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Aerodynamic Loads on Tails at High Angles of Attack and Sideslip

Description: Results are presented for the loads and moments acting on the individual tail surfaces of a body-tail combination over a wide range of angles of attack and sideslip. The effects of forebody length and panel-panel interference on the characteristics are included. It is shown that large nonlinear variations in these loads and moments, which occur at some combinations of angle of attack and sideslip, cannot be predicted by low-angle theory. A relatively simple, but general, theoretical method for calculating these load and moment characteristics is described, and the results from this method are found to be in good agreement with experiment provided the initial positions of the forebody vortices are known. It is shown that a simple application of slender-body theory can be used to predict the side loads due to sideslip that are contributed by a vertical tail on a wide variety of wing-body-tail combinations at low angles of attack. For several configurations, changes are indicated which reduced the vertical-tail loads per unit yawing moment of each complete configuration at large angles of attack. Some results are presented on the effect of high angle of attack on the induced-flow field and tail loads due to a wing at supersonic speed.
Date: July 23, 1957
Creator: Polhamus, E. C. & Spahr, J. R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aging Characteristics of Hastelloy B

Description: Report issued by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussing the aging characteristics of the alloy Hastelloy B. Materials, equipment, experimental procedures, and results used to determine the characteristics of the alloy are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: August 12, 1957
Creator: Clausing, Robert E.; Patriarca, P. & Manly, W. D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airborne Radiometric Reconnaissance in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming

Description: Abstract: A program of airborne radiometric reconnaissance for uranium was conducted in eastern Fremont and western Natrona Counties, in central Wyoming, during the summer and fall of 1954, by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
Date: June 1957
Creator: Loomis, Tom H. W. & Blair, Robert G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude performance of a turbojet engine using pentaborane fuel

Description: A full-scale turbojet engine having a two-stage turbine was operated with pentaborane fuel continuously for 11.5 minutes at a simulated altitude of 55,000 feet at a flight Mach number of 0.8. The engine incorporated an NACA combustor designed specifically for use with pentaborane fuel. The specific fuel consumption was initially reduced 32 percent below that obtained with gasoline fuel; however, the occurrence of a 25-percent reduction in net thrust after 8 minutes of operation resulted in a subsequent increase in specific fuel consumption to a value only 11.5 percent lower than that for gasoline.
Date: May 20, 1957
Creator: Sivo, Joseph N
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude Starting Tests of a 1000-Pound-Thrust Solid-Propellant Rocket

Description: Four solid-propellant rocket engines of nominal 1000-pound-thrust were tested for starting characteristics at pressure altitudes ranging from 112,500 to 123,000 feet and at a temperature of -75 F. All engines ignited and operated successfully. Average chamber pressures ranged from 1060 to ll90 pounds per square inch absolute with action times from 1.51 to 1.64 seconds and ignition delays from 0.070 t o approximately 0.088 second. The chamber pressures and action times were near the specifications, but the ignition delay was almost twice the specified value of 0.040 second.
Date: September 13, 1957
Creator: Sloop, John L.; Rollbuhler, R. James & Krawczonek, Eugene M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XB-1 Jet Propulsion Engines, 3, Performance and Windmilling Drag Characteristics

Description: The performance characteristics of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 turbojet engines and the windmilling-drag characteristics of the 19B-6 engine were determined in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. The investigations were conducted on the 19B-8 engine at simulated altitudes from 5000 to 25,000 feet with various free-stream ram-pressure ratios and on the 19XB--1 engine at simulated altitudes from 5000 to 30,000 feet with approximately static free-stream conditions. Data for these two engines are presented to show the effect of altitude, free-stream ram-pressure ratio, and tail-pipe-nozzle area on engine performance. A 21-percent reduction in tail-pipe-nozzle area of the 19B-8 engine increased the let thrust 43 percent the net thrust 72 percent, and the fuel consumption 64 percent. An increase in free-stream ram-pressure ratio raised the jet thrust and the air flow and lowered the net thrust throughout the entire range of engine speeds for the 19B-8 engine. At similar operating conditions, the corrected jet thrust and corrected air flow were approximately the same for both engines, and the corrected specific fuel consumption based on jet thrust was lower for the 19XB-1 engine than for the 19B-8 engine. The thrust and air-flow data obtained with both engines at various altitudes for a given free-stream rampressure ratio were generalized to standard sea-level atmospheric conditions. The performance parameters involving fuel consumption generalized only at high engine speeds at simulated altitudes as high as 15,000 feet. The windmilling drag of the 19B-8 engine increased rapidly as the airspeed was increased.
Date: March 13, 1957
Creator: Fleming, WIlliam A. & Dietz, Robert O., Jr.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department