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Radiative Cooling of a Voided Subassembly

Description: A treatment is formulated for surface-to-surface radiative heat exchange between fuel pins and between pins and duct wall of a nuclear reactor subassembly voided of coolant. Specific attention is given to the case of equal power generation in each pin with uniform duct-wall temperature. Detailed temperature profiles and heat flux values are reported for hexagonal-ring subassemblies ranging in size from one to nine rings. It is found that a duct wall at 1153 degrees K can cool by radiation even a nine-ring voided subassembly operating at a power of up to 0.54 kW/ft per pin or 5.4% of full power without fuel slumping or melting, or that a seven-pin assembly can be cooled by radiation up to a power of 7.3 kw/ft.
Date: 1976
Creator: Chan, S. H.; Condiff, D. W. & Grolmes, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation

Description: The fundamental principles of fluid flow, pressure losses, and heat transfer have been presented and analyzed for the case of a smooth tube with fully developed turbulent flow. These equations apply to tubes with large length-diameter ratios where the f1ow is at a high Reynolds Number. The error introduced by using these equations increases as the magnitude of the tube length and the air-flow Reynolds Number approaches the values encountered in modern radiator designs. Accordingly, heat-transfer tests on radiator sections were made and the results are presented in nondimensional form to facilitate their use and for comparison with other heat-transfer data. In addition, pressure losses were measured along smooth tubes of circular, square, and rectangular cross section and the results were also correlated and are presented in nondimensional form. The problem of a radiator design for a particular installation is solved, the experimental heat-transfer and pressure-loss data being used, on a basis of power chargeable to the radiator for form drag, for propelling the weight, and for forcing the air through the radiator. The case of an installation within a wing or an engine nacelle is considered. An illustration of radiator design is carried through for an arbitrary set of conditions. Sufficient detail is given to enable the reader to reproduce the analysis for any given case.
Date: May 1, 1939
Creator: Brevoort, M.J. & Leifer, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation - II, Special Report

Description: A mathematical analysis of radiator design has been made. The volume of the radiator using least total power has been expressed in a single formula which shows that the optimum radiator volume is independent of the shape of the radiator and which makes possible the construction of design tables that give the optimum radiator volume per 100-horsepower heat dissipation as a function of the speed, of the altitude, and of one parameter involving characteristics of the airplane. Although, for a given set of conditions, the radiator volume using the least total power is fixed, the frontal area, or the length of the radiator needs to be separately specified in order to satisfy certain other requirement such as the ability to cool with the pressure drop available while the airplane is climbing. In order to simplify the specification for the shape of the radiator and in order to reduce the labor involved in calculating the detailed performance of radiators, generalized design curves have been developed for determining the pressure drop, the mass flow of air, and the power expended in overcoming the cooling drag of a radiator from the physical dimensions of the radiator. In addition, a table is derived from these curves, which directly gives the square root of the pressure drop required for ground cooling as a function of the radiator dimensions, of the heat dissipation and of the available temperature difference. Typical calculations using the tables of optimum radiator volume and the design curves are given. The jet power that can be derived from the heated air is proportional to the heat dissipation and is approximately proportional to the square of the airplane speed and to the reciprocal of the absolute temperature of the atmosphere. A table of jet power, per 100 horsepower of heat dissipation at various ...
Date: January 1, 1942
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Radio-Frequency Power Delivery System: Procedures for Error Analysis and Self-Calibration

Description: Abstract: An expression is developed for net power delivered to a load in terms of the indicated forward and reflected power and the system S-parameters and reflection coefficients. The dual directional coupler is treated as nonideal with power reflections assumed between all ports. The system itself is used to evaluate the major S-parameter terms in net power computation, and uncertainty in the computed power is derived from origins in the power meter readings and incompletely known S-parameters.
Date: August 1985
Creator: Kanda, Motohisa & Orr, R. David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radio-Frequency Resistance and Inductance of Coils Used in Broadcast Reception

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Standards over radio-frequency resistance in radio reception. As stated in the introduction, "the purpose of this paper is to present data on the radio-frequency resistance and inductance of coils within the range of frequencies used in radiotelephone broadcasting" (p. 651). This paper includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: October 22, 1925
Creator: Hund, August & De Groot, H. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radio Meteorology

Description: Report compiling the work done in radio meteorology over the past ten years at the National Bureau of Standards' Central Radio Propagation Laboratory (CRPL). There is an emphasis upon the effects of the lower atmosphere on the propagation of radio waves. The CRPL group has concentrated upon the refraction of radio waves as well as the refractive index structure of the lower atmosphere on both synoptic and climatic scales. Additional chapters on radio-meteorological parameters and the absorption of radio waves by the various constituents of the lower atmosphere.
Date: March 1, 1966
Creator: Bean, B. R. & Dutton, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Carbonaceous Shale and Lignite Deposits in the Goose Creek District, Cassia County, Idaho

Description: From abstract: Uranium-bearing carbonaceous shale and lignite beds are exposed in the Goose Creek district of southern Cassia County, Idaho. The district includes about 150 square miles in Tps. 14 to 16 So, Rs, 20 to 22 E., Boise meridian.
Date: January 1953
Creator: Hail Jr., W. J. & Gill, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Deposits in New Mexico

Description: From abstract: Forty-five areas of radioactivity in New Mexico had been investigated by government geologists or reported in the geologic literature before 1952. 21 areas contained visible uranium minerals and one contained thorium minerals. The occurrences were in the northwestern, north-central, central, southwestern, and southeastern parts of the State.
Date: 1956
Creator: Lovering, T. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Deposits on the Haputa Ranch, Custer County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: An area 2,200 feet long and 400 to 1,300 feet wide within the Haputa ranch, Custer County, Colo., has been mapped at a scale 1:1,200. The rocks in this area consist of quartz-hornblende schist, granite gneiss, hornblende-andesine gneiss, gabbro and peridotite, microcline granite, and pegmatite, of pre-Cambrian age, and lamprophyre dikes of Tertiary age.
Date: November 1951
Creator: Dellwig, Louis F. & Gott, Garland B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Fluorite in the Thomas Range, Juab County, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Thomas Range fluorite district, on Spor's Mountain in the western part of the Thomas Range, Juab County, Utah, is approximately 6 miles long and 2 miles wide, and contains almost no unclaimed land. The fluorite production of the district, since its discovery in 1943, has been 35,700 short tons. It was obtained from 12 different ore bodies on eight different properties. G. P. Spor, Ray Spor, and Chad Spor; Albert Willden and Earl Willden; T. A. Claridge; and W. E. Black and F. B. Chesley were the only groups producing fluorite in the district in August 1950.
Date: January 1951
Creator: Staatz, Mortimer Hay; Wilmarth, V. R. & Bauer, Herman L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility

Description: The Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF) at Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) in Idaho provides improved treatment for low-level aqueous waste compared to conventional systems. A unique, patented evaporated system is used in the RLWTF. SHADE (shielded hot air drum evaporator, US Patent No. 4,305,780) is a low-cost disposable unit constructed from standard components and is self-shielded. The results of testing and recent operations indicate that evaporation rates of 2 to 6 gph (8 to 23 L/h) can be achieved with a single unit housed in a standard 30-gal (114-L) drum container. The operating experience has confirmed the design evaporation rate of 60,000 gal (227,000 L) per year, using six SHADE's.
Date: July 1984
Creator: Black, Roger L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Manganese Occurrences in the Lower Rio Itapicurú Valley, Bahia, Brazil

Description: From abstract: Radioactive manganese deposits have been found in two swamps and at one locality on the northeast bank of the Rio Itapicuru near Mosquete, municipio of Itapicuru, State of Bahia, Brazil. The occurrences are related to warm springs and consist of surficial manganiferous sinter and of sandstone impregnated with manganese.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Haynes, Donald D.; Mau, Henry & White, Max Gregg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Rare-Earth Deposit at Scrub Oaks Mine, Morris County, New Jersey

Description: From abstract: A deposit of rare-earth minerals in the Scrub Oaks iron mine, Morris County, N. J., was mapped and sampled in 1955. The rare-earth minerals are mainly in coarse-grained magnetite ore and in pegmatite adjacent to it. Discrete bodies of rare-earth-bearing magnetite ore apparently follow the plunge of the main magnetite ore body at the north end of the mine. Radioactivity of the ore containing rare earths is about 0.2 to 0.6 milliroentgens per hour.
Date: 1959
Creator: Klemic, Harry; Heyl, Allen V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R. & Stone, Jerome
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity and Mineralogy of Placer Concentrates from the Wiseman and Chandalar Districts, Upper Yukon Region, Northeastern Alaska

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to present the results of the radiometric and mineralogic study of 19 samples from the Wiseman and Chandalar districts which are available in the Geological Survey's Alaskan collections. This work was done on behalf of the Division of Raw Materials of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission.
Date: 1952
Creator: White, Max Gregg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity and Uranium Content of the Sharon Springs Member of the Pierre Shale and Associated Rocks in Western Kansas and Eastern Colorado

Description: From introduction: The primary objective of these studies is to determine the content and distribution of uranium areally and stratigraphically in the Sharon Springs member of the Pierre shale of Late Cretaceous age.
Date: December 1955
Creator: Landis, Edwin R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity at the Jim Kane Mine, Mohave County, Arizona

Description: Abstract: About 2,000 tons of low-grade lead ore has been produced from the Jim Kane mine, near Kingman, Mohave County, Ariz. A 3-foot vein of gouge and siderite stringers in pre-Cambrian gneiss contains some lead and, locally, is abnormally radioactive. A sample of the vein contained 0.067 percent uranium. Abnormal radioactivity is restricted to a small part of the vein, and no reserves are calculated.
Date: January 1951
Creator: Kaiser, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity in Some Oil Fields of Southeastern Kansas

Description: From abstract: Radium-bearing precipitates derived from 'oil-well fluids have been found in more than 60 oil and gas fields in Cowley, Butler, Marion, Sedgwick, and Greenwood Counties of southeastern Kansas. The abnormal radioactivity of these precipitates has been studied through the use of gamma-ray and sample logs; by radiometric, chemical petrographic, and spectrographic analyses of the precipitates and drill samples; and through the use of chemical analyses of brines collected from oil wells in the areas of high radioactivity.
Date: April 1951
Creator: Gott, Garland B. & Hill, James W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity in the Jo Reynolds Mine, Clear Creek County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Eight tons of high grade pitchblende ore was sold from the Jo Reynolds mine near Lawson, Clear Creek County, Colo., in 1919. The pitchblende occurs with silver, lead, and zinc in carbonate-quartz veins cutting pre-Cambrian schist, granite gneiss, and granite.
Date: January 1951
Creator: King, Robert Ugstad
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity Investigations at Ear Mountain, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, 1945

Description: From abstract: Radioactive material in apparently significant amounts was recognized in heavy-mineral concentrates from the gravels of four streams that head in Ear Mountain, Alaska, when collections of the United States Geological Survey were examined for radioactivity in the winter of 1944-45. This area, on the north side of the Seward Peninsula, attracted attention in 1901-02 when cassiterite was discovered in the streams. Subsequent attempts were made to develop copper- and tin-bearing lode deposits.
Date: 1955
Creator: Killeen, P. L. & Ordway, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactivity Transport in Water: the Dispersion of Radionuclides in Open Channel Flow

Description: From introduction: It is the purpose of this study to present field measurements of dispersion in a river and a canal, whose characteristics are unlike streams in which similar work has been done. The Colorado River and the Pierce Canal were selected for testing.
Date: June 1, 1963
Creator: Patterson, C. C. & Gloyna, Earnest F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioassay of Thin-Layer Chromatograms: Blueprints for Zonal Scraper

Description: From introduction: The radioassay of thin-layer chromatography (TLC) plates has been improved in this laboratory by designing a scraping device for rapid and quantitative transfer of extremely small zones of adsorbent from narrow glass plates into counting vials.
Date: April 1964
Creator: Synder, Fred; Alford, T. J.; Kimble, Harry & Underwood, Harvey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department