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2006 Sea Turtle and Pelagic Fish Sensory Physiology Workshop, September 12-13, 2006
From summary: This report summarizes the findings reported by collaborating scientists at the 4th Sea Turtle and Pelagic Fish Sensory Physiology Workshop hosted by the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences Eastern Shore Laboratory in Wachapregue, Virginia during September 12-13, 2006...The primary objective of the research is to develop techniques and/or commercially viable devices that eliminate or substantially reduce interactions of sea turtles with longline fishing gear while not reducing catch rates of the targeted fish species to unacceptable levels.
2012 Economic Cost Earnings of Pelagic Longline Fishing in Hawaii
From abstract: This report presents findings from the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) cost-earnings study of the Hawaii-based longline fishery fleet which primarily targets bigeye tuna and swordfish...This report also compares 2012 results with the previous cost-earnings studies of the Hawaii longline fleet that examines the economic profiles of the fleet for 2000 and 2005 operations.
American Somoa as a Fishing Community
From abstract: Monitoring the institutional, socioeconomic, and cultural aspects of fishing is just as important as monitoring fish populations and habitat in ensuring American Samoa's ability to sustain itself as a fishing community.
An Annotated Bibliography of the Ecology of the Co-Occurring Tunas (Katsuwonus pelomis, Thunnus albacares) and Dolphins (Stenella attenuata, Stenella longirostris and Delphinus delphus) in the Easter Tropical Pacific
From introduction: This bibliography was compiled to provide a source of information on the ecology of the co-occurring tunas and dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP). While some of the articles give information concerning distribution and ecology of tunas and dolphins in other geographic areas, the primary focus is on the tunas and dolphins that occur together in the ETP.
Attitudes and Preferences of Hawaii Non-commercial Fishermen: Report from the 2015 Hawaii Saltwater Recreational Fishing Survey, Volume 1
The following document is a survey designed to elicit information of utility to resource managers of Hawaiian recreational saltwater fisheries. The survey includes information on angler participation, perspectives on the marine environment, preferences for fisheries management, and angler demographics.
Aversive Conditioning and Monk Seal-Human Interactions in the Main Hawaiian Islands Aversive Conditioning Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii November 10-11, 2009
From introduction: This review will explore the potential application of aversive conditioning to mitigate human-seal interaction within the MHI monk seal subpopulation.
The Biology and Population Status of Marine Turtles in the North Pacific Ocean
From objectives and scope of work: The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of the biology and population status of sea turtles potentially subject to entanglement in North Pacific high-seas driftnet fisheries. The report will assist National Marine Fisheries Service efforts to assess the impacts of the driftnet fisheries on threatened and endangered sea turtle populations.
Bumphead Parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum)
Report on the status of bumphead parrotfish in relation to their status in accordance to the Endangered Species Act. The Team finds that there is a low plausibility of bumphead parrotfish being driven to extinction.
Calculating Acceptable Biological Catch for Stocks that have Reliable Catch Data Only (Only Reliable Catch Stocks -- ORCS)
From summary: This report reviews existing methods for setting catch limits for ORCS ("only reliable catch stocks"). Each approach is briefly summarized followed by a description of the required data, the major assumptions and consequent cautionary advice in utilizing the particular approach along with examples of its implementation, and the pros and cons of using the approach as views by the Working Group.
Catch and Effort from Hawaii's Longline Fishery Summarized by Quarters and Five Degree Squares
This report provides quarterly and yearly summaries of Hawaii's pelagic longline catch (numbers of fish) and effort (hooks) reported by five-degree (latitude by longitude) squares based on the National Marine Fisheries Service longline logbook program. Species summarized include albacore, bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna, striped marlin, blue marlin, black marlin, swordfish, mahimahi, and wahoo.
Censuses and Interatoll Movements of the Hawaiian Monk Seal on Laysan Island, 1985
Abstract: Research on the Laysan Island population of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi, was conducted from 2 march to 30 November 1985. census totals excluding pups ranged from 76 to 147, an average increase of nearly 20 animals from the 1984 census results. Overall monthly haul-out distribution for all seals showed highest use in the north ecological unit followed by the west unit. Relatively few animals hauled out in the eastern and southern portions of the island. Interatoll movement of nine seals was documented, resulting in a net increase of three animals to the Laysan Island population.
Changing Oceans and Changing Fisheries: Environmental Data for Fisheries Research and Management
The following report is the proceedings of a workshop convened at NOAA's Pacific Fisheries Environmental Group in Pacific Grove, California, on July 16-18 1996, to examine the uses of environmental data for fisheries.
Chemoreception in Loggerhead Sea Turtles: An Assessment of the Feasibility of Using Chemical Deterrents to Prevent Sea Turtle Interactions with Longline Fishing Gear
From introduction: The following document presents results from a series of studies designed and conducted to assess the chemosensory abilities of loggerhead turtles and explores the feasibility of using chemical deterrents to present sea turtles from interacting with longline fishing gear.
Clinical Observations of Ocular Disease in Hawaiian Monk Seals (Monachus schauinslandi)
From abstract: In 1995, 12 undersized, weaned female Hawaiian monk seal pups were captured at French Frigate Shoals in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands... Eleven of the pups developed clinical signs of an eye disease between 12 and 46 days after capture... The cause of the eye disease and the site where it originated remain unknown.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands as a Fishing Community
From introduction and purpose: This report describes the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) as a fishing community. We have tried to strike a balance between the report being concise enough to be useful while covering the full range of topics and issues necessary to describe CNMI as a fishing community...This report will be updated periodically as social, economic, and environmental conditions change and fishermen and fisheries management adapt to those changes.
A Compilation of Historical Monk Seal, Monachus schauinslandi, Counts
The following document is meant to facilitate an analysis and review of historical counts of the Hawaiian monk seal. Provided here are tables ordered on an island-by-island or atoll-by-atoll basis, beginning in the early 1800s and on through the 1980s.
Comprehensive (1986-2001) Characterization of Size at Sexual Maturity for Hawaiian Spiny Lobster (Panulirus marginatus) and Slipper Lobster (Scyllarides squammosus) in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Report on "estimate body size at sexual maturity for Hawaiian spiny lobster and slipper lobster using all available fishery independent research catch data from 1986 to 2001." (pg. 1)
Comprehensive Evaluation of Shallow Reef Fish Populations at French Frigate Shoals and Midway Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (1992/93,1995-2000)
From abstract: This document represents the sixth and last of a series of Honolulu Laboratory reports providing estimates of shallow reef fish population densities based on diver-surveys conducted at roughly annual intervals at two sites (French Frigate Shoals (FFS) and Midway Atoll (Midway) in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI)). The purpose of the time series has been to develop the capability to characterize the standing stock densities of shallow reef fishes, as one potentially important component of the monk seal forage base with precision sufficient to detect twofold changes over a decadal time scale when sampled at a yearly frequency.
Contingency Plan for Hawaiian Monk Seal Unusual Mortality Events
Report about the unusual mortality of Hawaiian Monk Seals that includes extensive background information and research along with a prospective contingency plan to respond to the issue of unusual mortality for this species.
Corrected Catch Histories and Logbook Accuracy for Billfishes (Isiophoridae) in the Hawaii-based Longline Fishery
From abstract: This paper presents corrected catch histories, standardized catch rates, and evaluations of the accuracy of federally mandated commercial logbooks for billfishes taken as incidental catch by the Hawaii-based longline fishery. The study was conducted because billfish misidentifications in logbooks caused by similarities in body size, shape, and coloration have long represented a major challenge in monitoring this fishery.
Deep-Sea Shrimp Trapping for Heterocarpus laevigatus in the Hawaiian Archipelago by a Commercial Fishing Vessel
This report summarizes the catch rate of the Heterocarpus laevigatus from the most productive shipping vessel in Hawaii, 1984, the Mokihana. The statistics provide a fairly comprehensive geographic survey of the relative abundance of the species along the Hawaiian Archipelago.
Demand for Hawaii Bottomfish Revisited: Incorporating Economics into Total Allowable Catch Management
Report on the biological availability of Hawaii bottom fish and the corresponding economic demand for said fish.
Depth Derivation Using Multispectral WorldView-2 Satellite Imagery
Report discussing high-resolution multibeam bathymetry data. Results show that in the absence of shallow (0-20 m) high-resolution bathymetric data, satellite-derived depths are an important resource for assessing, monitoring, and managing shallow coral reef ecosystems. (pg. iii)
Depth Distributions, Growth, and Mortality of Deep Slope Fishes from the Mariana Archipelago
This report provides detailed summaries of in-depth analyses of the population dynamics that represent the first description of population parameters for many if not most of the lutjanids, serranids, and carangids studied in the Mariana Archipelago. The intent of this paper is to summarize these biological findings during a 5-year program.
Design and Implementation of a Bottomfish Fishery-independent Survey in the Main Hawaiian Islands
The following document conducts stock assessment reports on deep-slope bottomfish along the State of Hawaii. The goal of this report is to improve stock assessments through optimal design and implementation of a fishery-independent survey for the Deep-7 bottomfish complex in the main Hawaiian Islands.
Design and Parameterization of a Coral Reef Ecosystem Model for Guam
Report that gathers and analyzes environmental, habitat, biological, and fishery data from diverse sources. These data help identify information gaps, such as, near-shore habitat data, biomass and abundance data of invertebrate species, chlorophyll-a data at different depths and certain life history parameters for invertebrates and fish.
Development and Testing of Two Towed Volumetric Hydrophone Array Prototypes to Improve Localization Accuracy During Shipboard Line-transect Cetacean Surveys
The following document presents the result of a project aimed at improving the hydrodynamics of the volumetric array design for towing at faster speeds of 10 knots from large research vessels. The document explains the theory behind the design considerations for each prototype presented, sea trial results and subsequent modifications, and discuss improvements for future designs.
Distribution of Ichthyoplankton around Southeast Hancock Seamount, Central North Pacific, in Summer 1984 and Winter 1985 : Data Report
From introduction: This report presents data on ichthyoplankton distribution over and near Southeast Hancock Seamount in the central North Pacific during summer 1984 and winter 1985. Described here is the sampling program and sample handling and provide only data summaries of the distributional patterns; analyses of this data base will be presented in detail elsewhere.
Diving Patterns of the Hawaiian Monk Seal, Lisianski Island, 1982
No Description Available.
An Economic Analysis of Lobster Fishing Vessel Performance in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
This is a report that examines the economic and operational performance of lobster fishing vessels in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Economic Effects of the United Nations Moratorium on High Seas Driftnet Fishing
This report presents documentation of the status and trends in the driftnet fleet (Asian fishing vessels carrying large driftnet fishing gear), a summary of the industry and governmental plans for the near future, and an assessment of possible fleet adaptations to the moratorium from a political/economic perspective.
Estimates of the Catch and Effort by Foreign Tuna Longliners and Baitboats in the Fishery Conservation Zone of the Central and Western Pacific, 1965-77
From introduction: The primary purpose of this report is to summarize available information on the nominal effort and the catch of tunas and billfishes by these foreign longline fleets in the U.S. FCZ (Fishery Conservation Zone) of the central and western Pacific during the period 1965-77.
Estimating Natural Mortality in Stock Assessment Application
The following document is a report taken during a three-day workshop to estimate natural mortality for use in stock assessment applications. The workshop covered biological aspects of mortality, methods for estimation of mortality, and best practices for use of mortality in assessment models. This document presents the findings during this workshop.
Estimation of Hawaiian Monk Seal Corruption in Relation to Ecosystem Biomass and Overlap with Fisheries in the Main Hawaiian Islands
This report analyzes the possible effects of the rehabilitation of Hawaiian monk seals and how their increase in numbers will affect the ecosystem and our fisheries. The document takes into account conclusions that overestimate potential monk seal impacts, and underestimate potential impacts of human extraction on monk seals.
Estimation of Sea Turtle Take and Mortality in the Hawai'i-Based Longline Fishery, 1994-96
The following report provides documents of estimates of provided annual reports concerning sea turtle morality takes in the Hawai'i-based longline fishery, between the years 1994 to 1996.
An Evaluation of Oocyte Size in Multiple Regressions Predicting Gonad Weight from Body Weight: a Test Using Hawaiian Ehu, Etelis carbunculus
The following report is meant to evaluate whether the information on oocyte size improves ability to predict ovary weight from body weight, and we evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different sample sizes for characterizing egg size.
Evaluation of Time-area Closures to Reduce Incidental Sea Turtle Take in the Hawaii-based Longline Fishery: Generalized Additive Model (GAM) Development and Retrospective Examination
This report documents a series of steps taken at the National Marine Fisheries Service, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in response to the Order issued by Chief U.S. District Court Judge David Alan Ezra, District of Hawaii, in the case of CMC et al. versus NMFS et al.; CIVIL BO. 99-00152; dated November 23, 1999, to complete an analysis of the temporal and spatial distribution of interactions between Hawaii-based longline vessels and sea turtles to determine time and area closures that would provide the greatest benefit to the turtles.
Field Manual for Phocid Necropsies (Specifically Monachus schauinslandi)
From introduction: This necropsy manual is a guide for students and technicians in the examination of dead phocids, specifically the Hawaiian monk seal. With this manual, the person performing the necropsy should be able to conduct a gross examination of a monk seal and collect the necessary tissues for microscopic pathology and toxicological studies. The necropsy instructions are based on the assumption that the seal's carcass is very fresh and time is not a limiting factor.
Fisheries Ecosystem Model of the Chesapeake Bay: Methodology, Parameterization, and Model Exploration
From abstract: This report describes an ecosystem model of the Chesapeake Bay, the Chesapeake Bay Fisheries Ecosystem Model (CBFEM), prepared using the Ecopath with Ecosim approach and software.
Fishery Interaction Between the Tuna Lonline and Other Pelagic Fisheries in Hawaii
Abstract: The Hawaii pelagic surface fisheries and more recently the longline fisheries have grown dramatically. As a result, competition between fisheries on the fishing grounds and in the marketplace has also increased. Physical conflicts between vessels and claims of decreased fishing success by surface (troll and handline) fishermen led to the enactment of Federal regulations limiting the number of domestic longline vessels and the areas in which they can operate. The scientific evidence of biological or economic fishery interaction between longline and small-vessel fishermen is limited but suggests that intense longline fishing near the Hawaiian Islands has the potential to affect catch rates in other Hawaii fisheries. Better data collection and more research are needed to document fishery interaction and to improve fishery management.
Forces of Change in Hawaii's Aku (Skipjack Tuna) Industry, 1986 : Workshop Summary
From preface: This is a report of a workshop on the Forces of change in Hawaii's aku (skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis) industry. The workshop was held on April 30 and May 1, 1986 in Honolulu, Hawaii and was coordianted by the Southwest Fisheries Center (SWFC) Honolulu Laboratory, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA. The objectives of the workshop were: 1. To review the status and current research on Hawaii's aku fishery, and 2. To introduce and prepare background material for discussion at a joint industry-government planning session to be held at a later date.
Forty Years of Research: Recovery Records of Green Turtles Observed or Originally Tagged at French Frigate Shoals in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, 1973-2013
Report that brings a 1983 NOAA Technical Memorandum titled "recovery records of adult green turtles observed or originally tagged at French Frigate Shoals, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands" up to date. Report includes some novel ways to present information gathered in more than 40 years of systematic monitoring at FFS. (pg. iii)
The Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas, at Laysan Island, Lisianski Island, and Pearl and Hermes Reef, Summer 1982
This is a report that provides the results of an observational study on the green turtle population during 1982 on Laysan Island, Pearl and Hermes Reef, and Lisianski Island.
Guidelines for Handling Marine Turtles Hooked or Entangled in the Hawaii Longline Fishery: Results of an Expert Workshop Held in Honolulu, Hawaii March 15-17, 1995
This report provides a description of the findings that resulted from a workshop to develop guidelines for handling hooked and entangled turtles, hosted by the NMFS Honolulu Laboratory March 15-17, 1995.
Hawaii Longline Fishermen's Experiences with the Observer Program
From introduction: This report describes a subset of the results from a socio-cultural study of fishermen in the Hawaii-based longline fleet. The broader study, conducted in 2003-2004, was designed to compile a social profile of the longline fishing industry of Hawaii and provide information about its participants to decision makers.
Hawaii Marine Recreational Fishing Survey: A Summary of Current Sampling, Estimation, and Data Analyses
The following manuscript describes the current Hawaii Marine Recreational Fishing Survey sampling and estimation process for recreational fishing surveys under the NOAA Fisheries Marine Recreational Information Program and presents the catch-and-effort estimates using pelagic species as an example.
Hawaiian Archipelago Marine Ecosystem Research (HAMER)
From introduction: The following document describes a 10-year, multiagency, collaborative program proposed to advance ecosystem science and resource management in Hawaii.
The Hawaiian Monk Seal and Green Turtle at Pearl and Hermes Reef, 1988
The following report is the results of an observational research on the Hawaiian monk seal and green turtles along the Pearl and Hermes Reef in the Northwestern Hawaiian islands from May 17th to July 3rd 1988.
The Hawaiian Monk Seal and Green Turtle at Pearl and Hermes Reef, 1990 and 1991
This report presents data collected from the observational studies on Hawaiian monk seals and green turtles at Pearl and Hermes Reef in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The data presented was taken on 9-8 of June 1990 and 1 August to 13 September 1991. The data collected was limited to objectives conducting atoll-wide seal censuses, resighting tagged seals, tagging weaned pups, and surveying and destroying debris capable of entangling wildlife. Additionally, efforts in 1991 included retagging seals, tagging unknown-age seals, weighing and measuring immature seals, and bleach-marking seals for ID purposes. Also, interatoll movement, survival, injuries, and entanglement of seals were monitored, seal scats and spews were collected, turtles were tagged, and previously tagged turtles were resighted.
The Hawaiian Monk Seal and Green Turtle on Necker Island, 1983
Abstract: Between 24 July and 6 August 1983, a two-person National Marine Fisheries Service field camp examined the Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi, and green turtle, Chelonia mydas, populations of Necker Island. Forty-three seals were identified, photographic records for seal identification were made, and 21 animals were bleach marked. Of three pups at Necker, only one weaned during the study period and was tagged. A pregnant femals was found dead and a necropsy was performed. Eighty-eight turtle observations included feeding (59), basking (18), and swimming (11) sightings. Four turtles were individually identified; three of these were flipper-tagged.