Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED
Analysis and Summary Report of Operation Guantanamo Naval Base Desalination Facility
Report analyzing the Guantanamo Naval Base 2.25 MGD desalting and power generation facility in order to create a guide for the research and development programs for the Office of Saline Water and for commercial desalinization facilities.
Case Studies of Desalted Water for Irrigation
Report studying the use of desalinated water for irrigation at three locations in Arizona and California. Costs and benefits are measured among several different areas, including multiple concentrations of desalinated water, different desalting methods, and the desalting process.
Analysis and Summary of Reports and Data From the Freeport, Texas, Test Bed Plant (1961-1969)
Report issued by the Office of Saline over a summary of all work conducted at the Freeport, Texas test bed plant. The work done at the plant between 1961 and 1969 is presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Economics and Use of Large Scale Electrodialysis Plants on Selected Tidal Estuarial Waters
Report concerning the relative costs of providing water via an electrodialysis-based water desalination plant that was only to be operated during periods of drought.
Bench Scale Study of the Vacuum Freezing Ejector Absorption Process
No Description Available.
Evaluation of 75,000 GPD Sea Water Desulfating Pilot Plant
Report describing the design, construction, test programs, and economic issues relating to an Experimental Continuous Ion Exchange Desulfating Softening Plant and how the conclusions drawn from its operation could be used for the desulfation of sea water with desalination plants.
Exploratory Study of Brine Disposal Using Fluid-Bed Evaporation
Report concerning fluid-bed evaporation as a possible method of separating waste brine into salts and pure water. Two process operations are examined: "(1) feed introduction to the evaporator through submered tubes, and (2) fludizization of soluble salt particles by superheated steam" (p. viii).
Design Study of Large Multiple Phase Ejector Driven Desalination Plants
Report concerning "the use of Multiple Phase Ejectors with distillation desalination plants, including detailed thermodynamic analyses of ejector-driven distillation plants and the optimization of parameters for the most promising plant arrangement derived form the thermodynamic analyses." (p. 1)
Development Report Number 9: V.T.E. Process Development, Freeport Test Facility, Freeport, Texas
Report presenting accounts of testing saline water conversion and the economics thereof. This report covers the fifteenth and sixteenth Development Runs, which evaluated the following: the performance of the plant's double-fluted tube bundle and titanium tube bundle; the condensate handling-restrictions in the 5 effect module; a sump to sump brine transfer system modification; porcelain spray nozzles; enhanced surface tubes; and an oxygen scavenging system.
Third Report on Horizontal-Tube Multiple-Effect Process Pilot Plant Tests
From Summary: "This report describes the continuing work on HTME distillation plants, the first portions of which were reported in References 1 and 2. A major purpose in the testing of the three-effect pilot plant was to demonstrate mutiple-effect operability of the the horizontal tube method, when utilizing basically the same construction methods and materials as those proposed for commercial HTME plants."
Summary of Roswell Test Bed Plant Reports (1963-1968)
From Summary: "This report summarizes the analyses of the operating data for the period 1963-1969 for the Test Bed Plant and the Auxiliary Test Unit (ATU) located at Roswell, New Mexico."
Annual Report (FY 1970): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant Webster, South Dakota
Report containing history, maintenance, and repairs of the Webster, South Dakota, test bed plant as well as reviews of optimization tasks performed therein.
Development of Polyphenylene Oxide Membranes
Report concerning manufacturing variables on sulfonated polyphenylene oxide reverse osmosis membranes. The effects these variables have membrane performance are discussed as well as procedures to increase membrane reproducibility and performance.
Seawater Tubular Reverse Osmosis Membranes
From Introduction and Summary: "The objective of this program was to improve the quality, performance, and useful life of seawater tubular reverse osmosis membranes. The secondary objective was the evaluation of defect-free membranes in a small module with both sodium chloride and with actual seawater."
Effects of Manufacturing Variables and the Development of Replaceable Membrane Elements for Brackish Water Tubular Reverse Osmosis Systems
Report describing the development of a reliable means to cast brackish water desalination membranes, the quality control of membrane-support elements, and the development of replaceable membrane elements.
Development of a Thin-Liquid-Film Membrane Device for Reverse Osmosis
Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on reverse-osmosis plants. The results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Intake Systems for Desalting Plants
From Forward: "This is one of a continuing series of reports designed to present accounts of progress in saline water conversion and the economics of its application. Such data are expected to contribute to the long-range development of economical processes applicable to low-cost demineralization of sea and other saline water."
Operation of the Multi-Effect Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant (Clair Engle), Fourth Report (Semi-Annual), San Diego, California
From Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations: "The operation and development programs carried out in the CEP, E-1A and LMC plant during the period July 1, 1970 to December 31, 1970 are described in this report. Data was developed on several development tasks as follows. A summary is presented of material evaluation studies made over the past three and a half years. Data on the experiences with coatings, mortar linings, elastomers, and nonferrous and ferrous metals are included. Details are presented of coatings and linings installed in the CEP II Effect including methods of surface preparation and costs."
Operation of the Multi-Effect Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant (Clair Engle), Third Report (Annual), San Diego, California
From Introduction: "This report covers the activities by Catalytic, Inc., during the contract period from June 1, 1969 to June 30, 1970, a thirteen month period."
Transport-Depletion Desalination Pilot Plant
From Summary: "The transport-depletion data obtained by the Southern Research Institute and by the Bureau of Reclamation at Denver, Colorado and at Webster, South Dakota, was reviewed. This data review made it possible to develop a design methodology for the pilot plant, and to identify the additional data required to adequately predict the performance of a transport-depletion stack."
Second Annual Report: Operation of the Muti-Stage Flash Distillation Plant, San Diego, California
From Introduction: "The Office of Saline Water (OSW) maintains the MSF Module at the San Diego Test Facility, Chula Vista, California, for the purpose of further advancing and developing the state of art of the multistage flash distillation process and thereby reduce the cost of seawater conversion. The MSF Module has been built and operated to obtain engineering design and operating data to serve as a basis for: a. Future process development. b. Improved full scale plant design. Improved full scale plant operating conditions."
Comparison Study of a 2.5 MGD VTE Upflow Versus Downflow
Report comparing "the capital and operating costs of an upflow and downflow plant" (p. 2). Cost saving recommendations are made.
Design and Furnishing Flash Enhancers for MSF Test Module
Report describing experiments that attempt to minimize the heat loss within a multi-stage flash evaporator.
Development of Direct Contact Condensation Multistage Flash Distillation Process Phase IIIA
Report investigating the feasibility of the Atomics International Direct Contact Condensation Multistage Flash (DCC-MSF) Distillation process using "analytical and experimental studies on a direct contact condensation module and a plastic film heat exchanger. (p. iii) Contains further studies and evaluations of the direct-contact condensation unit and plastic film heat exchanger.
Performance Characteristics of Advanced Evaporator Tubes for Long-Tube Vertical Evaporators
From Introduction: "The investigation detailed in this report were undertaken to compare effectiveness of tubes enhanced in various ways and, then, to provide performance data on selected tubes of most promising type."
Seawater Desalting with Chemical Recovery
From Introduction: "The report describes the studies made on 20mgd desalting plants, a size that was selected based on recovering 3,000 tons per day of salt for feed to a chlorine-caustic plant that would be part of the Energy Center."
Cost of Steam Supply for Desalting Using Coal Fired Boilers
Report studying the application and cost of using coal based steam power plants in desalination plants. Both Single Purpose Plants (wherein power is produced for the plant's needs) and Dual Purpose Plants (wherein extra power is produced for sale) are investigated.
Fabrication of Felt-Membrane Composites
Report containing development information and economic evaluation of felt membrane composition meant for use as a reverse osmosis desalination membrane.
The Feasibility of Obtaining a Solid Dry Brine Effluent From Desalting Plants at Inland Locations
Report documenting a the economic feasibility of using crystallization/evaporation and fluidized-bed granulation in the treatment of brine effluents.
The Feasibility of Siting an 8 MGD Vapor Compression Distillation Desalting Plant at Brownsville, Texas
Report regarding the feasibility of placing a desalting plant at Brownsville, Texas, at one of three possible locations.
VTE Pilot Plant Annual Report for the Period Ending July 1, 1968
From Summary and Conclusions: "After a period of tests at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1966 and 1967, the Vertical Tube Evaporator (VTE) Pilot Plant was moved to the OSW's East Coast Test Station at Wrightsville Beach, N.C. In the summer of 1967 it was installed and was started in upflow operation with seawater feed, using stem and other services provided by the station. The operation of the Pilot Plant at Wrightsville Beach was performed by Stearns-Roger Corporation under subcontract to ORNL. Operation was in the upflow mode during the entire reporting period."
First Annual Report - Operation of the Multi-Effect Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant (Clair Engle), San Diego, California
Annual report discussing the activities and operation of the Senator Clair Engle Plant (CEP), a multi-effect multi-stage flash (MEMS) distillation plant for converting sea water, located in San Diego, California.
Operation of the Multi-Stage Flash Distillation Plant, San Diego, California, Annual Report, Volume 1
Report documenting the operation and economic considerations of the multi-stage flash distillation plant in San Diego, California.
Economics of Combining Distilled Seawater and Renovated Wastewater
Report containing a methodology for determining the least expensive plan to use water from desalination plants. Elements of this methodology include treatment requirements for fresh water, sea water, and waste water, storage, conveyance, and waste water disposal.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Vertical Tube Evaporator Pilot Plant Annual Report for Fiscal Year 1970
From Introduction: "This report covers the work done in fiscal 1970 and the small amount of work done in the early part of fiscal 1971; the inclusive dates covered are July 1, 1969 through July 10, 1970. A four effect VTE train operating in the downflow mode. A single effect VTE unit operating in the downflow mode. A mixed phase high pressure water and steam jet compression unit complete with a boiler to supply high pressure motive steam."
Feasibility of Obtaining a Solid Dry Brine Effluent From Inland Desalination Plants
Report documenting the use of multiple-effect evaporation and direct-contact drying as the least expensive and most feasible of ten processes used in converting brine effluents into dry solids.
Aluminum Heat Transfer Surfaces Multistage Flash Distillation Plant
Report issued by the Office of Saline over studies conducted on heat transfer of aluminum alloy in multistage flash distillation plants. Results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Bolsa Island Nuclear Power and Desalting Project Facilities (Cost and Description) and Cost of Desalted Water
Report that contains information regarding the plans for a combined nuclear power plant and water desalination facility on a man-made island in the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. Includes the estimated costs associated with the conceptual plant as well as unit costs for desalted water.
Development of Tubular Reverse Osmosis Module Assembly Techniques
Report concerning the development of equipment and processes required for the production of porous wall reverse osmosis tubes lined with membrane material deposited by extrusion. These include a chilled water membrane gellation system, "a heat treat fixture permitting simultaneous heat treatment of several reverse osmosis tubes" (p. 1), and the optimization of the structure of fiberglass filament/resin composite material.
Evaluation of the Vertical Tube Evaporator and the Multistage Flash Desalination Processes
Report that compares and evaluates "the relative thermodynamic and engineering characteristics and economics of the Vertical Tube Evaporator (VTE) and the Multistage Flash (MSF) process" (p. 1) for use in 250 Millions of Gallons per Day (MGD) and 2.5 MGD desalination plants.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Vertical Tube Evaporator Pilot Plant Annual Report for Fiscal Year 1969
From Summary: "This report summarizes the down-flow heat transfer performance of enhanced surface tubes and operations at the four-effect Vertical Tube Evaporator Pilot Plant at the Office of Saline Water East Coast Test Station, Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina. The period from July 1, 1968 to June 30, 1969 is covered in this report."
Development of Economical Methods of Boron Removal From Irrigation Return Waters
Report that examines a method for reducing the boron levels of irrigation return waters to nonphytotoxic levels.
Saline Ground-Water Resources of the Tularosa Basin, New Mexico
From Abstract: "This report describes the location, extent, and quality of saline ground water in Tularosa Basin, a north-trending elongated, intermontane, desert basin in south-central New Mexico."
Annual Report (FY 1968): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant, Webster, South Dakota
Report presenting progress in saline water conversion at the Test-Bed Plant in Webster, South Dakota, and the economics of its operation.
Annual Report (FY 1969): Webster Test Facility and Electrodialysis Test-Bed Plant, Webster, South Dakota
Report presenting progress in saline water conversion at the Test-Bed Plant in Webster, South Dakota, and the economics of its operation.
Multiple Phase Ejector Pilot Plant
From Introduction: "This is the final report on work performed by Joseph Kaye & Company, Inc. (JKCo) in accordance with the requirements of OSW Contract No. 14-01-0001-2105, as amended. The work concerned the final design, construction, and operation of a pilot plant for demonstrating Multiple Phase Ejector (MPE) topping units to augment the performance of distillation desalination systems."
Second Report on Horizontal-Tubes Multiple-Effect Process Pilot Plant Tests and Design
From Summary: "This report describes the continuing work on HTME distillation plants, the first part of which was reported in Reference 1. Additional factors that affect HTME heat transfer coefficients were investigated, and the magnitude of their influence was determined."
Development of Direct Contact Condensation Multistage Flash Distillation Process Phase 2
Report investigating the feasibility of the Atomics International Direct Contact Condensation Multistage Flash (DCC-MSF) Distillation process using "analytical and experimental studies on a direct contact condensation module and a plastic film heat exchanger. (p. iii) Contains further studies and evaluations of the direct-contact condensation unit and plastic film heat exchanger.
Optimum Operation of Desalting Plants as a Supplemental Source of Safe Yield
From Summary: "The Operating Rule Program receives focus in this report. It is written in Fortran IV computer language and consists of about 1,700 statements. Principles results of the application of the program are summarized in Table 1 for the three systems analyzed."
Preliminary Community and Regional Water Supply Data in Support of Desalting Plant Projects
Purpose and Scope: "The purpose of this study is to provide basic water supply data needed for future evaluation and selection of promising saline water conversion opportunities. This report presents information regarding the present and future supply situation of individual communities. Also presented is information on regional water plans with respect to provisions for municipal water supply."