Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 117 Matching Results

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Investigation of Slipstream Velocity

Description: "These experiments were made at the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, to investigate the velocity of the air in the slipstream in horizontal and climbing flight to determine the form of expression giving the slipstream velocity in terms of the airspeed of the airplane. The method used consisted in flying the airplane both on a level course and in climb at full throttle and measuring the slipstream velocity at seven points in the slipstream for the whole speed range of the airplane in both conditions. In general the results show that for both condition, horizontal and climbing flights, the slipstream velocity v subscript 3 and airspeed v can be represented by straight lines and consequently the equations are of the form: v subscript s = mv+b where m and b are constant" (p. 199).
Date: January 1925
Creator: Crowley, J. W., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Influence of the Form of a Wooden Beam on Its Stiffness and Strength 3: Stresses in Wood Members Subjected to Combined Column and Beam Action

Description: The general purpose in this study was to determine the stresses in a wooden member subjected to combined beam and column action. What may be considered the specific purpose, as it relates more directly to the problem of design, was to determine the particular stress that obtains at maximum load which, for combined loading, does not occur simultaneously with maximum stress.
Date: 1925
Creator: Newlin, J. A. & Trayer, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Latécoère Air Lines

Description: This article presents the observations of the authors on an inspection trip of the Latecoere Air Lines routes from Southern France into North Africa.
Date: August 1925
Creator: Van Zandt, J. Parker
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation Of "Lilienthal Effect" to Dynamic Soaring Flight

Description: "In this article, the phenomena of the upward component in the case of flat surfaces will be referred to as the "Lilienthal effect." The Lilienthal effect will be distinguished from the Knoller-Betz effect which is explained by means of vertical wind oscillations, at the basis of which, however, there lie air motions which the Lilienthal effect could not produce. It will be shown that the same cause, which can produce the Lilienthal effect on flat airfoils, considerably strengthens the thrust due to the Knoller-Betz effect" (p. 1).
Date: July 1925
Creator: Fick, Roderich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Problem of Fuel Measurement: The Schiske "Konsummeter"

Description: Any measuring device, which immediately indicates the rate of fuel consumption in the desired units, has the advantage of saving considerable time and fuel, besides facilitating the adjustment of the carburetor. The Schiske "Konsummeter" (made by the "PS-Vergaser and Apparatebau A. G.") was designed from the above viewpoint.
Date: May 1925
Creator: Praetorius, K. R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Law of Similitude for the Surface Resistance of Lacquered Planes Moving in a Straight Line Through Water

Description: The proof of the validity of the Reynolds law of similitude for the surface resistance of planes has been developed with an accuracy hitherto unattained and for a large range of lengths and speeds. It has been shown that, in addition to the form resistance, the resistance of the longitudinal edges must be taken into account.
Date: April 1925
Creator: Gebers, Friedrich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hesselman Heavy-Oil High-Compression Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting a description of the Hesselman heavy-oil high-compression engine, which is meant to solve many of the problems associated with standard diesel engines. Specific details of the fuel pump, fuel valve, spraying, and process by which the engine functions are provided.
Date: April 1925
Creator: Hesselman, K. J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Changes in Compression Ratio Upon Engine Performance

Description: "This report is based upon engine tests made at the Bureau of Standards during 1920, 1921, 1922, and 1923. The majority of these tests were of aviation engines and were made in the Altitude Laboratory. For a small portion of the work a single cylinder experimental engine was used. This, however, was operated only at sea-level pressures. The report shows that an increase in break horsepower and a decrease in the pounds of fuel used per brake horsepower hour usually results from an increase in compression ratio" (p. 399).
Date: 1925
Creator: Sparrow, Stanwood W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

European Commercial Aeronautics

Description: "During the months of June to September, 1924, I personally visited the principal airports of Europe and traveled as a passenger some 6500 air miles on English, French, Romanian, Polish, German and Dutch air lines in order to investigate the development of commercial aviation abroad. The results of the investigation are embodied in a series of reports, of which a summary of the general findings is given below" (p. 1).
Date: May 1925
Creator: Van Zandt, J. Parker
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Suspensions in Wind Tunnel Experiments

Description: The elimination of the rigid supports for models and their replacement by wires constitute a great improvement by rendering negligible the interactions of support. There are disadvantages to wire, namely, the aerodynamic resistance is very large and their use is rather difficult because the whole suspension lacks rigidity and easily becomes distorted. We will here investigate the nature of these distortions, evaluate the errors they entail and describe the methods for taking account of or avoiding them.
Date: December 1925
Creator: Kerneis, Jean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Flow in Engine Valves

Description: "The extensive applicability of the hydrodynamic theory to the problems of engine construction is clearly shown in the following attempt to determine by exact methods the nature of the flow in valves under variously restricted conditions. Observation shows that two principal kinds of flow occur in simple flat-seated valves. For small valve lifts, the flow is along the horizontal wall and is therefore deflected 90 degrees, but for greater valve lifts the flow separates and forms a free stream, whose angle of deflection naturally increases with increasing lift" (p. 1).
Date: December 1925
Creator: Eck, Bruno
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Light Aeroplane Engine Development

Description: "It has frequently been stated and written that in order to popularize light aircraft the first essential is the production of a reliable engine capable of being easily maintained and having a long life, at the same time selling at a low figure. It is desired to point out the difficulties in the way of realizing this ideal before remarking on the claims of the various types for adoption" (p. 1).
Date: April 1925
Creator: Fell, L. F. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strength calculations on airplanes

Description: Every strength calculation, including those on airplanes, must be preceded by a determination of the forces to be taken into account. In the following discussion, it will be assumed that the magnitudes of these forces are known and that it is only a question of how, on the basis of these known forces, to meet the prescribed conditions on the one hand and the practical requirements on the other.
Date: December 1, 1925
Creator: Baumann, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Model Tests With a Systematic Series of 27 Wing Sections at Full Reynolds Number

Description: "A systematic series of 27 wing sections, characterized by a small travel of the center or pressure, have been investigated at 20 atmospheres pressure in the variable density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The results are consistent with each other, and indicate that for such "stable" sections a small effective camber, a small effective S-shape and a thickness of 8 to 12 per cent lead to good aerodynamic properties" (p. 3).
Date: 1925
Creator: Munk, Max M. & Miller, Elton W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correcting Horsepower Measurements to a Standard Temperature

Description: This report discusses the relation between the temperature of the air at the entrance to the carburetor and the power developed by the engine. Its scope is limited to a consideration of the range of temperatures likely to result from changes of season, locality, or altitude, since its primary aim is the finding of a satisfactory basis for correcting power measurements to a standard temperature. From the results of over 1,600 tests it is concluded that if calculations be based on the assumption that the indicated horsepower of an engine varies inversely as the square root of the absolute temperature of the carburetor air the values obtained will check closely experimental measurements.
Date: 1925
Creator: Sparrow, Stanwood W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computation of Cantilever Airplane Wings

Description: The purpose of this treatise is, first of all, the determination of the effect of variously loaded spars on one another, since the neglect of this effect would present an economically very unfavorable computation method. The system of spars and cross-bars alone (whether solid or built-up) does not matter at first, the original assumption being that the spars are rigidly braced by the cross-bars.
Date: July 1925
Creator: Thalau, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Distribution Over the Wings of an MB-3 Airplane in Flight

Description: "This investigation was carried out to determine the distribution of load over the wings of a high speed airplane under all conditions of flight. In particular it was desired to find the pressure distribution during level flight, over the portions of the wings in the slipstream and, during violent maneuvers, over the entire wing surface. The method used consisted in connecting a number of holes in the surface of the wings to recording multiple manometers mounted in the fuselage of the airplane. In this way simultaneous records could be taken on all of the holes for any desired length of time" (p. 179).
Date: 1925
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Wing Spars of Variable Cross-Section and Linear Load

Description: "The calculation of wing spars of constant cross-section and load has been thoroughly treated by a large number of authors. Such is not the case,however, regarding the calculation of wing spars whose section and linear load diminish toward the ends, as in wings of trapezoidal contour and decreasing section" (p. 1).
Date: March 1925
Creator: Kirste, Léon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Atomization of Liquid Fuels Part 2: Description of Apparatus, Fuels Tested, Atomization Experiments, Discharge Measurements, Atomization

Description: This report describes the design and operation of a nozzle to inject fuel into an engine. The design of the nozzle is open, without any compulsory or automatic stop-valve. The fuel injection is regulated simply by the pressure and the adjustment of the fuel pump.
Date: September 1925
Creator: Kuehn, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department