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Science and Technology: the Challenges of the Future

Description: Preface: On its 80th anniversary, the National Bureau of Standards hosted a series of lectures by six distinguished speakers of national and international note who discussed the challenges facing science and technology and, thus, the Bureau in the coming years. This publication contains the texts of these presentations, along with transcripts of the question-and answer sessions following the presentations. The lecture series was organized by Dr. Donald R. Johnson of NBS with the very able assistance of Mrs. Carol Shipley in making arrangements for speakers and handling the manuscripts. The staff of the NML Text Editing Facility are acknowledged for their substantial contributions of typing and editing support.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Johnson, Donald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems

Description: Abstract: The Workshop on Measurement of Electrical Quantities in Pulse Power Systems addressed measurements in pulse systems having the characteristics of pulse duration less than a millisecond, system voltages greater than 10 kilovolts, and system currents greater than 10 kiloamperes. The presented papers were divided into four categories: voltage measurements; current measurements; power and energy measurements, and data acquisition. Included are discussions of applications of conventional measurement techniques and state-of-the-art systems.
Date: June 1982
Creator: McKnight, R. H. & Hebner, R. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of the Sixty-Sixth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1981

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: January 1982
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil and Gas Supply Modeling

Description: Abstract: The symposium on Oil and Gas Supply Modeling, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, DC (June 18-20, 1980), was funded by the Energy Information Administration of the Department of Energy and co-sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The symposium was organized to be a forum in which the theoretical and applied state-of-the-art of oil and gas supply models could be presented and discussed. Speakers addressed the following areas: the realities of oil and gas supply, prediction of oil and gas production, problems in oil and gas modeling, resource appraisal procedures, forecasting field size and production, investment and production strategies, estimating cost and production schedules for undiscovered fields production regulations, resource data, sensitivity analysis of forecasts, econometric analysis of resource depletion, oil and gas finding rates, and various models of oil and gas supply. This volume documents the proceedings (papers and discussion) of the symposium.
Date: May 1982
Creator: Gass, Saul I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement & Analysis of Productivity Growth: a Synthesis of Thought

Description: Abstract: Productivity is one of the most important factors influencing our economic well-being. Productivity growth is essential to a higher standard of living and is vital to a sound economic and political environment. However, there has been a slowdown in the growth of productivity in the United States since the mid-1960s. This slowdown has caused concern among policy makers and researchers. Accordingly, several questions persist both in policy and academic circles. Why has productivity been slowing? and What can be done to reverse this trend? The purpose of this report is to address broadly the first of these two questions by surveying and synthesizing the vast literature on the measurement and determinants of productivity. This review is intended to be a source document for those interested in the measurement and analysis of productivity growth. The report is divided into five sections. In the first section, the importance of productivity growth on economic activity is discussed. In the second section, the so called "facts" about patterns of measured productivity growth in the United States are presented. In the third section, the methods currently used for calculating productivity indices are summarized. In the fourth section, the literature related to the determinants of the productivity growth are reviewed. Finally, in the last section, some suggestions are made for future work in this area.
Date: September 1983
Creator: Link, Albert N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DATAPLOT: Introduction and Overview

Description: Abstract: This manual provides DATAPLOT code solution to a variety of commonly occurring graphical problems. A line-by-line explanation of code is given, along with illustrations and general discussion.
Date: June 1984
Creator: Filliben, James J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1983 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1983. It profiles NBS state participation on outside standards committees and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1983, 446 staff members (or 28% of NBS' professionals, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 989 standards committees of 87 national and international standards organizations.
Date: April 1984
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Bureau of Standards

Description: This is an article on the center for materials science, the National Bureau Standards (NBS). From ceramic tiles that shield the space shuttle to dental adhesives which replace metal fillings, new materials are revolutionizing technology and everyday life. NBS is at the forefront of materials technology with its broad-based research effort conducted by the Center for Materials Science (CMS). The Center provides measurements, data, standards, reference materials, and other technical information regarding materials to industry, government agencies, universities, and other scientific organizations. CMS research supports development of new and improved materials which can be used safely, efficiently, and economically.
Date: 1986
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Facilities of the National Bureau of Standards

Description: From forward: Every laboratory in this country is a valuable national resource. Along with the people who work in these facilities, U.S. laboratories constitute the basic foundation of this country's scientific and industrial strength. As the nation's foremost science and engineering measurement laboratory, the National Bureau of Standards has some of the premier research and testing facilities in the United States, and several of our laboratories are unequaled anywhere in the world. Bureau scientists and engineers use these special facilities to pursue the measurement-related work that U.S. science and industry need to grow and prosper. This brochure highlights only a small number of the special facilities available at NBS and provides information about their availability for collaborative or independent research and testing.
Date: December 19, 1984
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compiled Thermodynamic Data Sources for Aqueous and Biochemical Systems: an Annotated Bibliography (1930-1983)

Description: Abstract: This is a selected and annotated bibliography of sources of compiled and evaluated chemical thermodynamic data relevant to biochemical and aqueous systems. The principal thermodynamic properties considered herein are Gibbs energy and equilibrium data, enthalpies of formation and reaction, heat capacities and entropies, and the corresponding partial molar and excess properties. Derived quantities used in calculating the above are also included. Transport and mechanical data have also been identified to a lesser degree. Included in the annotations to the data sources are brief descriptions of the types of properties tabulated, the classes of materials dealt with, and the degree of completeness of the compilations.
Date: December 1984
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Measurement Laboratories

Description: Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards receives repeated requests from industry and Federal agencies (e.g. , Department of Defense, Nuclear Regulatory Commission) for information about the capabilities of and services provided by State measurement laboratories. This directory is a compilation of such information by State, including a description of the services available and fees charged. The directory will be updated annually in January of each year to coincide with the issuance of annual certification of these laboratories.
Date: November 1984
Creator: Oppermann, H. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Directory of Accredited Laboratories: 1984

Description: Abstract: Laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) are identified along with the specific test methods for which they are accredited. The current status of existing accreditation programs is given for laboratories that test thermal insulation, freshly mixed concrete, carpet, wood burning stoves, paint, and personnel radiation dosimeters, and that provide acoustical testing services. Indexes are provided for searching the Directory for laboratories accredited in specific testing areas or for specific test methods.
Date: February 1985
Creator: NVLAP (Program : U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computerizing Materials Data -- A Workshop for the Nuclear Power Industry

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes the recommendations of a Workshop in Computerized Materials Data as related to engineers in the Nuclear Power Industry. Four areas of discussion are featured: the content of a proposed data system; its size and data sources; the user interfaces and system capabilities; and ways of making further progress. In addition, changes in the use of materials data in the Nuclear Power Industry and progress-to-date in computerizing these data are presented.
Date: January 1985
Creator: Rumble, John, Jr. & Westbrook, Jack H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Steel Research Needs for Buildings

Description: Abstract: This report identifies experimental and analytical research needed to advance the state-of-the-art and improve safety and economy in the design, fabrication and construction of steel buildings. A five year plan for a coordinated research program is included. Recommendations for research projects dealing with the following topics are presented: total building systems, connections and members, frames, seismic design, load and resistance factor design, fire protection, and design loads. The recommendations were developed at a workshop involving participation by steel ind;Istry representatives, design professionals, Federal agency representatives and university researchers.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Culver, Charles G.; Iwankiw, Nestor & Kuentz, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of Cryocooler Conference: 1984

Description: Abstract: This document contains the proceedings of the Third Cryocooler Conference, held at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, CO, on Sept. 17-18, 1984. About 140 people from 10 countries attended the conference and represented industry, government, and academia. A total of 26 papers were presented orally at the conference and all appear in written form in this document. The emphasis in this conference was on small cryocoolers in the temperature range of 4 - 80 K. Mechanical and non-mechanical types were discussed in the various papers. Applications of these small cryocoolers include the cooling of infrared detectors, cryopumps, small superconducting devices and magnets, and electronic devices.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Radebaugh, Ray; Louie, Beverly & McCarthy, Sandy E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Bibliography of Sources of Thermodynamic Data for the Systems: CO₂+NH₃+H₂O, CO₂+H₂S+H₂O, H₂S+NH₃+H₂O, and CO₂+NH₃+H₂S+H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein is a bibliography of sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for the systems: CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂O, CO₂ + H₂S + H₂O, H₂S + NH₃ + H₂O, and CO₂ + NH₃ + H₂S + H₂O. The types of data in this bibliography include all types of equilibrium data, including both eqilibria [sic] in solution and vapor-liquid equilibrium data, enthalpies, heat capacities, and densities. There are 215 references cited. Bibliographic Data Sheet.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N. & Steckler, D. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Laboratory Directory, 1982

Description: Abstract: This Directory provides limited information about some 388 Federal laboratories with ten or more full-time professionals engaged in research and development. Summary data arranged by Federal agency and by State provide a broad overview of the Federal laboratory system. Laboratory lists by staff size, by State and by agency provide a cross reference. For each laboratory, a contact for obtaining technical information is given by name, address, and phone number. Major mission and major scientific or testing equipment is listed for each laboratory.
Date: February 1983
Creator: Wyckoff, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1982 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during, calendar year 1982. It describes the management of standards activities at NBS, profiles NBS staf* participation on outside standards committees, and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1982, 457 staff members (or 29% of NBS' professional, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 1,046 outside standards committees of 97 national and international standards organizations.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982

Description: Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ozone Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: a Bibliography

Description: Abstract: A reaction oriented list of references is provided for published papers and reports containing rate data or information on mechanism for reactions of ozone with various substrates in aqueous solutions. Catalyzed, as well as uncatalyzed, reactions are included. One hundred and sixty-four papers are listed. The period covered extends from 1913 to 1981.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Westley, Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Sloped Roofing Research Plan

Description: Abstract: This report presents a long-range plan for roofing research. The plan was developed in response to a need for roofing research addressing major materials problems and changes in low-sloped roofing materials technology. The intent of the plan is to establish the technical basis for developing standards and minimum levels of performance to assist in the selection of cost-effective and durable roofing materials. Four major areas of needed research are identified: (1) low-sloped roofing systems, (2) roofing membranes including single-ply and built-up, (3) thermal insulation for roofing systems, and (4) condition assessment and repair of roofs. Within each research area, a goal is given as well as a number of objectives to achieve the goal. A recommended approach to accomplish each objective is also given.
Date: July 1983
Creator: Cullen, William C.; Rossiter, Walter J., Jr.; Mathey, Robert G. & Clifton, James R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Conference on Accreditation of Construction Materials Testing Laboratories: 1986

Description: Abstract: A two-day Conference hosted by NBS was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on May 14-15, 1986 to test the hypothesis that "There is a need for a coordinated methodology for accrediting construction materials testing laboratories." Construction materials include primary materials such as: cement, concrete, aggregates, rock and soil, asphalts, metals, wood and masonry. The Conference was structured to consider: (1) the status of existing laboratory evaluation and accreditation programs; (2) current trends in the accreditation process; and (3) the need for and nature of a coordinated accreditation system. The Conference included the presentation of invited papers and four workshop sessions.
Date: November 1987
Creator: Pielert, James H. & Spring, Curtis B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department