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Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers of a thin triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 II : maximum thickness at midchord

Description: The lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics of a triangular wing, having an aspect ratio of 2 and a symmetrical double-wedge profile of 5-percent-chord maximum thickness at midchord, have been evaluated from wind-tunnel tests at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.975 and from 1.09 to 1.49 and at Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.67 to 0.85 million. The lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients of the triangular wing with a leading-edge sweepback of approximately 63 degrees did not exhibit the irregular variations with Mach number at high subsonic and low supersonic Mach numbers that are characteristic of unswept wings. The lift-curve slope increased steadily with Mach number below unity and declined slowly beyond the Mach number of 1.13. A substantial rise in the minimum drag coefficient occurred between Mach numbers of 0.95 and 1.20 with an associated reduction in the maximum lift-drag ratio. The aerodynamic center shifted rearward toward the centroid of area of the wing with increasing Mach number below 0.975; whereas above 1.09 it coincided with the centroid.
Date: December 3, 1948
Creator: Walker, Harold J & Berggren, Robert E
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Test-Chamber Investigation of a Solar Afterburner on the 24C Engine I - Operational Characteristics and Altitude Limits

Description: An altitude-test-chamber investigation was conducted to determine the operational characteristics and altitude blow-out limits of a Solar afterburner in a 24C engine. At rated engine speed and maximum permissible turbine-discharge temperature, the altitude limit as determined by combustion blow-out occurred as a band of unstable operation of about 8000 feet altitude in width with maximum altitude limits from 32,000 feet at a Mach number of 0.3 to about 42,000 feet at a Mach number of 1.0. The maximum fuel-air ratio of the afterburner, as limited by maximum permissible turbine-discharge gas temperatures at rated engine speed, varied between 0.0295 and 0.0380 over a range of flight Mach numbers from 0.25 to 1.0 and at altitudes of 20,000 and 30,000 feet. Over this range of operating conditions, the fuel-air ratio at which lean blow-out occurred was from 10 to 19 percent below these maximum fuel-air ratios. Combustion was very smooth and uniform during operation; however, ignition of the burner was very difficult throughout the investigation. A failure of the flame holder after 12 hours and 15 minutes of afterburner operation resulted in termination of the investigation.
Date: July 6, 1948
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, 3, Analysis of Combustion-Chamber Performance

Description: Combustion chamber performance properties of a 3000-pound-thrust axial-flow turbojet engine were determined. Data are presented for a range of simulated altitudes from 15,000 to 45,0000 feet and a range of Mach numbers from 0.23 to 1.05 for various modifications of the engine.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Campbell, Carl E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, 4, Operational Characteristics

Description: An investigation was conducted to evaluate the operational characteristics of a 3000 pound thrust axial flow turbojet engine over a range of simulated altitudes from 2000 to 50,000 feet and simulated flight Mach numbers from 0 to 1.04 throughout the operable range of engine speeds. Engine operating range, acceleration, deceleration, starting, altitude, and flight Mach number compensation of the fuel control system, and operation of the lubrication system at high and low ambient air temperatures were evaluated.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Hawkins, W. Kent & Meyer, Carl L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, 6, Analysis of Effects of Inlet Pressure Losses

Description: The losses in the inlet air ducts, the diffusers, and the de-icing equipment associated with turbojet engine installations cause a reduction in the total pressure at the inlet of the engine and result in reduced thrust and increased specific fuel consumption. An analytical evaluation of the effects of inlet losses on the net thrust and the fuel economy of a 3000-pound-thrust axial flow turbojet engine with a two-stage turbine is presented. The analysis is based on engine performance characteristics that were determined from experiments in the NACA Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. The experimental investigation did not include tests in which inlet losses were systematically varied, but the effects of these losses can be accurately estimated from the experimentally determined performance characteristics of the engine.
Date: 1948
Creator: Sanders, Newell D. & Palasics, John
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, 7, Pressure and Temperature Distributions

Description: Temperature and pressure distributions for an original and modified 3000 pound thrust axial flow turbojet engine were investigated. Data are included for a range of simulated altitudes from 5000 to 45000 feet, Mach numbers from 0.24 to 1.08, and corrected engine speeds from 10,550 to 13,359 rpm.
Date: December 10, 1948
Creator: Saari, Martin J. & Prince, William R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine I - Analysis of Turbine Performance

Description: A wind tunnel investigation was conducted to determine the performance of a turbine operating as an integral part of a turbojet engine. Data was obtained while the engine was running over full operable range of speeds at various altitudes and flight mach numbers, and with four nozzles of different outlet areas.A maximum turbine efficiency of 0.875 was obtained at altitude of 15 thousand feet, Mach number 0.53, and corrected turbine speed of 5900 rpm.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Conrad, Earl W.; Dietz, Robert O., Jr. & Golladay, Richard L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine II-Analysis of Compressor Performance

Description: Compressor performance properties for two 11-stage compressors of 3000-pound-thrust axial-flow turbojet engines were determined. Data are presented for a range of simulated altitudes and a range of Mach numbers for various modifications of the engine.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Dietz, Robert O., Jr.; Berdysz, Joseph J. & Howard, Ephraim M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 3000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, Part 5, Performance and Windmilling Drag Characteristics

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the NACA Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to evaluate the performance and windmilling drag characteristics of an original and a modified turbojet engine of the same type. Data have been obtained at simulated altitudes from 5000 to 45,000 feet, simulated flight Mach numbers from 0.09 to 1.08, and engine speeds from 4000 to 12,500 rpm. Engine performance data are presented for both engines to show the effects of altitude at a flight Mach number of 0.25 and of flight Mach number at an altitude of 25,000 feet. Performance of the original and modified engines is compared for a range of simulated flight conditions. The performance data are generalized to show the applicability of methods used to estimate performance at any altitude from data obtained at a given altitude. Engine-windmilling-speed and windmilling-drag data are presented for a range of simulated flight conditions.
Date: August 23, 1948
Creator: Meyer, Carl L. & Bloomer, Harry E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 4000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine, 3, Performance Characteristics with the High-Flow Compressor

Description: A wind tunnel investigation was conducted to determine the performance of a 4000-pound-thrust axial-flow turbojet engine with a high flow compressor. Pressure altitudes included 5000 to 40000 feet with ram pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.82. Altitudes included 20000 to 40000 feet and ram pressure ratios from 1.09 to 1.75. A comparison is made between engine performance with high flow and low flow compressors.
Date: August 5, 1948
Creator: Fleming, William A. & Golladay, Richard L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department