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Range Performance of Bombers Powered by Turbine-Propeller Power Plants

Description: Calculations have been made to find range? attainable by bombers of gross weights from l40,000 to 300,000 pounds powered by turbine-propeller power plants. Only conventional configurations were considered and emphasis was placed upon using data for structural and aerodynamic characteristics which are typical of modern military airplanes. An effort was made to limit the various parameters invoked in the airplane configuration to practical values. Therefore, extremely high wing loadings, large amounts of sweepback, and very high aspect ratios have not been considered. Power-plant performance was based upon the performance of a typical turbine-propeller engine equipped with propellers designed to maintain high efficiencies at high-subsonic speeds. Results indicated, in general, that the greatest range, for a given gross weight, is obtained by airplanes of high wing loading, unless the higher cruising speeds associated with the high-wing-loading airplanes require-the use of thinner wing sections. Further results showed the effect of cruising at-high speeds, of operation at very high altitudes, and of carrying large bomb loads.
Date: June 20, 1950
Creator: Cline, Charles W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rapid chemical test for the identification of chromium-molybdenum steel

Description: This note describes a simple, rapid, qualitative test which can be applied to solutions of drilling or chips for the identification of chromium-molybdenum steel. The test is based on the orange-red compound which is formed when thiocyanate and inequivalent molybdenum react. This test is much more reliable than the potassium ethylxanthate test which has been recommended for a like purpose. A list of the apparatus and reagents which are required, and a description of the procedure follows.
Date: March 1, 1932
Creator: Redmond, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rapid Separation of Heavy Rare-Earth Elements

Description: The U.S. Bureau of Mines investigated the separation of heavy rare-earth elements (REE) in an ion-exchange process. An ion-exchange column consisting of two sections, a loading section and a separation section, provides high levels of REE loading and good REE separation with an expected processing cycle of less than a month, while current ion-exchange technology requires more than 5 months. A different resin is used in each section: sulfonic resin in the loading section and iminodiacetic resin in the separation section. The separation section is further divided into two segments: the first conditioned with NH4 and the second with acid. Erbium is loaded onto both segments of the separation column as a retaining ion. Bands of mixed REE eluting between separated bands of pure REE were recycled directly to the column. Without mixed-band recycle, over 80% of the REE eluted from the column was separated into fractions with 99% purity of each element; with such recycle, the percentage of separated elements can be increased to around 90%.
Date: 1995
Creator: Moore, B. W.; Froisland, L. J. & Petersen, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rate-of-climb recorder

Description: The chief advantage of the instrument lies in the degree of accuracy obtainable with suitably flexible capsule (dynamic pressure recorder with small test range) and in its sensitivity for recording static-pressure changes. A description and hook-up of the instrument is provided along with calculations of error.
Date: February 1, 1938
Creator: Danielzig, Helmut
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rate of heat transfer from finned metal surfaces

Description: The object was to evaluate the factors which control the rate of heat transfer to a moving current of air from finned metal surfaces similar to those used on aircraft engine cylinders. The object was to establish data which will enable the finning of cooling surfaces to be designed to suit the particular needs of any specific application. Most of the work was done on flat copper specimens 6 inches square, upon which were mounted copper fins with spacings varying from 1/2 inch to 1/12 inch. All fins were 1 inch deep, 6 inches long, and .020 inch thick. The results of the investigation are given in the form of curves included here. In general, it was found that for specimens of this kind, the effectiveness of a given fin does not decrease very rapidly until its distance from adjacent fins has been reduced to 1/9 or 1/10 of an inch. A formula for the heat transfer from a flat surface without fins was developed, and an approximate formula for the finned specimens is suggested.
Date: January 1, 1930
Creator: Taylor, G Fayette & Rehbock, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rates of fuel discharge as affected by the design of fuel-injection systems for internal-combustion engines

Description: Using the method of weighing fuel collected in a receiver during a definite interval of the injection period, rates of discharge were determined, and the effects noted, when various changes were made in a fuel-injection system. The injection system consisted primarily of a by-pass controlled fuel pump and an automatic injection valve. The variables of the system studied were the pump speed, pump-throttle setting, discharge-orifice diameter, injection-valve opening and closing pressures, and injection-tube length and diameter.
Date: January 1, 1933
Creator: Gelalles, A G & Marsh, E T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ratier metal propeller with pitch variable in flight

Description: One of the serious sources of difficulties in variable pitch propellers is the turning moment or torque due to the centrifugal force which tends to bring the mean plane of the blades into the plane of rotation. This moment, which is found elsewhere only in propellers with removable blades, is so great that the aerodynamic forces, as regards their effect on the torsion, become entirely negligible in comparison with it. This report presents the Ratier Company's solution to changing the pitch of airplane propellers.
Date: April 1, 1930
Creator: Leglise, Pierre
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rationale for the Proposed Standard for a Generic Package of Primitive Functions for Ada

Description: This paper supplements the Proposed Standard for a Generic Package of Primitive Functions for Ada, '' written by the ISO- IEC/JTC1/SC22/WG9 (Ada) Numerics Rapporteur Group. Based on recommendations made jointly by the ACM SIGAda Numerics Working Group and the Ada-Europe Numerics Working Group, the proposed primitive functions standard is the second of several anticipated secondary standards to address the interrelated issues of portability, efficiency, and robustness of numerical software written in Ada. Its purpose, features, and developmental history are outlined in this commentary.
Date: December 1990
Creator: Dritz, Kenneth W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The RBU Reactor-Burnup Code: Formulation and Operation Procedures

Description: Report discussing the computer program RBU, which calculates the neutron, reactivity, and isotopic history of a nuclear reactor in such a way as to facilitate the predictions of fuel costs and reactor performance. This report documents RBU's various calculations and operating procedures.
Date: July 1961
Creator: Triplett, J. R.; Merrill, E. T. & Burr, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department