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Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Clinton National Topographic Map, NI 14-2 Oklahoma: Volume 1
From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Clinton National Topographic Map, Ni 14-2 Oklahoma: Volume 2
This report contains aerial radiometric and magnetic survey for the Clinton National Topographic map, Oklahoma.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Clovis National Topographic Map, NI 13-6, Texas and New Mexico: Volume 1
From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Lawton National Topographic Map, NI 14-5, Texas and Oklahoma: Volume 1
From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Lawton National Topographic Map, Ni 14-5, Texas and Oklahoma, Volume 2
This report contains aerial radiometric and magnetic survey for Lawton National Topographic Map, Texas and Oklahoma.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Lubbock and Plainview Geologic Atlas Areas of Texas: Volume 1. Summary Report
From introduction: Geodata International, Incorporated, conducted an airborne gamma ray and total magnetic field survey of a region of Northwest Texas which covered the Lubbock and Plainview Geologic Atlas Maps. The area shown on Figure 1 was surveyed from an aircraft using large-volume radiation detectors with computer-controlled airborne equipment. Each map line was flown in an east-west direction with an average length of 120 miles. A total of 47 map lines were surveyed spaced at 3-mile intervals beginning at latitude 33000' and ending at latitude 350
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Oklahoma City National Topographic Map, NI 14-3, Oklahoma: Volume 1
From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Tucumcari National Topographic Map NI 13-3, Texas and New Mexico: Volume 1
The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Wichita Falls National Topographic Map, NI 14-8, Texas and Oklahoma: Volume 1
From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey: Tonopah National Topographic Map, Nevada, Volume 2
This is a report on the aerial radiometric and magnetic survey, Tonopah National topographic map, Nevada.
Aerial radiometric and magnetic survey Tularosa national topographic map, New Mexico, Volume 2
This report contains aerial radiometric and magnetic survey data for Tularosa National Topographic Map of New Mexico.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey Tularosa National Topographic Map, Nex Mexico: Volume 1
From Operational Program: This final report includes a general geologic description of the area, including descriptions of the various geologic units and correlates the airborne data to the geologic units as provided by the geologic maps. Also included is a frequency distribution study of the data as a function of the geologic units encountered over the NTMS area including the tie line data.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey Winnemucca National Topographic Map, Nevada: Volume 1
From operational program: This final report includes a general geologic description of the area, including descriptions of the various geologic units and correlates the airborne data to the geologic units as provided by the geologic maps. Also included is a frequency distribution study of the data as a function of the geologic units encountered over the NTMS area including the tie line data.
Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey Winnemucca National Topographic Map, Nevada, Volume 2
No Description Available.
The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls
The new method for making computations in connection with the study of rigid airships, which was used in the investigation of Navy's ZR-1 by the special subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics appointed for this purpose is presented. The general theory of the air forces on airship hulls of the type mentioned is described and an attempt was made to develop the results from the very fundamentals of mechanics.
Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants
The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey, Final Report, Volume 1: Las Vegas Quadrangle (Arizona, California, Nevada), Williams Quadrangle (Arizona), Prescott Quadrangle (Arizona), and Kingman Quadrangle (Arizona, California, Nevada)
This is an airborne reconnaissance report on several quadrangles in Arizona, California, and Nevada.
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey, Final Report: Volume 2, Williams Quadrangle
This is a airborne reconnaissance report of the Williams Quadrangle in Arizona.
ALICE, A Hybrid Lagrangian-Eulerian Code for Calculating Fluid-Structure Interaction Transients in Fast-Reactor Containment
This report describes ALICE, which uses an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method to analyze the response of the contaminant vessel and other solid media inside a reactor contaminant.
Alternative Fuel Cycle Options : Performance Characteristics and Impact on Nuclear Power Growth Potential
The fuel utilization characteristics for LWR, SSCR, CANDU and LMFBR reactor concepts are quantified for various fuel cycle options, including once-through cycles, thorium cycles, and denatured cycles. The implications of various alternative reactor deployment strategies on the long-term nuclear power growth potential are then quantified in terms of the maximum nuclear capacity that can be achieved and the growth pattern over time, subject to the constraint of a fixed uranium-resource base. The overall objective of this study is to shed light on any large differences in the long-term potential that exist between various alternative reactor/fuel cycle deployment strategies.
Aluminum Heat Transfer Surfaces Multistage Flash Distillation Plant
Report issued by the Office of Saline over studies conducted on heat transfer of aluminum alloy in multistage flash distillation plants. Results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
America Joins a Metric World
Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, the work of the U.S. Metric Board, and how government agencies are facilitating a switch to the metric system.
Analog-Model Simulations for Secondary Canal Controls and Forward Pumping Water-Management Schemes in Southeast Florida
From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate, through electrical analog model simulation, the effects of two specific water-management proposals in Dade County. Proposal one is the installation of a secondary control on Snake Creek Canal and proposal two is the forward pumping scheme.
Analysis and Summary of Reports and Data From the Freeport, Texas, Test Bed Plant (1961-1969)
Report issued by the Office of Saline over a summary of all work conducted at the Freeport, Texas test bed plant. The work done at the plant between 1961 and 1969 is presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Analysis and Summary Report of Operation Guantanamo Naval Base Desalination Facility
Report analyzing the Guantanamo Naval Base 2.25 MGD desalting and power generation facility in order to create a guide for the research and development programs for the Office of Saline Water and for commercial desalinization facilities.
Analysis of a Cylindrical Shell Vibrating in a Cylindrical Fluid Region
Analytical and experimental methods are presented for evaluating the vibration characteristics of cylindrical shells such as the thermal liner of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) reactor vessel. The NASTRAN computer program is used to calculate the natural frequencies, mode shapes, and response to a harmonic loading of a thin, circular cylindrical shell situated inside a fluid-filled rigid circular cylinder. Solutions in a vacuum are verified with an exact solution method and the SAP IV computer code. Comparisons between analysis and experiment are made, and the accuracy and utility of the fluid-solid interaction package of NASTRAN is assessed.
Analysis of EBR-II Low-Power Dosimetry Run 78C
This report compares calculated reaction rates based on neutron-transport calculations in RZ and XY geometries with measured values from a low-power dosimetry test in EBR-II. Axial distributions of Uranium-235 and uranium-238 fission rates and uranium-238 capture rate are given for various radial locations along the length of the core and the axial reflectors, and along the length of the radial steel reflectors. Reaction rates, primarily at the reactor midplane, are given for a number of fission and capture reactions. The analytical RZ- and XY-geometry models used for the neutronics calculations are described.
An Analysis of Factors Influencing the Reliability of Retrievable Storage Canisters for Containment of Solid High-Level Radioactive Waste
The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility.
Analysis of Field Compaction Data: Report 2, Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Massachusetts
Summary: This report is a review of the materials, specifications, procedures, equipment, and testing pertinent to construction and compaction control of the earth-fill embankment of Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Mass., constructed by the U. S. Army Engineer Division, New England.
Analysis of Nonlinear Fluid Structure Interaction Transient in Fast Reactors
A generalized Eulerian method is described for analyzing the fluid transients and the structural response in nuclear reactors under the postulated accident conditions. The phenomena considered are the wave propagation, slug impact, sodium spillage, bubble migration, and the fluid-structure interaction. The basic equations and numerical formulation are presented in detail. Sample calculations are given to illustrate the analysis. It is shown from the results that the implicit, iterative method used is unconditionally stable and is especially suitable for problems involving large material distortions.
Analysis of Optically Excited Mercury Molecules
Report presenting new measurement techniques used to obtain potential curves, f-values, and kinetic behavior for Hg2. The Hg2 molecule is representative of a class of molecules which have dissociative ground states and bound excited states. It can therefore be used as a prototype of this class of molecules which are of interest as potential new laser candidates. Because of the non-bound ground state, standard absorption spectroscopic techniques cannot be used to obtain the necessary information about the excited states.
An Analysis of Salinity in Streams of the Green River Basin
Abstract: Dissolved-solids concentrations and loads can be estimated from streamflow records using a regression model derived from chemical analyses of monthly samples. The model takes seasonal effects into account by the inclusion of simple-harmonic time functions. Monthly mean dissolved-solids loads simulated for a 6-year period at U.S. Geological Survey water-quality stations in the Green River Basin of Wyoming agree closely with corresponding loads estimated from daily specific-conductance records. In a demonstration of uses of the model, an average gain of 114,000 tons of dissolved solids per year was estimated for 6-year period in a 70-mile reach of the Green River from Fontemelle Reservoir to the town of Green River, including the lower 30-mile reach of the Big Sandy River.
Analysis of Selected Benthic Communities in the Florida Everglades with Reference to Their Physical and Chemical Environment
From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to document the types of aquatic benthic organisms found within the Everglades and to determine the extent to which the chemical and physical character of surface water and bottom materials affect their distribution and community structure.
An Analysis of Stream Temperatures, Green River Basin, Wyoming
From abstract: This report presents a method for estimating temperatures of streams in the Green Water Basin, Wyoming.
Analysis of Tentative Seismic Design Provisions for Buildings
Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing an analysis of seismic design provisions for buildings with three main objectives. As stated in the introduction, "The first objective was to assist the ATC in the preparation of its report. The second objective of the study was to augment the text of the published Provisions by providing a formal, consistent documentation of the text. The third objective was to provide alternate arrangements of the Provisions that would make them more readily usable by several categories of users" (p. 1). This report includes illustrations.
An Analysis of the High-Temperature Particulate Collection Problem
Particulate agglomeration and separation at high temperatures and pressures are examined, with particular emphasis on the unique features of the direct-cycle application of fluidized-bed combustion. The basic long-range mechanisms of aerosol separation are examined, and the effects of high temperature and high pressure on usable collection techniques are assessed. Primary emphasis is placed on those avenues that are not currently attracting widespread research. The high-temperature, particulate-collection problem is surveyed, together with the peculiar requirements associated with operation of turbines with particulate-bearing gas streams.
Analysis of Waste-Load Assimilative Capacity of the Yampa River, Steamboat Springs to Hayden, Routt County, Colorado
From purpose and scope: The primary purpose of the study was to aid in evaluating the waste-load assimilative capacity of the study reach for a minimum mean 7-day low flow and 10-year recurrence interval. The results of this analysis will provide planners and managers in Routt County with information for determining the waste-load capacities of the study reach for possible design and operational alternatives of future wastewater-treatment plants.
Analytical Chemistry Division Annual Progress Report, May 20, 1970
Report presenting research and development papers from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Analytical Chemistry Division.
Analytical Investigation of Certain Aspects of LMFBR Subassembly-Failure Propagation
An analytical investigation of certain problems in the area of subassembly-to-subassembly failure propagation in LMFBR's is described. Existing analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly duct to mechanical loads are reviewed and summarized, and major uncertainties are identified. Additional analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly to certain thermal loads are presented in two parts. In the first part, the effect of an external heat flux on duct melting and thermal stresses is considered. The external heat fluxes required to produce duct melting or excessive thermal stresses are compared with the heat fluxes that might be expected from the molten fuel deposited on the duct wall. In the second part, a thermal-hydraulic study is performed to investigate the effect of the external heat flux on the coolant temperature distribution in the adjacent subassembly. Both normal subassembly geometry and distorted subassembly geometry are considered. A detailed model of the coolant region formed by the heated duct wall and the displaced fuel pins is also analyzed to determine whether there are severe temperature gradients.
An Analytical Model for Predicting Cross-Country Vehicle Performance, Appendix D: Performance of Amphibious Vehicles in the Water-Land Interface (Hydrologic Geometry)
Summary: "Forty tests were conducted with two amphibious tracked vehicles and one amphibious wheeled vehicle at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., and near Khon Kaen, Thailand, to determine the vehicles' capabilities for exiting closed bodies of water. Empirical relations, based on the data collected in this study and in previous studies, are presented to support the conclusions that performance of amphibious tracked and wheeled vehicles (in terms of "go-no go") in the water-land interface can be correlated with soil strength (expressed as average cone index of the 0- to 6-in. soil layer), and that the slope-climbing ability in the water-land interface of the tracked vehicles tested compares favorably with that of the same vehicles operating on land surfaces of similar soil composition and consistency" (p. ix).
An Analytical Study of the Feasibility of Irradiating U233/Th232 Metal Fuel Experiments in EBR-II
Recent concerns about the proliferation and diversion of plutonium have lead to reconsideration of Uranium-233/Thorium-232 fuel cycles. Although thorium fuels have been studied earlier, much of that work is incomplete; consequently, additional irradiation studies will be necessary.
ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways
This report describes a computer program, called ANL/HIWAY, for estimating air quality levels of nonreactive pollutants produced by vehicular sources. It is valid for receptors at distances of tens to hundreds of meters, at an angle, downwind of the roadway, in relatively uncomplicated terrain. It may be used by planners to analyze the effects of a proposed roadway on adjacent air quality. The ANL/HIWAY model expands the evaluation capabilities of the EPA/HIWAY dispersion model. This report also serves as a user's manual for running the ANL/HIWAY PROGRAM. All command structures are described in detail, with sample problems exemplifying their use.
Annual Report (FY 1968): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant, Webster, South Dakota
Report presenting progress in saline water conversion at the Test-Bed Plant in Webster, South Dakota, and the economics of its operation.
Annual Report (FY 1969): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant, Webster, South Dakota
Report presenting progress in saline water conversion at the Test-Bed Plant in Webster, South Dakota, and the economics of its operation.
Annual Report (FY 1970): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant Webster, South Dakota
Report containing history, maintenance, and repairs of the Webster, South Dakota, test bed plant as well as reviews of optimization tasks performed therein.
Apparatus for Testing Smooth and Ribbed Tubing with Pulsed Eddy Currents
Report of the test results of a pulsed eddy-current apparatus for inspecting the integrity of smooth and ribbed tubing as well as discussion of transducer and preamplifier features, scanning procedures, and theory of operation.
Application of Frequency-Modified Life Approach to the Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Type 304 Stainless Steel
The application of the frequency-modified life equation to fatigue life prediction has been critically examined using the extensive fatigue data generated for Type 304 stainless steel at 1100 degrees F under a variety of cyclic-loading conditions. The parameters that enter into the frequency-modified life equation vary with strain rate and show a transition coinciding with the frequency of cycling at which a change in the fracture appearance from predominantly transgranular to predominantly intergranular failure mode or vice versa occurs. The accuracy in life prediction is improved when the effect of strain rate on life-predictive parameters is considered. It is shown how the effect of compressive and symmetric hold time on fatigue life can be taken into account. A comparison between the frequency-modified life approach of Coffin and the damage-rate approach recently developed by Majumdar and Maiya is also made to show the importance of wave-shape on low-cycle fatigue life.
Application of Photogrammetric Techniques for Environmental Surveillance of Amchitka Island, Alaska, Annual Progress Report, July 1, 1969 - June 30, 1970
Report concerning surveys made to determine the abundance and distribution of otters at Amchitka Island, Alaska, as well to document the effects of an underground nuclear reactor.
Application of the Pulsed-Neutron Activation Technique for Flow Measurements at EBR-II
This report describes the pulsed-neutron-activation (PNA) flow-measuring technique as applied to in situ fluid-flow measurement at EBR-II. Analytic relationships are derived for modeling the process and estimating the uncertainty in measurement. Results from measurements of both water flow and secondary-sodium flow are presented. Results from PNA measurements of water side of the EBR-II steam system have led better definition of plant parameters. Results from sodium-flow measurements are used to provide a correlation for in situ calibration of the electromagnetic sodium flowmeter in the secondary system.
Application of the U.S. Geological Survey Rainfall-Runoff Simulation Model to Improve Flood-Frequency Estimates on Small Tennessee Streams
This report uses a rainfall-runoff simulation model to improve flood-frequency estimates in Tennessee. It includes illustrations, hydrographs, and other maps.