UNT Theses and Dissertations - 42 Matching Results

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The Effect of Trait Anxiety, Self-Esteem, and Autogenic Training on Measures of Electromyography, Skin Temperature, and State Anxiety

Description: Twelve trait anxious male, federal prisoners with high self-esteem and twelve trait anxious male, federal prisoners with low self-esteem participated in the study. Subjects were selected from among those volunteering to participate and who met the scoring criteria on the IPAT Anxiety Scale Questionnaire and on the Self-Esteem Scale from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory II. Each volunteer participated in one session of approximately 50 minutes in length. Each subject was asked to respond to a medical/psychological interview, after which he was asked to listen to and follow a series of instructions (autogenic training). Throughout the session electromyographic and skin temperature measurements were taken from each subject's dominant forearm and non-dominant middle finger, respectively. At the end of the session each volunteer was asked to complete the STAI-State Scale. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of self-esteem as a moderator of trait anxiety. In addition, the study was designed to assess the effectiveness of autogenic training with this population. Results indicate no significant difference between high and low self-esteem subjects on measurements of electromyography/ F (1, 22) = .63, p > .05 or peripheral skin temperature F (1, 22) = .20 p > .05. However, a significant difference was found between high and low self-esteem subjects on the STAI-State Scale, F (22) = 4.45 p < .05. High self-esteem subjects obtained significantly lower raw scores than low self-esteem subjects on the state anxiety measurement. A significant difference was also found for the block of trial factor (baseline/relaxation periods) for the electromyography F (6, 132) = 3.43, p < .01, and peripheral skin temperature F (6, 132) = 6.32, p < .001 measurements. Results present partial support for the role of self-esteem as a moderating variable in trait anxious subjects. Self-esteem is conceptualized as a form of ...
Date: August 1992
Creator: Milan, Maritza J., 1958-
Partner: UNT Libraries

Cultural Differences in Pain Experience and Behavior among Mexican, Mexican American and Anglo American Headache Pain Sufferers

Description: Review of previous research on cultural differences in pain experience and/or pain behavior revealed that cultural affiliation affects pain perception and response. Unfortunately, the many inconsistent findings in the literature on cultural differences in pain experience and behavior have made interpretations and comparisons of results problematic. These inconsistent findings could be attributed to variations in acculturation level among cultural groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate cultural differences in pain experience (assessed by McGill Pain Questionnaire, the Box Scale, the Headache Pain Drawing, and the Headache Questionnaire) and pain behavior (measured by determining medication use and interference of daily functioning due to headaches) among Mexican (n = 43), Mexican American (n = 36), and Anglo American (n = 50) female chronic headache pain sufferers. The contribution of acculturation to differences in pain experience and behavior among cultural groups was measured by the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans. The three cultural groups of women significantly differed on pain experience and pain behavior. Specifically, Mexican women experienced their headache pain more intensely, severely, and emotionally than Mexican American and Anglo American women. Furthermore, Mexican women were more willing to verbally express their pain than the other two groups. As for pain behavior, Mexican women took more medication and reported more severe inhibition of daily activities due to headaches than Mexican American and Anglo American women. Ethnic identity, ethnic pride, and language preference were factors in the acculturation process which contributed the most to women's chronic pain experience and behavior. The greatest variability occurred within the Mexican American group of women who perceived themselves as being more Mexican in attitudes and/or behaviors, but more similar to Anglo American in their pain experience and pain behavior. Results are explained using biocultural multidimensional pain theory, social learning theory, and acculturation theory.
Date: December 1995
Creator: Sardas, Isabela
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of Level of Aspiration and its Relationship to Other Personality Variables

Description: Previous studies on correlations dealing with level of aspiration have been few and inconclusive. The problem of the present study was to examine the degree of relationship between an individual's level of aspiration and other personality variables as measured by standardized tests.
Date: August 1964
Creator: Newell, James Archie
Partner: UNT Libraries

Comparison of Delinquents and Non-Delinquents on a Delinquency Proneness Test

Description: The purpose of the present study was to develop further a semistructured nonverbal projective test to measure juvenile delinquency proneness. The goal in developing this test was to have a measure which would be free of the many limitations found in existing tests and scales of this nature.
Date: January 1965
Creator: Morgan, Joseph K.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Psychometric Patterns of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale Subtests as an Indicator of Schizophrenic Syndromes

Description: The specific objectives of this investigation are as follows: 1. To determine which half -- verbal half or performance half -- of the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test contributes most to total intelligence quotient for schizophrenics. 2. To determine whether any significant correlation exists between test scores and patterns of schizophrenics and normals. 3. To determine whether there exists any premature aging process in schizophrenics.
Date: August 1950
Creator: O'Dell, Perry L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Personality and Decision Behavior

Description: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between personality and certain characteristics of decision-making behavior in a modified two-choice probability learning situation. More specifically, this study addresses itself to the following questions: (1) Can personality correlates of the decision-making process be demonstrated? (2) Are personality factors related to individual differences in maximizing tendency, risk-taking, and decisiveness? (3) If such relationships, exist, who do they fit into the framework of existing decision-making theory?
Date: August 1969
Creator: Scarborough, Jerry Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries

Relationships of Selected Demographic Factors to Attitudes toward Trade Unionism among Texas Registered Nurses

Description: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of certain demographic factors upon attitude formation. The attitudes of Texas registered nurses toward trade unionism and their own right to strike were measured in terms of the effects of these selected factors.
Date: August 1969
Creator: Hill, Mary Estelle
Partner: UNT Libraries

Humor Appreciation as a Means of Predicting Creative Individuals

Description: The problem of this thesis is the question of whether appreciation of humor is characteristic of adult creatives. Also, can the humor factor be a significant factor in the prediction of creative individuals? As a consequence of the theory and experimental evidence associated with the relationship between humor and creativity, the following hypothesis is formulated for further study: there is a significantly positive relationship between humor appreciation and creative ability.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Fallis, Frank D.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Concrete, Symbolic, and Verbal Reinforcement of the Discrimination Learning of Moderately and Severely Retarded Boys

Description: The present study is an attempt to determine which of several different types of reinforcers is most effective in discrimination learning using institutionalized mentally retarded boys of different intellectual levels as subjects. If one type of reinforcement works more effectively in conditioning one level of institutionalized mentally retarded subject, then that type of reinforcement could be used to greater advantage in controlling behavior than some other, less effective kind of reinforcer.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Johnson, James E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship between Fear and Stereotyped versus Non-Stereotyped Tasks

Description: The exact properties of the interaction between emotional drives and other psychological phenomena is still a vastly unexplored field. The purpose of this paper will be to examine further the effects of one of these emotional drives, that of fear, on task performance, and to explore some of the theoretical conceptualizations already put forth regarding this interaction.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Sonntag, Norris P.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Self-Concept and Dogmatism as Variables in the Prediction of Internal-External Reward Expectancies

Description: The problem of this study was to determine the relationship between the nature of an individual's self-concept and belief system to his orientation toward internal versus external control of reinforcement. This study was designed to investigate the relationship of two variables, self-concept and open versus closed belief system, to a third variable, locus of control.
Date: May 1968
Creator: Lamb, Kathy Whitaker
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship between Performance on the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test and Perceptual Ability and Motor Skill in a Non-Clinical Group

Description: The purposes of the present study are to try to establish whether perception and motor skill are determinant factors of performance on the Bender-Gestalt Test and to investigate the degree of relationship and importance of each factor on the B-G-T.
Date: June 1968
Creator: Moazami, Manoutchehr
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Perceptual Factors which are Involved in Performance on the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test

Description: The purpose of the present study is to try to establish if perception is a determinate factor of performance on the Bender Gestalt Test. In a study which is attempting to determine the effects of perceptual factors as compared to motor factors on the Bender Gestalt Test, it would seem necessary to separate the two factors.
Date: June 1967
Creator: Walker, William Glenn
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Music and Operant Conditioning on Gross Motor Activity of Profound Mental Retardates

Description: It has not yet been demonstrated that music can be used therapeutically with profoundly retarded children. One way these children might be helped to respond to music, and therapeutically benefit from it, would be to use operant conditioning in an effort to enhance gross motor activity and then progressively shape responses until more complex behavior patterns are formed. Once these children can respond motorically in the presence of musical stimuli, continuation of responding may be possible by pairing motor activity with musical stimuli. This experiment investigated the effects of operant conditioning and music on the motor activity of profoundly retarded children in an effort to determine the therapeutic usefulness of music with such children.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Addison, Max R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship between Several Personality Variables and a Proposed Trait Model

Description: This thesis proposes three hypotheses: first, that persons with a high generalized expectancy for internal control of reinforcement will react to many of life's situations in a problem-solving or need-persistent way; second, that those persons high in the belief of external control will be more extra-punitive in their reactions to frustrating situations; third, that persons with a high belief in internal control of reinforcement are more ready to learn in chance situations.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Butler, Robert T.
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Investigation into Attitudes toward Death and Attempted Suicide

Description: It was the purpose of this investigation to add to the scientific knowledge of death and suicide and to present an exploratory investigation into the possibility of developing an attitudinal technique or scale of measuring responsiveness toward death, which has to do with how a person responds to his own death and the "death-instincts."
Date: January 1968
Creator: Cash, Larry M.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Draw-A-Person Technique as a Measure of Sexual Conflict

Description: Since much of the existing research which points to the low validity of the Draw-a-Person technique has used differentiation of diagnostic categories as a criterion, this study will be restricted to a consideration of the Draw-a-Person technique as a means for discriminating between a group of individuals who manifest conflicts in the area of sexual adjustment and a control group which does not show these conflicts in any appreciable amount.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Caspary, Arthur Courtney
Partner: UNT Libraries