Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

A User's Guide for RAPID, Reduction Algorithms for the Presentation of Incremental Fire Data

Description: Abstract: The Voluminous amount of data than can be collected by automatic data acquisition systems during large scale fire tests requires the use of a digital computer for the reduction of data. RAPID is a stand-alone program specifically designed to convert raw instrument voltages collected during such tests into meaningful units. The reduced data can also be used alone or in combinations to obtain quantities that require more than minimal data reduction. The program is written with the ability to accept data from a user defined data acquisition system, with the ability to check the correctness of data included. Through the use of input data provided by the user, the data can be converted into meaningful scientific units. The data can then be presented in tabular or printer plot form, or stored for further processing. This user's guide provides detailed instructions for the use of the program.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Breese, J. Newton & Peacock, Richard D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary Engineering Aspects of Long-Range Fallout from Nuclear Detonations

Description: From abstract: Results of a study of the sanitary engineering aspects of fallout from nuclear weapons are reported. Data were obtained from: a. Weekly surface water samples from 22 stations on streams and reservoirs in Eastern Massachusetts, collected from March, 1952 to July, 1953, and assayed for radioactivity. b. Weekly rain samples from March to July, 1953. c. Stream mud and soil samples collected before and after a large fallout. d. Results of fallout activity measurements by others based on samples from Massachusetts and the vicinity of Rochester, New York. Plots are presented showing the relations of the radiological data to the timing of detonations and the daily precipitation and showing daily deposition of activity and concentration in runoff. Runoff coefficients for fallout radioactivity are calculated.
Date: 1955
Creator: Bell, Carlos G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User's Guide for the Cone Calorimeter

Description: Abstract: This document provides instructions for users of the Cone Calorimeter in installing, operating, maintaining, and repairing the instrument. It is intended for training new operators at NBS and at other laboratories. The troubleshooting and repair sections will be a useful reference section even for experienced operators, since remedies for a large number of potential instrument malfunctions are outlined there.
Date: 1988
Creator: Twilley, William H. & Babrauskas, Vytenis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Formation of Lubricating Films at Elevated Temperatures from the Gas Phase

Description: Abstract: Conventional liquid lubricants, when subjected to temperatures of 250*C and above for extended time in an air atmosphere, degrade rapidly to make large amounts of solid sludge and deposits. Based on boundary lubrication of bearings, these same lubricants, when subjected to 250*C to the melting point of the bearing metal, produce in the micro- to milli-second residence time in the bearing contact enough "friction polymer" to result in good lubrication. This report describes the use of these conventional liquid lubricants delivered in a homogeneous vapor phase where the carrier gas is nitrogen, air or mixtures of these two gases. The lubricants studied include alkyl and aryl phosphate esters, organic acid esters, polyphenyl ethers, and mineral oil.
Date: September 1988
Creator: Klaus, E. Erwin; Duda, J. L.; Naidu, S. K.; Munro, R. G. & Hsu, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NBS-INA -- The Institute for Numerical Analysis -- UCLA 1947-1954

Description: Abstract: This is the history of the Institute for Numerical Analysis (INA) with special emphasis in its research program during the period 1947 to 1956. The Institute for Numerical Analysis was located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. It was a section of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories, which formed the Applied Mathematics Division of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and technology), under the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Hestenes, Magnus Rudolph & Todd, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography

Description: Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I.; Bhasker, Suneel & Chapman, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Progress in Environmental Specimen Banking

Description: In October, 1986, the 10th U.S.-German Seminar of State and Planning on Environmental Specimen Banking was held at the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences in Gloucester Point, Virginia. At this meeting the current status of specimen banking activities in the U. S., FRG, Canada, and Japan was presented and discussed. This publication contains the proceedings of that meeting with contributions describing various activities related to banking and analysis of samples from aquatic, atmospheric, terrestrial, and human monitoring programs.
Date: 1988
Creator: Wise, Stephen A.; Zeisler, Rolf & Goldstein, George M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Facilities, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Description: From page 2: The National Institute of Standards and Technology research reactor is a national center for the application of reactor radiation to a variety of problems of national concern. Major program areas at the reactor include the application of neutron scattering methods to research in materials science, trace analysis by neutron activation, nondestructive evaluation (via neutron radiography and scattering), neutron standards and dosimetry , and isotope production and radiation effects.
Date: January 5, 1989
Creator: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Conference on Accreditation of Construction Materials Testing Laboratories: 1986

Description: Abstract: A two-day Conference hosted by NBS was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on May 14-15, 1986 to test the hypothesis that "There is a need for a coordinated methodology for accrediting construction materials testing laboratories." Construction materials include primary materials such as: cement, concrete, aggregates, rock and soil, asphalts, metals, wood and masonry. The Conference was structured to consider: (1) the status of existing laboratory evaluation and accreditation programs; (2) current trends in the accreditation process; and (3) the need for and nature of a coordinated accreditation system. The Conference included the presentation of invited papers and four workshop sessions.
Date: November 1987
Creator: Pielert, James H. & Spring, Curtis B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards a Tribology Information System

Description: Abstract: A workshop was held in July 985 to address the needs for a computerized tribology information and data system, as well as possible implementation schemes. The meeting was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Research Committee on Tribology, the Department of Energy, Energy Conservation and Utililation Technology Division, and the National Bureau of Standards. The views of a broad sector of industry, academia, and government were obtained over a four-week period through participation by about 60 individuals. Specific categories that were treated were design, numeric data, bibliography, research in progress, newsletter, and product directory. The principal discussion content and the recommendations in each subject category are summarized here. There was general agreement that a system of this type would be broadly useful to the engineering community for the purpose of design and materials selection, and for the research community as an important aid in information access and flow. The workshop recommendations detailed four phases of development, starting with a demonstration prototype system and concluding with a full-scale operating data and information base. Specific plans in each phase and for each subject area were developed and are presented here. While continual input will be sought from the technical community to refine those plans, it is hoped that immediate efforts can begin in at least some of the areas, and that system use will quickly develop to a significant level, both nationally and internationally.
Date: December 1987
Creator: Rumble, John R., Jr. & Sibley, Lewis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Earthquake Engineering Experimental Facility Study: Phase One -- Large Scale Testing Needs

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes information obtained during the first year of a four-year feasibility study for a national earthquake engineering experimental facility. A five-year research program is presented for a national facility in which full-scale or large-scale structures or structural components would be subjected to static or dynamic lateral loads. The facility would have applicability to tests in the following areas: low-rise buildings, medium-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, industrial processing facilities, and power facilities. Representatives from a broad spectrum of professional, industrial, and trade organizations and Federal agencies participated in developing the research program. A comparison of existing testing facilities in the U.S. and other countries engaged in seismic testing and a discussion of international cooperation in large-scale testing are included.
Date: April 1987
Creator: Scribner, Charles F. & Culver, Charles G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computerization of Welding Information

Description: From abstract: The Workshop on Computerization of Welding Information, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards and the American Welding Institute, was held August 5-6, 1986 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Forty-two welding engineers, welding managers, and computer scientists gathered to discuss the necessity and design of databases for welding information. Each subject was introduced by specialists in that area.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Siewert, T. A. & Jones, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil and Gas Supply Modeling

Description: Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Gass, Saul I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982

Description: Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of the Sixty-Sixth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1981

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: January 1982
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Laboratory Directory, 1982

Description: Abstract: This Directory provides limited information about some 388 Federal laboratories with ten or more full-time professionals engaged in research and development. Summary data arranged by Federal agency and by State provide a broad overview of the Federal laboratory system. Laboratory lists by staff size, by State and by agency provide a cross reference. For each laboratory, a contact for obtaining technical information is given by name, address, and phone number. Major mission and major scientific or testing equipment is listed for each laboratory.
Date: February 1983
Creator: Wyckoff, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1982 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during, calendar year 1982. It describes the management of standards activities at NBS, profiles NBS staf* participation on outside standards committees, and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1982, 457 staff members (or 29% of NBS' professional, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 1,046 outside standards committees of 97 national and international standards organizations.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Sloped Roofing Research Plan

Description: Abstract: This report presents a long-range plan for roofing research. The plan was developed in response to a need for roofing research addressing major materials problems and changes in low-sloped roofing materials technology. The intent of the plan is to establish the technical basis for developing standards and minimum levels of performance to assist in the selection of cost-effective and durable roofing materials. Four major areas of needed research are identified: (1) low-sloped roofing systems, (2) roofing membranes including single-ply and built-up, (3) thermal insulation for roofing systems, and (4) condition assessment and repair of roofs. Within each research area, a goal is given as well as a number of objectives to achieve the goal. A recommended approach to accomplish each objective is also given.
Date: July 1983
Creator: Cullen, William C.; Rossiter, Walter J., Jr.; Mathey, Robert G. & Clifton, James R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ozone Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: a Bibliography

Description: Abstract: A reaction oriented list of references is provided for published papers and reports containing rate data or information on mechanism for reactions of ozone with various substrates in aqueous solutions. Catalyzed, as well as uncatalyzed, reactions are included. One hundred and sixty-four papers are listed. The period covered extends from 1913 to 1981.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Westley, Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry

Description: Abstract: Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis with gas proportional detectors has been used widely in x-ray spectrochemical analysis. It was particularly useful in the detection of low-energy x-ray emission, before the commercial availability of the Blodgett-Langmuir pseudocrystals. With the development of solid-state x-ray detectors of high resolution, and improvement in associated electronics and computers, the interest in energy-dispersive x-ray analysis has increased enormously, to the point where it has replaced Bragg crystal diffraction spectrometry in many instances.
Date: March 1981
Creator: Heinrich, Kurt F. J.; Newbury, Dale E.; Myklebust, R. L. & Fiori, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department