Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 1,424 Matching Results

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Aircraft power-plant instruments

Description: From Summary: "The report includes a description of the commonly used types and some others, the underlying principle utilized in the design, and some design data. The inherent errors of the instrument, the methods of making laboratory tests, descriptions of the test apparatus, and data in considerable detail in the performance of commonly used instruments are presented. Standard instruments and, in cases where it appears to be of interest, those used as secondary standards are described."
Date: January 1, 1934
Creator: Sontag, Harcourt & Brombacher, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft rate-of-climb indicators

Description: From Summary: "The theory of the rate-of-climb indicator is developed in a form adapted for application to the instrument in its present-day form. Certain dynamic effects, including instrument lag, and the use of the rate-of-climb indicator as a statoscope are also considered. Modern instruments are described. A laboratory test procedure is outlined and test results are given."
Date: January 1, 1939
Creator: Johnson, Daniel P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft speed instruments

Description: From Summary: "This report presents a concise survey of the measurement of air speed and ground speed on board aircraft. Special attention is paid to the Pitot-static air-speed meter which is the standard in the United States for airplanes. A bibliography on air-speed measurement concludes the report."
Date: January 1, 1933
Creator: Beij, K Hilding
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft woods: their properties, selection, and characteristics

Description: From Summary: "This report presents, further, information on the properties of various other native species of wood compared with spruce, and discusses the characteristics of a considerable number of them from the standpoint of their possible application in aircraft manufacture to supplement the woods that are now most commonly used."
Date: January 1, 1931
Creator: Markwardt, L J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil pressure distribution investigation in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: Report presents the results of wind tunnel tests of pressure distribution measurements over one section each of six airfoils. Pressure distribution diagrams, as well as the integrated characteristics of the airfoils, are given for both a high and a low dynamic scale or, Reynolds number VL/V, for comparison with flight and other wind-tunnel tests, respectively. It is concluded that the scale effect is very important only at angles of attack near the burble.
Date: January 1, 1931
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.; Stack, John & Pinkerton, Robert M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil profiles for minimum pressure drag at supersonic velocities -- general analysis with application to linearized supersonic flow

Description: From Summary: "A theoretical investigation is made of the airfoil profile for minimum pressure drag at zero lift in supersonic flow. In the first part of the report a general method is developed for calculating the profile having the least pressure drag for a given auxiliary condition, such as a given structural requirement or a given thickness ratio. To illustrate the general method, the optimum airfoil, defined as the airfoil having minimum pressure drag for a given auxiliary condition, is calculated in a second part of the report using the equations of linearized supersonic flow."
Date: January 1, 1952
Creator: Chapman, Dean R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil section characteristics as affected by variations of the Reynolds number

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation of a systematically chosen representative group of related airfoils conducted in the NACA variable-density wind tunnel over a wide range of Reynolds number extending well into the flight range. The tests were made to provide information from which the variations of airfoil section characteristics with changes in the Reynolds number could be inferred and methods of allowing for these variations in practice could be determined. This work is one phase of an extensive and general airfoil investigation being conducted in the variable-density tunnel and extends the previously published researches concerning airfoil characteristics as affected by variations in airfoil profile determined at a single value of the Reynolds number.
Date: 1939
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Sherman, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil section characteristics as applied to the prediction of air forces and their distribution on wings

Description: From Introduction: "The system presented herein yields, within the limitations of our present knowledge of aerodynamics, a general solution of the resultant wing forces and moments and their distribution. For the sake of completeness and facility in use, the report contains a table of the important section parameters for many commonly used sections and all other necessary data required to solve the most practical design problems coming within the scope of the system."
Date: 1938
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Rhode, R. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil section data obtained in the NACA variable-density tunnel as affected by support interference and other corrections

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to present the corrections for application to published results from the variable-density tunnel to give more reliable values of section profile-drag coefficient for airfoils of various thickness."
Date: 1939
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Abbott, Ira H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane dopes and doping

Description: Cellulose acetate and cellulose nitrate are the important constituents of airplane dopes in use at the present time, but planes were treated with other materials in the experimental stages of flying. The above compounds belong to the class of colloids and are of value because they produce a shrinking action on the fabric when drying out of solution, rendering it drum tight. Other colloids possessing the same property have been proposed and tried. In the first stages of the development of dope, however, shrinkage was not considered. The fabric was treated merely to render it waterproof. The first airplanes constructed were covered with cotton fabric stretched as tightly as possible over the winds, fuselage, etc., and flying was possible only in fine weather. The necessity of an airplane which would fly under all weather conditions at once became apparent. Then followed experiments with rubberized fabrics, fabrics treated with glue rendered insoluble by formaldehyde or bichromate, fabrics treated with drying and nondrying oils, shellac, casein, etc. It was found that fabrics treated as above lost their tension in damp weather, and the oil from the motor penetrated the proofing material and weakened the fabric. For the most part the film of material lacked durability. Cellulose nitrate lacquers, however were found to be more satisfactory under varying weather conditions, added less weight to the planes, and were easily applied. On the other hand, they were highly inflammable, and oil from the motor penetrated the film of cellulose nitrate, causing the tension of the fabric to be relaxed.
Date: January 1, 1919
Creator: Smith, W H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane Stress Analysis

Description: Report presents stress analysis of individual components of an airplane. Normal and abnormal loads, sudden loads, simple stresses, indirect simple stresses, resultant unit stress, repetitive and equivalent stress, maximum steady load and stress are considered.
Date: January 1, 1918
Creator: Zahm, A F & Crook, L H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The airplane tensiometer

Description: Certain parts of an airplane are subjected not only to the stresses imposed by the aerodynamic or flying load, but also to the initial stresses, caused by the tension in the stay and drift wires. Report describes a tensiometer that measures such stresses which is simple in construction, accurate, and easily and quickly operated even by inexperienced persons. Two sizes of the instrument are available. One is suitable for wires up to one-fourth inch in diameter and the other for wires from one-fourth to three-eights inch in diameter.
Date: 1919
Creator: Larson, L J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airship model tests in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: This report presents the results of wind tunnel tests conducted to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of airship models. Eight Goodyear-Zeppelin airship models were tested in the original closed-throat tunnel. After the tunnel was rebuilt with an open throat a new model was tested, and one of the Goodyear-Zeppelin models was retested. The results indicate that much may be done to determine the drag of airships from evaluations of the pressure and skin-frictional drags on models tested at large Reynolds number.
Date: January 27, 1931
Creator: Abbott, Ira H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An airship slide rule

Description: From Introduction: "This report prepared for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, describes an airship slide rule developed by the Gas-Chemistry Section of the Bureau of Standards, at the request of the Bureau of Engineering of the Navy Department."
Date: 1924?~
Creator: Weaver, E. R. & Pickering, S. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternating-current equipment for the measurement of fluctuations of air speed in turbulent flow

Description: From Summary: "Recent electrical and mechanical improvements have been made in the equipment developed at the National Bureau of Standards for measurement of fluctuations of air speed in turbulent flow. Data useful in the design of similar equipment are presented. The design of rectified alternating-current power supplies for such apparatus is treated briefly, and the effect of the power supplies on the performance of the equipment is discussed."
Date: March 1937
Creator: Mock, W. C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The altitude effect on air speed indicators

Description: The report present the results of a theoretical and experimental study of the effect, on the performance of air speed indicators, of the different atmospheric conditions experienced at various altitudes.
Date: 1917~
Creator: Hersey, M. D.; Hunt, F. L. & Eaton, H. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The altitude effect on air speed indicators II

Description: In an investigation described in NACA Technical Report 110, it was shown that under certain conditions, particularly for the relatively low-speed flight of airships, the data obtained were not sufficiently accurate. This report describes an investigation in which the data obtained were sufficiently accurate and complete to enable the viscosity correction to be deduced quantitatively for a number of the air-speed pressure nozzles in common use. The report opens with a discussion of the theory of the performance of air-speed nozzles and of the calibration of the indicators, from which the theory of the altitude correction is developed. Then follows the determination of the performance characteristics of the nozzles and calibration constants used for the indicators. In the latter half of the report, the viscosity correction is computed for the Zahm Pitot-venturi nozzles.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Eaton, H. N. & Macnair, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aluminum and its light alloys

Description: Report is a summary of research work which has been done here and abroad on the constitution and mechanical properties of the various alloy systems with aluminum.
Date: 1920?~
Creator: Merica, Paul D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analog study of interacting and noninteracting multiple-loop control systems for turbojet engines

Description: The results of an analog investigation of several turbojet-engine control configurations is presented in this report. Both proportional and proportional-plus-integral controllers were studied, and compensating terms for engine interaction were added to the control system. Data were obtained on the stability limits and the transient responses of these various configurations. Analytical expressions in terms of the component transfer functions were developed for the configurations studied, and the optimum form for the compensation terms was determined. It was found that the addition of the integral term, while making the system slower and more oscillatory, was desirable in that it made the final values of the system parameters independent of source of disturbance and also eliminated droop in these parameters. Definite improvement in system characteristics resulted from the use of proper compensation terms. At comparable gain points the compensated system was faster and more stable. Complete compensation eliminated engine interaction, permitting each loop to be developed to an optimum point independently.
Date: January 1, 1955
Creator: Pack, George J & Phillips, W E , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and calculation by integral methods of laminar compressible boundary-layer with heat transfer and with and without pressure gradient

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present report is to present a comprehensive summary of theoretical investigations of comprehensible laminar boundary layers which have been carried out since 1949 at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn under the sponsorship and with the financial assistance of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The results of these investigations are contained primarily in references 1 to 7."
Date: April 12, 1955
Creator: Morduchow, Morris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and modification of theory for impact of seaplanes on water

Description: From Summary: "An analysis of available theory on seaplane impact and a proposed modification thereto are presented. In previous methods the overall momentum of the float and virtual mass has been assumed to remain constant during the impact but the present analysis shows that this assumption is rigorously correct only when the resultant velocity of the float is normal to the keel."
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Mayo, Wilbur L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department