba1-1) to a combination of water deficit and heat stress.
Gelsolin-Cu/ZnSOD interaction alters intracellular reactive oxygen species levels to promote cancer cell invasion
This article shows that increased gelsolin enhances the invasive capacity of colon cancer cells, and this is mediated via gelsolin's effects in elevating intracellular superoxide levels.
Metallic Nanodroplet Induced Coulomb Catalysis for Off-Resonant Plasmonic Enhancement of Photoemission in Semiconductors
This article reports a new mechanism based on electrostatic interactions of carriers and their image charges in metals to generate more photons from optical sources at frequencies that are off-resonant to the localized plasmon frequency.
Change in Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Weight Gain: Dallas Heart Study
This article examines the longitudinal relationship between moving to more socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods and weight gain as a cardiovascular risk factor.
Blood-Based Biomarkers: A blood screening test for Alzheimer's disease
This article describes the first-ever multiethnic referent sample that spans community-based and clinic-based populations for implementation of an Alzheimer's disease blood screen.
The Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: 7 Ms Source Catalogs
This article presents X-ray source catalogs for the ≈7 Ms exposure of the Chandra Deep Field-South (CF-S), which covers a total area of 484.2 arcmin².
The Evolution of Normal Galaxy X-Ray Emission Through Cosmic History: Constraints from the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South
This article presents measurements of the evolution of normal-galaxy X-ray emission from z ≈ 0-7 using local galaxies and galaxy samples in the ≈6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S) survey.
Accumulation of Flavonols over Hydroxycinnamic Acids Favors Oxidative Damage Protetion under Abiotic Stress
This article reports on the characterization of the different antioxidant mechanisms of tomato plants subjected to heat stress, salinity stress, or a combination of both stresses.
Wafer Fabrication Monitoring/Control System and Method
Patent relating to systems and methods for monitoring and testing patterning processes including etching, cleaning, and depositing of low k and ultra-low k dielectrics for semiconductor technologies.
Applications of Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) and Orbitrap Based High Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics and Lipidomics
This review explores the latest developments in Fourier transform mass spectrometry and Orbitrap based metabolomics technology, its advantages and drawbacks for using in metabolomics and lipidomics studies, and development of novel approaches for processing high resolution mass spectrometry data.
Epigenetic Inheritance and Its Role in Evolutionary Biology: Re-Evaluation and New Perspectives
This essay poses an argument for epigenetics having a potentially profound role in our understanding of inheritance, natural selection and evolution, and deserving more attention.