Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 419 Matching Results

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Further measurements of normal accelerations on racing airplanes

Description: The work of collecting acceleration data for racing airplanes during races, started in January 1934, has been continued by obtaining similar data in the airplanes winning first and second places in the 1935 Thompson Trophy Race. Records were taken in the Howard Racer "Mr. Mulligan" and in the Wittman D-12 Racer. The maximum positive accelerations were generally smaller than those recorded in other airplanes during earlier races; the maximum in the Howard Racer was 2.8 g, and one value of 4.25 g was obtained in the Wittman Racer. Minimum values were as low as -0.55 g in the Howard Racer and 0.3 g in the Wittman Racer.
Date: February 1, 1936
Creator: Kirschbaum, H. W. & Scudder, N. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The variation in pressure in the cabin of an airplane in flight

Description: The pressure in the cabin of a Fairchild cabin monoplane wa surveyed in flight, and was found to decrease with increased air speed over the fuselage and to vary with the number and location of openings in the cabin. The maximum depression of 2.2 inches of water (equivalent pressure altitude at sea level of 152 feet) occurred at the high speed of the airplane in level flight with the cabin closed.
Date: March 1, 1931
Creator: Gough, Melvin N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Unsteady Lift of a Finite Wing

Description: Unsteady lift function for wings of finite aspect ratio have been calculated by approximate methods involving corrections of the aerodynamic inertia and of the angle of the infinite wing. The starting lift of the finite wing is found to be only slightly less than that of the infinite wing; whereas the final lift may be considerably less. The calculations indicate that the distribution of lift near the start is similar to the final distribution. Both the indicia and the oscillating lift functions are given. Approximate operational equivalents of the functions have been devised to facilitate the calculation of lift under various conditions of motion.
Date: January 1, 1939
Creator: Jones, Robert T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Principal Effects of Axial Load on Moment-Distribution Analysis of Rigid Structures

Description: This thesis presents the method of moment distribution modified to include the effect of axial load upon the bending moments. This modification makes it possible to analyze accurately complex structures, such as rigid fuselage trusses, that heretofore had to be analyzed by approximate formulas and empirical rules. The method is simple enough to be practicable even for complex structures, and it gives a means of analysis for continuous beams that is simpler than the extended three-moment equation now in common use. When the effect of axial load is included, it is found that the basic principles of moment distribution remain unchanged, the only difference being that the factors used, instead of being constants for a given member, become functions of the axial load. Formulas have been developed for these factors, and curves plotted so that their applications requires no more work than moment distribution without axial load. Simple problems have been included to illustrate the use of the curves.
Date: July 1, 1935
Creator: James, Benjamin Wylie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes

Description: A quantitative criterion of merit has been needed to assist airplane designers to incorporate satisfactory spinning characteristics into new designs. An approximate empirical criterion, based on the projected side area and the mass distribution of the airplane, has been formulated in a recent British report. In the present paper, the British results have been analyzed and applied to American designs. A simpler design criterion based solely on the type and the dimensions of the tail, has been developed: it is useful in a rapid estimation of whether a new design is likely to comply with the minimum requirements for safety in spinning.
Date: June 1, 1939
Creator: Donlan, Charles J & Seidman, Oscar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations of the effect of wing twist on the air forces acting on a monoplane wing

Description: A method is presented for calculating the aerodynamic forces on a moncylane wing, taking into account the elastic twisting of the wing due to these forces. The lift distribution along the span is calculated by the formulas of Amstutz as a function of the geometrical characteristics of the wing and of the twist at stations 60 and 90 percent of the semispan. The twist for a given lift distribution is calculated by means of influence lines. As a numerical example, the forces on a Swiss military D.2V airplane are calculated. Comparisons with the strip method and with the ordinary stress-analysis method are also given.
Date: January 1, 1935
Creator: Datwyler, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests of a wing with a trailing-edge auxiliary airfoil used as a flap

Description: This report gives the characteristics of a wing with an auxiliary airfoil mounted near its trailing edge and used as a flap. The tests were made with a 10 by 60 inch Clark Y main airfoil and an NACA 0012 flap having a chord equal to 15 percent of the main wing chord. The axis of the flap in all cases was on the flap chord and 20 percent back from its leading edge. The optimum location of the flap axis relative to the main wing for maximum lift was found to be 1.25 percent of the main wing chord behind the trailing edge and 2.5 percent below the chord. In this position C(sub L max) was increased from 1.250 (for the plain wing) to 1.810 at 45 degrees deflection of the flap and C(sub D min) was decreased form 0.0155 to 0.0146 at minus 5 degrees deflection, the coefficient in each case being based on the sum of the flap and wing areas. No serious adverse change in lateral stability was found to result from the use of the flap in the optimum position.
Date: January 1, 1935
Creator: Noyes, Richard W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Investigations of the General Instability of Stiffened Metal Cylinders V : Stiffened Metal Cylinders subjected to pure bending

Description: This report summarizes the work that has been carried on in the experimental investigation of the problem of general instability of stiffened metal cylinders subjected to pure bending at the C.I.T. This part of the investigation included tests of 46 sheet-covered specimens. The most significant result was the determination of a new design parameter for the case of a stiffened metal cylinder subjected to pure bending.
Date: January 1, 1938
Creator: Hoff, N J; Boley, Bruno A & Nardo, S V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests on model wing with Fowler flap and specially developed leading-edge slot

Description: An investigation was made in the NACA 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel to find the increase in maximum lift coefficient which could be obtained by providing a model wing with both a Fowler trailing-edge extension flap and a Handley Page type leading-edge slot. A conventional Handley page slot proportioned to operate on the plain wing without a flap gave but a slight increase with the flap; so a special form of slot was developed to work more effectively with the flap. With the best combined arrangement the maximum lift coefficient based on the original area was increased from 3.17, for the Fowler wing, to 3.62. The minimum drag coefficient with both devices retracted was increased in approximately the same proportion. Tests were also made with the special-type slot on the plain wing without the flap. The special slot, used either with or without the Fowler flap, gave definitely higher values of the maximum lift coefficient than the slots of conventional form, with an increase of the same order in the minimum drag coefficient.
Date: May 1, 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Platt, Robert C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Complete Tank Test of a Model of a Flying-Boat Hull - N.A.C.A. Model No.11

Description: This note discusses the limitations of the conventional tank test of a seaplane model. The advantages of a complete test, giving the characteristics of the model at all speeds, loads, and trim angles in the useful range are pointed out. The data on N.A.C.A. Model No.11, obtained from a complete test, are presented and discussed. The results are analyzed to determine the best trim angle for each speed and load. The data for the best angles are reduced to non-dimensional form for ease of comparison and application. A practical problem using the characteristics of model no.11 is presented to show the method of calculating the take-off time and run of a seaplane from these data.
Date: July 1, 1933
Creator: Shoemaker, James M. & Parkinson, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identification of Aircraft Tubing by Rockwell Test

Description: Seamless steel tubing is today the principal material of construction for aircraft. The commercial grade of tubing containing about 0.10 to 0.20% carbon at first used is being superseded by two grades which are approved by the army and navy, and which are also becoming standard for commercial airplanes.
Date: June 1, 1930
Creator: Knerr, Horace C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts expressing the time, velocity, and altitude relations for an airplane diving in a standard atmosphere

Description: In this report charts are given showing the relation between time, velocities, and altitude for airplanes having various terminal velocities diving in a standard atmosphere. The range of starting altitudes is from 8,000 to 32,000 feet, and the terminal velocities vary from 150 to 550 miles per hour. A comparison is made between an experimental case and the results obtained from the charts. Examples pointing out the use of the charts are included.
Date: April 1, 1937
Creator: Pearson, H A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for determining the pitching moment of tapered wings with sweepback and twist

Description: This report presents a convenient method for calculating the pitching-moment characteristics of tapered wings with sweepback and twist. The method is based on the fact that the pitching-moment characteristics of a wing may be specified by giving the value of the pitching moment at zero lift and the location of the axis about which the axis is constant. Data for calculating these characteristics are presented by curves which apply to wings having a linear distribution of twist along the span and which cover a large range of aspect ratios. The curves are given for wings having straight taper and distorted elliptical plan forms. The characteristics of wings of other shapes may be determined by interpolation.
Date: December 1, 1933
Creator: Anderson, Raymond F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Characteristics of Sprays Obtained from Pintle-Type Injection Nozzles

Description: This report presents the results of tests made with the pintle-type injection nozzles, one having a pintle angle of 8 degrees, the other a pintle angle of 30 degrees. The fuel was injected into a glass-windowed pressure chamber and the spray photographed by means of the N.A.C.A. spray photography apparatus. Curves are presented that give the penetration of the spray tips when fuel oil is injected by pressures of 1,500 to 4,000 pounds per square inch into air at room temperature and densities of 11 to 18 atmospheres. High-speed spark photographs show the appearance of the sprays in air at a density of 18 atmospheres. The results indicate that the pintle angles have little effect on the size of the spray cone angle, which is about the same as that of sprays from plain round hole orifices. The penetration of the spray from the nozzle with an 8 degree pintle is slightly higher than that of the spray from the nozzle with a 30 degree pintle. The penetration of the sprays from the pintle nozzles, for comparable conditions of injection pressure and air density, is about the same as that of sprays from round-hole orifices. Increase in air density decreases the penetration in about the same ratio with all the injection pressures.
Date: July 1, 1933
Creator: Marsh, E. T. & Waldron, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department