Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 1,214 Matching Results

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Water Quality and Streamflow Characteristics, Raritan River Basin, New Jersey

Description: Abstract: The findings of a problem-oriented, river-system investigation of the water quality and streamflow characteristics of the Raritan River, N.J. are described. Information on streamflow duration, time-of-travel measurements, and analyses of chemical, biochemical and physical-water quality are summarized and used to define relations existing between water quality, streamflow, geology, and environmental development in the basin's hydrologic system. Stream quality, particularly in the lower urban areas of the basin, is shown to be deteriorating with time at most of the sampling sites reported. For example, average dissolved-oxygen concentration is reported to be undersaturated at all sampling sites and is decreasing with time at most sites. Biochemical-oxygen demand is increasing at most sites, as are the dissolved-solids content.
Date: June 1974
Creator: Anderson, Peter W. & Faust, Samuel D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report on the Small-Scale Vapor-Explosion Experiments Using a Molten NaCl-H2O System

Description: Vapor explosions were produced by injecting small quantities of water into a container filled with molten sodium chloride. Minimum explosion efficiencies, as evaluated from reaction-impulse measurements, were relatively large. Subsurface movies showed that the explosions resulted from a two-step sequence: an initial bulk-mixing phase in which the two liquids intermix on a large scale, but remain locally separated by an insulating gas-vapor layer; and a second step, immediately following breakdown of the gas layer, during which the two liquids locally fragment, intermix, and pressurize very rapidly. The experimental results were compared with various mechanistic models that had been proposed to explain vapor explosions. Early models seemed inconsistent with the results. More recent theories suggest that vapor explosions may be caused by a nucleation limit or by dynamic mixing combined with high surface-heat-transfer rates. Both types of models are consistent with the results.
Date: April 1976
Creator: Anderson, R. P. & Bova, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Survey and Status Report on Application of Acoustic-Boiling-Detection Techniques to Liquid-Metal-Cooled Reactors

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing acoustic-boiling-detection techniques. As stated in the abstract, "this report summarizes literature through June 1967 concerning acoustic methods. In the acoustic method for boiling detection, either acoustic waveguides or high-temperature acoustic sensors are recommended" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: April 1970
Creator: Anderson, T. T.; Mulcahey, T. P. & Hsu, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tentative Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for Buildings: A Cooperative Effort with the Design Professions, Building Code Interests, and the Research Community

Description: Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing building codes and standards in earthquake-prone areas. As stated in the introduction, "the basic purpose of this project is to present, in one comprehensive document, current state-of-knowledge in the fields of engineering seismology and engineering practice as it pertains to seismic design and construction of buildings" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1978
Creator: Applied Technology Council
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geographical Variation in the Heating and Cooling Requirements of a Typical Single-Family House, and Correlation of These Requirements to Degree Days

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the heating and cooling requirements for single-family homes. These requirements are determined from "Test Reference Year," or TRY data and long-term geographic climate information. This report includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: November 1978
Creator: Arens, Edward A. & Carroll, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Residential Energy Consumption Analysis Utilizing the DOE-1 Computer Program

Description: The DOE-1 computer program under development by Argonne National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is used to examine energy consumption in a typical middle-class household in Cincinnati, Ohio. The program is used to compare energy consumption under different structural and environmental conditions including various levels of insulation in the walls and ceiling, double and single glazing of windows, and thermostat setback schedules.
Date: April 1979
Creator: Arentsen, Scott K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Addendum to a Proposal for ATLAS: a Precision-Ion Accelerator at Argonne National Laboratory, December 1978

Description: This revised proposal for the construction of the Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) is in all essentials the same as the proposal originally presented to NUSAC in March 1978. The only differences worth mentioning are the plan to expand the experimental area somewhat more than was originally proposed and an increased cost, brought about principally by inflation. The outline presented is the same (with minor change in wording) as in the original document, reproduced here for the convenience of the reader.
Date: 1978
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Argonne Solar Energy Program Annual Report: 1978

Description: Annual report of the Solar Energy Program describing work in solar energy collection, heating and cooling, thermal energy storage, ocean thermal energy conversion, photovoltaics, satellite power systems, bioconversion, central receiver solar thermal power, and wind energy conversion.
Date: February 1979
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Systems Program: Its Goals and Accomplishments, 1978

Description: The Community Systems Program is concerned with conserving energy and scarce fuels through new methods of satisfying the energy needs of American communities. These programs are designed to develop innovative ways of combining current, emerging, and advanced technologies into Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES) that could furnish any, or all, of the energy-using services of a community. The key goals of the Community System Program then, are to identify, evaluate, develop, demonstrate, and deploy energy systems and community designs that will optimally meet the needs of various communities. Integrated systems offer considerable potential for fuel substitution, thereby allowing the use of non-scarce fuel resources that would not be economically usable in smaller unintegrated systems. Input energy sources for such systems may include low-grade waste heat, solid and liquid wastes, solar and geothermal heat, seawater heat dissipation, and use of less-scarce fuels, such as coal and biomass. A Grid-Connected ICES uses a central co-generation plant and distribution system to provide heating, cooling, and electrical energy services. During 1977, contracts for the following Grid-Connected ICES (G-C ICES) demonstration teams were negotiated: City of Independence, Missouri; Clark University; City of Trenton, New Jersey; Health Education Authority of Louisiana (HEAL); and University of Minnesota. A coal-using ICES, proposed for Georgetown University, also has made noticeable strides toward demonstration of the concept.
Date: April 1978
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy : Phase 1. Final Report, June 1972-October 1975

Description: Costs and benefits of various urban air pollution control policies have been examined in Phase 1 of the Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy study being conducted jointly by Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago. The need for sound economic evaluation of air quality regulations is evidenced by the resistance of many industries to pollution control policies based solely on the technical feasibility of achieving public health-related standards. For many firms that emit air pollutants, the cost of not complying with some regulations is significantly less than the cost of compliance. This final report on the Phase 1 research presents highlights of what has been learned, the mechanisms developed for transferring results to users, a bibliography of documents produced during the project, and a collection of correspondence, articles, and evaluation illuminating the use of project work by others.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Description: This progress report summarizes the Argonne National Laboratory work performed during April, May, and June 1976 on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss of coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen; and (4) Steam-explosion Studies.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Description: Progress report on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. Covering the following research and development areas: loss-of-coolant accident research, transient fuel response and fission-product release program, mechanical properties of zircaloy containing oxygen, and steam-expulsion studies.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Description: Report of a long-term program for monitoring the irradiation behavior of the materials in service in the primary-system sodium and the neutron shield of the EBR-11 sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program Quarterly Progress Report: January-March 1978

Description: Quarterly report summarizing research and development by Argonne National Laboratory on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems, including: Loss-of-coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics, Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program, Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen,and Steam-explosion Studies.
Date: 1978?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program Quarterly Progress Report: July-September 1977

Description: Quarterly report summarizing research and development on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems, including: Loss-of-coolant accident research, transient fuel response and fission-product release, mechanical properties of zircaloy containing oxygen, and steam-explosion studies.
Date: January 1978
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program, Quarterly Progress Report: October-December 1975

Description: Quarterly report summarizing work by Argonne National Laboratory on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. "The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss-of-coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; and (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen" (p. x).
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Materials Science Division Coal Technology Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Materials Science Division regarding coal technologyresearch and development. This report summarizes the work performed in six major tasks: evaluation of ceramic refractories, evaluation of ceramic coatings and refractories, development of nondestructive testing methods for use in coal plant fabrication, development of computer models to predict corrosion behavior, computer models to predict erosion behavior, and analysis of pilot-plant components that have failed or are removed from service.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Materials Science Division Coal Technology Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Materials Science Division regarding the evaluation of ceramic refractories to withstand abrasion-corrosion by coal slag that will be encountered in the Bituminous Coal Research (BCR) Bi-Gas coal-gasification pilot plant, development of computer models to predict corrosion and erosion behavior of materials, and analysis of pilot-plant components that have failed or are removed from service for other reasons.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department