Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 419 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic tests of a low aspect ratio tapered wing with various flaps, for use on tailless airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The tests described in this report are the first in an investigation by N.A.C.A. of the aerodynamic characteristics of possible tailless arrangements. The investigations will be extended to include whatever range is through most desirable and may include, among other things, variations in aspect ratio, taper, sweepback, washout, air-foil section, dihedral, and also control flaps or other control devices of different forms and proportions."
Date: June 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Sanders, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alterations and tests of the "Farnboro" engine indicator

Description: The 'Farnboro' electric indicator was tested as received from the manufacturers, and modifications made to the instrument to improve its operation. The original design of disk valve was altered so as to reduce the mass, travel, and seat area. Changes were made to the recording mechanism, which included a new method of locating the top center position on the record. The effect of friction on the motion of the pointer while taking motoring and power cards was eliminated by providing a means of putting pressure lines on the record. The modified indicator gives a complete record of the average cyclic variation in pressure per crank degree for any set of engine operating conditions which can be held constant for the period of time required to build up the composite card. The value of the record for accurate quantitative measurement is still questioned, although the maximum indicated pressure recorded on the motoring and power cards checks the readings of the balanced diaphragm type of maximum cylinder pressure indicator.
Date: September 1930
Creator: Collins, John H , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and model tests of autogiro jump take-off

Description: From Introduction: "The possibilities of the jump take-off have been established by some full-scale experiments. It is the purpose of this paper to study the factors that govern the jump take-off in its simplest form and to present the results of model tests in which the effect of differences in the rotor parameters was determined."
Date: October 1, 1936
Creator: Wheatley, John B & Bioletti, Carlton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical determination of the load on a trailing edge flap

Description: From Summary: "This report presents a theoretical analysis of the lift on a trailing edge flap. An analytical expression has been derived which enables the computation of the flap load coefficient. The theoretical results seem to show a fair agreement with the meager experimental results which are available."
Date: October 1930
Creator: Pinkerton, Robert M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes

Description: A quantitative criterion of merit has been needed to assist airplane designers to incorporate satisfactory spinning characteristics into new designs. An approximate empirical criterion, based on the projected side area and the mass distribution of the airplane, has been formulated in a recent British report. In the present paper, the British results have been analyzed and applied to American designs. A simpler design criterion based solely on the type and the dimensions of the tail, has been developed: it is useful in a rapid estimation of whether a new design is likely to comply with the minimum requirements for safety in spinning.
Date: June 1, 1939
Creator: Donlan, Charles J & Seidman, Oscar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A balanced diaphragm type of maximum cylinder pressure indicator

Description: A balanced diaphragm type of maximum cylinder pressure indicator was designed to give results consistent with engine operating conditions. The apparatus consists of a pressure element, a source of controlled high pressure and a neon lamp circuit. The pressure element, which is very compact, permits location of the diaphragm within 1/8 inch of the combustion chamber walls without water cooling. The neon lamp circuit used for indicating contact between the diaphragm and support facilitates the use of the apparatus with multicylinder engines.
Date: December 1, 1930
Creator: Spanogle, J A & Collins, John H , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic requirements of fuel-injection nozzles for quiescent combustion chambers

Description: This report presents test results obtained during an investigation of the performance of a single-cylinder, high-speed, compression-ignition test engine when using multiple-orifice fuel-injection valve nozzles in which the number and the direction of the orifices were varied independently.
Date: June 1, 1931
Creator: Spanogle, J A & Foster, H H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The behavior of thin-will monocoque cylinders under torsional vibration

Description: Curves of forced frequency against amplitude are presented for the conditions where the forced frequency is both increased and decreased into the resonant range. On the basis of these curves it is shown that the practical resonance frequency is the point where wrinkling first occurs and that the resonance frequency will be subject to considerable travel once permanent wrinkles appear in the vibrating shell. The decreasing mode of striking resonance is found to be by far the most destructive condition.
Date: August 1, 1937
Creator: Pekelsma, Robert E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending stresses due to torsion in cantilever box beams

Description: The paper beings with a brief discussion on the origin of the bending stresses in cantilever box beams under torsion. A critical survey of existing theory is followed by a summary of design formulas; this summary is based on the most complete solution published but omits all refinements considered unnecessary at the present state of development. Strain-gage tests made by NACA to obtained some experimental verification of the formulas are described next. Finally, the formulas are applied to a series of box beams previously static-tested by the U.S. Army Air Corps; the results show that the bending stresses due to torsion are responsible to a large extent for the free-edge type of failure frequently experienced in these tests.
Date: June 1, 1935
Creator: Kuhn, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending tests of circular cylinders of corrugated aluminum-alloy sheet

Description: Bending tests were made of two circular cylinders of corrugated aluminum-alloy sheet. In each test failure occurred by bending of the corrugations in a plane normal to the skin. It was found, after analysis of the effect of short end bays, that the computed stress on the extreme fiber of a corrugated cylinder is in excess of that for a flat panel of the same basic pattern and panel length tested as a pin-ended column. It is concluded that this increased strength was due to the effects of curvature of the pitch line. It is also concluded from the tests that light bulkheads closely spaced strengthen corrugated cylinders very materially.
Date: March 1, 1937
Creator: Buckwalter, John C.; Reed, Warren D. & Niles, Alfred S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boosted performance of a compression-ignition engine with a displaced piston

Description: Performance tests were made using a rectangular displacer arranged so that the combustion air was forced through equal passages at either end of the displacer into the vertical-disk combustion chamber of a single-cylinder, four-stroke-cycle compression-ignition test engine. After making tests to determine optimum displacer height, shape, and fuel-spray arrangement, engine-performance tests were made at 1,500 and 2,000 r.p.m. for a range of boost pressures from 0 to 20 inches of mercury and for maximum cylinder pressures up to 1,150 pounds per square inch. The engine operation for boosted conditions was very smooth, there being no combustion shock even at the highest maximum cylinder pressures. Indicated mean effective pressures of 240 pounds per square inch for fuel consumptions of 0.39 pound per horsepower-hour have been readily reproduced during routine testing at 2,000 r.p.m. at a boost pressure of 20 inches of mercury.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Moore, Charles S & Foster, Hampton H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The calculated effect of trailing-edge flaps on the take-off of flying boats

Description: The results of take-off calculations are given for an application of simple trailing-edge flaps to two hypothetical flying boats, one having medium wing and power loading and consequently considerable excess of thrust over total resistance during the take-off run, the other having high wing and power loading and a very low excess thrust. For these seaplanes the effect of downward flap settings was: (1) to increase the total resistance below the stalling speed, (2) to decrease the get-away speed, (3) to improve the take-off performance of the seaplane having considerable excess thrust, and (4) to hinder the take-off of the seaplane having low excess thrust. It is indicated that flaps would allow a decrease in the high angles of wing setting necessary with most seaplanes, provided that the excess thrust is not too low.
Date: November 1, 1934
Creator: Parkinson, J E & Bell, J W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculated effect of various types of flap on take-off over obstacles

Description: In order to determine whether or not flaps could be expected to have any beneficial effect on take-off performance, the distances required to take off and climb to an altitude of 50 feet were calculated for hypothetical airplanes, corresponding to relatively high-speed types and equipped with several types of flap. The types considered are the Fowler wing, the Hall wing, the split flap, the balanced split flap, the plain flap, and the external-airfoil flap. The results indicate that substantial reductions in take-off distance are possible through the use of flaps, provided that the proper flap angle corresponding to a given set of conditions is used. The best flap angle for taking off varies inversely as power loading and, to a much smaller extent, varies inversely with wing loading. Apparently, the best take-off characteristics are provided by the type of device in which the flap forms an extension to the main wing as in the case of the Fowler wing and the external-airfoil flap.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Wetmore, J W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations of the effect of wing twist on the air forces acting on a monoplane wing

Description: A method is presented for calculating the aerodynamic forces on a moncylane wing, taking into account the elastic twisting of the wing due to these forces. The lift distribution along the span is calculated by the formulas of Amstutz as a function of the geometrical characteristics of the wing and of the twist at stations 60 and 90 percent of the semispan. The twist for a given lift distribution is calculated by means of influence lines. As a numerical example, the forces on a Swiss military D.2V airplane are calculated. Comparisons with the strip method and with the ordinary stress-analysis method are also given.
Date: January 1, 1935
Creator: Datwyler, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calibration and lag of a Friez type cup anemometer

Description: Tests on a Friez type cup anemometer have been made in the variable density wind tunnel of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory to calibrate the instrument and to determine its suitability for velocity measurements of wind gusts. The instrument was calibrated against a Pitot-static tube placed directly above the anemometer at air densities corresponding to sea level, and to an altitude of approximately 6000 feet. Air-speed acceleration tests were made to determine the lag in the instrument reading. The calibration results indicate that there should be an altitude correction. It is concluded that the cup anemometer is too sluggish for velocity measurements of wind gusts.
Date: June 1, 1930
Creator: Pinkerton, Robert M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carbon-monoxide indicators for aircraft

Description: Several improvements that have been made on commercially available carbon-monoxide indicators to make them more suitable for aircraft use are described. These improvements include an automatic flow regulator, which permits the use of a simplified instrument on aircraft where a source of suction is available, and a more reliable alarm attachment. A field method for testing instruments on standard samples of carbon monoxide is described. Performance data and instructions in operation and maintenance are given.
Date: July 1, 1936
Creator: Womack, S H J & Peterson, J B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of an airfoil as affected by fabric sag

Description: This report presents the results of tests made at a high value of the Reynolds Number in the N.A.C.A. variable-density wind tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of an airfoil as affected by fabric sag. Tests were made of two Gottingen 387 airfoils, one having the usual smooth surface and the other having a surface modified to simulate two types of fabric sag. The results of these tests indicate that the usual sagging of the wind covering between ribs has a very small effect on the aerodynamic characteristics of an airfoil.
Date: August 1, 1932
Creator: Ward, Kenneth E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of two sharp-nosed airfoils having reduced spinning tendencies

Description: According to Mr. L.D. Bell, of the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, certain undesirable spinning characteristics of a commercial airplane were eliminated by the addition of a filler to the forward part of the wing to give it a sharp leading edge. To ascertain what aerodynamic effects result from such a change of section, two airfoils having sharp leading edges were tested in the variable-density wind tunnel. Both sections were derived by modifying the Gott. 398. The tests, which were made at a large value of the Reynolds Number, were carried to very large angles of attack to provide data for application to flight at angles of attack well beyond the stall. The characteristics of the sharp-nosed airfoils are compared with those of the normal Gott. 398 airfoil. Both of the sharp-nosed airfoils, which differ in the angle between the upper and lower surfaces at the leading edge, have about the same characteristics. As compared with the normal airfoil, the maximum lift is reduced by approximately 26 per cent, but the objectionable rapidly decreasing lift with angle of attack beyond the stall is eliminated; the profile drag of the section is slightly reduced in the range of the lift coefficient between 0.2 and 0.85, but at higher and lower lift coefficients the drag is increased.
Date: April 1, 1932
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department