Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 473 Matching Results

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Standards and Metadata Requirements for Computerization of Selected Mechanical Properties of Metallic Materials

Description: Abstract: To assist in building a computerized information system on the engineering properties of materials, the standards and metadata requirements for a representative group of mechanical property categories are considered. These categories include: tensile behavior, hardness numbers, notch-bar impact test parameters, and fatigue properties. For each property group, definitions of terms, synonyms (and non-synonyms), standard test methods, standards for reporting data, precision and accuracy, and correlations of properties are addressed. The principal findings and recommendations are as follows. Existing test methods are generally adequate for the properties considered, but better standards are needed for data reporting. Appraisal of materials variability and testing machine variability would be assisted by access to standard reference materials, certified as to their mechanical properties. All properties considered for inclusion in a computerized system can be categorized as parameters for direct search, parameters retrievable with extraction of all data stored for a given material, and parameters which are derived from an analytical representation of experimental data. Drafting of some general standards on computerized file structures and metadata files suitable for the engineering field is advised.
Date: August 1985
Creator: Westbrook, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Bibliography of Sources of Thermodynamic Data for the Systems: CO₂+NH₃+H₂O, CO₂+H₂S+H₂O, H₂S+NH₃+H₂O, and CO₂+NH₃+H₂S+H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein is a bibliography of sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for the systems: CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂O, CO₂ + H₂S + H₂O, H₂S + NH₃ + H₂O, and CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂S + H₂O. The types of data in this bibliography include all types of equilibrium data, including both eqilibria [sic] in solution and vapor-liquid equilibrium data, enthalpies, heat capacities, and densities. There are 215 references cited. Bibliographic Data Sheet.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N. & Steckler, D. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Free Radicals: 1985

Description: Abstract: This publication contains papers presented at the Seventeenth International Symposium on Free Radicals, held at Snow Mountain Ranch in Granby, Colorado, on August 18-23, 1985. The Symposium was attended by 147 people, representing industry, government, and academia, from 18 countries. A total of 67 papers appear in written form in this document.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Evenson, Kenneth M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management Operations

Description: Abstract: The First Symposium on The Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (April 24 and 25, 1985) was funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and organized by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together researchers in expert systems, artificial intelligence, and emergency operations in a forum to review the concepts of expert systems and the problems of emergency management, with the objective of determining how expert systems can be used to augment the experience of local, State and Federal emergency managers faced with the difficult tasks of determining the best response to an emergency situation. Speakers addressed the following areas: The theory and uncertainty aspects of expert systems, artificial intelligence's future role in emergency management, technology for building and using expert systems, emergency management decisions and information needs and uses, applications of expert systems in the management of chemical spills and shipboard and coal mine fires, and the role and use of simulation in emergency management expert systems.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I. & Chapman, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliographies of Industrial Interest : Thermodynamic Measurements on the Systems CO₂-H₂O, CuCl₂-H₂0,H₂SO₄-H₂O, NH₃-H₂O, H₂S-H₂O, ZnCl₂-H₂Oand H₃PO₄-H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein are bibliographies of Sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for seven binary aqueous mixtures of industrial importance, namely mixtures of CO2, H2S, NH3, H2S0, H3P4, CuCl2 and ZnCl2 with water. The categories of equilibrium data included in the bibliographies are activity and osmotic coefficients, equilibria in solution, enthalpies and heat capacity data, vapor-liquid equilibria, and phase equilibrium data.
Date: September 1986
Creator: Staples, B. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Materials Information for Science & Technology (MIST): Project Overview

Description: Abstract: This report documents the initial phases of the MIST database, which is a demonstration project jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Bureau of Standards. The purpose of the Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST) is to demonstrate the power and utility of computer access to materials property data. The initial goals include: to exercise the concept of a computer network of materials databases and to build a demonstration of such a system in a way as to be suitable for use as the core of operational systems in the future. Phases I and II are described in detail. In addition, a discussion is given of the expected usage of the databases.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Grattidge, Walter; Westbrook, Jack; McCarthy, John; Northrup, Clyde, Jr. & Rumble, John R., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooperative Research Opportunities at NBS

Description: From page 5: Numerous opportunities exist for scientists and engineers from industrial professional trade and other organizations to collaborate in research at the National Bureau of Standards on projects of mutual interest. To accomplish its objective of supplying the measurement foundation for industry, science, and technology. NBS conducts research in many areas, including advanced ceramics, automated manufacturing, opto-electronics, and biotechnology.
Date: 1986
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A User's Guide for RAPID, Reduction Algorithms for the Presentation of Incremental Fire Data

Description: Abstract: The Voluminous amount of data than can be collected by automatic data acquisition systems during large scale fire tests requires the use of a digital computer for the reduction of data. RAPID is a stand-alone program specifically designed to convert raw instrument voltages collected during such tests into meaningful units. The reduced data can also be used alone or in combinations to obtain quantities that require more than minimal data reduction. The program is written with the ability to accept data from a user defined data acquisition system, with the ability to check the correctness of data included. Through the use of input data provided by the user, the data can be converted into meaningful scientific units. The data can then be presented in tabular or printer plot form, or stored for further processing. This user's guide provides detailed instructions for the use of the program.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Breese, J. Newton & Peacock, Richard D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User's Guide for the Cone Calorimeter

Description: Abstract: This document provides instructions for users of the Cone Calorimeter in installing, operating, maintaining, and repairing the instrument. It is intended for training new operators at NBS and at other laboratories. The troubleshooting and repair sections will be a useful reference section even for experienced operators, since remedies for a large number of potential instrument malfunctions are outlined there.
Date: 1988
Creator: Twilley, William H. & Babrauskas, Vytenis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NBS-INA -- The Institute for Numerical Analysis -- UCLA 1947-1954

Description: Abstract: This is the history of the Institute for Numerical Analysis (INA) with special emphasis in its research program during the period 1947 to 1956. The Institute for Numerical Analysis was located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. It was a section of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories, which formed the Applied Mathematics Division of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and technology), under the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Hestenes, Magnus Rudolph & Todd, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography

Description: Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I.; Bhasker, Suneel & Chapman, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Progress in Environmental Specimen Banking

Description: In October, 1986, the 10th U.S.-German Seminar of State and Planning on Environmental Specimen Banking was held at the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences in Gloucester Point, Virginia. At this meeting the current status of specimen banking activities in the U. S., FRG, Canada, and Japan was presented and discussed. This publication contains the proceedings of that meeting with contributions describing various activities related to banking and analysis of samples from aquatic, atmospheric, terrestrial, and human monitoring programs.
Date: 1988
Creator: Wise, Stephen A.; Zeisler, Rolf & Goldstein, George M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Conference on Accreditation of Construction Materials Testing Laboratories: 1986

Description: Abstract: A two-day Conference hosted by NBS was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on May 14-15, 1986 to test the hypothesis that "There is a need for a coordinated methodology for accrediting construction materials testing laboratories." Construction materials include primary materials such as: cement, concrete, aggregates, rock and soil, asphalts, metals, wood and masonry. The Conference was structured to consider: (1) the status of existing laboratory evaluation and accreditation programs; (2) current trends in the accreditation process; and (3) the need for and nature of a coordinated accreditation system. The Conference included the presentation of invited papers and four workshop sessions.
Date: November 1987
Creator: Pielert, James H. & Spring, Curtis B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Towards a Tribology Information System

Description: Abstract: A workshop was held in July 985 to address the needs for a computerized tribology information and data system, as well as possible implementation schemes. The meeting was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Research Committee on Tribology, the Department of Energy, Energy Conservation and Utililation Technology Division, and the National Bureau of Standards. The views of a broad sector of industry, academia, and government were obtained over a four-week period through participation by about 60 individuals. Specific categories that were treated were design, numeric data, bibliography, research in progress, newsletter, and product directory. The principal discussion content and the recommendations in each subject category are summarized here. There was general agreement that a system of this type would be broadly useful to the engineering community for the purpose of design and materials selection, and for the research community as an important aid in information access and flow. The workshop recommendations detailed four phases of development, starting with a demonstration prototype system and concluding with a full-scale operating data and information base. Specific plans in each phase and for each subject area were developed and are presented here. While continual input will be sought from the technical community to refine those plans, it is hoped that immediate efforts can begin in at least some of the areas, and that system use will quickly develop to a significant level, both nationally and internationally.
Date: December 1987
Creator: Rumble, John R., Jr. & Sibley, Lewis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Earthquake Engineering Experimental Facility Study: Phase One -- Large Scale Testing Needs

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes information obtained during the first year of a four-year feasibility study for a national earthquake engineering experimental facility. A five-year research program is presented for a national facility in which full-scale or large-scale structures or structural components would be subjected to static or dynamic lateral loads. The facility would have applicability to tests in the following areas: low-rise buildings, medium-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, industrial processing facilities, and power facilities. Representatives from a broad spectrum of professional, industrial, and trade organizations and Federal agencies participated in developing the research program. A comparison of existing testing facilities in the U.S. and other countries engaged in seismic testing and a discussion of international cooperation in large-scale testing are included.
Date: April 1987
Creator: Scribner, Charles F. & Culver, Charles G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computerization of Welding Information

Description: From abstract: The Workshop on Computerization of Welding Information, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards and the American Welding Institute, was held August 5-6, 1986 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Forty-two welding engineers, welding managers, and computer scientists gathered to discuss the necessity and design of databases for welding information. Each subject was introduced by specialists in that area.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Siewert, T. A. & Jones, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil and Gas Supply Modeling

Description: Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Gass, Saul I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982

Description: Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of the Sixty-Sixth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1981

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: January 1982
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Laboratory Directory, 1982

Description: Abstract: This Directory provides limited information about some 388 Federal laboratories with ten or more full-time professionals engaged in research and development. Summary data arranged by Federal agency and by State provide a broad overview of the Federal laboratory system. Laboratory lists by staff size, by State and by agency provide a cross reference. For each laboratory, a contact for obtaining technical information is given by name, address, and phone number. Major mission and major scientific or testing equipment is listed for each laboratory.
Date: February 1983
Creator: Wyckoff, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department