Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 5,163 Matching Results

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Force, moment, and pressure-distribution characteristics of rectangular wings at high angles of attack and supersonic speeds

Description: Report presenting experimental force and moment data for rectangular wings of aspect ratios 1, 2, and 3 at a range of angles of attack and Mach numbers. Shock-expansion theory was found to adequately predict the span load distribution in the two-dimensional flow region below the shock-detachment angle. Results regarding basic physical data, the attached regime, and the detached regime are provided.
Date: February 13, 1956
Creator: Pitts, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a tapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3 having a full-span flap type of control with overhang balance : transonic-bump method

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio sweptback wing having a full-span flap type of control employing an overhanging balance of 50 percent of the flap chord.The main purpose of this investigation was to determine if overhang balances are an effective means of reducing the hinge moments of flap type of controls at transonic speeds."
Date: January 25, 1952
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Hagerman, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Drag and Opening Characteristics of a Kaman Rotochute Model

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel in a range of Mach numbers to determine the drag and opening characteristics of a model of a Kaman Aircraft Corporation Rotochute. The Rotochute is a two-bladed flapping rotor with governor-controlled blades designed for lowering cargo containers from high-speed aircraft tested at various Mach numbers simulating constant rates of descent.
Date: June 10, 1954
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vapor pressures and calculated heats of vaporization of concentrated nitric acid solutions in the composition range 71 to 89 percent nitrogen dioxide, 1 to 10 percent water, and in the temperature range 10 to 60 degrees C

Description: From Summary: "Total vapor pressures were measured for 16 acid mixtures of the ternary system nitric acid, nitrogen dioxide, and water within the temperature range 10 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius, and with the composition range 71 to 89 weight percent nitric acid, 7 to 20 weight percent nitrogen dioxide, and 1 to 10 weight percent water. Heats of vaporization were calculated from the vapor pressure measurements for each sample for the temperatures 25, 40, and 60 degrees Celsius. The ullage of the apparatus used for the measurements was 0.46. Ternary diagrams showing isobars as a function of composition of the system were constructed from experimental and interpolated data for the temperatures 25, 40, 45, and 60 degrees C and are presented herein."
Date: February 5, 1954
Creator: McKeown, A. B. & Belles, Frank E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flame quenching by a variable-width rectangular-slot burner as a function of pressure for various propane-oxygen-nitrogen mixtures

Description: Flame quenching by a variable-width rectangular-slot burner as a function of pressure for various propane-oxygen-nitrogen mixtures was investigated. It was found that for cold gas temperatures of 27 degrees C, pressures of 0.1 ro 1.0 atmosphere, and volumetric oxygen reactions of the oxidant of 0.17, 0.21, 0.30, 0.50, and 0.70, the relation between pressure p and quenching distance d is approximately given by d (unity) p (superscript -r) with r = 1, for equivalence ratios approximately equal to one. The quenching equation of Simon and Belles was tested. For equivalence ratios less than or equal to unity, this equation may by used, together with one empirical constant, to predict the observed quenching distance within 4.2 percent. The equation in it's present form does not appear to be suitable for values of the equivalence ratio greater than unity. A quantitative theoretical investigation has also been made of the error implicit in the assumption that flame quenching by plane parallel plates of infinite extent is equivalent to that of a rectangular burner. A curve is presented which relates the magnitude of this error to the length-to-width ratio of the rectangular burner.
Date: January 28, 1954
Creator: Berlad, Abraham L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An exploratory investigation at Mach numbers of 2.50 and 2.87 of a canard bomber-type configuration designed for supersonic cruise flight

Description: Report presenting results for a canard bomber-type configuration designed for supersonic cruise flight at Mach numbers 2.50 and 2.87 and over a range of angles of attack and angles of sideslip. Results regarding longitudinal characteristics and lateral stability are provided. The original configuration was directionally unstable at low angles of attack, but satisfactory directional stability could be obtained using upper-surface vertical fins.
Date: April 15, 1958
Creator: Kelly, Thomas C.; Carmel, Melvin M. & Gregory, Donald T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation of external stores in the aerodynamic characteristics of a 1/16-scale model of the Douglas D-558-II research airplane at a Mach number of 2.01

Description: Report presenting an investigation of stores on the Douglas D-558-II research airplane in the wind tunnel and in flight using various store configurations. The drag measured for all store configurations was high, from two to three times the free-air drag estimated for the store and pylon. Results regarding longitudinal characteristics and lateral characteristics are provided.
Date: August 25, 1954
Creator: Smith, Norman F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation of static- and base-pressure increases resulting from combustion of aluminum borohydride adjacent to body of revolution in supersonic wing tunnel

Description: Report presenting pressure distribution associated with the stable combustion of aluminum borohydride about a body of revolution in a wind tunnel at Mach number 2.47. Pressure increases on the cylindrical and base surfaces of the model were measured. Results regarding the burning and associated flow phenomena, axial and meridional static-pressure data obtained during combustion, and base-pressure data during combustion are provided.
Date: October 2, 1957
Creator: Serafini, John S.; Dorsch, Robert G. & Fletcher, Edward A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation at high and low subsonic Mach numbers of two experimental 6-percent-thick airfoil sections designed to have high maximum lift coefficients

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine if thin airfoils with increased values of low-speed maximum lift coefficient but also retain the basic advantages of thin sections at high Mach numbers can be developed. Several experimental thin airfoil sections were developed from an analysis of airfoil data and two of them were investigated at high and low subsonic Mach numbers. Results regarding the low-speed characteristics and high-speed characteristics are provided.
Date: December 14, 1951
Creator: Loftin, Laurence K., Jr. & von Doenhoff, Albert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the pressure recovery and drag characteristics of a twin side-inlet model at transonic speeds

Description: Report presenting free-flight and free-jet testing of a twin side-inlet configuration, including a pilot's canopy and a wheel-well fairing, between a range of Mach numbers from 0.8 to 1.55. Using side inlets provides two important advantages: the inlet can be located closer to the engine and it frees up the nose for other uses. Results regarding the effects of oscillating flow, external-drag coefficient, and total-pressure recovery are provided.
Date: July 30, 1953
Creator: Carter, Howard S. & Merlet, Charles F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Determination of the Longitudinal Stability and Control Characteristics of a 0.125-Scale Rocket-Boosted Model of the Mcdonnell F-101 Airplane at Mach Numbers from 0.82 to 1.84

Description: A flight test has been conducted to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a 0.125-scale model of the McDonnell F-1OlA airplane for the Mach number range between 0.82 and 1.84. The variation of lift-curve slope with Mach number was gradual with a maximum value of 0.107 occurring at a Mach number of 0.95. The minimum drag coefficient (including base and internal drag) has a value of 0.020 at a Mach number of 0.87. The drag rise begins at a Mach number of 0.90, and at Mach number of 1.10 the minimum drag is 0.070. Above this Mach number there is a gradual increase in minimum drag coefficient to a value of 0.074 when the Mach number is 1.83. The aerodynamic-center location moved from a value of 62 percent mean aerodynamic chord at a Mach number of 0.88 to its most rearward position of 85 percent at a Mach number of 1.40. The all-movable horizontal tail remained an effective control for producing lift and pitching moment with the variation in effectiveness being gradual throughout the Mach number range covered by the test. There were no large or abrupt losses in pitch damping over the Mach number range covered.
Date: July 5, 1955
Creator: Hastings, Earl C , Jr & Mitcham, Grady L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the longitudinal stability of a 1/10-scale rocket-powered model of the Northrop MX-775A missile at low lift coefficients and Mach numbers from 0.89 to 1.34

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation to determine the longitudinal stability of a scale model of the Northrop MX-775A missile at low lift coefficients through a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding the trimmed flight and model pitching are provided.
Date: September 17, 1952
Creator: Gillespie, Warren, Jr. & Arbic, Richard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the drag and longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a rocket-powered model of a 60 degrees delta-wing airplane from Mach numbers 0.75 to 1.70

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a model of a tailless delta-wing airplane configuration with a leading edge swept back 60 degrees at a range of Mach numbers. Information about lift-curve slope, buffeting, drag rise, hinge-moment coefficients, transonic trim, and stability is provided.
Date: November 29, 1951
Creator: Mitcham, Grady L.; Crabill, Norman L. & Stevens, Joseph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the longitudinal stability in accelerated maneuvers at transonic speeds for the Douglas D-558-II research airplane including the effects of an outboard wing fence

Description: The results of transonic flight measurements of the longitudinal stability characteristics of the Douglas D-558-II research airplane in the original configuration and with outboard fences mounted on the wings are presented. The levels of normal-force coefficient at which the stability decreases and pitch-up starts have been determined for both airplane configurations at Mach numbers up to about 0.94.
Date: March 13, 1953
Creator: Fischel, Jack & Nugent, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Determination of the Static Longitudinal Stability Boundaries of the Bell X-5 Research Airplane with 59 Deg Sweepback

Description: During the flight program on the Bell X-5 airplane with 59 deg sweepback to determine the practical Mach number and normal-force coefficient limits of this configuration, a reduction in static longitudinal stability was encountered in maneuvering flight. A determination of the boundary for reduction of longitudinal stability extending to a Mach number of 0.98 is presented in this paper. A reduction of static longitudinal stability existed for all elevator and all stabilizer-executed maneuvers. The reduction of stability existed for maneuvers executed with elevator near a normal-force coefficient of 0.6 for a Mach number range of about 0.31 to 0.76. Above a Mach number of 0.76 the normal-force coefficient for reduction of stability gradually decreased to a value of 0.2 at a Mach number of 0.98. For stabilizer-executed maneuvers the stability boundary was the same as for elevator maneuvers up to a Mach number of 0.88. Above this Mach number the reduction of stability occurred at slightly higher normal-force coefficients decreasing from about 0.51 at a Mach number of 0.92 to a value of 0.311 at a Mach number of 0.97. The airplane has been flown to a Mach number of 1.04 at a normal-force coefficient of about 0.15 without encountering any reduction of stability. The pilot did not consider the reduction of stability to be dangerous at altitudes above 30,000 feet; however, precise flight was impossible. At angles of attack above that at which the reduction of longitudinal stability occurred, directional instability and aileron control overbalance were encountered.
Date: February 20, 1953
Creator: Finch, Thomas W & Walker, Joseph A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight-determined pressure measurements over the wing of the Douglas D-558-II research airplane at Mach numbers up to 1.14

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the section and panel characteristics and loads obtained from pressure measurements over a 35 degree sweptback wing at level-flight lifts for a range of Mach numbers. Section pressure distributions were taken at the root, midspan, and tip stations of a Douglas D-558-II airplane.
Date: March 12, 1954
Creator: Peele, James R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight determination of the buffeting characteristics of the Bell X-5 research airplane at 58.7 degrees sweepback

Description: Report presenting flight measurements of the buffeting characteristics of the Bell X-5 airplane at 58.7 degrees of sweepback at a range of Mach numbers and altitudes. Information about tail buffeting and wing buffeting at several angles of attack is provided. The pilot considered the buffeting to be unobjectionable throughout the entire test region.
Date: May 24, 1954
Creator: Briggs, Donald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department