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Spatial and Temporal Mapping of Key Lipid Species in Brassica napus Seeds
This article describes the use of matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) to study the spatial distribution of two major lipid species, triacylglycerols and phosphatidylcholines.
Mouse fat storage-inducing transmembrance protein 2 (FIT2) promotes lipid droplet accumulation in plants
This article discusses the test of the function of FIT2 in plant cells by ectopically expressing mouse (Mus musculus) FIT2 in Nicotiana tabacum suspension-cultured cells, Nicotiana benthamiana leaves and Arabidopsis thaliana plants.
Further calculations on solubility of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine in ethanol + 1-propanol solvent mixtures at various temperatures
This article reports on the reanalysis of reported calculations on solubility data of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine in binary ethanol + 1-propanol solvent mixtures at various temperatures, and several additional points regarding the correlations.
Commentary on "Correlation of solubility of hexamethylene-1,6-bisthiosulphate disodium salt dihydrate versus dielectric constants of water + ethanol mixtures"
This article discusses the finding that Apelblat model equation coefficients are found to give calculated mole fractions that exceed unity for the solubility of hexamethylene-1,6-bisthiosulphate disodium salt dihydrate dissolved in binary aqueous-ethanol solvent mixtures.
Adjusting Sowing Dates Improved Potato Adaptation to Climate Change in Semiarid Region, China
This article examines how potato production can be improved by altering planting date in China’s semiarid region, thus improving potato adaptation to climate change.
Symmetries, Information and Monster Groups before and after the Big Bang
This article discusses how the energetic loss caused by projection from higher to lower dimensions and by the Monster group’s non-abelian features is correlated with the present-day asymmetry in the thermodynamic arrow.
DSM Nosology Changes in Neuropsychological Diagnoses through the Years: A Look at ADHD and Mild Neurocognitive Disorder
This article discusses the evolution of modern neuropsychology as a field and the concomitant changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Coupling of Surface Plasmon Polariton in Al-Doped ZnO with Fabry-Pérot Resonance for Total Light Absorption
This article presents finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations on total light absorption (TLA) resulting from the coupling of a surface plasmon polariton (SPP) with Fabry-Pérot (F-P) resonance in a three-layer structure consisting of an AZO square lattice hole array, a spacer, and a layer of silver.
Bottoms up: How subnational elections predict parties' decisions to run in presidential elections in Europe and Latin America
This article argues that a party's presence in elections across subnational units and its subsequent performance in these elections are determining factors for whether it enters the presidential race.
The Cognitive Limits to Economic Cluster
This article highlights human limits in cluster formation.
Field-grown transgenic switchgras (Panicum virgatum L.) with altered lignin does not affect soil chemistry, microbiology, and carbon storage potential
This article describes a study to evaluate effects of two independent lines of caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) downregulated switchgrass plants on soils in terms of chemistry, microbiolgy, and carbon cycling when grown in the field.
Discourse and dissonance: religious agendas in the 104th Congress
This article investigates the religious dimension of Republican legislators' participation in one-minute speeches during the 104th Congress (1995-1996).
Gray Wolf Exposure to Emerging Vector-Borne Diseases in Wisconsin with Comparison to Domestic Dogs and Humans
This article contains the evaluation of temporal and geographic patterns of exposure to these four vector-borne diseases in Wisconsin as the Gray Wolf population expanded between 1985 and 2011.
Ergodicity breaking and localization
This article studies the joint action of the non-Poisson renewal events (NPR) yielding Continuous-time random walk (CTRW) with index α < 1 and two different generators of Hurst coefficient H ≠ 0.5, one generating fractional Brownian motion (FBM) and another scaled Brownian motion (SBM).
Calculation of Five Thermodynamic Molecular Descriptors by Means of a General Computer Algorithm Based on the Group-Additivity Method: Standard Enthalpies of Vaporization, Sublimation and Solvation, and Entropy of Fusion of Ordinary Organic Molecules and Total Phase-Change Entropy of Liquid Crystals
This article presents the calculation of the standard enthalpies of vaporization, sublimation and solvation of organic molecules using a common computer algorithm on the basis of a group-additivity method.
Adsorption and molecular siting of CO₂, water, and other gases in the superhydrophobic, flexible pores of FMOF-1 from experiment and simulation
This article discusses the use of neutron diffraction and molecular simulations to investigate the framework expansion behaviour and the accessibility of the small pockets to N₂, O₂, and CO₂.
Arabidopsis thaliana--Myzus persicae interaction: shaping the understanding of plant defense against phloem-feeding aphids
This review article summarizes recent studies that have exploited the compatible interaction between Arabidopsis and the green peach aphid (GPA) to understand the molecular and physiological mechanisms utilized by plants to control aphid infestation, as well as genes and mechanisms that contribute to susceptibility.
ALMA Observations Show Major Mergers Among the Host Galaxies of Fast-growing, High-redshift, Supermassive Black Holes
This article presents new ALMA band-7 data for a sample of six luminous quasars at z ≃ 4.8, powered by fast-growing supermassive black holes (SMBHs) with rather uniform properties.
Electrodeposition of Cu-Ni Composite Coatings
This book chapter reviews the electrodeposition of Cu-Ni incorporated with nano- to microparticles to produce metal matrix composites.
Metabolic engineering of raffinose-family oligosaccharides in the phloem reveals alterations in carbon partitioning and enhances resistance to green peach aphid
This article discusses the use of metabolic engineering to generate raffinose-family oligosaccharides (RFOs) at the inception of the translocation stream of Arabidopsis thaliana, which loads from the apoplasm and transports predominantly sucrose, and the fate of the sugars through the plant determined.
Book Review: The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature
Book Review of "The Forest Unseen: A Year's Watch in Nature" written by David George Haskell.
Erratum to: More Comprehensive Forensic Genetic Marker Analyses for Accurate Human Remains Identification Using Massively Parallel DNA Sequencing
This article provides erratum for the article "More Comprehensive Forensic Genetic Marker Analyses for Accurate Human Remains Identification Using Massively Parallel DNA Sequencing," which incorrectly deleted an author from the author list.
Novel aromatase inhibitors selection using induced fit docking and extra precision methods: Potential clinical use in ER-alpha-positive breast cancer
This article aims to identify new molecules which could block or suppress the activity of aromatase enzyme by molecular docking studies using Schrödinger-Maestro v9.3.
Gelsolin-Cu/ZnSOD interaction alters intracellular reactive oxygen species levels to promote cancer cell invasion
This article shows that increased gelsolin enhances the invasive capacity of colon cancer cells, and this is mediated via gelsolin's effects in elevating intracellular superoxide levels.
ANXA1 inhibits miRNA-196a in a negative feedback loop through NF-kB and c-Myc to reduce breast cancer proliferation
This article shows that miR196a was highly expressed in ER+MCF-7 breast cancer cells when compared to normal mammary gland cells, with expression levels negatively correlating to ANXA1.
Genetically engineered probiotic for the treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU); assessment of a novel treatment in vitro and in the PAHᵉⁿᵘ² mouse model of PKU
This article describes the testing of a phenylalanine lyase gene from Anabaena variabilis (AvPAL) codon-optimized and cloned into a shuttle vector for expression in Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23C (pHENOMMenal).
Long-Term X-Ray Variability of Typical Active Galactic Nuclei in the Distant Universe
This article discusses the long-term (≈15 years, observed frame) X-ray variability analyses of the 68 brightest radio-quiet active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South survey.
A Symmetric Approach Elucidates Multisensory Information Integration
This article shows that the Borsuk-Ulam theorem applies also to multisensory integration: two environmental stimuli from different sensory modalities display similar features when mapped into cortical neurons.
A new, faint population of X-ray transients
This article reports on the detection of a remarkable new fast high-energy transient found in the Chandra Deep Field-South, robustly associated with a faint host in the CANDELS survey.
Book Review:Quantitative Paleozoology
Book Review of "Quantitative Paleozoology" written by R. Lee Lyman.
Redox non-innoence permits catalytic nitrene carbonylation by (dadi)Ti=NAd (Ad = adamantyl)
This article describes (dadi)Ti(X/L) species that manifest redox non-innocence (RNI), including a rare instance in which carbon monoxide does not affect redox activity at the metal, and does not bind, thus permitting its use as a substrate in catalysis.
Book Review: The Pursuit of Ecotopia: Lessons from Indigenous and Traditional Societies for the Human Ecology of Our Modern World
Book Review of "The Pursuit of Ecotopia: Lessons from Indigenous and Traditional Societies for the Human Ecology of Our Modern World" written by Eugene N. Anderson.
Minimization of Childhood Maltreatment Is Common and Consequential: Results from a Large, Multinational Sample Using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
This article discusses a study to investigate 3 aspects of minimization, as defined by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire's (CTQ) Minimization-Denial (MD) scale: 1) its prevalence; 2) its latent structure; and finally 3) whether minimization moderates the CTQ's discriminative validity in terms of distinguishing between psychiatric patients and community volunteers.
Long-distance communication and signal amplication in systemic acquired resistance
This review article summarizes the involvement and interaction between long-distance systemic acquired resistance (SAR) signals and details the recently discovered role of lysine catabolite pipecolic acid (Pip) in defense amplification and priming that allows plants to acquire immunity at the systemic level.
The prognostic value of the stem-like group in colorectal cancer using a panel of immunohistochemistry markers
This article examines the immunohistochemical expression profile of 18 markers, each representing a putative role in cancer development, in 493 primary colorectal carcinomas using tissue microarrays.
Arsenic exposure, AS3MT polymorphism, and neuropsychological functioning among rural dwelling adults and elders: a cross-sectional study
This article aims to examine the link between low-level arsenic exposure and cognitive functioning, and the potential role of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP A35991G, rs10748835) of the AS3MT gene in modifying this link.
Gelsolin-mediated activation of PI3K/Akt pathway is crucial for hepatocyte growth factor-induced cell scattering in gastric carcinoma
This article highlights gelsolin as an important pro-disseminative factor contributing to the aggressive phenotype of diffuse gastric cancer.
Comparative Genomics of Cluster O Mycobacteriophages
This article describes a group of five closely related mycobacteriophages--Corndog, Catdawg, Dylan, Firecracker, and YungJamal--designated as Cluster O with long flexible tails but with unusual prolate capsids
The genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
This article reports the draft F. vesca genome, which was sequenced to x39 coverage using second-generation technology, assembled de novo and then anchored to the genetic linkage map into seven pseudochromosomes.
Brassinosteroid Mediated Cell Wall Remodeling in Grasses under Abiotic Stress
This article focuses on recent advances in brassinosteroid-regulated cell wall biosynthesis and remodeling in response to stresses, comparing the authors' understanding of the mechanisms in grass species with those in the more studied dicots.
Developmental plasticity of mitochondrial function in American alligators, Alligator mississippiensis
This article investigates the effects of chronic developmental hypoxia on cardiac mitochondrial function in embryonic and juvenile American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis).
Extremality and dynamically defined measures, part I: Diophantine properties of quasi-decaying measures
This article presents a new method of proving the Diophantine extremality of various dynamically defined measures, vastly expanding the class of measures known to be extremal.
Social Reward Questionaire--Adolescent Version and its association with callous-unemotional traits
This article describes a study in which the adult Social Reward Questionnaire is adapted for use with adolescents.
Evolutionary implications of the distribution and variation of the skeletal muscles of the anuran lymphatic system
This article defines character states and describes variation of these putative lymphatic skeletal muscles: the M. cutaneus pectoris, M. cutaneus dorsi, M. piriformis, M. sphincter ani cloacalis, and the complex of the M. gracilis minor/M. abdominal crenator.
The Evolution of Normal Galaxy X-Ray Emission Through Cosmic History: Constraints from the 6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South
This article presents measurements of the evolution of normal-galaxy X-ray emission from z ≈ 0-7 using local galaxies and galaxy samples in the ≈6 Ms Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S) survey.
Novel transcriptome assembly and comparative toxicity pathway analysis in mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) embryos and larvae exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil
This article establishes the de novo transcriptomic database from the embryos and larvae of mahi-mahi exposed to water accommodated fractions (HEWAFs) of two Deepwater Horizon oil types (weathered and source oil) in an effort to advance understanding of the molecular aspects involved during specific toxicity responses.
A comparison of least squares regression and geographically weighted regression modeling of West Nile virus risk based on environmental parameters
This article discusses the effectiveness of utilizing local spatial variations in environmental data to uncover the statistical relationships between West Nile Virus (WNV) risk and environmental factors.
The Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: 7 Ms Source Catalogs
This article presents X-ray source catalogs for the ≈7 Ms exposure of the Chandra Deep Field-South (CF-S), which covers a total area of 484.2 arcmin².
Pharmaceuticals Solubility is Still Nowadays Widely Studied Everywhere
This editorial discusses the importance of equilibrium solubility in pharmaceutical areas.
MALDI-MS Imaging of Urushiols in Poison Ivy Stem
This article reports on the first analysis of urushiols in poison ivy stems by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI).