Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 119 Matching Results

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Determination of Ignition Points of Liquid Fuels Under Pressure

Description: Two series of experiments were tried, in order to determine the ignition point at any desired pressure, the first series at constant and the second at varying pressure. The results differ greatly and indicate that testing under pressure, in the investigation of liquid fuels, can be done best in the laboratory and that the determination of the ignition points in an open vessel furnishes no certain indication of the behavior of the fuel in the engine.
Date: January 1925
Creator: Tausz, J. & Schulte, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Lift and Drag Characteristics of an Airplane in Flight

Description: Flight tests to determine lift and drag characteristics are discussed. A review is given of the fundamental principles on which the tests are based and on the forces acting on an airplane in the various conditions of steady flight. Glide with and without propeller thrust and the relation between angle of attack and the indicated airspeed for different conditions of steady flight are discussed. The glide test procedure and the problem of the propeller are discussed.
Date: August 1925
Creator: Green, Maurice W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Royal Aero Club Light Aeroplane Competition

Description: Memorandum describing the results of the Royal Aero Club light airplane competition and some of the history surrounding the event. A list of the planes that participated and an analysis of the performance of the various aircraft are provided.
Date: January 1925
Creator: Buchanan, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Schütte-Lanz Airship Projects After the War

Description: The stressing of an airship depends on three nonuniformly distributed forces: air forces; the distribution of acceleration forces; and how the air pressure is distributed on the hull. This report examines the stresses and comes to conclusions on the size of airships.
Date: October 1925
Creator: Weiss, Georg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Distribution Over the Wings of an MB-3 Airplane in Flight

Description: "This investigation was carried out to determine the distribution of load over the wings of a high speed airplane under all conditions of flight. In particular it was desired to find the pressure distribution during level flight, over the portions of the wings in the slipstream and, during violent maneuvers, over the entire wing surface. The method used consisted in connecting a number of holes in the surface of the wings to recording multiple manometers mounted in the fuselage of the airplane. In this way simultaneous records could be taken on all of the holes for any desired length of time" (p. 179).
Date: 1925
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Wing Spars of Variable Cross-Section and Linear Load

Description: "The calculation of wing spars of constant cross-section and load has been thoroughly treated by a large number of authors. Such is not the case,however, regarding the calculation of wing spars whose section and linear load diminish toward the ends, as in wings of trapezoidal contour and decreasing section" (p. 1).
Date: March 1925
Creator: Kirste, Léon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concrete Airship Sheds at Orly, France Part 2: Supporting Structure and Method of Moving, Mechanism for Moving the Centering, Apparatus for Handling the Materials, Remarks on Construction Details

Description: This report deals mainly with the methods of construction employed when after the plan had been approved. The foundation, side walls, doors and roof are all discussed and the economic savings resulting from this method of construction.
Date: October 1925
Creator: Freyssinet
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concrete Airship Sheds at Orly, France Part 1: General Aspect of the Problem, Basic Principles of the Final Project, Principal Structural Elements

Description: This report details the contest to design and build concrete airship hangers. The difficulty lies in the magnitude of the absolute dimensions. An airship shed must withstand two principal types of stresses: those resulting from its own weight and those due to the wind. This report discusses both problems in detail.
Date: October 1925
Creator: Freyssinet
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Atomization of Liquid Fuels Part 2: Description of Apparatus, Fuels Tested, Atomization Experiments, Discharge Measurements, Atomization

Description: This report describes the design and operation of a nozzle to inject fuel into an engine. The design of the nozzle is open, without any compulsory or automatic stop-valve. The fuel injection is regulated simply by the pressure and the adjustment of the fuel pump.
Date: September 1925
Creator: Kuehn, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Atomization of Liquid Fuels Part 1: Relation Between Atomization and Combustion, Methods Employed for Determining the Size of Particles and Small Drops, Choice of Experimental Method

Description: In the present treatise we will consider chiefly the problem of solid injection in comparison with air injection. On leaving the valve or nozzle through one or more small openings, the fuel is split up into innumerable fine drops, which penetrate the combustion chamber in divergent directions in the form of a conical jet. The efficiency of this jet is judged from the following three viewpoints: 1) with respect to the fineness of atomization; 2) with respect to the direction or distribution of sprayed particles; 3) with respect to the penetration of the particles.
Date: September 1925
Creator: Kuehn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of Flapping Flight

Description: "Before attempting to construct a human-powered aircraft, the aviator will first try to post himself theoretically on the possible method of operating the flapping wings. This report will present a graphic and mathematical method, which renders it possible to determine the power required, so far as it can be done on the basis of the wing dimensions. We will first consider the form of the flight path through the air" (p. 1).
Date: October 1925
Creator: Lippisch, Alexander
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Introduction to the Helicopter

Description: It is the object of this report to review briefly the aerodynamic and construction data already available regarding helicopters and to set forth the difficulties which must be met.
Date: 1925
Creator: Klemin, Alexander
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light Aeroplane Engine Development

Description: "It has frequently been stated and written that in order to popularize light aircraft the first essential is the production of a reliable engine capable of being easily maintained and having a long life, at the same time selling at a low figure. It is desired to point out the difficulties in the way of realizing this ideal before remarking on the claims of the various types for adoption" (p. 1).
Date: April 1925
Creator: Fell, L. F. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Suspensions in Wind Tunnel Experiments

Description: The elimination of the rigid supports for models and their replacement by wires constitute a great improvement by rendering negligible the interactions of support. There are disadvantages to wire, namely, the aerodynamic resistance is very large and their use is rather difficult because the whole suspension lacks rigidity and easily becomes distorted. We will here investigate the nature of these distortions, evaluate the errors they entail and describe the methods for taking account of or avoiding them.
Date: December 1925
Creator: Kerneis, Jean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerations in Flight

Description: Report discussung work on accelerometry was done at McCook Field for the purpose of continuing the work done by other investigators and obtaining the accelerations which occur when a high-speed pursuit airplane is subjected to the more common maneuvers. The accelerations obtained in suddenly pulling out of a dive with well-balanced elevators are shown to be within 3 or 4 per cent of the theoretically possible accelerations. The maximum acceleration which a pilot can withstand depends upon the length of time the acceleration is continued. It is shown that he experiences no difficulty under the instantaneous accelerations as high as 7.8 G., but when under accelerations in excess of 4.5 G., continued for several seconds, he quickly loses his faculties.
Date: 1925
Creator: Doolittle, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Explosion Hazards From the Use of Pulverized Coal at Industrial Plants

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin, therefore, presents both bad and the good features of pulverized-coal plants and gives recommendations for safe installation and operation. Consequently, in the preparation of this bulletin much of the material on explosions in plants is based on the results of tests at the experimental mine and in the laboratory dust gallery."
Date: 1925
Creator: Tracy, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Velocity Wind Tunnels: Their Application to Ballistics, Aerodynamics, and Aeronautics

Description: "The object of this article is to set forth the particular properties of swiftly-moving air, how these affect the installation of a wind tunnel, the experimental results already obtained, the possible applications of such a tunnel, and what can be easily accomplished at the present time" (p. 1).
Date: June 1925
Creator: Huguenard, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strength Calculations on Airplanes

Description: "Every strength calculation, including those on airplanes, must be preceded by a determination of the forces to be taken into account. In the following discussion, it will be assumed that the magnitudes of these forces are known and that it is only a question of how, on the basis of these known forces, to meet the prescribed conditions on the one hand and the practical requirements on the other" (p. 1).
Date: December 1925
Creator: Baumann, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inertia Factors of Ellipsoids for Use in Airship Design

Description: "This report is based on a study made by the writer as a member of the Special Committee on Design of Army Semirigid Airship RS-1 appointed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The increasing interest in airships has made the problem of the potential flow of a fluid about an ellipsoid of considerable practical importance. The theory of this type of motion is very fully given by Horace Lamb in his "Hydrodynamics," and applications to the theory of airships by many other writers" (p. 3).
Date: 1925
Creator: Tuckerman, L. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Memorandums on the Subject of Joukowski Wings]

Description: In the first article, in connection with a lecture on the hydrodynamic basis of flight and the potential flow about a Joukowski wing, the pressure distribution on several wings is computed and plotted. The diagrams of the pressure distributions are presented accompanied with a qualitative discussion of the pressure distribution. In the second article, the the cross-sectional outline (or profile) a Joukowski wing are plotted.
Date: October 1925
Creator: Blumenthal, Otto & Trefftz, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elements of the Wing Section Theory and of the Wing Theory

Description: This report contains those results of the theory of wings and of wing sections which are of immediate practical value. They are proved and demonstrated by the use of the simple conceptions of "kinetic energy" and "momentum" only, familiar to every engineer; and not by introducing "isogonal transformations" and "vortices," which latter mathematical methods are not essential to the theory and better are used only in papers intended for mathematicians and special experts.
Date: 1925
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department