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Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1977

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes work aimed at understanding and improving the performance of fuel cells having molten alkali-carbonate mixtures as electrolytes; the fuel cells operate at temperatures near 925 K.
Date: March 1978
Creator: Ackerman, J. P.; Kinoshita, K.; Finn, P. A.; Sim, J. W. & Nelson, P. A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1978

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving the components of molten-carbonate-electrolyte fuel cells operated at temperatures near 925 K.
Date: June 1979
Creator: Finn, P. A.; Ackerman, J. P.; Pierce, R. D.; Nelson, P. A. & Arons, R. M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Aerodynamic Forces on Airship Hulls

Description: The new method for making computations in connection with the study of rigid airships, which was used in the investigation of Navy's ZR-1 by the special subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics appointed for this purpose is presented. The general theory of the air forces on airship hulls of the type mentioned is described and an attempt was made to develop the results from the very fundamentals of mechanics.
Date: 1979?~
Creator: Munk, M. M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Description: The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Date: 1976
Creator: Fishelson, Gordon; Rausser, Gordon C. & Cohen, Alan S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative Fuel Cycle Options : Performance Characteristics and Impact on Nuclear Power Growth Potential

Description: The fuel utilization characteristics for LWR, SSCR, CANDU and LMFBR reactor concepts are quantified for various fuel cycle options, including once-through cycles, thorium cycles, and denatured cycles. The implications of various alternative reactor deployment strategies on the long-term nuclear power growth potential are then quantified in terms of the maximum nuclear capacity that can be achieved and the growth pattern over time, subject to the constraint of a fixed uranium-resource base. The overall objective of this study is to shed light on any large differences in the long-term potential that exist between various alternative reactor/fuel cycle deployment strategies.
Date: September 1977
Creator: Chang, Y. I.; Till, C. E.; Rudolph, R. R.; Deen, J. R. & King, M. J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aluminum Heat Transfer Surfaces Multistage Flash Distillation Plant

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline over studies conducted on heat transfer of aluminum alloy in multistage flash distillation plants. Results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: August 1970
Creator: Fauth, D. A. & Lindberg, R. I., Sr.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

America Joins a Metric World

Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, the work of the U.S. Metric Board, and how government agencies are facilitating a switch to the metric system.
Date: February 1976
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Item Type: Pamphlet
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and Summary of Reports and Data From the Freeport, Texas, Test Bed Plant (1961-1969)

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline over a summary of all work conducted at the Freeport, Texas test bed plant. The work done at the plant between 1961 and 1969 is presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: December 1971
Creator: Shroff, G. H.; Watson, I. C. & Cross, R. D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and Summary Report of Operation Guantanamo Naval Base Desalination Facility

Description: Report analyzing the Guantanamo Naval Base 2.25 MGD desalting and power generation facility in order to create a guide for the research and development programs for the Office of Saline Water and for commercial desalinization facilities.
Date: June 1972
Creator: Rapier, P. M.; Rowe, W. H.; Ko, A. C.; DeReinzo, P. P. & Gitterman, H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of a Cylindrical Shell Vibrating in a Cylindrical Fluid Region

Description: Analytical and experimental methods are presented for evaluating the vibration characteristics of cylindrical shells such as the thermal liner of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) reactor vessel. The NASTRAN computer program is used to calculate the natural frequencies, mode shapes, and response to a harmonic loading of a thin, circular cylindrical shell situated inside a fluid-filled rigid circular cylinder. Solutions in a vacuum are verified with an exact solution method and the SAP IV computer code. Comparisons between analysis and experiment are made, and the accuracy and utility of the fluid-solid interaction package of NASTRAN is assessed.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Chung, Ho; Mulcahy, T. M.; Turula, P. & Jendrzeczyk, J. A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of EBR-II Low-Power Dosimetry Run 78C

Description: This report compares calculated reaction rates based on neutron-transport calculations in RZ and XY geometries with measured values from a low-power dosimetry test in EBR-II. Axial distributions of Uranium-235 and uranium-238 fission rates and uranium-238 capture rate are given for various radial locations along the length of the core and the axial reflectors, and along the length of the radial steel reflectors. Reaction rates, primarily at the reactor midplane, are given for a number of fission and capture reactions. The analytical RZ- and XY-geometry models used for the neutronics calculations are described.
Date: December 1977
Creator: Franklin, F. C.; Ebersole, E. R. & Heinrich, R. R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of Factors Influencing the Reliability of Retrievable Storage Canisters for Containment of Solid High-Level Radioactive Waste

Description: The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Mecham, W. J.; Seefeldt, Waldemar B. & Steindler, M. J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Field Compaction Data: Report 2, Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Massachusetts

Description: Summary: This report is a review of the materials, specifications, procedures, equipment, and testing pertinent to construction and compaction control of the earth-fill embankment of Littleville Dam, Westfield River, Mass., constructed by the U. S. Army Engineer Division, New England.
Date: December 1970
Creator: Torrey, Victor H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Nonlinear Fluid Structure Interaction Transient in Fast Reactors

Description: A generalized Eulerian method is described for analyzing the fluid transients and the structural response in nuclear reactors under the postulated accident conditions. The phenomena considered are the wave propagation, slug impact, sodium spillage, bubble migration, and the fluid-structure interaction. The basic equations and numerical formulation are presented in detail. Sample calculations are given to illustrate the analysis. It is shown from the results that the implicit, iterative method used is unconditionally stable and is especially suitable for problems involving large material distortions.
Date: 1978
Creator: Yang, C. Y.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Optically Excited Mercury Molecules

Description: Report presenting new measurement techniques used to obtain potential curves, f-values, and kinetic behavior for Hg2. The Hg2 molecule is representative of a class of molecules which have dissociative ground states and bound excited states. It can therefore be used as a prototype of this class of molecules which are of interest as potential new laser candidates. Because of the non-bound ground state, standard absorption spectroscopic techniques cannot be used to obtain the necessary information about the excited states.
Date: January 1975
Creator: Drullinger, R. E.; Hessel, M. M. & Smith, E. W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Tentative Seismic Design Provisions for Buildings

Description: Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing an analysis of seismic design provisions for buildings with three main objectives. As stated in the introduction, "The first objective was to assist the ATC in the preparation of its report. The second objective of the study was to augment the text of the published Provisions by providing a formal, consistent documentation of the text. The third objective was to provide alternate arrangements of the Provisions that would make them more readily usable by several categories of users" (p. 1). This report includes illustrations.
Date: July 1979
Creator: Harris, James Robert; Fenves, Steven J. & Wright, Richard N.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of the High-Temperature Particulate Collection Problem

Description: Particulate agglomeration and separation at high temperatures and pressures are examined, with particular emphasis on the unique features of the direct-cycle application of fluidized-bed combustion. The basic long-range mechanisms of aerosol separation are examined, and the effects of high temperature and high pressure on usable collection techniques are assessed. Primary emphasis is placed on those avenues that are not currently attracting widespread research. The high-temperature, particulate-collection problem is surveyed, together with the peculiar requirements associated with operation of turbines with particulate-bearing gas streams.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Razgaitis, Richard
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical Investigation of Certain Aspects of LMFBR Subassembly-Failure Propagation

Description: An analytical investigation of certain problems in the area of subassembly-to-subassembly failure propagation in LMFBR's is described. Existing analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly duct to mechanical loads are reviewed and summarized, and major uncertainties are identified. Additional analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly to certain thermal loads are presented in two parts. In the first part, the effect of an external heat flux on duct melting and thermal stresses is considered. The external heat fluxes required to produce duct melting or excessive thermal stresses are compared with the heat fluxes that might be expected from the molten fuel deposited on the duct wall. In the second part, a thermal-hydraulic study is performed to investigate the effect of the external heat flux on the coolant temperature distribution in the adjacent subassembly. Both normal subassembly geometry and distorted subassembly geometry are considered. A detailed model of the coolant region formed by the heated duct wall and the displaced fuel pins is also analyzed to determine whether there are severe temperature gradients.
Date: February 1976
Creator: Marr, William W.; Wang, P. Y.; Misra, B.; Padilla, A. & Crawford, R. M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analytical Model for Predicting Cross-Country Vehicle Performance, Appendix D: Performance of Amphibious Vehicles in the Water-Land Interface (Hydrologic Geometry)

Description: Summary: "Forty tests were conducted with two amphibious tracked vehicles and one amphibious wheeled vehicle at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., and near Khon Kaen, Thailand, to determine the vehicles' capabilities for exiting closed bodies of water. Empirical relations, based on the data collected in this study and in previous studies, are presented to support the conclusions that performance of amphibious tracked and wheeled vehicles (in terms of "go-no go") in the water-land interface can be correlated with soil strength (expressed as average cone index of the 0- to 6-in. soil layer), and that the slope-climbing ability in the water-land interface of the tracked vehicles tested compares favorably with that of the same vehicles operating on land surfaces of similar soil composition and consistency" (p. ix).
Date: February 1970
Creator: Blackmon, Claude A.; Stinson, B. G. & Stoll, J. K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analytical Study of the Feasibility of Irradiating U233/Th232 Metal Fuel Experiments in EBR-II

Description: Recent concerns about the proliferation and diversion of plutonium have lead to reconsideration of Uranium-233/Thorium-232 fuel cycles. Although thorium fuels have been studied earlier, much of that work is incomplete; consequently, additional irradiation studies will be necessary.
Date: 1979?
Creator: Foltman, A. J. & Meneghetti, D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways

Description: This report describes a computer program, called ANL/HIWAY, for estimating air quality levels of nonreactive pollutants produced by vehicular sources. It is valid for receptors at distances of tens to hundreds of meters, at an angle, downwind of the roadway, in relatively uncomplicated terrain. It may be used by planners to analyze the effects of a proposed roadway on adjacent air quality. The ANL/HIWAY model expands the evaluation capabilities of the EPA/HIWAY dispersion model. This report also serves as a user's manual for running the ANL/HIWAY PROGRAM. All command structures are described in detail, with sample problems exemplifying their use.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Concaildi, George A.; Cohen, Alan S. & King, Richard F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department