Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 390 Matching Results

Search Results

The Aerodynamic Forces on Slender Plane- and Cruciform-Wing and Body Combinations

Description: From Introduction: "Since these results were not applicable to the present problem, a theoretical analysis of the aerodynamic properties of slender wing-body combinations was undertaken. The results of this investigation were first reported in reference 5 and were later extended in reference 6 to include cruciform-wing and body combinations. The present report summarizes and extends the theory and results previously presented in these references."
Date: 1950?~
Creator: Spreiter, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Blockage Corrections for Three-Dimensional-Flow Closed-Throat Wind Tunnels, With Consideration of the Effect of Compressibility

Description: "Theoretical blockage corrections are presented for a body of revolution and for a three-dimensional unswept wing in a circular or rectangular wind tunnel. The theory takes account of the effects of the wake and of the compressibility of the fluid, and is based on the assumption that the dimensions of the model are small in comparison with those of the tunnel throat. Formulas are given for correcting a number of the quantities, such as dynamic pressure and Mach number, measured in wing-tunnel tests. The report presents a summary and unification of the existing literature on the subject" (p. 771).
Date: 1950
Creator: Herriot, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of plate compressive strengths at elevated temperatures

Description: The results of local-instability tests of h-section plate assemblies and compressive stress-strain tests of extruded 75s-t6 aluminum alloy, obtained to determine flat-plate compressive strength under stabilized elevated temperature conditions, are given for temperatures up to 600 degrees F. The results show that methods available for calculating the critical compressive stress at room temperature can also be used at elevated temperatures if the applicable compressive stress-strain curve for the material is given.
Date: 1950
Creator: Heimerl, George J. & Roberts, William M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effects of variations in Reynolds number between 3.0 x 10sub6 and 25.0 x 10sub6 upon the aerodynamic characteristics of a number of NACA 6-series airfoil sections

Description: Results are presented of an investigation made to determine the two-dimensional lift and drag characteristics of nine NACA 6-series airfoil section at Reynolds numbers of 15.0 x 10sub6, 20.0 x 10sub6, and 25.0 x 10sub6. Also presented are data from NACA Technical Report 824 for the same airfoils at Reynolds numbers of 3.0 x 10sub6, 6.0 x 10sub6, and 9.0 x 10sub6. The airfoils selected represent sections having variations in the airfoil thickness, thickness form, and camber. The characteristics of an airfoil with a split flap were determined in one instance, as was the effect of surface roughness. Qualitative explanations in terms of flow behavior are advanced for the observed types of scale effect.
Date: 1950
Creator: Loftin, Laurence K., Jr. & Bursnall, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elastic and plastic buckling of simply supported solid-core sandwich plates in compression

Description: From Summary: "A solution is presented for the problem of the compressive buckling of simply supported, flat, rectangular, solid-core sandwich plates stressed either in the elastic range or in the plastic range. Charts for the analysis of long sandwich plates are presented for plates having face materials of 24S-T3 aluminum alloy, 76S-T6 Alclad aluminum alloy, and stainless steel. A comparison of computed and experimental buckling stresses of square solid-core sandwich plates indicates fair agreement between theory and experiment."
Date: 1950
Creator: Seide, Paul & Stowell, Elbridge Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equilibrium operating performance of axial-flow turbojet engines by means of idealized analysis

Description: A method of predicting equilibrium operating performance of turbojet engines has been developed, with the assumption of simple model processes for the components. Results of the analysis are plotted in terms of dimensionless parameters comprising critical engine dimensions and over-all operating variables. This investigation was made of an engine in which the ratio of axial inlet-air velocity to compressor-tip velocity is constant, which approximates turbojet engines with axial-flow compressors. Experimental correlation of the theory with data from several existing axial-flow-type engines was good and showed close correlation between calculated and measured performance.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Sanders, John C & Chapin, Edward C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flutter of a uniform wing with an arbitrarily placed mass according to a differential-equation analysis and a comparison with experiment

Description: A method is presented for the calculation of the flutter speed of a uniform wing carrying an arbitrarily placed concentrated mass. The method, an extension of recently published work by Goland and Luke, involves the solution of the differential equations of motion of the wing at flutter speed and therefore does not require the assumption of specific normal modes of vibration. The order of the flutter determinant to be solved by this method depends upon the order of the system of differential equations and not upon the number of modes of vibration involved. The differential equations are solved by operational methods, and a brief discussion of operational methods as applied to boundary-value problems is included in one of two appendixes. A comparison is made with experiment for a wing with a large eccentrically mounted weight and good agreement is obtained. Sample calculations are presented to illustrate the method; and curves of amplitudes of displacement, torque, and shear for a particular case are compared with corresponding curves computed from the first uncoupled normal modes.
Date: 1950
Creator: Runyan, Harry L. & Watkins, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-space oscillating pressures near the tips of rotating propellers

Description: The theory is given for calculating the free-space oscillating pressures associated with a rotating propeller, at any point in space. Because of its complexity this analysis is convenient only for use in the critical region near the propeller tips where the assumptions used by Gutin to simplify his final equations are not valid. Good agreement was found between analytical and experimental results in the tip Mach number range 0.45 to two, three, four, five, six, on eight-blade propellers and for a range of tip clearances from 0.04 to 0.30 times the propeller diameter. If the power coefficient, tip Mach number, and the tip clearance are known for a given propeller, the designer may determine from these charts the average maximum free-space oscillating pressure in the critical region near the plane of rotation. A section of the report is devoted to the fuselage response to these oscillating pressures and indicates some of the factors to be considered in solving the problems of fuselage vibration and noise.
Date: 1950
Creator: Hubbard, Harvey H. & Regier, Arthur A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Icing-Protection Requirements for Reciprocating-Engine Induction Systems

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the icing of aircraft-engine induction systems. Criterions for safe operation and for the design of new induction system are established through the investigation. The results were obtained from laboratory investigations of carburetor-supercharger combinations, wind-tunnel investigations of air scoops, multicylinder-engine studies, and flight investigations.
Date: 1950
Creator: Coles, Willard D.; Rollin, Vern G. & Mulholland, Donald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The longitudinal stability of elastic swept wings at supersonic speed

Description: The longitudinal stability characteristics of elastic swept wings of high aspect ratio experiencing bending and torsional deformations are calculated for supersonic speed by the application of linearized lifting-surface theory. A parabolic wing deflection curve is assumed and the analysis is simplified by a number of structural approximations. The method is thereby limited in application to wings of high aspect ratio for which the root effects are small. Expressions for the lift, pitching-moment, and span load distribution characteristics are derived in terms of the elastic properties of the wing; namely, the design stress, the modulus of elasticity, the shearing modulus, and the maximum design load factor. The analysis applies to wings with leading edges swept behind the Mach lines. In all cases, however, the trailing edge is sonic or supersonic. Application of the method of analysis to wings with leading edges swept ahead of the Mach lines is discussed.
Date: 1950
Creator: Frick, C. W. & Chubb, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for determining the frequency-response characteristics of an element or system from the system transient output response to a known input function

Description: "A method is presented for the determination of the frequency-response characteristics of an element or system by utilizing the transient output response to a known but arbitrary input to the system. Since the application of special inputs, such as step functions or sinusoids, is often imperfect or impractical, a method for utilizing arbitrary inputs is desirable. Simple flight-test data may be reduced by this method to give the frequency response of an aircraft" (p. 1).
Date: 1950
Creator: Curfman, Howard J., Jr. & Gardiner, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On stability of free laminar boundary layer between parallel streams

Description: An analysis and calculations on the stability of the free laminar boundary layer between parallel streams were made for an incompressible fluid using the Tollmien-Schlichting theory of small disturbances. Because the boundary conditions are at infinity, two solutions of the Orr-Sommerfeld stability equations need not be considered, and the remaining two solutions are exponential in character at the infinite boundaries. The calculations show that the flow is unstable except for very low Reynolds numbers.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Lessen, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Bending and Stretching of Sandwich-Type Shells

Description: "A theory has been developed for small bending and stretching of sandwich-type shells. This theory is an extension of the known theory of homogeneous thin elastic shells. It was found that two effects are important in the present problem, which are not normally of importance in the theory of curved shells: (1) the effect of transverse shear deformation and (2) the effect of transverse normal stress deformation" (p. 1).
Date: 1950
Creator: Reissner, Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of information relating to gust loads on airplanes

Description: Available information on gust structure, airplane reactions, and pertinent operating statistics has been examined. This report attempts to coordinate this information with reference to the prediction of gust loads on airplanes. The material covered represents research up to October 1947. (author).
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Donely, Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Supersonic Axial-Flow Compressor

Description: An investigation has been made to explore the possibilities of axial-flow compressors operating with supersonic velocities into the blade rows. Preliminary calculations showed that very high pressure ratios across a stage, together with somewhat increased mass flows, were apparently possible with compressors which decelerated air through the speed of sound in their blading. The first phase of the investigation was the development of efficient supersonic diffusers to decelerate air through the speed of sound. The present report is largely a general discussion of some of the essential aerodynamics of single-stage supersonic axial-flow compressors. As an approach to the study of supersonic compressors, three possible velocity diagrams are discussed briefly. Because of the encouraging results of this study, an experimental single-stage supersonic compressor has been constructed and tested in Freon-12. In this compressor, air decelerates through the speed of sound in the rotor blading and enters the stators at subsonic speeds. A pressure ratio of about 1.8 at an efficiency of about 80 percent has been obtained.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Kantrowitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical Stability Derivatives of Thin Sweptback Wings Tapered to a Point with Sweptback or Sweptforward Trailing Edges for a Limited Range of Supersonic Speeds

Description: The stability derivatives valid for a limited range of supersonic speeds are presented for a series of sweptback wings tapered to a point with sweptback or sweptforward trailing edges. These wings were derived by modifying the trailing edge of a basic triangular wing so that it coincided with lines drawn from the wing tips to the wing axis of symmetry. The stability derivatives were formulated by using the pressure distributions previously obtained for the basic triangular wing for angle of attack, constant vertical acceleration, sideslip, pitching, rolling, and yawing. Explicit expressions are given for the stability derivatives with respect to principal body axes, and conversion formulas are provided for the transformation to stability axes. The results are limited to Mach numbers for which the wing is contained within the Mach cones springing from the vertex and from the trailing edge of the center section of the wing.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Malvestuto, Frank S., Jr. & Margolis, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of harmonically oscillating thin rectangular wings in supersonic potential flow

Description: This report treats the effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of an oscillating flat rectangular wing in supersonic potential flow. The linearized velocity potential for the wing undergoing sinusoidal torsional oscillations simultaneously with sinusoidal vertical translations is derived in the form of a power series in terms of a frequency parameter. The series development is such that the differential equation for the velocity potential is satisfied to the required power of the frequency parameter considered and the linear boundary conditions are satisfied exactly. The method of solution can be utilized for other plan forms, that is, plan forms for which certain steady-state solutions are known.
Date: January 6, 1950
Creator: Watkins, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Lift-Cancellation Technique in Linearized Supersonic-Wing Theory

Description: "A lift-cancellation technique is presented for determining load distributions on thin wings at supersonic speeds. The loading on a wing having a prescribed plan form is expressed as the loading of a known related wing (such as a two-dimensional or triangular wing) minus the loading of an appropriate cancellation wing. The lift-cancellation technique can be used to find the loading on a large variety of wings. Applications to swept wings having curvilinear plan forms and to wings having reentrant side edges are indicated" (p. 65).
Date: January 16, 1950
Creator: Mirels, Harold
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General method and thermodynamic tables for computation of equilibrium composition and temperature of chemical reactions

Description: From Summary: "A rapidly convergent successive approximation process is described that simultaneously determines both composition and temperature resulting from a chemical reaction. This method is suitable for use with any set of reactants over the complete range of mixture ratios as long as the products of reaction are ideal gases. An approximate treatment of limited amounts of liquids and solids is also included. This method is particularly suited to problems having a large number of products of reaction and to problems that require determination of such properties as specific heat or velocity of sound of a dissociating mixture."
Date: January 26, 1950
Creator: Huff, Vearl N.; Gordon, Sanford & Morrell, Virginia E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Horizontal tail loads in maneuvering flight

Description: From Summary: "A method is given for determining the horizontal tail loads in maneuvering flight. The method is based upon the assignment of a load-factor variation with time and the determination of a minimum time to reach peak load factor. The tail load is separated into various components. Examination of these components indicated that one of the components was so small that it could be neglected for most conventional airplanes; therefore, the number of aerodynamic parameters needed in this computation of tail loads was reduced to a minimum. In order to illustrate the method, as well as to show the effect of the main variables, a number of examples are given. Some discussion is given regarding the determination of maximum tail loads, maximum pitching accelerations, and maximum pitching velocities obtainable."
Date: February 9, 1950
Creator: Pearson, Henry A.; McGowan, William A. & Donegan, James J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of spanwise temperature distribution in three types of air-cooled turbine blade

Description: From Summary: An approximate method for determining the allowable stress-limited blade-temperature distribution is included, with brief accounts of a method for determining the maximum allowable effective gas temperatures and the cooling-air requirements. Numerical examples that illustrate the use of the various temperature-distribution equations and of the nondimensional charts are also included.
Date: March 1, 1950
Creator: Livingood, John N. B. & Brown, W. Byron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of frequency-response characteristics of engine speed for a typical turbine-propeller engine

Description: Experimental frequency-response characteristics of engine speed for a typical turbine-propeller engine are presented. These data were obtained by subjecting the engine to sinusoidal variations of fuel flow and propeller-blade-angle inputs. Correlation is made between these experimental data and analytical frequency-response characteristics obtained from a linear differential equation derived from steady-state torque-speed relations.
Date: March 24, 1950
Creator: Taylor, Burt L., III & Oppenheimer, Frank L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect on longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a Boeing B-29 airplane of variations in stick-force and control-rate characteristics obtained through use of a booster in the elevator-control system

Description: A longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a Boeing B-29 airplane have been measured with a booster incorporated in the elevator-control system. Tests were made to determine the effects on the handling qualities of the test airplane of variations in the pilot's control-force gradients as well as the effects of variations in the maximum rate of control motion supplied by the booster. The results of the control-rate investigation indicate that large airplanes may have satisfactory handling qualities with the booster adjusted to give much lower rates of control motion than those normally used by pilots.
Date: April 12, 1950
Creator: Mathews, Charles W.; Talmage, Donald B. & Whitten, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of analysis for compressible flow through mixed-flow centrifugal impellers of arbitrary design

Description: A method is presented for analysis of the compressible flow between the hub and the shroud of mixed-flow impellers of arbitrary design. Axial symmetry was assumed, but the forces in the meridional (hub to shroud) plane, which are derived from tangential pressure gradients, were taken into account. The method was applied to an experimental mixed-flow impeller. The analysis of the flow in the meridional plane of the impeller showed that the rotational forces, the blade curvature, and the hub-shroud profile can introduce severe velocity gradients along the hub and the shroud surfaces. Choked flow at the impeller inlet as determined by the analysis was verified by experimental results.
Date: April 13, 1950
Creator: Hamrick, Joseph T.; Ginsburg, Ambrose & Osborn, Walter M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department