Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XB-1 Jet Propulsion Engines, 3, Performance and Windmilling Drag Characteristics
Description: The performance characteristics of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 turbojet engines and the windmilling-drag characteristics of the 19B-6 engine were determined in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. The investigations were conducted on the 19B-8 engine at simulated altitudes from 5000 to 25,000 feet with various free-stream ram-pressure ratios and on the 19XB--1 engine at simulated altitudes from 5000 to 30,000 feet with approximately static free-stream conditions. Data for these two engines are presented to show the effect of altitude, free-stream ram-pressure ratio, and tail-pipe-nozzle area on engine performance. A 21-percent reduction in tail-pipe-nozzle area of the 19B-8 engine increased the let thrust 43 percent the net thrust 72 percent, and the fuel consumption 64 percent. An increase in free-stream ram-pressure ratio raised the jet thrust and the air flow and lowered the net thrust throughout the entire range of engine speeds for the 19B-8 engine. At similar operating conditions, the corrected jet thrust and corrected air flow were approximately the same for both engines, and the corrected specific fuel consumption based on jet thrust was lower for the 19XB-1 engine than for the 19B-8 engine. The thrust and air-flow data obtained with both engines at various altitudes for a given free-stream rampressure ratio were generalized to standard sea-level atmospheric conditions. The performance parameters involving fuel consumption generalized only at high engine speeds at simulated altitudes as high as 15,000 feet. The windmilling drag of the 19B-8 engine increased rapidly as the airspeed was increased.
Date: March 13, 1957
Creator: Fleming, WIlliam A. & Dietz, Robert O., Jr.
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