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Removal of Scale-Forming Compounds from Sea Water

Description: From introduction: "In the process of being developed under Contract No. 14-01-001-202 fertilizer grade phosphoric acid (or sodium phosphates obtained from reacting phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide or soda ash) is mixed with sea water. The subsequent addition of ammonia causes the precipitation of solids which are then allowed to settle from water. The resulting descaled sea water is now ready for utilization in a water recovering plant."
Date: September 1962
Creator: W.R. Grace & Co.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation and Preparation of Polymer Films to Improve the Separation of Water and Salts in Saline Water Conversion

Description: From Introduction: "As will be explained in more detail elsewhere in this report, casting methods and drying conditions have been found to have a drastic effect on film permeability to both water and salt. Errors that became evident in temperature control indicated that some of the previous high rates were obtained at temperatures considerably higher than the 100 degrees C that was intended and reported."
Date: December 1962
Creator: Monsanto Research Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study of Large Size Saline Water Conversion Plants

Description: From Introduction: "The principal objective of this study is to digest the experience accumulated in the operation of the demonstration plants, and from this information, to arrive at the cost of fresh water when produced on a large scale. It is important to recognize that the costs, as calculated in this report, are based upon the state of development of the processes as exemplified and proven in the demonstration plants. The field is new, and the rate of development is such that further cost reductions may be expected."
Date: March 1963
Creator: Bechtel Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat Transfer in the LTV Evaporator: An Analysis of Pilot Plant Data and Predictive Techniques for Plant Operation and Design

Description: Summary & Conclusions: "The study presented in this report was directed toward resolving the uncertainties in the design and prediction methods for heat transfer performance as well as toward analyzing certain aspects of the scaling problem."
Date: June 1963
Creator: Prengle, Dukler & Crump, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical Studies of the Behavior of Ions in Aqueous Solutions of Mixed Electrolytes With Respect to Osmionic Cell Operation

Description: From Forward: "This is the seventy-sixth of a series of reports designed to present accounts of progress in saline water conversion with the expectation that the exchange of such data will contribute to the long-range development of economical processes applicable to large-scale, low-cost demineralization of sea or other saline water."
Date: July 1963
Creator: Murphy, George W. & Matthews, Robert R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research on Vapor Reheat And Liquid-Liquid Heat Exchange

Description: From Forward and From Introductory- Summary : "This is the seventy-eighth of a series of reports designed to present accounts of progress in saline water conversion with the expectation that the exchange of such data will contribute to the long-range development of economical processes applicable to large-scale, low-cost dimineralization of sea or other saline water. The distillation system has operated with only minor difficulties. Mass transfer coefficients are in the range predicted from previous experiments. It is emphasized that the data reported above are not the best values obtained, but rather those upon which there is statistical justification based upon analysis of all the data."
Date: September 1963
Creator: FMC Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conversion of Saline Water: A Bibliography of Literature Resulting From the Activities Sponsored by the Office of Saline Water

Description: Bibliography compiled by the Office of Saline Water containing literature that is relevant to water conversion. As stated in the preface, "the bibliography which is arranged by author, is divided into two parts" (p. iii).
Date: October 1963
Creator: Kase, Karel A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demineralization by Transport Depletion

Description: Report concerning the demineralization of water via the transport depletion process, which is a variation of electrodialysis that uses just one ion-exchange membrane. The first portion of the report covers a year of studying the transport depletion method, while the second part includes details regarding the experiments, equipment, and complications in greater detail.
Date: November 1963
Creator: Lacey, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research on Thermoelectric Heat Pumps

Description: From Results: "Prior to stating results achieved, let us first discuss the measurements we were able to make, and how these measurements might--or might not--be indicative of the objective we strove to reach. Tables I and II, and related Figs. 11 and 12, show the best results obtained. Final Columns of Tables I and II are believed to show, at least to a degree, how good or how poor our best sputtered films turned out to be, compared with top-quality Peliter semiconductor materials."
Date: November 1963
Creator: Cox, E. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of Multi-Phase Ejectors for Distillation Desalination Systems

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this study was to investigate analytically the performance of various combination heat and work-input MPE desalination systems ranging from pure heat-input to pure work-input types. MPE desalination systems are described in the following section, while, the analytical methods and discussions of the results obtained are presented in the appendices."
Date: January 1964
Creator: Kemper, Clarence A.; Harper, George F.; Gouse, S. William & Leigh, John H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test Manual (Tentative) For Permselective Membranes

Description: From Introduction: "This test manual is intended to be used as an aid to persons purchasing or evaluating permselective membranes. This manual covers specified methods for testing, sampling, storing, and shipping permselective membrane materials of both cationic and anionic types."
Date: January 1964
Creator: United Stats. Bureau of Reclamation.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thin Film Vapor Compression Saline Water Conversion System

Description: From Introduction: "This report is the final report on the research and development program carried out by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation on the Westinghouse Thin Film Vapor Compression Saline Water Conversion System."
Date: February 1964
Creator: Willenbrock, A., Jr.; Chamberlin, R. M.; Fraser, D. R.; McGinnis, G. E.; Cyphers, J. A. & Wisnicki
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demineralization of Saline Water by Electrically-Induced Adsorption on Porous Carbon Electrodes

Description: Report containing information regarding the demineralization of water via carbon electrodes. Includes steps taken in the experiment, advancements made in the types of carbon material used, and cost estimates.
Date: March 1964
Creator: Murphy, George W.; Bloomfield, J. J.; Smith, Frank W.; Neptune, W. E.; Purdue, J. O.; Candle, Danny et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demineralization of Saline Water by Electrically-Induced Adsorption on Porous Carbon Electrodes

Description: Report containing the summation of the desalination studies carried out by The University of Oklahoma Research Institute, including their theories of carbon demineralization, electrode development, and the cost estimates for a demineralization plant.
Date: March 1964
Creator: Murphy, George W.; Bloomfield, J. J.; Smith, Frank W.; Neptune, W. E.; Candle, Danny; Stevens, Arthur L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Temperature Transference Numbers in Pure and Mixed Aqueous Electrolytes

Description: From Abstract: "An electronic technique was used in determinations of transference numbers in aqueous electrolyte solutions by the moving-boundary method. Data for 0.1 N NaCl at temperature from 15 degrees to 125 degrees C are presented in this report. Probable causes of difficulty with the method were identified. and recommendations are made in this report for further research to overcome the difficulties."
Date: March 1964
Creator: Dismukes, Edward B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Influence of Acoustical Vibrations on Convective Heat Transfer to Liquids

Description: From Introduction: "The research work described in this report consisted of two phases: analytical and experimental. Because of the complexity of the problem of the interaction between acoustical vibrations and heat transfer, the effort to analyze this problem theoretically began with a search for simplified "mathematical models" of the actual physical processes involved."
Date: March 1964
Creator: Fand, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department