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Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Horizontal Motion of a Wing Near the Ground

Description: By the method of images the horizontal steady motion of a wing at small heights above the ground was investigated in the wind tunnel, A rectangular wing with Clark Y-H profile was tested with and without flaps. The distance from the trailing edge of the wing to the ground was varied within the limits 0.75 less than or = s/c less than or = 0.25. Measurements were made of the lift, the drag, the pitching moment, and the pressure distribution at one section. For a wing without flaps and one with flaps a considereble decrease in the lift force and a,drop in the drag was obtained at angles of attack below stalling. The flow separation near the ground occurs at smaller angles of attack than is the case for a great height above the ground. At horizontal steady flight for practical values of the height above the ground the maximum lift coefficient for the wing without flaps changes little, but markedly decreases for the wing with flaps. Analysis of these phenomena involves the investigation of the pressure distribution. The pressure distribution curves showed that the changes occurring near the ground are not equivalent to a change in the angle of attack. At the lower surface of the section a very strong increase in the pressures is observed. The pressure changes on the upper surface at angles of attack below stalling are insignificant and lead mainly to an increase in the unfavorable pressure gradient, resulting in the earlier occurrence of separation. For a wing with flaps at large angles of attack for distances from the trailing edge of the flap to the ground less than 0.5 chord, the flow between the wing end the ground is retarded so greatly that the pressure coefficient at the lower surface of the section is ...
Date: September 1, 1946
Creator: Serebrisky, Y. M. & Biachuev, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental study of ignition by hot spot in internal combustion engines

Description: In order to carry out the contemplated study, it was first necessary to provide hot spots in the combustion chamber, which could be measured and whose temperature could be changed. It seemed difficult to realize both conditions working solely on the temperature of the cooling water in a way so as to produce hot spots on the cylinder wall capable of provoking autoignition. Moreover, in the majority of practical cases, autoignition is produced by the spark plug, one of the least cooled parts in the engine. The first procedure therefore did not resemble that which most generally occurs in actual engine operation. All of these considerations caused us to reproduce similar hot spots at the spark plugs. The hot spots produced were of two kinds and designated with the name of thermo-electric spark plug and of metallic hot spot.
Date: August 1, 1938
Creator: Serruys, Max
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Avia pursuit airplane B.H. 21

Description: Built by the 'Czecho-Slovakian' aircraft factory, AVIA, the B.H. 21, has a top speed of 250 MPH, and carries 120 kg of gasoline and 20 kg of oil, giving it a radius of action of 600-650 km. It is equipped with a Hispano-Suiza engine capable of 300 HP.
Date: November 1926
Creator: Serryer, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rene Couzinet monoplane (French)

Description: Having been designed as a long range aircraft, it carries 6200 liters of fuel and 280 liters of oil and has three propeller groups, each with a 180 HP Hispano-Suiza engine capable of 230 HP.
Date: July 1, 1928
Creator: Serryer, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Francois Villiers marine pursuit airplane

Description: A traditional biplane design allows this craft to function with the speed and maneuverability necessary to perform as a pursuit aircraft while also being able to land on water. It featured retractable landing gear for water landings. It was powered with a 450 HP. Lorraine-Dietrich engine.
Date: April 1, 1927
Creator: Serryer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wibault two-seat monoplane 8C2 : an all-metal pursuit and observation airplane

Description: Michel Wibault's two seat monoplane 8C2, is similar to the Parasol pursuit monoplane which preceded it. It has no perishable parts in its structure and needs no special storage or coverings. The sample aeroplane uses a 500 HP Hispano-Suiza engine but can accept a 400-600HP engine from a variety of manufacturers with little difficulty. It uses a two blade tractor propeller.
Date: June 1, 1926
Creator: Serryer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department